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This is my foray into dynamic recompilation using PicoDrive, a Megadrive / Genesis / Sega CD / Mega CD / 32X / SMS emulator.

I added support for MIPS (mips32r1), ARM64 (aarch64) and RISC-V (RV64IM) to the SH2 recompiler, as well as spent much effort to optimize the DRC-generated code. I also optimized SH2 memory access inside the emulator, and did some work on M68K/SH2 CPU synchronization to fix some problems and speed up the emulator.

It got a bit out of hand. I ended up doing fixes and optimizations all over the place, mainly for 32X and CD, 32X graphics handling, and probably some more, see the commit history. As a result, 32X emulation speed has improved a lot.


I mainly worked with standalone PicoDrive versions as created by configure/make. A list of platforms for which this is possible can be obtained with

configure --help

If you want to build an executable for a unixoid platform not listed in the platform list, just use

configure --platform=generic

If DRC is available for the platform, it should be enabled automatically.

For other platforms using a cross-compiling toolchain I used this, assuming $TC points to the appropriate cross compile toolchain directory:

platform toolchain configure command
gp2x,wiz,caanoo open2x CROSS_COMPILE=arm-open2x-linux- CFLAGS="-I$TC/gcc-4.1.1-glibc-2.3.6/arm-open2x-linux/include" LDFLAGS="--sysroot $TC/gcc-4.1.1-glibc-2.3.6/arm-open2x-linux -L$TC/gcc-4.1.1-glibc-2.3.6/arm-open2x-linux/lib" ./configure --platform=gp2x
gp2x,wiz,caanoo open2x with ubuntu arm gcc 4.7 CROSS_COMPILE=arm-linux-gnueabi- CFLAGS="-I$TC/gcc-4.1.1-glibc-2.3.6/arm-open2x-linux/include" LDFLAGS="-B$TC/gcc-4.1.1-glibc-2.3.6/lib/gcc/arm-open2x-linux/4.1.1 -B$TC/gcc-4.1.1-glibc-2.3.6/arm-open2x-linux/lib -L$TC/gcc-4.1.1-glibc-2.3.6/arm-open2x-linux/lib" ./configure --platform=gp2x
opendingux opendingux CROSS_COMPILE=mipsel-linux- CFLAGS="-I$TC/usr/include -I$TC/usr/include/SDL" LDFLAGS="--sysroot $TC -L$TC/lib" ./configure --platform=opendingux
opendingux opendingux with ubuntu mips gcc 5.4 CROSS_COMPILE=mipsel-linux-gnu- CFLAGS="-I$TC/usr/include -I$TC/usr/include/SDL" LDFLAGS="-B$TC/usr/lib -B$TC/lib -Wl,-rpath-link=$TC/usr/lib -Wl,-rpath-link=$TC/lib" ./configure --platform=opendingux
gcw0 gcw0 CROSS_COMPILE=mipsel-gcw0-linux-uclibc- CFLAGS="-I$TC/usr/mipsel-gcw0-linux-uclibc/sysroot/usr/include -I$TC/usr/mipsel-gcw0-linux-uclibc/sysroot/usr/include/SDL" LDFLAGS="--sysroot $TC/usr/mipsel-gcw0-linux-uclibc/sysroot" ./configure --platform=gcw0

For gp2x, wiz, and caanoo you may need to compile libpng first.

After configure, compile with

make opk # for opendingux and gcw0

make # for anything else

helix MP3 decoder

For 32 bit ARM platforms, there is the possibility to compile the helix MP3 decoder into a shared library to be able to use MP3 audio files with CD games. The helix source files aren't supplied because of licensing issues. However, if you have obtained the sources, put them into the platform/common/helix directory, set CROSS to your cross compiler prefix (e.g. arm-linux-gnueabi-) and LIBGCC to your cross compiler's libgcc.a (e.g. /usr/lib/gcc-cross/arm-linux-gnueabi/4.7/libgcc.a), and compile with

make -C platform/common/helix CROSS=$CROSS LIBGCC=$LIBGCC

Copy the resulting ${CROSS} as to the directory where the PicoDrive binary is.


You need to install the resulting binary onto your device manually. For opendingux and gcw0, copy the opk to your SD card. For gp2x, wiz and caanoo, the easiest way is to unpack on your SD card and replace the PicoDrive binary.

Send bug reports, fixes etc to Kai-Uwe Bloem


Fast MegaDrive/MegaCD/32X emulator




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