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readme.md

Haunted πŸ¦‡ πŸŽƒ

React's Hooks API but for standard web components and lit-html or hyperHTML.

<!doctype html>
<html lang="en">

<my-counter></my-counter>

<script type="module">
  import { html } from 'https://unpkg.com/lit-html/lit-html.js';
  import { component, useState } from 'https://unpkg.com/haunted/haunted.js';

  function Counter() {
    const [count, setCount] = useState(0);

    return html`
      <div id="count">${count}</div>
      <button type="button" @click=${() => setCount(count + 1)}>Increment</button>
    `;
  }

  customElements.define('my-counter', component(Counter));
</script>

Getting started

A starter app is available on codesandbox and also can be cloned from this repo. This app gives you the basics of how to use Haunted and build components.

Use

npm install haunted

For Internet Explorer 11, you'll need to use a proxy polyfill, in addition to the usual webcomponentsjs polyfills.

eg.

<script src="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/proxy-polyfill@0.3.0/proxy.min.js"></script> 

For a full example with Internet Explorer 11, see - https://github.com/crisward/haunted-ie11

You can also use Custom Elements without Shadow DOM if you wish. eg.

component(() => html`...`, HTMLElement, { useShadowDOM: false }));

Importing

Haunted can be imported just like any other library when using a bundler of your choice:

import { component, html, useState } from 'haunted';

The main entry point is intended for lit-html users.

lighterhtml, etc

If you are using lighterhtml or hyperHTML then instead import haunted/core. This export gives you a function that creates Hooks that work with any template library.

import haunted, { useState } from 'haunted/core';
import { html, render } from 'lighterhtml';

const { component } = haunted({
  render(what, where) {
    render(where, () => what);
  }
});

const App = component(() => {
  const [count, setCount] = useState(0);
  return html`Using lighterhtml! Count: ${count}`;
});

Web modules

Haunted can work directly in the browser without using any build tools. Simply import the haunted.js bundle. You can use the [unpkg] or pika CDNs. This works great for demo pages and small apps. Here's an example with unpkg:

import { html } from 'https://unpkg.com/lit-html/lit-html.js';
import { component, useState, useEffect } from 'https://unpkg.com/haunted/haunted.js';

If using pika then use the html export from Haunted, as pika bundles everything together:

import { useState, component, html } from 'https://cdn.pika.dev/haunted';

If you install Haunted locally this build is located at node_modules/haunted/haunted.js.

API

Haunted is all about writing plain functions that can contain their own state. The follow docs is divided between creating components (the functions) and using hooks the state.

Components

Components are functions that contain state and return HTML via lit-html or hyperHTML. Through the component() and virtual() they become connected to a lifecycle that keeps the HTML up-to-date when state changes.

Using Haunted you can create custom elements or virtual components (components that contain state but have no element tag).

Custom elements

The easiest way to create components is by importing component and creating a custom element like so:

import { component } from 'haunted';
import { html } from 'lit-html';

const App = ({ name }) => {
  return html`Hello ${name}!`;
};

customElements.define('my-app', component(App));

You can now use this anywhere you use HTML (directly in a .html file, in JSX, in lit-html templates, whereever).

Here's an example of rendering with lit-html the above app:

import { render, html } from 'lit-html';

render(html`
  <my-app name="world"></my-app>
`, document.body);
Attributes

In custom elements, attributes must be pre-defined. Properties, on the other hand, do not. To define what attributes your component supports, set the observedAttributes property on the functional component. For example:

const App = ({name}) => {
  return `Hello ${name}!`;
};

App.observedAttributes = ['name'];

customElements.define('hello-app', App);

Which allows you to author (in HTML):

<hello-app name="world"></hello-app>

Virtual components

Haunted also has the concept of virtual components. These are components that are not defined as a tag. Rather they are functions that can be called from within another template. They have their own state and will rerender when that state changes, without causing any parent components to rerender.

The following is an example of using virtual components:

import { useState, virtual, component } from 'haunted';
import { html, render } from 'lit-html';

const Counter = virtual(() => {
  const [count, setCount] = useState(0);

  return html`
    <button type="button"
      @click=${() => setCount(count + 1)}>${count}</button>
  `;
});

const App = component(() => {
  return html`
    <main>
      <h1>My app</h1>

      ${Counter()}
    </main>
  `;
});

customElements.define('my-app', App);

Notice that we have Counter, a virtual component, and App, a custom element. You can use virtual components within custom elements and custom elements within virtual components.

The only difference is that custom elements are used by using their <my-app> tag name and virtual components are called as functions.

If you wanted you could create an entire app of virtual components.

Hooks

Haunted supports the same API as React Hooks. The hope is that by doing so you can reuse hooks available on npm simply by aliasing package names in your bundler's config.

Currently Haunted supports the following hooks:

useState

Create a tuple of state and a function to change that state.

const [count, setCount] = useState(0);

Additionally you can provide a function as the argument to useState, in which case the function is called to initialize the first state, but never called again.

const [count, setCount] = useState(() => {
  return expensiveFunction();
});

useEffect

Useful for side-effects that run after the render has been commited.

<!doctype html>

<my-counter></my-counter>

<script type="module">
  import { html } from 'https://unpkg.com/lit-html/lit-html.js';
  import { component, useState, useEffect } from 'https://unpkg.com/haunted/haunted.js';

  function Counter() {
    const [count, setCount] = useState(0);

    useEffect(() => {
      document.title = `Clicked ${count} times`;
    });

    return html`
      <div id="count">${count}</div>
      <button type="button" @click=${() => setCount(count + 1)}>Increment</button>
    `;
  }

  customElements.define('my-counter', component(Counter));
</script>
Memoization

Like useMemo, useEffect can take a second argument that are values that are memoized. The effect will only run when these values change.

function App() {
  let [name, setName] = useState('Dracula');

  useEffect(() => {
    // This only occurs when name changes.
    document.title = `Hello ${name}`;
  }, [name]);

  return html`...`;
}
Cleaning up side-effects

Since effects are used for side-effectual things and might run many times in the lifecycle of a component, useEffect supports returning a teardown function.

An example of when you might use this is if you are setting up an event listener.

function App() {
  let [name, setName] = useState('Wolf Man');

  useEffect(() => {
    function updateNameFromWorker(ev) {
      setName(ev.data);
    }

    worker.addEventListener('message', updateNameFromWorker);

    return () => {
      worker.removeEventListener('message', updateNameFromWorker);
    }
  });

  return html`...`;
}

useReducer

Create state that updates after being ran through a reducer function.

<!doctype html>

<my-counter></my-counter>


<script type="module">
  import { html } from 'https://unpkg.com/lit-html/lit-html.js';
  import { component, useReducer } from 'https://unpkg.com/haunted/haunted.js';

  const initialState = {count: 0};

  function reducer(state, action) {
    switch (action.type) {
      case 'reset': return initialState;
      case 'increment': return {count: state.count + 1};
      case 'decrement': return {count: state.count - 1};
    }
  }

  function Counter() {
    const [state, dispatch] = useReducer(reducer, initialState);

    return html`
      Count: ${state.count}
      <button @click=${() => dispatch({type: 'reset'})}>
        Reset
      </button>
      <button @click=${() => dispatch({type: 'increment'})}>+</button>
      <button @click=${() => dispatch({type: 'decrement'})}>-</button>
    `;
  }

  customElements.define('my-counter', component(Counter));
</script>

useMemo

Create a memoized state value. Only reruns the function when dependent values have changed.

<!doctype html>

<my-app></my-app>

<script type="module">
  import { html } from 'https://unpkg.com/lit-html/lit-html.js';
  import { component, useMemo, useState } from 'https://unpkg.com/haunted/haunted.js';

  function fibonacci(num) {
    if (num <= 1) return 1;

    return fibonacci(num - 1) + fibonacci(num - 2);
  }

  function App() {
    const [value, setVal] = useState(12);
    const fib = useMemo(() => fibonacci(value), [value]);

    return html`
      <h1>Fibonacci</h1>
      <input type="text" @change=${ev => setVal(Number(ev.target.value))} value="${value}">
      <div>Fibonacci <strong>${fib}</strong></div>
    `;
  }

  customElements.define('my-app', component(App));
</script>

useRef

Create and returns an object with one property "current" which can be assigned any value and is unaffected by multiple renders.

<!doctype html>

<my-app></my-app>

<script type="module">
  import { html } from 'https://unpkg.com/lit-html/lit-html.js';
  import { component, useRef } from 'https://unpkg.com/haunted/haunted.js';

  function App() {
    const myRef = useRef(0);

    return html`
      ${myRef.current}
    `;
  }

  customElements.define('my-app', component(App));
</script>

useContext

Grabs context value from the closest provider up in the tree and updates component when value of a provider changes. Limited only to "real" components for now.

<!doctype html>

<my-app></my-app>

<script type="module">
  import { html } from 'https://unpkg.com/lit-html/lit-html.js';
  import { component, createContext, useContext } from 'https://unpkg.com/haunted/haunted.js';

  const ThemeContext = createContext('dark');

  customElements.define('theme-provider', ThemeContext.Provider);
  customElements.define('theme-consumer', ThemeContext.Consumer);

  function Consumer() {
    const context = useContext(ThemeContext);

    return context;
  }

  customElements.define('my-consumer', component(Consumer));

  function App() {
    const [theme, setTheme] = useState('light');
    
    return html`
      <select value=${theme} @change=${(e) => setTheme(e.target.value)}>
        <option value="dark">Dark</option>
        <option value="light">Light</option>
      </select>
      
      <theme-provider .value=${theme}>
        
        <my-consumer></my-consumer>

        <!-- creates context with inverted theme -->
        <theme-provider .value=${theme === 'dark' ? 'light' : 'dark'}> 
          
          <theme-consumer
            .render=${value => html`<h1>${value}</h1>`}
          ></theme-consumer>
        
        </theme-provider>
      
      </theme-provider>
    `;
  }

  customElements.define('my-app', component(App));
</script>

Write Your Own Hook

Most functionality can be achieved with the provided hooks above, but you can also create your own hooks for custom functionality.

import { hook, Hook } from 'haunted';

const useMyHook = hook(class extends Hook {
  constructor(id, el) {
    super(id, el);
    ...
  }

  update() { ... }

  teardown() { ... }

});

Function Signatures

component(renderer, BaseElement, options): Element

  • renderer = (element) => html`...`
  • BaseElement = HTMLElement
  • options = {useShadowDOM: true}

virtual(renderer): directive

  • renderer = (element) => html`...`

License

BSD-2-Clause

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