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PlantUML Server

GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE, Version 3, 29 June 2007 latest tag workflow status (Main) workflow status (Tests)

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PlantUML Server is a web application to generate UML diagrams on-the-fly.

PlantUML is not affected by the log4j vulnerability.

PlantUML Server

To know more about PlantUML, please visit


  • jre/jdk 11 or above
  • apache maven 3.0.2 or above


  • Jetty 11 or above
  • Tomcat 10 or above

How to run the server

Just run:

mvn jetty:run

The server is now listening to http://localhost:8080/plantuml. In this way the server is run on an embedded jetty server.

You can specify the port at which it runs:

mvn jetty:run -Djetty.http.port=9999

How to run the server with Docker

You can run Plantuml with jetty or tomcat container

docker run -d -p 8080:8080 plantuml/plantuml-server:jetty
docker run -d -p 8080:8080 plantuml/plantuml-server:tomcat

The server is now listening to http://localhost:8080.

Read-only container

The jetty container supports read-only files system, you can run the read-only mode with:

docker run -d -p 8080:8080 --read-only -v /tmp/jetty plantuml/plantuml-server:jetty

This makes the container compatible with more restricted environment such as OpenShift, just make sure you mount a volume (can be ephemeral) on /tmp/jetty.

Change base URL

To run plantuml using different base url, change the docker-compose.yml file:

  - BASE_URL=plantuml

And run docker-compose up. This will start a modified version of the image using the base url /plantuml, e.g. http://localhost:8080/plantuml

How to set PlantUML options

You can apply some option to your PlantUML server with environment variable.

If you run the directly the jar:

# NOTE: jetty-runner is deprecated.
# build war file and jetty-runner
mvn package
# start directly
# java $JVM_ARGS -jar jetty-runner.jar $JETTY_ARGS
java -jar target/dependency/jetty-runner.jar --config src/main/config/jetty.xml --port 9999 --path /plantuml target/plantuml.war
# see help for more possible options
java -jar target/dependency/jetty-runner.jar --help

Note: --config src/main/config/jetty.xml is only necessary if you need support for empty path segments in URLs (e.g. for the old proxy)

Alternatively, start over maven and pass the option with -D flag

mvn jetty:run -D THE_ENV_VARIABLE=THE_ENV_VALUE -Djetty.http.port=9999

If you use docker, you can use the -e flag:

docker run -d -p 9999:8080 -e THE_ENV_VARIABLE=THE_ENV_VALUE plantuml/plantuml-server:jetty

You can set all the following variables:

    • PlantUML Base URL path
    • Default value: ROOT
    • Local path to a PlantUML configuration file (identical to the -config flag on the CLI)
    • Default value: null
    • Limits image width and height
    • Default value: 4096
    • when calling the proxy endpoint, the value of HTTP_AUTHORIZATION will be used to set the HTTP Authorization header
    • Default value: null
    • Enables !include processing which can read files from the server into diagrams. Files are read relative to the current working directory.
    • Default value: false

Alternate: How to build your docker image

This method uses maven to run the application. That requires internet connectivity. So, you can use following command to create a self-contained docker image that will "just work".

docker image build -f Dockerfile.jetty -t plantuml-server:local .
docker run -d -p 8080:8080 plantuml-server:local

The server is now listening to http://localhost:8080.

You may specify the port in -p Docker command line argument.

How to generate the war

To build the war, just run:

mvn package

at the root directory of the project to produce plantuml.war in the target/ directory.

NOTE: If you want that the generated war includes the apache-jsp artifact run:

mvn package -Dapache-jsp.scope=compile

If you want to generate the war with java 8 as target just remove the src/test directory and use pom.jdk8.xml.

rm -rf src/test
mvn package -f pom.jdk8.xml [-Dapache-jsp.scope=compile]

Use with reverse-proxy

It is possible to use PlantUML with a reverse proxy.

You can find this and other examples here.