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A lightweight XML Document class for JavaScript.

branch: master
README.md

Introduction

xmldoc lets you parse XML documents with ease. It's a pure-JavaScript, one-file XML document class with a single dependency on the excellent sax parser.

For more on why I wrote this class, see the blog post.

Installation

npm install xmldoc

Or just download the repository and include it in your node_modules directly. Or just download the single JS file!

Usage

var xmldoc = require('../lib/xmldoc');

var document = new xmldoc.XmlDocument("<some>xml</some>");

... do things

Classes

The primary exported class is XmlDocument, which you'll use to consume your XML text. XmlDocument contains a hierarchy of XmlElement instances representing the XML structure.

Both XmlElement and XmlDocument contain the same members and methods you can call to traverse the document or a subtree.

Members

  • name - the node name, like "tat" for <tat>.
  • attr - an object dict containing attribute properties, like bookNode.attr.title for <book title="...">.
  • val - the string "value" of the node, if any, like "world" for <hello>world</hello>.
  • children - an array of XmlElement children of the node.
  • firstChild, lastChild - pretty much what it sounds like; null if no children

Each member defaults to a sensible "empty" value like {} for attr, [] for children, and "" for val.

Methods

All methods with child in the name operate only on direct children; they do not do a deep/recursive search.

eachChild(func)

Similar to underscore's each method, it will call func(child, index, array) for each child of the given node.

childNamed(name)

Pass it the name of a child node and it will search for and return the first one found, or undefined.

childrenNamed(name)

Like childNamed but returns all matching children in an array, or [].

childWithAttribute(name,value)

Searches for the first child with the given attribute value. You can omit value to just find the first node with the given attribute defined at all.

descendantWithPath(path)

Searches for a specific "path" uses dot notation. Example:

<book>
  <author>
    <name isProper="true">George R. R. Martin</name>
    ...
  </author>
  ...
</book>

If you just want the <name> node and you have the XmlElement for the <book> node, you can say:

var nameNode = bookNode.descendantWithPath("author.name"); // return <name> node

valueWithPath(path)

Just like descendantWithPath, but goes deeper and extracts the val of the node. Example:

var authorName = bookNode.valueWithPath("author.name"); // return "George R. R. Martin"

You can also use the @ character to request the value of a particular attribute instead:

var authorIsProper = bookNode.valueWithPath("author.name@isProper"); // return "true"

This is not XPath! It's just a thing I made up, OK?

toString([options])

This is just an override of the standard JavaScript method, it will give you a string representation of your XML document or element. Note that this is for debugging only! It is not guaranteed to always output valid XML.

The default implementation of toString(), that is, the one you get when you just console.log("Doc: " + myDoc) will pretty-print the XML with linebreaks and indents. You can pass a couple options to control the output:

xml.toString({compressed:true}) // strips indents and linebreaks
xml.toString({trimmed:true}) // trims long strings for easier debugging

Putting it all together:

var xml = "<author><name>looooooong value</name></author>";
console.log("My document: \n" + new XmlDocument(xml).toString(trimmed:true))

Prints:

My Document:
<hello>
  loooooooo…
</hello>

Feedback

Feel free to file issues or hit me up on Twitter.

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