A ColdFusion 9 ORM entity validation framework.
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MessageProvider.cfc
README.md
ValidationError.cfc
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README.md

OK!

OK is a ColdFusion 9 ORM entity validation framework inspired by Hyrule.

Installation

OK is intended to be installed like most other ColdFusion frameworks. You can:

  • Extract the ok archive to your webroot (i.e. {webroot}/ok),
  • Extract the ok archive to an alternate location and provide a global /ok mapping via the ColdFusion administrator,
  • Extract the ok archive to a directory in your application (i.e. /lib) and provide a application level mapping to /ok.

General Usage

Step 1: Annotate Your Entities

The first step to using OK is to annotate your existing ORM entities with OK rule definitions. Take the following ORM entity:

component entityname="contact" persistent="true" {
    property name="id" fieldtype="id" generator="native";
    property name="firstName" type="string" length="50" ormtype="string";
    property name="lastName" type="string" length="50" ormtype="string" notnull="true";
    property name="phone" type="string" ormtype="string" length="25";
    property name="email" type="string" ormtype="string" length="512";
}

Assume we want to confirm the following about this entity:

  • there should be no entities with the same firstName and lastName,
  • the firstName property should be a string no longer than 50 characters,
  • the lastName property should be a non-empty string no longer than 50 characters,
  • the phone property should be a valid phone number no longer than 23 characters in length,
  • the phone property should be a valid email address no longer than 512 characters in length.

In order to apply these rules to this entity we could update our component definition as follows:

component entityname="contact" persistent="true" ok_unique="firstName,lastName" {
    property name="id" fieldtype="id" generator="native";
    property name="firstName" type="string" length="50" ormtype="string" ok_validate="type,length";
    property name="lastName" type="string" length="50" ormtype="string" notnull="true" ok_validate="type,length,notnull" ok_required="true";
    property name="phone" type="string" ormtype="string" length="25" ok_validate="type,length" ok_isvalid="telephone";
    property name="email" type="string" ormtype="string" length="512" ok_validate="type,length" ok_isvalid="email";
}

Step 2: Populate The Entity

The next step is populating the entity with data.

contact = new Contact({
    firstName="First",
    lastName="Last",
    phone="123-456-7890",
    email="first.last@example.com" });

Step 3: Validate

The entry point into the framework is the ok.Validator component. Now that you have an entity that has been annotated and populated with data, we can use an instance of the ok.Validator object to validate it.

validator = new ok.Validator();
results = validator.validate(contact);

The ok.Validator component is intended to be instantiated as a singleton in your application and can take three optional constructor arguments:

  • rulesDirectory: The fully qualified path to a directory containing custom rule components. This argument must be used in conjunction with the rules rulesCfcPath argument. See the Custom Rules section below for more information.
  • rulesCfcPath: The dot delimited component path to the directory defined in the rulesDirectory argument.
  • resourceBundle: The fully qualified path to a properties file containing custom message definitions. See the Custom Messages section below for more information.

Step 4: Evaluate Validation Results

The ok.Validator's validate method returns an instance of the ok.ValidationResult component. The ok.ValidationResult object can then be used to check if any rules failed, and if so display information about those failures.

if (results.hasErrors()) {
    for (error in results.getErrors()) {
        WriteOutput(error.getMessage());
    }
}

The ok.ValidationResult component exposes the following methods:

  • hasErrors(): Returns true if any rules failed validation. Returns false otherwise.
  • getErrors(): Returns an array of ok.ValidationError objects, one for each rule that failed validation.

The ok.ValidationError has the following properties, which are accessible via generated getters:

  • context: The context in which this validation error occurred. Useful for nested validations.
  • entity: The entity this validation error applies to.
  • validationLevel: The level this validation error occurred at, either 'component' or 'property'.
  • property: If validaitonLevel is property, the property this error applies to.
  • validationType: The type of validation that failed.
  • message: A user friendly message describing the validation failure.

Rules

OK validation rules may apply to either the entity as a whole or individual properties.

Component Validation

Following is a list of pre-defined component level rules:

  • GTERule: Compares two property values, validating the first property is greater than or equal to the second property.
  • LTERule: Compares two property values, validating the first property is less than or equal to the second property.
  • MatchNoCaseRule: Does a case insensitive comparison of two or more property values.
  • MatchRule: Does a case sensitive comparison of two or more property values.
  • UniqueRule: Validates that an entity is unique based on a given property or list of properties.

Property Validation

Following is a list of pre-defined property level rules:

  • AssertFalseRule: Assert the property value is false.
  • AssertTrueRule: Assert the property value is true.
  • FutureRule: Check that the property value is a date after the given date. If no date is given (i.e. ok_future="true") then this rule compares the property value to the current date and time.
  • InListRule: Makes sure the property value is in the given list of values.
  • IsValidRule: Tests that the property value meets a validation or data type rule. The rules are the same as ColdFusion's built in IsValid() funciton. If validating a range the optional attributes ok_min and ok_max may be specified. If validating a regular expression the required attribute ok_pattern must be defined.
  • NotInListRule: Makes sure the property value is not in the given list of values.
  • PasswordRule: Makes sure the property value meets security rules. Validation levels include: low (the default), medium, high.
  • PastRule: Check that the property value is a date before the given date. If no date is given (i.e. ok_past="true") then this rule compares the property value to the current date and time.
  • RequiredRule: Check that the property value is not null and not an empty string.

Validating Existing Property Attributes

ORM entity properties have many attributes such as length or notnull that you may want to validate. To do this simply define an ok_validate attribute on the property passing the name of the attribute, or a list of attributes, that you want to validate.

    property name="lastName" type="string" length="50" ormtype="string" notnull="true" ok_validate="type,length,notnull";

Supported attributes include:

  • type
  • ormtype
  • length
  • notnull

Nested Valdation

OK supports validation of ORM relationship properties. To require that the relationship contain at least one related entity add the ok_required attribute to the property (ok_required="true"). To do full validation on related entities add the ok_validate attribute to the property with a value of true (ok_validate="true"). Validation is not done on properties defined as inverse (i.e. inverse="true").

Below is a sample ORM entity that does nested validation on the children property.

component entityname="Person" persistent="true" ok_unique="firstName,lastName" {

    property name="id" fieldtype="id" generator="native";
    property name="firstName" type="string" ormtype="string";
    property name="lastName" type="string" ormtype="string";
    property name="phone" type="string" ormtype="string" ok_isvalid="telephone";
    property name="children" singularname="child" fieldtype="one-to-many" cfc="Person" fkcolumn="parentID" ok_validate="true";
    property name="parent" fieldtype="many-to-one" cfc="Person" fkcolumn="parentID" inverse="true";

}

Note: At this point there are no checks in place for circular references so care should be taken to avoid infinite recursion.

Custom Rules

Documentation Coming Soon!

Messages

Error messages are defined in the /resources/DefaultMessages.properties file.

Pre-Defined Messages

Below are the built in message definitions:

length={display} must be less than {length} characters.
notnull={display} is required.
ok_assertfalse={display} is not false.
ok_asserttrue={display} is not true.
ok_future={display} is not after {ok_future}.
ok_gte={prop1} must be greater than or equal to {prop2}.
ok_inlist={display} must be one of the following values: {ok_inlist}.
ok_isvalid={display} is not a valid {ok_isvalid}.
ok_lte={prop1} must be less than or equal to {prop2}.
ok_match=The following must match: {ok_match}.
ok_matchnocase=The following must match: {ok_matchnocase}.
ok_notinlist={display} must not be one of the following values: {ok_notinlist}.
ok_password={display} is not a valid password.
ok_past={display} is not before {ok_past}.
ok_required={display} is required.
ok_unique={display} must be unique.
ormtype={display} is not of type {ormtype}.
type={display} is not of type {type}.

Note that tokens surrounded in braces are replaced on message generation.

Custom Messages

Documentation Coming Soon!