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remove some parts of the section on shortcut helpers, document custom…

… validators
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commit 225a2482c19fa3a1acdc05371a44b090c6cb4d7c 1 parent 7372e9a
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Showing with 45 additions and 59 deletions.
  1. +45 −59 railties/guides/source/active_record_validations_callbacks.textile
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104 railties/guides/source/active_record_validations_callbacks.textile
@@ -569,101 +569,87 @@ end
All validations inside of +with_options+ block will have automatically passed the condition +:if => :is_admin?+
-h3. Creating Custom Validation Methods
+h3. Performing Custom Validations
-When the built-in validation helpers are not enough for your needs, you can write your own validation methods.
+When the built-in validation helpers are not enough for your needs, you can write your own validators or validation methods as you prefer.
-Simply create methods that verify the state of your models and add messages to the +errors+ collection when they are invalid. You must then register these methods by using one or more of the +validate+, +validate_on_create+ or +validate_on_update+ class methods, passing in the symbols for the validation methods' names.
+h4. Custom Validators
-You can pass more than one symbol for each class method and the respective validations will be run in the same order as they were registered.
+Custom validators are classes that extend <tt>ActiveModel::Validator</tt>. These classes must implement a +validate+ method which takes a record as an argument and performs the validation on it. The custom validator is called using the +validates_with+ method.
<ruby>
-class Invoice < ActiveRecord::Base
- validate :expiration_date_cannot_be_in_the_past,
- :discount_cannot_be_greater_than_total_value
-
- def expiration_date_cannot_be_in_the_past
- errors.add(:expiration_date, "can't be in the past") if
- !expiration_date.blank? and expiration_date < Date.today
+class MyValidator < ActiveModel::Validator
+ def validate(record)
+ if record.name.starts_with? 'X'
+ record.errors[:name] << 'Need a name starting with X please!'
+ end
end
+end
- def discount_cannot_be_greater_than_total_value
- errors.add(:discount, "can't be greater than total value") if
- discount > total_value
- end
+class Person
+ include ActiveModel::Validations
+ validates_with MyValidator
end
</ruby>
-You can even create your own validation helpers and reuse them in several different models. For example, an application that manages surveys may find it useful to express that a certain field corresponds to a set of choices:
+The easiest way to add custom validators for validating individual attributes is with the convenient <tt>ActiveModel::EachValidator</tt>. In this case, the custom validator class must implement a +validate_each+ method which takes three arguments: record, attribute and value which correspond to the instance, the attribute to be validated and the value of the attribute in the passed instance.
<ruby>
-ActiveRecord::Base.class_eval do
- def self.validates_as_choice(attr_name, n, options={})
- validates attr_name, :inclusion => { {:in => 1..n}.merge(options) }
+class EmailValidator < ActiveModel::EachValidator
+ def validate_each(record, attribute, value)
+ unless value =~ /\A([^@\s]+)@((?:[-a-z0-9]+\.)+[a-z]{2,})\z/i
+ record.errors[attribute] << (options[:message] || "is not an email")
+ end
end
end
-</ruby>
-
-Simply reopen +ActiveRecord::Base+ and define a class method like that. You'd typically put this code somewhere in +config/initializers+. You can use this helper like this:
-<ruby>
-class Movie < ActiveRecord::Base
- validates_as_choice :rating, 5
+class Person < ActiveRecord::Base
+ validates :email, :presence => true, :email => true
end
</ruby>
-h3. Shortcut helper
+As shown in the example, you can also combine standard validations with your own custom validators.
-There is a special method +validates+ that is a shortcut to all default validators and any custom validator classes ending in 'Validator'. Note that Rails default validators can be overridden inside specific classes by creating custom validator classes in their place such as +PresenceValidator+.
+h4. Custom Methods
-h4. Multiple validations for a single attribue
+You can also create methods that verify the state of your models and add messages to the +errors+ collection when they are invalid. You must then register these methods by using one or more of the +validate+, +validate_on_create+ or +validate_on_update+ class methods, passing in the symbols for the validation methods' names.
-In cases where you want multiple validations for a single attribute you can do it with a one-liner.
+You can pass more than one symbol for each class method and the respective validations will be run in the same order as they were registered.
<ruby>
-class User < ActiveRecord::Base
- validates :password, :presence => true, :confirmation => true, :length => { :minimum => 6 }
-end
-</ruby>
-
-h4. Combining standard validations with custom validators
-
-You can also combine standard validations with your own custom validators.
+class Invoice < ActiveRecord::Base
+ validate :expiration_date_cannot_be_in_the_past,
+ :discount_cannot_be_greater_than_total_value
-<ruby>
-class EmailValidator < ActiveModel::EachValidator
- def validate_each(record, attribute, value)
- record.errors[attribute] << (options[:message] || "is not an email") unless
- value =~ /\A([^@\s]+)@((?:[-a-z0-9]+\.)+[a-z]{2,})\z/i
+ def expiration_date_cannot_be_in_the_past
+ if !expiration_date.blank? and expiration_date < Date.today
+ errors.add(:expiration_date, "can't be in the past")
+ end
end
-end
-
-class Person
- include ActiveModel::Validations
- attr_accessor :name, :email
- validates :name, :presence => true, :uniqueness => true, :length => { :maximum => 100 }
- validates :email, :presence => true, :email => true
+ def discount_cannot_be_greater_than_total_value
+ if discount > total_value
+ errors.add(:discount, "can't be greater than total value")
+ end
+ end
end
</ruby>
-h4. Validating multiple attributes with the same criteria
-
-If you have a case where you want to apply the same validations to multiple attributes you can do that as well.
+You can even create your own validation helpers and reuse them in several different models. For example, an application that manages surveys may find it useful to express that a certain field corresponds to a set of choices:
<ruby>
-class BlogPost < ActiveRecord::Base
- validates :title, :body, :presence => true
+ActiveRecord::Base.class_eval do
+ def self.validates_as_choice(attr_name, n, options={})
+ validates attr_name, :inclusion => { {:in => 1..n}.merge(options) }
+ end
end
</ruby>
-h4. Using the standard options
-
-The shortcut syntax is also compatible with the standard options +:allow_nil+, +:allow_blank+, etc. as well as the conditional options +:if+ and +unless+.
+Simply reopen +ActiveRecord::Base+ and define a class method like that. You'd typically put this code somewhere in +config/initializers+. You can use this helper like this:
<ruby>
-class User < ActiveRecord::Base
- validates :password, :presence => { :if => :password_required? }, :confirmation => true
+class Movie < ActiveRecord::Base
+ validates_as_choice :rating, 5
end
</ruby>
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