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Lightweight package containing some ORM-like features and helpers for sqlite databases.


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Lightweight package implementing some ORM-like features and helpers for sqlite databases.

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type Model interface {
    Table() string

This package operates models which are described by Model interface. We call any entry a model if it's a struct and has a table where data is stored.


This package provides a bunch of functions to allow you create, read, update and delete data.


Loads data from table and scans it into provided struct. If query was too broad to load more than one rows, the latest of them will be scanned. Also this function supports loading relations which will be described below.

type SimpleStruct struct {
  IntField int64 `ormlite:"col=rowid,primary"`
  Text string
  UnusedField bool `ormlite:"-"

var s SimpleStruct
err := QueryStruct(db, "", nil, &s)

Let's describe some tags used in example struct:

  • col - let you specify custom column name to be scanned to the field
  • primary - indicates model primary key, it's basically used when saving model
  • - - hide field for package so it won't be affected at any kind


This is very similar to QueryStruct except that it loads multiple rows in a slice.


This function is used to save or update existing model, if model has primary field and it's value is zero - this model will be inserted to the model's table. Otherwise model's row will be updated according it's current values (except has-one relation). This function also supports updating related models except creating or editing many-to-many related models.

err := Upsert(db, &s)


Function used for inserting Models. Despite of Upsert it returns an error in case of constraint errors.


This function... yea, it deletes model from database using it's primary key value. If model does not have primary key or it has zero value an error will ne returned. Since sometimes it's useful to know that delete operation is really took place in database, function will check number of affected rows and return a special ErrNoRowsAffected if it's not positive.


type Options struct {
   // Add where clause to query
   Where         Where    
   Limit         int      
   Offset        int      
   OrderBy       *OrderBy 
   // Load relations to specified depth,
   // if depth is 0 don't load any relations
   RelationDepth int      

For most queries is't enough to use DefaultOptions() which has relation depth equal to 1.

If you already have variable containing Options, you can extend them with additional settings with following functions:

  • WithLimit
  • WithOffset
  • WithOrder
  • WithWhere

For example:

opts := ormlite.WithWhere(ormlite.DefaultOptions(), ormlite.Where{"id": 1})


QueryStruct, QuerySlice and Upsert support loading relations between models, the supported relation types are:

  • Has One
  • Has Many
  • Many To Many

Since you can control depth of loaded relations, there is no need to be afraid of cycle loading. But there are several tags to configure relations.

Has One

type Model struct {
   Related ormlite.Model `ormlite:"has_one,col=related_model_id"`

has_one indicates that this field represents has one relations type to other model.

col is an optional parameter to specify custom column name of foreign id of related model.

Has Many

type Model struct {
   Related []ormlite.Model `ormlite:"has_many"`

has_many is the only parameter to indicate has many relation, however there is a requirement that related model must have primary field.

Many To Many

type Model struct {
  Related       []ormlite.Model `ormlite:"many_to_many,table=mapping_table,field=model_id"`
  RelatedActive []ormlite.Model `ormlite:"many_to_many,table=mapping_table(active=1),field=model_id"`

many_to_many indicates that field represents many-to-many relation.

table(additional condition) should contain mapping table name to retrieve relation information. If it's necessary to map entities with additional conditions you can specify sql describing them in brackets. For now only one additional field is supported.

field should specify column in mapping table that has foreign key of original model

Also there is a requirement to related model primary key field to contain ref setting that specifies column name of it's foreign key in mapping table.

Search by related

Sometimes it's useful to search many-to-many model by related ones, so running the following code

type Author struct {
    Id     int      `ormlite:"primary,ref=author_id"`
    Topics []*Topic `ormlite:"many_to_many,table=author_topics,field=author_id"`
    Name   string

func (a *Author) Table() string { return "authors" }

type Topic struct {
    Id      int       `ormlite:"primary,ref=topic_id"`
    Authors []*Author `ormlite:"many_to_many,table=author_topics,field=topic_id"`
    Content string

func (p *Topic) Table() string { return "topics" }

func main() {
    db, err := sql.Open("sqlite3", ":memory:?_fk=1")
    if err != nil {

    _, err = db.Exec(`
       create table authors(id integer primary key, name text);
       create table topics(id integer primary key, content text, author_id int);
       create table author_topics(author_id integer, topic_id integer);
    if err != nil {

    john := &Author{Name: "John"}
    err = ormlite.Upsert(db, john)
    if err != nil {

    pete := &Author{Name: "Pete"}
    err = ormlite.Upsert(db, pete)
    if err != nil {

    cars := &Topic{Content: "Cars", Authors: []*Author{john, pete}}
    err = ormlite.Upsert(db, cars)
    if err != nil {

    bikes := &Topic{Content: "Bikes", Authors: []*Author{john}}
    err = ormlite.Upsert(db, bikes)
    if err != nil {

    planes := &Topic{Content: "Plains", Authors: []*Author{pete}}
    err = ormlite.Upsert(db, planes)
    if err != nil {

    var carAuthors []*Author
    err = ormlite.QuerySlice(db, &ormlite.Options{RelatedTo: []ormlite.IModel{&Topic{Id: cars.Id}}}, &carAuthors)
    if err != nil {

    var planeAuthors []*Author
    err = ormlite.QuerySlice(db, &ormlite.Options{RelatedTo: []ormlite.IModel{&Topic{Id: planes.Id}}}, &planeAuthors)
    if err != nil {

    fmt.Print("Car authors: ")
    for _, a := range carAuthors {
        fmt.Printf("%s ", a.Name)

    fmt.Print("Plane authors: ")
    for _, a := range planeAuthors {
        fmt.Printf("%s ", a.Name)

will result

Car authors: John Pete 
Plane authors: Pete 

Comparison operators

By default package use = operator to compare values introduced in Where struct, except strings, they are compared by LIKE operator. But there is a list of other operators that you can use:

  • Greater stands for >
  • GreaterOrEqual stands for >=
  • Less stands for <
  • LessOrEqual stands for <=
  • NotEqual stands for !=
  • BitwiseAND stands for value&? > 0
  • BitwiseANDStrict stand for value&? = 0
  • StrictString - by default string comparison are done using LIKE operator, StrictString will force using =

To use these operators just wrap value with them

opts := &ormlite.Options{Where: {"Age": GreaterOrEqual(10)}}

More Examples

See tests.


Lightweight package containing some ORM-like features and helpers for sqlite databases.








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