A dual (localStorage and REST) sync adapter for Backbone.js
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Latest commit bec21af Oct 12, 2016 @nilbus committed on GitHub Merge pull request #153 from digitalvapor/master
readme update for npm


Backbone dualStorage Adapter v1.4.1

A dualStorage adapter for Backbone. It's a drop-in replacement for Backbone.Sync() to handle saving to a localStorage database as a cache for the remote models.


Include Backbone.dualStorage after having included Backbone.js:

<script type="text/javascript" src="backbone.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript" src="backbone.dualstorage.js"></script>

Create your models and collections in the usual way. Feel free to use Backbone as you usually would; this is a drop-in replacement.

Keep in mind that Backbone.dualStorage really loves your models. By default it will cache everything that passes through Backbone.sync. You can override this behaviour with the booleans remote or local on models and collections:

SomeCollection = Backbone.Collection.extend({
    remote: true // never cached, dualStorage is bypassed entirely
    local: true  // always fetched and saved only locally, never saves on remote
    local: function() { return trueOrFalse; } // local and remote can also be dynamic

You can also deactivate dualsync to some requests, when you want to sync with the server only later.

SomeCollection.create({name: "someone"}, {remote: false});

Data synchronization

When the client goes offline, dualStorage allows you to keep changing and destroying records. All changes will be sent when the client goes online again.

// server online. Go!
people.fetch();       // load people models and save them into localstorage

// server offline!
people.create({name: "Turing"});   // you still can create new people...
people.models[0].save({age: 41});  // update existing ones...
people.models[1].destroy();        // and destroy as well

// collections track what is dirty and destroyed
people.dirtyModels()               // => Array of dirty models
people.destroyedModelIds()         // => Array of destroyed model ids

// server online again!
people.syncDirtyAndDestroyed();    // all changes are sent to the server and localStorage is updated

Keep in mind that if you try to fetch() a collection that has dirty data, only data currently in the localStorage will be loaded. collection.syncDirtyAndDestroyed() needs to be executed before trying to download new data from the server.

It is possible to tell whether the operation succeeded remotely or locally by examining options.dirty in the success callback:

    name: "Turing"
}, {
    success: function(model, response, options) {
        if (options.dirty) {
            // saved locally
        } else {
            // saved remotely

Offline state detection

dualStorage always treats an Ajax status code of 0 as an indication it is working offline. Additional status codes can be added by setting offlineStatusCodes to either an array:

Backbone.DualStorage.offlineStatusCodes = [408];

or a function that accepts the response object and returns an array:

Backbone.DualStorage.offlineStatusCodes = function(xhr) {
    var codes = [];

    if (...) {

    return codes;

Data parsing

Sometimes you may want to customize how data from the remote server is parsed before it's saved to localStorage. Typically your model's parse method takes care of this. Since dualStorage provides two layers of backend, we need a second parse method. For example, if your remote API returns data in a way that the default parse method interprets the result as a single record, use parseBeforeLocalSave to break up the data into an array of records like you would with parse.

  • The model's parse method still parses data read from localStorage.
  • The model's parseBeforeLocalSave method parses data read from the remote before it is saved to localStorage on read.

Local data storage

dualStorage stores the local cache in localStorage. Each collection's (or model's) url property is used as the storage namespace to separate different collections of data. This can be overridden by defining a storeName property on your model or collection. Defining storeName can be useful when your url is dynamic or when your models do not have the collection set but should be treated as part of that collection in the local cache.


Clone like usual or via npm npm install nilbus/backbone.dualstorage --save.




Thanks to Edward Anderson for the test suite and continued maintenance. Thanks to Lucian Mihaila for creating Backbone.dualStorage. Thanks to Jerome Gravel-Niquet for Backbone.localStorage.