A protobuf based high performance rpc framework leveraging full-duplexing and asynchronous io with netty
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Navi-pbrpc provides a rpc solution for using protocol buffer. This library enables client and server to communicate in a peer-to-peer and full duplexing way.

The server-side is built upon netty which supports asynchronous and non-blocking io functionality, while the client-side provides a wide variety of options to communicate with server, which includes short live connection, keep-alive tcp connection, high availability and failover strategy.

Quick Start

1. Prerequisite

Add the below dependency to pom.xml for a maven enabled project.


2. Make a protobuf generated message

Use protoc command to compile an IDL proto file and generate a java source file.

The IDL proto file can define the request and response type. Below is a simple sample:

package com.baidu.beidou.navi.pbrpc.demo.proto;
option cc_generic_services = true;

message DemoRequest {
    optional int32 user_id = 1;

message DemoResponse {
    optional int32 user_id = 1;
    optional string user_name = 2;
    enum GenderType {
        MALE = 1;
        FEMALE = 2;
    optional GenderType gender_type = 3;

3. Develop server-side service

Develop a server-side service implementation. Below is an example based on the IDL generated java code from the previous step. Note that the method doSmth use the generated class DemoRequest as the parameter and DemoResponse as the return type. The logic here is pretty simple.

public class DemoServiceImpl implements DemoService {

    public DemoResponse doSmth(DemoRequest req) {
        DemoResponse.Builder builder = DemoResponse.newBuilder();
        return builder.build();


4. Expose service and start server

Register the service implementation and set the service id as 100. The id here will be used by the client later as a way of locating one specific service. Then start the server on port 8088.

PbrpcServer server = new PbrpcServer(8088);
server.register(100, new DemoServiceImpl());

5. Develop client to invoke remote service

The framework provides many options to communicate with the server in terms of short live connection or keep-alive connection, high availablity and failover strategy. You can check out more on the Tutorials wiki.

Below demostrates how to build a keep-alive, full-duplexing connection pool and make a rpc call.

// 1) Build client with keep-alive, full-duplexing pooled connection, and client read timeout is 60s
PbrpcClient client = PbrpcClientFactory.buildPooledConnection(new PooledConfiguration(),
        "", 8088, 60000);

// 2) Construct request data by using protobuf
DemoRequest.Builder req = DemoRequest.newBuilder();
byte[] data = req.build().toByteArray();

// 3) Build message by specifying the service id, and the property provider is used as a client trace sign to tell server who I am.
PbrpcMsg msg = new PbrpcMsg();

// 4) Asynchronous invocation and return a future for client to hold
CallFuture<DemoResponse> future = client.asyncTransport(DemoResponse.class, msg);

// 5) Wait response to come. Once rpc call is done, the code will stop blocking right away.
DemoResponse res = future.get();

// 6) Print out result.



Navi-pbrpc tries to leverage minimum amount of dependency libraries, so that project built upon Navi-pbrpc will not be overwhelmed by other unwanted libraries. The following are the dependencies.

[INFO] +- commons-pool:commons-pool:jar:1.5.7:compile
[INFO] +- com.google.protobuf:protobuf-java:jar:2.5.0:compile
[INFO] +- io.netty:netty-all:jar:4.0.28.Final:compile
[INFO] +- org.javassist:javassist:jar:3.18.1-GA:compile
[INFO] +- org.slf4j:slf4j-api:jar:1.7.7:compile
[INFO] +- org.slf4j:slf4j-log4j12:jar:1.7.7:compile
[INFO] |  \- log4j:log4j:jar:1.2.17:compile


More information

Click here to Tutorials wiki.