Skip to content
Permalink
develop
Switch branches/tags
Go to file
 
 
Cannot retrieve contributors at this time

List Room API

The List Room admin API allows server admins to get a list of rooms on their server. There are various parameters available that allow for filtering and sorting the returned list. This API supports pagination.

To use it, you will need to authenticate by providing an access_token for a server admin: see Admin API.

Parameters

The following query parameters are available:

  • from - Offset in the returned list. Defaults to 0.

  • limit - Maximum amount of rooms to return. Defaults to 100.

  • order_by - The method in which to sort the returned list of rooms. Valid values are:

    • alphabetical - Same as name. This is deprecated.
    • size - Same as joined_members. This is deprecated.
    • name - Rooms are ordered alphabetically by room name. This is the default.
    • canonical_alias - Rooms are ordered alphabetically by main alias address of the room.
    • joined_members - Rooms are ordered by the number of members. Largest to smallest.
    • joined_local_members - Rooms are ordered by the number of local members. Largest to smallest.
    • version - Rooms are ordered by room version. Largest to smallest.
    • creator - Rooms are ordered alphabetically by creator of the room.
    • encryption - Rooms are ordered alphabetically by the end-to-end encryption algorithm.
    • federatable - Rooms are ordered by whether the room is federatable.
    • public - Rooms are ordered by visibility in room list.
    • join_rules - Rooms are ordered alphabetically by join rules of the room.
    • guest_access - Rooms are ordered alphabetically by guest access option of the room.
    • history_visibility - Rooms are ordered alphabetically by visibility of history of the room.
    • state_events - Rooms are ordered by number of state events. Largest to smallest.
  • dir - Direction of room order. Either f for forwards or b for backwards. Setting this value to b will reverse the above sort order. Defaults to f.

  • search_term - Filter rooms by their room name, canonical alias and room id. Specifically, rooms are selected if the search term is contained in

    • the room's name,
    • the local part of the room's canonical alias, or
    • the complete (local and server part) room's id (case sensitive).

    Defaults to no filtering.

Response

The following fields are possible in the JSON response body:

  • rooms - An array of objects, each containing information about a room.
    • Room objects contain the following fields:
      • room_id - The ID of the room.
      • name - The name of the room.
      • canonical_alias - The canonical (main) alias address of the room.
      • joined_members - How many users are currently in the room.
      • joined_local_members - How many local users are currently in the room.
      • version - The version of the room as a string.
      • creator - The user_id of the room creator.
      • encryption - Algorithm of end-to-end encryption of messages. Is null if encryption is not active.
      • federatable - Whether users on other servers can join this room.
      • public - Whether the room is visible in room directory.
      • join_rules - The type of rules used for users wishing to join this room. One of: ["public", "knock", "invite", "private"].
      • guest_access - Whether guests can join the room. One of: ["can_join", "forbidden"].
      • history_visibility - Who can see the room history. One of: ["invited", "joined", "shared", "world_readable"].
      • state_events - Total number of state_events of a room. Complexity of the room.
      • room_type - The type of the room taken from the room's creation event; for example "m.space" if the room is a space. If the room does not define a type, the value will be null.
  • offset - The current pagination offset in rooms. This parameter should be used instead of next_token for room offset as next_token is not intended to be parsed.
  • total_rooms - The total number of rooms this query can return. Using this and offset, you have enough information to know the current progression through the list.
  • next_batch - If this field is present, we know that there are potentially more rooms on the server that did not all fit into this response. We can use next_batch to get the "next page" of results. To do so, simply repeat your request, setting the from parameter to the value of next_batch.
  • prev_batch - If this field is present, it is possible to paginate backwards. Use prev_batch for the from value in the next request to get the "previous page" of results.

The API is:

A standard request with no filtering:

GET /_synapse/admin/v1/rooms

A response body like the following is returned:

{
  "rooms": [
    {
      "room_id": "!OGEhHVWSdvArJzumhm:matrix.org",
      "name": "Matrix HQ",
      "canonical_alias": "#matrix:matrix.org",
      "joined_members": 8326,
      "joined_local_members": 2,
      "version": "1",
      "creator": "@foo:matrix.org",
      "encryption": null,
      "federatable": true,
      "public": true,
      "join_rules": "invite",
      "guest_access": null,
      "history_visibility": "shared",
      "state_events": 93534,
      "room_type": "m.space"
    },
    ... (8 hidden items) ...
    {
      "room_id": "!xYvNcQPhnkrdUmYczI:matrix.org",
      "name": "This Week In Matrix (TWIM)",
      "canonical_alias": "#twim:matrix.org",
      "joined_members": 314,
      "joined_local_members": 20,
      "version": "4",
      "creator": "@foo:matrix.org",
      "encryption": "m.megolm.v1.aes-sha2",
      "federatable": true,
      "public": false,
      "join_rules": "invite",
      "guest_access": null,
      "history_visibility": "shared",
      "state_events": 8345,
      "room_type": null
    }
  ],
  "offset": 0,
  "total_rooms": 10
}

Filtering by room name:

GET /_synapse/admin/v1/rooms?search_term=TWIM

A response body like the following is returned:

{
  "rooms": [
    {
      "room_id": "!xYvNcQPhnkrdUmYczI:matrix.org",
      "name": "This Week In Matrix (TWIM)",
      "canonical_alias": "#twim:matrix.org",
      "joined_members": 314,
      "joined_local_members": 20,
      "version": "4",
      "creator": "@foo:matrix.org",
      "encryption": "m.megolm.v1.aes-sha2",
      "federatable": true,
      "public": false,
      "join_rules": "invite",
      "guest_access": null,
      "history_visibility": "shared",
      "state_events": 8,
      "room_type": null
    }
  ],
  "offset": 0,
  "total_rooms": 1
}

Paginating through a list of rooms:

GET /_synapse/admin/v1/rooms?order_by=size

A response body like the following is returned:

{
  "rooms": [
    {
      "room_id": "!OGEhHVWSdvArJzumhm:matrix.org",
      "name": "Matrix HQ",
      "canonical_alias": "#matrix:matrix.org",
      "joined_members": 8326,
      "joined_local_members": 2,
      "version": "1",
      "creator": "@foo:matrix.org",
      "encryption": null,
      "federatable": true,
      "public": true,
      "join_rules": "invite",
      "guest_access": null,
      "history_visibility": "shared",
      "state_events": 93534,
      "room_type": null
    },
    ... (98 hidden items) ...
    {
      "room_id": "!xYvNcQPhnkrdUmYczI:matrix.org",
      "name": "This Week In Matrix (TWIM)",
      "canonical_alias": "#twim:matrix.org",
      "joined_members": 314,
      "joined_local_members": 20,
      "version": "4",
      "creator": "@foo:matrix.org",
      "encryption": "m.megolm.v1.aes-sha2",
      "federatable": true,
      "public": false,
      "join_rules": "invite",
      "guest_access": null,
      "history_visibility": "shared",
      "state_events": 8345,
      "room_type": "m.space"
    }
  ],
  "offset": 0,
  "total_rooms": 150,
  "next_token": 100
}

The presence of the next_token parameter tells us that there are more rooms than returned in this request, and we need to make another request to get them. To get the next batch of room results, we repeat our request, setting the from parameter to the value of next_token.

GET /_synapse/admin/v1/rooms?order_by=size&from=100

A response body like the following is returned:

{
  "rooms": [
    {
      "room_id": "!mscvqgqpHYjBGDxNym:matrix.org",
      "name": "Music Theory",
      "canonical_alias": "#musictheory:matrix.org",
      "joined_members": 127,
      "joined_local_members": 2,
      "version": "1",
      "creator": "@foo:matrix.org",
      "encryption": null,
      "federatable": true,
      "public": true,
      "join_rules": "invite",
      "guest_access": null,
      "history_visibility": "shared",
      "state_events": 93534,
      "room_type": "m.space"

    },
    ... (48 hidden items) ...
    {
      "room_id": "!twcBhHVdZlQWuuxBhN:termina.org.uk",
      "name": "weechat-matrix",
      "canonical_alias": "#weechat-matrix:termina.org.uk",
      "joined_members": 137,
      "joined_local_members": 20,
      "version": "4",
      "creator": "@foo:termina.org.uk",
      "encryption": null,
      "federatable": true,
      "public": true,
      "join_rules": "invite",
      "guest_access": null,
      "history_visibility": "shared",
      "state_events": 8345,
      "room_type": null

    }
  ],
  "offset": 100,
  "prev_batch": 0,
  "total_rooms": 150
}

Once the next_token parameter is no longer present, we know we've reached the end of the list.

Room Details API

The Room Details admin API allows server admins to get all details of a room.

The following fields are possible in the JSON response body:

  • room_id - The ID of the room.
  • name - The name of the room.
  • topic - The topic of the room.
  • avatar - The mxc URI to the avatar of the room.
  • canonical_alias - The canonical (main) alias address of the room.
  • joined_members - How many users are currently in the room.
  • joined_local_members - How many local users are currently in the room.
  • joined_local_devices - How many local devices are currently in the room.
  • version - The version of the room as a string.
  • creator - The user_id of the room creator.
  • encryption - Algorithm of end-to-end encryption of messages. Is null if encryption is not active.
  • federatable - Whether users on other servers can join this room.
  • public - Whether the room is visible in room directory.
  • join_rules - The type of rules used for users wishing to join this room. One of: ["public", "knock", "invite", "private"].
  • guest_access - Whether guests can join the room. One of: ["can_join", "forbidden"].
  • history_visibility - Who can see the room history. One of: ["invited", "joined", "shared", "world_readable"].
  • state_events - Total number of state_events of a room. Complexity of the room.
  • room_type - The type of the room taken from the room's creation event; for example "m.space" if the room is a space. If the room does not define a type, the value will be null.

The API is:

GET /_synapse/admin/v1/rooms/<room_id>

A response body like the following is returned:

{
  "room_id": "!mscvqgqpHYjBGDxNym:matrix.org",
  "name": "Music Theory",
  "avatar": "mxc://matrix.org/AQDaVFlbkQoErdOgqWRgiGSV",
  "topic": "Theory, Composition, Notation, Analysis",
  "canonical_alias": "#musictheory:matrix.org",
  "joined_members": 127,
  "joined_local_members": 2,
  "joined_local_devices": 2,
  "version": "1",
  "creator": "@foo:matrix.org",
  "encryption": null,
  "federatable": true,
  "public": true,
  "join_rules": "invite",
  "guest_access": null,
  "history_visibility": "shared",
  "state_events": 93534,
  "room_type": "m.space"
}

Room Members API

The Room Members admin API allows server admins to get a list of all members of a room.

The response includes the following fields:

  • members - A list of all the members that are present in the room, represented by their ids.
  • total - Total number of members in the room.

The API is:

GET /_synapse/admin/v1/rooms/<room_id>/members

A response body like the following is returned:

{
  "members": [
    "@foo:matrix.org",
    "@bar:matrix.org",
    "@foobar:matrix.org"
  ],
  "total": 3
}

Room State API

The Room State admin API allows server admins to get a list of all state events in a room.

The response includes the following fields:

  • state - The current state of the room at the time of request.

The API is:

GET /_synapse/admin/v1/rooms/<room_id>/state

A response body like the following is returned:

{
  "state": [
    {"type": "m.room.create", "state_key": "", "etc": true},
    {"type": "m.room.power_levels", "state_key": "", "etc": true},
    {"type": "m.room.name", "state_key": "", "etc": true}
  ]
}

Block Room API

The Block Room admin API allows server admins to block and unblock rooms, and query to see if a given room is blocked. This API can be used to pre-emptively block a room, even if it's unknown to this homeserver. Users will be prevented from joining a blocked room.

Block or unblock a room

The API is:

PUT /_synapse/admin/v1/rooms/<room_id>/block

with a body of:

{
    "block": true
}

A response body like the following is returned:

{
    "block": true
}

Parameters

The following parameters should be set in the URL:

  • room_id - The ID of the room.

The following JSON body parameters are available:

  • block - If true the room will be blocked and if false the room will be unblocked.

Response

The following fields are possible in the JSON response body:

  • block - A boolean. true if the room is blocked, otherwise false

Get block status

The API is:

GET /_synapse/admin/v1/rooms/<room_id>/block

A response body like the following is returned:

{
    "block": true,
    "user_id": "<user_id>"
}

Parameters

The following parameters should be set in the URL:

  • room_id - The ID of the room.

Response

The following fields are possible in the JSON response body:

  • block - A boolean. true if the room is blocked, otherwise false
  • user_id - An optional string. If the room is blocked (block is true) shows the user who has add the room to blocking list. Otherwise it is not displayed.

Delete Room API

The Delete Room admin API allows server admins to remove rooms from the server and block these rooms.

Shuts down a room. Moves all local users and room aliases automatically to a new room if new_room_user_id is set. Otherwise local users only leave the room without any information.

The new room will be created with the user specified by the new_room_user_id parameter as room administrator and will contain a message explaining what happened. Users invited to the new room will have power level -10 by default, and thus be unable to speak.

If block is true, users will be prevented from joining the old room. This option can in Version 1 also be used to pre-emptively block a room, even if it's unknown to this homeserver. In this case, the room will be blocked, and no further action will be taken. If block is false, attempting to delete an unknown room is invalid and will be rejected as a bad request.

This API will remove all trace of the old room from your database after removing all local users. If purge is true (the default), all traces of the old room will be removed from your database after removing all local users. If you do not want this to happen, set purge to false. Depending on the amount of history being purged, a call to the API may take several minutes or longer.

The local server will only have the power to move local user and room aliases to the new room. Users on other servers will be unaffected.

Version 1 (old version)

This version works synchronously. That means you only get the response once the server has finished the action, which may take a long time. If you request the same action a second time, and the server has not finished the first one, the second request will block. This is fixed in version 2 of this API. The parameters are the same in both APIs. This API will become deprecated in the future.

The API is:

DELETE /_synapse/admin/v1/rooms/<room_id>

with a body of:

{
    "new_room_user_id": "@someuser:example.com",
    "room_name": "Content Violation Notification",
    "message": "Bad Room has been shutdown due to content violations on this server. Please review our Terms of Service.",
    "block": true,
    "purge": true
}

A response body like the following is returned:

{
    "kicked_users": [
        "@foobar:example.com"
    ],
    "failed_to_kick_users": [],
    "local_aliases": [
        "#badroom:example.com",
        "#evilsaloon:example.com"
    ],
    "new_room_id": "!newroomid:example.com"
}

The parameters and response values have the same format as version 2 of the API.

Version 2 (new version)

Note: This API is new, experimental and "subject to change".

This version works asynchronously, meaning you get the response from server immediately while the server works on that task in background. You can then request the status of the action to check if it has completed.

The API is:

DELETE /_synapse/admin/v2/rooms/<room_id>

with a body of:

{
    "new_room_user_id": "@someuser:example.com",
    "room_name": "Content Violation Notification",
    "message": "Bad Room has been shutdown due to content violations on this server. Please review our Terms of Service.",
    "block": true,
    "purge": true
}

The API starts the shut down and purge running, and returns immediately with a JSON body with a purge id:

{
    "delete_id": "<opaque id>"
}

Parameters

The following parameters should be set in the URL:

  • room_id - The ID of the room.

The following JSON body parameters are available:

  • new_room_user_id - Optional. If set, a new room will be created with this user ID as the creator and admin, and all users in the old room will be moved into that room. If not set, no new room will be created and the users will just be removed from the old room. The user ID must be on the local server, but does not necessarily have to belong to a registered user.
  • room_name - Optional. A string representing the name of the room that new users will be invited to. Defaults to Content Violation Notification
  • message - Optional. A string containing the first message that will be sent as new_room_user_id in the new room. Ideally this will clearly convey why the original room was shut down. Defaults to Sharing illegal content on this server is not permitted and rooms in violation will be blocked.
  • block - Optional. If set to true, this room will be added to a blocking list, preventing future attempts to join the room. Rooms can be blocked even if they're not yet known to the homeserver (only with Version 1 of the API). Defaults to false.
  • purge - Optional. If set to true, it will remove all traces of the room from your database. Defaults to true.
  • force_purge - Optional, and ignored unless purge is true. If set to true, it will force a purge to go ahead even if there are local users still in the room. Do not use this unless a regular purge operation fails, as it could leave those users' clients in a confused state.

The JSON body must not be empty. The body must be at least {}.

Status of deleting rooms

Note: This API is new, experimental and "subject to change".

It is possible to query the status of the background task for deleting rooms. The status can be queried up to 24 hours after completion of the task, or until Synapse is restarted (whichever happens first).

Query by room_id

With this API you can get the status of all active deletion tasks, and all those completed in the last 24h, for the given room_id.

The API is:

GET /_synapse/admin/v2/rooms/<room_id>/delete_status

A response body like the following is returned:

{
    "results": [
        {
            "delete_id": "delete_id1",
            "status": "failed",
            "error": "error message",
            "shutdown_room": {
                "kicked_users": [],
                "failed_to_kick_users": [],
                "local_aliases": [],
                "new_room_id": null
            }
        }, {
            "delete_id": "delete_id2",
            "status": "purging",
            "shutdown_room": {
                "kicked_users": [
                    "@foobar:example.com"
                ],
                "failed_to_kick_users": [],
                "local_aliases": [
                    "#badroom:example.com",
                    "#evilsaloon:example.com"
                ],
                "new_room_id": "!newroomid:example.com"
            }
        }
    ]
}

Parameters

The following parameters should be set in the URL:

  • room_id - The ID of the room.

Query by delete_id

With this API you can get the status of one specific task by delete_id.

The API is:

GET /_synapse/admin/v2/rooms/delete_status/<delete_id>

A response body like the following is returned:

{
    "status": "purging",
    "shutdown_room": {
        "kicked_users": [
            "@foobar:example.com"
        ],
        "failed_to_kick_users": [],
        "local_aliases": [
            "#badroom:example.com",
            "#evilsaloon:example.com"
        ],
        "new_room_id": "!newroomid:example.com"
    }
}

Parameters

The following parameters should be set in the URL:

  • delete_id - The ID for this delete.

Response

The following fields are returned in the JSON response body:

  • results - An array of objects, each containing information about one task. This field is omitted from the result when you query by delete_id. Task objects contain the following fields:
    • delete_id - The ID for this purge if you query by room_id.
    • status - The status will be one of:
      • shutting_down - The process is removing users from the room.
      • purging - The process is purging the room and event data from database.
      • complete - The process has completed successfully.
      • failed - The process is aborted, an error has occurred.
    • error - A string that shows an error message if status is failed. Otherwise this field is hidden.
    • shutdown_room - An object containing information about the result of shutting down the room. Note: The result is shown after removing the room members. The delete process can still be running. Please pay attention to the status.
      • kicked_users - An array of users (user_id) that were kicked.
      • failed_to_kick_users - An array of users (user_id) that that were not kicked.
      • local_aliases - An array of strings representing the local aliases that were migrated from the old room to the new.
      • new_room_id - A string representing the room ID of the new room, or null if no such room was created.

Undoing room deletions

Note: This guide may be outdated by the time you read it. By nature of room deletions being performed at the database level, the structure can and does change without notice.

First, it's important to understand that a room deletion is very destructive. Undoing a deletion is not as simple as pretending it never happened - work has to be done to move forward instead of resetting the past. In fact, in some cases it might not be possible to recover at all:

  • If the room was invite-only, your users will need to be re-invited.
  • If the room no longer has any members at all, it'll be impossible to rejoin.
  • The first user to rejoin will have to do so via an alias on a different server (or receive an invite from a user on a different server).

With all that being said, if you still want to try and recover the room:

  1. If the room was blocked, you must unblock it on your server. This can be accomplished as follows:

    1. For safety reasons, shut down Synapse.
    2. In the database, run DELETE FROM blocked_rooms WHERE room_id = '!example:example.org';
      • For caution: it's recommended to run this in a transaction: BEGIN; DELETE ...;, verify you got 1 result, then COMMIT;.
      • The room ID is the same one supplied to the delete room API, not the Content Violation room.
    3. Restart Synapse.

    This step is unnecessary if block was not set.

  2. Any room aliases on your server that pointed to the deleted room may have been deleted, or redirected to the Content Violation room. These will need to be restored manually.

  3. Users on your server that were in the deleted room will have been kicked from the room. Consider whether you want to update their membership (possibly via the Edit Room Membership API) or let them handle rejoining themselves.

  4. If new_room_user_id was given, a 'Content Violation' will have been created. Consider whether you want to delete that roomm.

Make Room Admin API

Grants another user the highest power available to a local user who is in the room. If the user is not in the room, and it is not publicly joinable, then invite the user.

By default the server admin (the caller) is granted power, but another user can optionally be specified, e.g.:

POST /_synapse/admin/v1/rooms/<room_id_or_alias>/make_room_admin
{
    "user_id": "@foo:example.com"
}

Forward Extremities Admin API

Enables querying and deleting forward extremities from rooms. When a lot of forward extremities accumulate in a room, performance can become degraded. For details, see #1760.

Check for forward extremities

To check the status of forward extremities for a room:

GET /_synapse/admin/v1/rooms/<room_id_or_alias>/forward_extremities

A response as follows will be returned:

{
  "count": 1,
  "results": [
    {
      "event_id": "$M5SP266vsnxctfwFgFLNceaCo3ujhRtg_NiiHabcdefgh",
      "state_group": 439,
      "depth": 123,
      "received_ts": 1611263016761
    }
  ]
}

Deleting forward extremities

WARNING: Please ensure you know what you're doing and have read the related issue #1760. Under no situations should this API be executed as an automated maintenance task!

If a room has lots of forward extremities, the extra can be deleted as follows:

DELETE /_synapse/admin/v1/rooms/<room_id_or_alias>/forward_extremities

A response as follows will be returned, indicating the amount of forward extremities that were deleted.

{
  "deleted": 1
}

Event Context API

This API lets a client find the context of an event. This is designed primarily to investigate abuse reports.

GET /_synapse/admin/v1/rooms/<room_id>/context/<event_id>

This API mimmicks GET /_matrix/client/r0/rooms/{roomId}/context/{eventId}. Please refer to the link for all details on parameters and reseponse.

Example response:

{
  "end": "t29-57_2_0_2",
  "events_after": [
    {
      "content": {
        "body": "This is an example text message",
        "msgtype": "m.text",
        "format": "org.matrix.custom.html",
        "formatted_body": "<b>This is an example text message</b>"
      },
      "type": "m.room.message",
      "event_id": "$143273582443PhrSn:example.org",
      "room_id": "!636q39766251:example.com",
      "sender": "@example:example.org",
      "origin_server_ts": 1432735824653,
      "unsigned": {
        "age": 1234
      }
    }
  ],
  "event": {
    "content": {
      "body": "filename.jpg",
      "info": {
        "h": 398,
        "w": 394,
        "mimetype": "image/jpeg",
        "size": 31037
      },
      "url": "mxc://example.org/JWEIFJgwEIhweiWJE",
      "msgtype": "m.image"
    },
    "type": "m.room.message",
    "event_id": "$f3h4d129462ha:example.com",
    "room_id": "!636q39766251:example.com",
    "sender": "@example:example.org",
    "origin_server_ts": 1432735824653,
    "unsigned": {
      "age": 1234
    }
  },
  "events_before": [
    {
      "content": {
        "body": "something-important.doc",
        "filename": "something-important.doc",
        "info": {
          "mimetype": "application/msword",
          "size": 46144
        },
        "msgtype": "m.file",
        "url": "mxc://example.org/FHyPlCeYUSFFxlgbQYZmoEoe"
      },
      "type": "m.room.message",
      "event_id": "$143273582443PhrSn:example.org",
      "room_id": "!636q39766251:example.com",
      "sender": "@example:example.org",
      "origin_server_ts": 1432735824653,
      "unsigned": {
        "age": 1234
      }
    }
  ],
  "start": "t27-54_2_0_2",
  "state": [
    {
      "content": {
        "creator": "@example:example.org",
        "room_version": "1",
        "m.federate": true,
        "predecessor": {
          "event_id": "$something:example.org",
          "room_id": "!oldroom:example.org"
        }
      },
      "type": "m.room.create",
      "event_id": "$143273582443PhrSn:example.org",
      "room_id": "!636q39766251:example.com",
      "sender": "@example:example.org",
      "origin_server_ts": 1432735824653,
      "unsigned": {
        "age": 1234
      },
      "state_key": ""
    },
    {
      "content": {
        "membership": "join",
        "avatar_url": "mxc://example.org/SEsfnsuifSDFSSEF",
        "displayname": "Alice Margatroid"
      },
      "type": "m.room.member",
      "event_id": "$143273582443PhrSn:example.org",
      "room_id": "!636q39766251:example.com",
      "sender": "@example:example.org",
      "origin_server_ts": 1432735824653,
      "unsigned": {
        "age": 1234
      },
      "state_key": "@alice:example.org"
    }
  ]
}