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README.md

Spider

a Web spidering library for Ruby. It handles the robots.txt, scraping, collecting, and looping so that you can just handle the data.

Examples

Crawl the Web, loading each page in turn, until you run out of memory

 require 'spider'
 Spider.start_at('http://cashcats.biz/') {}

To handle erroneous responses

 require 'spider'
 Spider.start_at('http://cashcats.biz/') do |s|
   s.on :failure do |a_url, resp, prior_url|
     puts "URL failed: #{a_url}"
     puts " linked from #{prior_url}"
   end
 end

Or handle successful responses

 require 'spider'
 Spider.start_at('http://cashcats.biz/') do |s|
   s.on :success do |a_url, resp, prior_url|
     puts "#{a_url}: #{resp.code}"
     puts resp.body
     puts
   end
 end

Limit to just one domain

 require 'spider'
 Spider.start_at('http://cashcats.biz/') do |s|
   s.add_url_check do |a_url|
     a_url =~ %r{^http://cashcats.biz.*}
   end
 end

Pass headers to some requests

 require 'spider'
 Spider.start_at('http://cashcats.biz/') do |s|
   s.setup do |a_url|
     if a_url =~ %r{^http://.*wikipedia.*}
       headers['User-Agent'] = "Mozilla/5.0 (compatible; Googlebot/2.1; +http://www.google.com/bot.html)"
     end
   end
 end

Use memcached to track cycles

 require 'spider'
 require 'spider/included_in_memcached'
 SERVERS = ['10.0.10.2:11211','10.0.10.3:11211','10.0.10.4:11211']
 Spider.start_at('http://cashcats.biz/') do |s|
   s.check_already_seen_with IncludedInMemcached.new(SERVERS)
 end

Use Redis to track cycles

 require 'spider'
 require 'spider/included_in_redis'
 Spider.start_at('http://cashcats.biz/') do |s|
   s.check_already_seen_with IncludedInRedis.new(host: '127.0.0.1', port: 6379)
 end

Use Plain text to track cycles

 require 'spider'
 require 'spider/included_in_file'
 Spider.start_at('http://cashcats.biz/') do |s|
   s.check_already_seen_with IncludedInFile.new('/tmp/cashcats_crawl.txt')
 end

Track cycles with a custom object

 require 'spider'
 class ExpireLinks < Hash
   def <<(v)
     self[v] = Time.now
   end
   def include?(v)
     self[v].kind_of?(Time) && (self[v] + 86400) >= Time.now
   end
 end

 Spider.start_at('http://cashcats.biz/') do |s|
   s.check_already_seen_with ExpireLinks.new
 end

Store nodes to visit with Amazon SQS

 require 'spider'
 require 'spider/next_urls_in_sqs'
 Spider.start_at('http://cashcats.biz') do |s|
   s.store_next_urls_with NextUrlsInSQS.new(AWS_ACCESS_KEY, AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY)
 end

Store nodes to visit with a custom object

 require 'spider'
 class MyArray < Array
   def pop
     super
   end

   def push(a_msg)
     super(a_msg)
   end
 end

 Spider.start_at('http://cashcats.biz') do |s|
   s.store_next_urls_with MyArray.new
 end

Create a URL graph

 require 'spider'
 nodes = {}
 Spider.start_at('http://cashcats.biz/') do |s|
   s.add_url_check {|a_url| a_url =~ %r{^http://cashcats.biz.*} }

   s.on(:every) do |a_url, resp, prior_url|
     nodes[prior_url] ||= []
     nodes[prior_url] << a_url
   end
 end

Use a proxy

 require 'net/http_configuration'
 require 'spider'
 http_conf = Net::HTTP::Configuration.new(:proxy_host => '7proxies.org',
                                          :proxy_port => 8881)
 http_conf.apply do
   Spider.start_at('http://img.4chan.org/b/') do |s|
     s.on(:success) do |a_url, resp, prior_url|
       File.open(a_url.gsub('/',':'),'w') do |f|
         f.write(resp.body)
       end
     end
   end
 end

Copyright (c) 2007-2020 Spider Team Authors

About

Spider is a Web spidering library for Ruby. It handles the robots.txt, scraping, collecting, and looping so that you can just handle the data.

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