FUSE filesystem for LXC
stgraber Merge pull request #255 from brauner/2018-08-26/fix_makedev
tests: include missing sys/sysmacros.h header
Latest commit 037dd28 Aug 27, 2018




LXCFS is a small FUSE filesystem written with the intention of making Linux containers feel more like a virtual machine. It started as a side-project of LXC but is useable by any runtime.

LXCFS will take care that the information provided by crucial files in procfs such as:


are container aware such that the values displayed (e.g. in /proc/uptime) really reflect how long the container is running and not how long the host is running.

Prior to the implementation of cgroup namespaces by Serge Hallyn LXCFS also provided a container aware cgroupfs tree. It took care that the container only had access to cgroups underneath it's own cgroups and thus provided additional safety. For systems without support for cgroup namespaces LXCFS will still provide this feature.


The recommended command to run lxcfs is:

sudo mkdir -p /var/lib/lxcfs
sudo lxcfs /var/lib/lxcfs

A container runtime wishing to use LXCFS should then bind mount the approriate files into the correct places on container startup.


In order to use lxcfs with systemd-based containers, you can either use LXC 1.1 in which case it should work automatically, or otherwise, copy the lxc.mount.hook and lxc.reboot.hook files (once built) from this tree to /usr/share/lxcfs, make sure it is executable, then add the following lines to your container configuration:

lxc.mount.auto = cgroup:mixed
lxc.autodev = 1
lxc.kmsg = 0
lxc.include = /usr/share/lxc/config/common.conf.d/00-lxcfs.conf

Upgrading LXCFS without breaking running containers

LXCFS is implemented using a simple shared library without any external dependencies other than FUSE. It is completely reloadable without having to umount it. This ensures that container can be kept running even when the shared library is upgraded.

To force a reload of the shared library at the next possible instance simply send SIGUSR1 to the pid of the running LXCFS process. This can be as simple as doing:

kill -s USR1 $(pidof lxcfs)