libgit2 - the Git linkable library
libgit2 is a portable, pure C implementation of the Git core methods provided as a re-entrant linkable library with a solid API, allowing you to write native speed custom Git applications in any language with bindings.
- Website: http://libgit2.github.com
- API documentation: http://libgit2.github.com/libgit2/modules.html
- Usage guide: http://libgit2.github.com/api.html
What It Can Do
libgit2 is already very usable.
- raw <-> hex SHA conversions
- raw object reading (loose and packed)
- raw object writing (loose)
- revlist walker
- commit, tag and tree object parsing and write-back
- tree traversal
- basic index file (staging area) operations
Building libgit2 - External dependencies
The following libraries are required to manually build the libgit2 library:
- zlib 1.2+ http://www.zlib.net/
When building in Windows using MSVC, make sure you compile ZLib using the MSVC solution that ships in its source distribution. Alternatively, you may download precompiled binaries from: http://www.winimage.com/zLibDll/
- LibSSL (optional) http://www.openssl.org/
libgit2 can be built using the SHA1 implementation of LibSSL-Crypto, instead of the built-in custom implementations. Performance wise, they are quite similar.
- pthreads-w32 (required on MinGW) http://sourceware.org/pthreads-win32/
Building libgit2 - Using waf
Waf is a minimalist build system which only requires a Python 2.5+ interpreter to run. This is the default build system for libgit2.
To build libgit2 using waf, first configure the build system by running:
$ ./waf configure
Then build the library, either in its shared (libgit2.so) or static form (libgit2.a):
$ ./waf build-static $ ./waf build-shared
You can then run the full test suite with:
$ ./waf test
And finally you can install the library with (you may need to sudo):
$ sudo ./waf install
The waf build system for libgit2 accepts the following flags:
--debug build the library with debug symbols. Defaults to off. --sha1=[builtin|ppc|openssl] use the builtin SHA1 functions, the optimized PPC versions or the SHA1 functions from LibCrypto (OpenSSL). Defaults to 'builtin'. --msvc=[7.1|8.0|9.0|10.0] Force a specific version of the MSVC compiler, if more than one version is installed. --arch=[ia64|x64|x86|x86_amd64|x86_ia64] Force a specific architecture for compilers that support it.
You can run
./waf --help to see a full list of install options and
Building libgit2 - Using CMake
The libgit2 library can also be built using CMake 2.6+ (http://www.cmake.org) on all platforms.
On most systems you can build the library using the following commands
$ mkdir build && cd build $ cmake .. $ cmake --build .
Alternatively you can point the CMake GUI tool to the CMakeLists.txt file and generate platform specific build project or IDE workspace.
To install the library you can specify the install prefix by setting:
$ cmake .. -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/install/prefix $ cmake --build . --target install
For more advanced use or questions about CMake please read http://www.cmake.org/Wiki/CMake_FAQ.
Here are the bindings to libgit2 that are currently available:
- Rugged (Ruby bindings) https://github.com/libgit2/rugged
- pygit2 (Python bindings) https://github.com/libgit2/pygit2
- libgit2sharp (.NET bindings) https://github.com/nulltoken/libgit2sharp
- Geef (Erlang bindings) https://github.com/schacon/geef
If you start another language binding to libgit2, please let us know so we can add it to the list.
How Can I Contribute
Fork libgit2/libgit2 on GitHub, add your improvement, push it to a branch in your fork named for the topic, send a pull request.
You can also file bugs or feature requests under the libgit2 project on GitHub, or join us on the mailing list by sending an email to:
libgit2 is under GPL2 with linking exemption. This means you can link to the library with any program, commercial, open source or other. However, you cannot modify libgit2 and distribute it without supplying the source.
See the COPYING file for the full license text.