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Synthetic for Computer Vision

This is a repo for tracking the progress of using synthetic images for computer vision research. If you found any important work is missing or information is not up-to-date, please edit this file directly and make a pull request. Each publication is tagged with a keyword to make it easier to search.

If you find anything missing from this page, please edit this file to add it. When adding a new item, you can simply follow the format of existing items. How this document is structured is documented in

How to use: Click publication to jump to the paper title, detailed information such as code and project page will be provided together with pdf file.**

Synthetic image dataset

3D Model Repository

Realistic 3D models are critical for creating realistic and diverse virtual worlds. Here are research efforts for creating 3D model repositories.



ECCV 2016 Virtual/Augmented Reality for Visual Artificial Intelligence (VARVAI) workshop

Role of Simulation in Computer Vision

Virtual Reality Meets Physical Reality: Modelling and Simulating Virtual Humans and Environments Siggraph Asia 2016 workshop

See also:





  • Nvidia Issac

  • Configurable, Photorealistic Image Rendering and Ground Truth Synthesis by Sampling Stochastic Grammars Representing Indoor Scenes

  • Aerial Informatics and Robotics Platform (:octocat:code) (pdf) (project) tag: tool
  • Tobin, Josh, et al. "Domain Randomization for Transferring Deep Neural Networks from Simulation to the Real World." arXiv preprint arXiv:1703.06907 (2017). tag: domain (pdf)



  • Sadeghi, Fereshteh, and Sergey Levine. "rl: Real single-image flight without a single real image. arXiv preprint." arXiv preprint arXiv:1611.04201 12 (2016). tag: rl

  • Johnson, Justin, et al. "CLEVR: A Diagnostic Dataset for Compositional Language and Elementary Visual Reasoning." arXiv preprint arXiv:1612.06890 (2016). (pdf)

  • McCormac, John, et al. "SceneNet RGB-D: 5M Photorealistic Images of Synthetic Indoor Trajectories with Ground Truth." arXiv preprint arXiv:1612.05079 (2016).

  • de Souza, César Roberto, et al. "Procedural Generation of Videos to Train Deep Action Recognition Networks." arXiv preprint arXiv:1612.00881 (2016). (pdf) (project) tag: synthetic human

  • Synnaeve, Gabriel, et al. "TorchCraft: a Library for Machine Learning Research on Real-Time Strategy Games." arXiv preprint arXiv:1611.00625 (2016). (pdf) (code)

  • Lin, Jenny, et al. "A virtual reality platform for dynamic human-scene interaction." SIGGRAPH ASIA 2016 Virtual Reality meets Physical Reality: Modelling and Simulating Virtual Humans and Environments. ACM, 2016. (pdf) (project)

  • Mahendran, A., et al. "ResearchDoom and CocoDoom: Learning Computer Vision with Games." arXiv preprint arXiv:1610.02431 (2016). (pdf) (project)

  • The SYNTHIA dataset: A large collection of synthetic images for semantic segmentation of urban scenes. 2016 (pdf) (project) (citation:4)
  • Virtual Worlds as Proxy for Multi-Object Tracking Analysis. 2016
    (pdf) (project) (citation:5)

  • Playing for data: Ground truth from computer games. 2016
    (pdf) (citation:1)

  • Play and Learn: Using Video Games to Train Computer Vision Models. 2016
    (pdf) (citation:1)

  • ViZDoom: A Doom-based AI Research Platform for Visual Reinforcement Learning. 2016
    (:octocat:code) (pdf) (project) (citation:4)

  • UnrealCV: Connecting Computer Vision to Unreal Engine 2016
    (:octocat:code) (project) (pdf)
  • Learning Physical Intuition of Block Towers by Example 2016
    (:octocat:code) (pdf) (citation:12)

  • Target-driven Visual Navigation in Indoor Scenes using Deep Reinforcement Learning 2016

  • A Dataset and Evaluation Methodology for Depth Estimation on 4D Light Fields. ACCV 2016
    (:octocat:code) (pdf) (project) (citation)



  • A Large Dataset to Train Convolutional Networks for Disparity, Optical Flow, and Scene Flow Estimation. 2015
    (pdf) (citation:9)
  • Render for cnn: Viewpoint estimation in images using cnns trained with rendered 3d model views. 2015
    (:octocat:code) (pdf) (citation:33)



  • Virtual and real world adaptation for pedestrian detection. 2014
    (pdf) (citation:46)
  • Seeing 3d chairs: exemplar part-based 2d-3d alignment using a large dataset of cad models. 2014
    (:octocat:code) (pdf) (project) (citation:110)



  • Detailed 3d representations for object recognition and modeling. 2013
    (pdf) (citation:67)





  • Learning appearance in virtual scenarios for pedestrian detection. 2010
    (pdf) (citation:79)



  • Ovvv: Using virtual worlds to design and evaluate surveillance systems. 2007
    (pdf) (citation:58)


A list of synthetic dataset and tools for computer vision




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