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Nov 27, 2020

Volto

Volto logo png

Volto logo png

NPM Unit Tests Acceptance Tests Build Status Docs

Introduction

Volto is a ReactJS-based frontend for the Plone Content Management System. It will become the default UI for the upcoming Plone 6 release.

Plone is a CMS built on Python with more than 20 years of history and experience.

Plone has very interesting features that appeal to developers and users alike, such as customizable content types, hierarchical URL object traversing and a sophisticated content workflow powered by a granular permissions model. This allows you to build anything from simple websites to enterprise-grade intranets.

Volto exposes all these features and communicates with Plone via its REST API. Volto has the ability of being easily extensible, themeable, and customizable.

It features the Pastanaga editor, a modern block-based content layout editor. It is extensible and customizable, so you can adapt the default blocks provided to match your requirements, or build new ones to cover them.

Volto is extensible using add-ons. You can build your own or choose from the community released ones:

Demo

You can try a Volto online demo in https://6.demo.plone.org/

Try the demo locally

If you want to give Volto a quick try and you have Docker installed in your computer, bootstrap the demo using docker-compose:

git clone https://github.com/plone/volto.git
cd volto
docker-compose up

Go to http://localhost:3000 in your browser.

Quick Start

First get all the requirements installed on your system.

Prerequisites

Create a Volto project using the generator

Create a new Volto project by using the @plone/generator-volto utility.

It will bootstrap a Volto project in a folder of your choice with all the required boilerplate to start customizing your Volto site.

npm install -g yo @plone/generator-volto
yo @plone/volto

follow the prompts questions, provide myvoltoproject as project name then, when it finishes:

cd myvoltoproject

Bootstrap the Plone API backend

You can bootstrap a ready Docker Plone container with all the dependencies and ready for Volto use. We recommend to use the Plone docker builds based in pip plone/plone-backend image:

docker run -it --rm --name=plone -p 8080:8080 -e SITE=Plone -e ADDONS="plone.restapi==8.22.0 plone.volto==4.0.0a4 plone.rest==2.0.0a5 plone.app.iterate==4.0.2 plone.app.vocabularies==4.3.0" -e PROFILES="plone.volto:default-homepage" plone/plone-backend

or as an alternative if you have experience with Plone and you have all the dependencies installed on your system, you can use the supplied convenience buildout in the api folder by issuing the command:

make build-backend

Recommended Plone version

Volto is the default UI for Plone 6, so it will work for all Plone 6 released versions.

For the Plone 5 series, the latest released version of Plone 5 (with Python 3) is recommended (at the time of writing 5.2.9).

KGS (known good set of versions) for backend packages

On Plone 6, we recommend using the known good set (KGS) of package versions that are specified in the Plone release.

On Plone 5, Volto is currently tested with the following packages pinned to specific versions, and we recommend using the same versions, which are:

  • plone.restapi 8.24.1
  • plone.rest 2.0.0a5
  • plone.volto 4.0.0a9

Start Volto

yarn start

Browsing

Go to http://localhost:3000 in your browser.

Volto in Production

Volto is actively developed since 2017 and used in production since 2018 on the following websites:

Please create a new issue or pull request to add your Volto-site here!

Documentation

You can find the latest (in-progress) documentation in https://6.dev-docs.plone.org/

Training

On the Plone Trainings Website you'll find Volto-dedicated open training materials, plus React and other JavaScript-centered trainings.

Talks

Plone Conference Ferrara 2019

Víctor Fernández de Alba - Plone Beyond 2020: Jump into Volto today!

Rob Gietema - How to create your own Volto site!

Timo Stollenwerk - On the Road - Plone 6 and Beyond

Rodrigo Ferreira de Souza - Data migration to Plone 5.2 and Volto

Nicola Zambello - A Volto story: building a website by prototyping

Luca Pisani - Plone and React.js: An interview to Volto

Plone Conference Tokyo 2018

Rob Gietema - Volto

Rob Gietema / Víctor Fernández de Alba - Volto Extensibility Story

Víctor Fernández de Alba - Theming Volto

Timo Stollenwerk / Víctor Fernández de Alba / Ramon Navarro - Volto Case Studies

Timo Stollenwerk - Reinventing Plone, Roadmap to the Modern Web

Node Support

  • Node 16: Supported since Volto 14
  • Node 14: Supported since Volto 8.8.0
  • Node 12: Deprecated from Volto 16 onwards. It was supported since Volto 4
  • Node 10: Deprecated from Volto 13 onwards. It was supported since Volto 1 (and its predecessor "plone-react")

Browser support

Volto works well with any modern (evergreen) browser, including their mobile flavors: Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Edge.

We do not guarantee that deprecated browsers (e.g., Internet Explorer 11) are supported by Volto. Although proven possible, it's too great an effort to maintain. It is left to the integrator to provide support for it.

Upgrades

You can find the upgrade guide here: https://6.dev-docs.plone.org/volto/upgrade-guide/index.html

Volto Development

For Volto development you need all the requirements already mentioned on the Quick Start section.

Checkout the Volto repository

git clone https://github.com/plone/volto.git

Install dependencies

yarn

Install Plone backend

Either using a Docker command:

docker run -it --rm --name=backend -p 8080:8080 -e SITE=Plone -e ADDONS="plone.restapi==8.22.0 plone.app.iterate==4.0.2 plone.rest==2.0.0a5 plone.app.vocabularies==4.3.0 plone.volto==4.0.0a3" -e PROFILES="plone.volto:default-homepage" plone/plone-backend

or using the convenience makefile command:

make start-backend-docker

or running Plone on your machine (advanced), additional dependencies might be required, only for Plone experienced integrators/developers. Check the Plone Installation Documentation.

make build-backend

Run frontend

Either using a Docker command:

docker run -it --rm --name=volto --link backend -p 3000:3000 -e RAZZLE_INTERNAL_API_PATH=http://backend:8080/Plone -e RAZZLE_DEV_PROXY_API_PATH=http://backend:8080/Plone plone/plone-frontend:latest

or using the convenience makefile command:

make start-frontend-docker

or from the local repository code:

yarn && yarn start

Browsing

Browse to http://localhost:3000 in your browser.

Testing

yarn test

Releasing

For ease the release process, we use release-it utility that helps with the process.

https://www.npmjs.com/package/release-it

For using it and start a release you need to fulfill the requirements:

  • Have permissions to push on master branch
  • Have permissions on the @plone org on npmjs.com
  • Have a environment variable (GITHUB_TOKEN) with a GitHub personal token with permissions to write the Volto Release page on GitHub (https://www.npmjs.com/package/release-it#github-releases)

Then the command for release:

yarn release

a dry-release command for testing the output is also available:

yarn dry-release

and alpha release can also be cut using:

yarn release-alpha

Acceptance testing

Here you can find a guide on how acceptance testing is done in Volto:

https://6.dev-docs.plone.org/volto/developer-guidelines/acceptance-tests.html

Translations

If you would like contribute to translate Volto into several languages, please, read the Internationalization (i18n) guide.

Contributors

Alternative backends

Volto also supports other APIs like Guillotina, a Python resource management system, inspired by Plone and using the same basic concepts like traversal, content types, and permissions model.

Last but not least, it also supports a Volto Node.js-based backend reference API implementation that demos how other systems could also use Volto to display and create content through it.

Run a Guillotina backend

Disclaimer: Guillotina doesn't support the full API/features that Plone provides. Contributors are welcome.

docker-compose -f g-api/docker-compose.yml up -d

or using the convenience makefile command:

make start-backend-docker-guillotina

Running the acceptance tests with Guillotina backend

If you want to use Guillotina as a backend to run the tests you should run:

yarn ci:start-api-plone-guillotina

License

MIT License. Copyrights hold the Plone Foundation.

See LICENSE.md for details.