A sane Google Protocol Buffers library for Ruby
Ruby
Latest commit c0a97e7 Jun 21, 2016 @alexdean alexdean version bump to 1.2.0

README.md

Beefcake

A pure-Ruby Google Protocol Buffers library. It's all about being Buf; ProtoBuf.

Installation

gem install beefcake

Usage

require 'beefcake'

class Variety
  include Beefcake::Message

  # Required
  required :x, :int32, 1
  required :y, :int32, 2

  # Optional
  optional :tag, :string, 3

  # Repeated
  repeated :ary,  :fixed64, 4
  repeated :pary, :fixed64, 5, :packed => true

  # Enums - Simply use a Module (NOTE: defaults are optional)
  module Foonum
    A = 1
    B = 2
  end

  # As per the spec, defaults are only set at the end
  # of decoding a message, not on object creation.
  optional :foo, Foonum, 6, :default => Foonum::B
end

# You can create a new message with hash arguments:
x = Variety.new(:x => 1, :y => 2)

# You can set fields individually using accessor methods:
x = Variety.new
x.x = 1
x.y = 2

# And you can access fields using Hash syntax:
x[:x] # => 1
x[:y] = 4
x # => <Variety x: 1, y: 4>

Encoding

Any object responding to << can accept encoding

# see code example above for the definition of Variety
x = Variety.new(:x => 1, :y => 2)

# For example, you can encode into a String:
s = ""
x.encode(s)
s # => "\b\x01\x10\x02)\0"

# If you don't encode into anything, a new Beefcake::Buffer will be returned:
x.encode # => #<Beefcake::Buffer:0x007fbfe1867ab0 @buf="\b\x01\x10\x02)\0">

# And that buffer can be converted to a String:
x.encode.to_s # => "\b\x01\x10\x02)\0"

Decoding

# see code example above for the definition of Variety
x = Variety.new(:x => 1, :y => 2)

# You can decode from a Beefcake::Buffer
encoded = x.encode
Variety.decode(encoded) # => <Variety x: 1, y: 2, pary: [], foo: B(2)>

# Decoding from a String works the same way:
Variety.decode(encoded.to_s) # => <Variety x: 1, y: 2, pary: [], foo: B(2)>

# You can update a Beefcake::Message instance with new data too:
new_data = Variety.new(x: 12345, y: 2).encode
Variety.decoded(new_data, x)
x # => <Variety x: 12345, y: 2, pary: [], foo: B(2)>

Generate code from .proto file

protoc --beefcake_out output/path -I path/to/proto/files/dir path/to/file.proto

You can set the BEEFCAKE_NAMESPACE variable to generate the classes under a desired namespace. (i.e. App::Foo::Bar)

About

Ruby deserves and needs first-class ProtoBuf support. Other libs didn't feel very "Ruby" to me and were hard to parse.

This library was built with EventMachine in mind. Not just blocking-IO.

Source: https://github.com/protobuf-ruby/beefcake

Support Features

  • Optional fields
  • Required fields
  • Repeated fields
  • Packed Repeated Fields
  • Varint fields
  • 32-bit fields
  • 64-bit fields
  • Length-delimited fields
  • Embedded Messages
  • Unknown fields are ignored (as per spec)
  • Enums
  • Defaults (i.e. optional :foo, :string, :default => "bar")
  • Varint-encoded length-delimited message streams

Future

  • Imports
  • Use package in generation
  • Groups (would be nice for accessing older protos)

Further Reading

http://code.google.com/apis/protocolbuffers/docs/encoding.html

Testing

rake test

Beefcake conducts continuous integration on Travis CI. The current build status for HEAD is Build Status.

All pull requests automatically trigger a build request. Please ensure that tests succeed.

Currently Beefcake is tested and working on:

  • Ruby 1.9.3
  • Ruby 2.0.0
  • Ruby 2.1.0
  • Ruby 2.1.1
  • Ruby 2.1.2
  • JRuby in 1.9 mode

Thank You

  • Keith Rarick (kr) for help with encoding/decoding.
  • Aman Gupta (tmm1) for help with cross VM support and performance enhancements.