pygatt - Python Module for Bluetooth LE Generic Attribute Profile (GATT).
This Module allows reading and writing to GATT descriptors on devices such as fitness trackers, sensors, and anything implementing standard GATT Descriptor behavior.
pygatt provides a Pythonic API by wrapping two different backends:
- BlueZ (requires Linux), using the
- Bluegiga's BGAPI, compatible with USB adapters like the BLED112.
Despite the popularity of BLE, we have yet to find a good programming interface
for it on desktop computers. Since most peripherals are designed to work with
smartphones, this space is neglected. One interactive interface, BlueZ's
gatttool, is functional but difficult to use programatically. BlueZ itself
obviously works, but the interface leaves something to be desired and only
works in Linux.
- Python 2.7
- BlueZ 5.18 or greater (with gatttool) - required for the gatttool backend only.
- Tested on 5.18, 5.21, 5.35 and 5.43
pygatt with pip from PyPI:
$ pip install pygatt
The BlueZ backend is not supported by default as it requires
can only be installed in a UNIX-based environment. If you wish to use that
backend, install the optional dependencies with:
$ pip install "pygatt[GATTTOOL]"
Install the latest development version of
pygatt with pip:
$ pip install git+https://github.com/peplin/pygatt
The primary API for users of this library is provided by
pygatt.BLEDevice. After initializing an
instance of the preferred backend (available implementations are found in
pygatt.backends, use the
BLEBackend.connect method to connect to a device
and get an instance of
import pygatt # The BGAPI backend will attemt to auto-discover the serial device name of the # attached BGAPI-compatible USB adapter. adapter = pygatt.BGAPIBackend() try: adapter.start() device = adapter.connect('01:23:45:67:89:ab') value = device.char_read("a1e8f5b1-696b-4e4c-87c6-69dfe0b0093b") finally: adapter.stop()
Note that not all backends support connecting to more than 1 device at at time,
BLEBackend.connect again may terminate existing connections.
Here's the same example using the GATTTool backend. It's identical except for the initialization of the backend:
import pygatt adapter = pygatt.GATTToolBackend() try: adapter.start() device = adapter.connect('01:23:45:67:89:ab') value = device.char_read("a1e8f5b1-696b-4e4c-87c6-69dfe0b0093b") finally: adapter.stop()
While debugging software using pygatt, it is often useful to see what's happening inside the library. You can enable debugging logging and have it printed to your terminal with this code:
import pygatt import logging logging.basicConfig() logging.getLogger('pygatt').setLevel(logging.DEBUG)
- Jeff Rowberg @jrowberg https://github.com/jrowberg/bglib
- Greg Albrecht @ampledata https://github.com/ampledata/pygatt
- Christopher Peplin @peplin https://github.com/peplin/pygatt
- Morten Kjaergaard @mkjaergaard https://github.com/mkjaergaard/pygatt
- Michael Saunby @msaunby https://github.com/msaunby/ble-sensor-pi
- Steven Sloboda https://github.com/sloboste
- Ilya Sukhanov @IlyaSukhanov
Releasing to PyPI
For the maintainers of the project, when you want to make a release:
- Merge all of the changes into
- Update the version in
- Update the
- Tag the commit and push to GitHub (will need to push to a separate branch of
PR first since
masteris a protected branch).
- Travis CI will take care of the rest - it will build and deploy tagged commits to PyPI automatically.
Copyright 2015 Stratos Inc. and Orion Labs
Apache License, Version 2.0 and MIT License. See LICENSE.