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Visualization of up to 6 users in real time in the browser using Kinect and XML3D.


This set of programs can be used to track up to six people using Kinect for Windows v2 and visualize them in real time inside the browser in 3D. We use XML3D and Xflow which allow to display 3D content in the browser by just including a JavaScript library.

You can watch a demonstration here:

YouTube Thumbnail

There also exists a video of our first (older) prototype:

YouTube Thumbnail

Some of its features are:

  • One tracking server can work with multiple clients in parallel
  • Using standard HTTP protocol and web techniques
  • Automated size detection and scaling
  • No initialization phase needed
  • Variable number of interpolation and pose requests (for slower hardware)

#Extending and changing this project This project can and has been used as basis for combining other tracking hardware with XML3D. Our work on the Kinect and retargeting part can also be used for other forms of tracking and visualization. We have created a presentation that explains some of the technical details of our implementation. If you still have questions or remarks, do not hesitate to contact us.

#Compiling, executing and using

Client - online version

Just open the online-version.html in your browser. It expects the tracking server to be running at the URL defined on the lower part of the page (default: http://localhost:55004).

In theory, XML3D supports all modern browsers. We have experienced some problems with a stricter Cross-Origin-Policy in Google Chrome and Microsoft Edge when starting the client from the local file system. The system has been tested successfully with Firefox 41.


The server is written in C++. To build the server, you need to install and link the Kinect for Windows v2 library. Additionally, you need to add the Winsock library (WS2_32.LIB, WINSOCK32.LIB or something similar).

The official Kinect v2 library is unfortunately limited to Windows 8 and above. If you want to make it run on a different platform, you have to replace the tracking code in MultiThreadingKinectServer and the code in socket.cpp.


The model was created using MakeHuman. The armature/bones were replaced using Blender with a skeleton similar to the one Kinect uses. In the model directory you can find the Blender file of the modified model. You can export it using a Blender-XML3D exporter. The exported model is also part of the client code.


The retrageting directoy contains the matlab code used to calculate the transformation matrices necessary to transform a recorded pose from Kinect to the same pose in Blender/XML3D. We use these transformations to retarget the pose data received from Kinect inside the client's Xflow code. This improves the quality of the visualization strongly. Retargeting only needs to be done once per model. So you do not need to do this, if you just want to run the visualization. For different tracking systems and/or models, this process needs to be repeated.

Client - offline version

This is an old prototype of the client that visualizes prerecorded movements (stored as sequence of poses in a file) instead of connecting to the server.

Since the original version of this code is from the beginning of the development phase, it lacked many improvements, such as the improved retargeting and the scaling functionality. The main reason this old offline version is part of the repository is because it is a useful tool when porting the system from Kinect to another tracking device (so you can prerecord some poses and work on the skeleton, retargeting, etc. without anyone moving in front of the tracking device all the time).

The code was updated to include the new model and part of the retargeting. But due to missing scale information, it won't look that good. But its just for development, anyways.


The repository includes a presentation that explains the structure of the system, technical details, open problems and todos, etc.

#People The authors of this project are Michael Hedderich, Magdalena Kaiser, Dushyant Mehta and Guillermo Reyes. Our advisers are Ingo Zinnikus and Kristian Sons. This project is a result of the seminar "Cobots - Cooperative Robots" at Saarland University, Germany (summer semester 2015).


Visualization of up to 6 users in real time in the browser using Kinect and XML3D.




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