nonechucks is a library that provides wrappers for PyTorch's datasets, samplers, and transforms to allow for dropping unwanted or invalid samples dynamically.
What if you have a dataset of 1000s of images, out of which a few dozen images are unreadable because the image files are corrupted? Or what if your dataset is a folder full of scanned PDFs that you have to OCRize, and then run a language detector on the resulting text, because you want only the ones that are in English? Or maybe you have an
AlternateIndexSampler, and you want to be able to move to
dataset fails while attempting to load!
PyTorch's data processing module expects you to rid your dataset of any unwanted or invalid samples before you feed them into its pipeline, and provides no easy way to define a "fallback policy" in case such samples are encountered during dataset iteration.
Why do I need it?
You might be wondering why this is such a big deal when you could simply
filter out samples before sending it to your PyTorch dataset or sampler! Well, it turns out that it can be a huge deal in many cases:
- When you have a small fraction of undesirable samples in a large dataset, or
- When your sample-loading operation is expensive, or
- When you want to let downstream consumers know that a sample is undesirable (with nonechucks, transforms are not restricted to modifying samples; they can drop them as well),
- When you want your dataset and sampler to be decoupled.
In such cases, it's either simply too expensive to have a separate step to weed out bad samples, or it's just plain impossible because you don't even know what constitutes as "bad", or worse - both!
nonechucks allows you to wrap your existing datasets and samplers with "safe" versions of them, which can fix all these problems for you.
1. Dealing with bad samples
Let's start with the simplest use case, which involves wrapping an existing
Dataset instance with
Create a dataset (the usual way)
import torchvision.datasets as datasets fruits_dataset = datasets.ImageFolder('fruits/')
Now, if you have a sneaky
fruits/apple/143.jpg (that is corrupted) sitting in your
fruits/ folder, to avoid the entire pipeline from surprise-failing, you would have to resort to something like this:
import random # Shuffle dataset indices = list(range(len(fruits_dataset)) random.shuffle(indices) batch_size = 4 for i in range(0, len(indices), batch_size): try: batch = [fruits_dataset[idx] for idx in indices[i:i + batch_size]] # Do something with it pass except IOError: # Skip the entire batch continue
Not only do you have to put your code inside an extra
try-except block, but you are also forced to use a for-loop, depriving yourself of PyTorch's built-in
DataLoader, which means you can't use features like batching, shuffling, multiprocessing, and custom samplers for your dataset.
I don't know about you, but not being able to do that kind of defeats the whole point of using a data processing module for me.
You can transform your dataset into a
SafeDataset with a single line of code.
import nonechucks as nc fruits_dataset = nc.SafeDataset(fruits_dataset)
That's it! Seriously.
And that's not all. You can also use a
DataLoader on top of this.
dataloader = nc.SafeDataLoader(fruits_dataset, batch_size=4, shuffle=True) for i_batch, sample_batched in enumerate(dataloader): # Do something with it pass
In this case,
SafeDataset will skip the erroneous image, and use the next one in the place of it (as opposed to dropping the entire batch).
2. Use Transforms as Filters!
The function of transorms in PyTorch is restricted to modifying samples. With nonechucks, you can simply return
None (or raise an exception) from the transform's
__call__ method, and nonechucks will drop the sample from the dataset for you, allowing you to use transforms as filters!
For the example, we'll assume a
PDFDocumentsDataset, which reads PDF files from a folder, a
PlainTextTransform, which transforms the files into raw text, and a
LanguageFilter, which retains only documents of a particular language.
class LanguageFilter: def __init__(self, language): self.language = language def __call__(self, sample): # Do machine learning magic document_language = detect_language(sample) if document_language != self.language: return None return sample transforms = transforms.Compose([ PlainTextTransform(), LanguageFilter('en') ]) en_documents = PDFDocumentsDataset(data_dir='pdf_files/', transform=transforms) en_documents = nc.SafeDataset(en_documents)
To install nonechucks, simply use pip:
$ pip install nonechucks
or clone this repo, and build from source with:
$ python setup.py install.
All PRs are welcome.