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Raising an error when nil is passed to update_attributes. #9860

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@wangjohn
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wangjohn commented Mar 21, 2013

In 9e4b715, @josevalim allowed the ability to send a nil argument to update_attributes (in response to #478). However, the reasoning behind that was because a pretty cryptic error was thrown. The current behavior in Rails is that thing.update_attributes(nil) will return and not update any attributes without throwing any error.

However, Instead of allowing you to send a nil argument, it might be better to raise an ArgumentError which has a clear error message. I've made that change here, but this PR is more intended as a discussion on which behavior is better.

Closes #9858.

@Intrepidd

View changes

activerecord/lib/active_record/attribute_assignment.rb
- return if new_attributes.blank?
+ if !new_attributes
+ raise ArgumentError, "Must pass a non-nil hash as an argument when assigning attributes."
+ elsif new_attributes.empty?

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@Intrepidd

Intrepidd Mar 21, 2013

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Is this really necessary ? The behaviour would be the same without the elsif clause.

@Intrepidd

Intrepidd Mar 21, 2013

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Is this really necessary ? The behaviour would be the same without the elsif clause.

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@jeremy

jeremy Mar 21, 2013

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It wouldn't: see the early return

@jeremy

jeremy Mar 21, 2013

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It wouldn't: see the early return

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@mhuggins

mhuggins Mar 21, 2013

He's saying the behavior would be the same because returning vs. not returning has the same result when new_attributes is empty.

@mhuggins

mhuggins Mar 21, 2013

He's saying the behavior would be the same because returning vs. not returning has the same result when new_attributes is empty.

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@Intrepidd

Intrepidd Mar 21, 2013

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Exactly @mhuggins, the attributes won't be changed wether or not you return early.

@Intrepidd

Intrepidd Mar 21, 2013

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Exactly @mhuggins, the attributes won't be changed wether or not you return early.

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@Intrepidd

Intrepidd Mar 21, 2013

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Just a personnal point of view, but something like

raise ArgumentError, "Must pass a non-nil hash as an argument when assigning attributes." if new_attributes.nil?

is better looking to me than the if / elsif branch

@Intrepidd

Intrepidd Mar 21, 2013

Contributor

Just a personnal point of view, but something like

raise ArgumentError, "Must pass a non-nil hash as an argument when assigning attributes." if new_attributes.nil?

is better looking to me than the if / elsif branch

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@wangjohn

wangjohn Mar 22, 2013

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@Intrepidd @mhuggins It actually does change the behavior. This is because if an empty string is passed asnew_attributes then the call to stringify_keys will raise a NoMethodError.

See the following test: https://github.com/rails/rails/blob/master/activerecord/test/cases/attribute_methods_test.rb#L85-88

@wangjohn

wangjohn Mar 22, 2013

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@Intrepidd @mhuggins It actually does change the behavior. This is because if an empty string is passed asnew_attributes then the call to stringify_keys will raise a NoMethodError.

See the following test: https://github.com/rails/rails/blob/master/activerecord/test/cases/attribute_methods_test.rb#L85-88

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@mhuggins

mhuggins Mar 22, 2013

Why would someone pass an empty string to this method? The documentation makes it clear that a hash is expected, and I can't think of a scenario where someone would even consider passing a string. The nil check I can understand if a controller param isn't passed by the user.

@mhuggins

mhuggins Mar 22, 2013

Why would someone pass an empty string to this method? The documentation makes it clear that a hash is expected, and I can't think of a scenario where someone would even consider passing a string. The nil check I can understand if a controller param isn't passed by the user.

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@wangjohn

wangjohn Mar 22, 2013

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That's true. I think this test is outdated. It was originally added here: 786342e. Which brings me to a second discussion, should we be raising an ArgumentError when the input is not a hash?

It seems like this second check will ensure that all arguments are correct and valid, and that stringify_keys will never throw a NoMethodError if we are sure that a new_attributes is a hash.

@wangjohn

wangjohn Mar 22, 2013

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That's true. I think this test is outdated. It was originally added here: 786342e. Which brings me to a second discussion, should we be raising an ArgumentError when the input is not a hash?

It seems like this second check will ensure that all arguments are correct and valid, and that stringify_keys will never throw a NoMethodError if we are sure that a new_attributes is a hash.

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@Intrepidd

Intrepidd Mar 22, 2013

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Since the documentation clearly states that the parameter must be a hash, I
don't think a check should be done on the type of the parameter.

Thousands of methods in rails expect hashes without raising an exception if
the parameter is not a hash.

I even think that throwing a NoMethodError when nil is passed might be a
good thing.

Adrien Siami
On Mar 22, 2013 12:33 AM, "John J. Wang" notifications@github.com wrote:

In activerecord/lib/active_record/attribute_assignment.rb:

@@ -12,7 +12,11 @@ module AttributeAssignment
# of this method is +false+ an ActiveModel::ForbiddenAttributesError
# exception is raised.
def assign_attributes(new_attributes)

  •  return if new_attributes.blank?
    
  •  if !new_attributes
    
  •    raise ArgumentError, "Must pass a non-nil hash as an argument when assigning attributes."
    
  •  elsif new_attributes.empty?
    

That's true. I think this test is outdated. It was originally added here:
786342ehttps://github.com/rails/rails/commit/786342e17f42799ef889cf6127fe97e9598272e0.
Which brings me to a second discussion, should we be raising an
ArgumentError when the input is not a hash?

It seems like this second check will ensure that all arguments are correct
and valid, and that stringify_keys will never throw a NoMethodError if we
are sure that a new_attributes is a hash.


Reply to this email directly or view it on GitHubhttps://github.com/rails/rails/pull/9860/files#r3482868
.

@Intrepidd

Intrepidd Mar 22, 2013

Contributor

Since the documentation clearly states that the parameter must be a hash, I
don't think a check should be done on the type of the parameter.

Thousands of methods in rails expect hashes without raising an exception if
the parameter is not a hash.

I even think that throwing a NoMethodError when nil is passed might be a
good thing.

Adrien Siami
On Mar 22, 2013 12:33 AM, "John J. Wang" notifications@github.com wrote:

In activerecord/lib/active_record/attribute_assignment.rb:

@@ -12,7 +12,11 @@ module AttributeAssignment
# of this method is +false+ an ActiveModel::ForbiddenAttributesError
# exception is raised.
def assign_attributes(new_attributes)

  •  return if new_attributes.blank?
    
  •  if !new_attributes
    
  •    raise ArgumentError, "Must pass a non-nil hash as an argument when assigning attributes."
    
  •  elsif new_attributes.empty?
    

That's true. I think this test is outdated. It was originally added here:
786342ehttps://github.com/rails/rails/commit/786342e17f42799ef889cf6127fe97e9598272e0.
Which brings me to a second discussion, should we be raising an
ArgumentError when the input is not a hash?

It seems like this second check will ensure that all arguments are correct
and valid, and that stringify_keys will never throw a NoMethodError if we
are sure that a new_attributes is a hash.


Reply to this email directly or view it on GitHubhttps://github.com/rails/rails/pull/9860/files#r3482868
.

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Intrepidd Mar 22, 2013

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What if the users wants to pass a custom object that responds to stringify_keys ?

I'm totally for the error on nil because it is common and this allows developers to know what the problem is real quick.

However, I'm not fond of the racism concerning the type of the parameter ;)

As I said in the outdated diff, everywhere in rails, hashes are expected without being type checked, that's the beauty of ruby, if you want strong type check, ruby is not the good solution I think :)

What do you think of :

  • Only check for nil
  • Check for something that resond_to?(:stringify_keys)

Please let me know what you think of this, I'm not an expert so feel free to point out things that I may have missed.

Contributor

Intrepidd commented Mar 22, 2013

What if the users wants to pass a custom object that responds to stringify_keys ?

I'm totally for the error on nil because it is common and this allows developers to know what the problem is real quick.

However, I'm not fond of the racism concerning the type of the parameter ;)

As I said in the outdated diff, everywhere in rails, hashes are expected without being type checked, that's the beauty of ruby, if you want strong type check, ruby is not the good solution I think :)

What do you think of :

  • Only check for nil
  • Check for something that resond_to?(:stringify_keys)

Please let me know what you think of this, I'm not an expert so feel free to point out things that I may have missed.

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wangjohn Mar 23, 2013

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@Intrepidd That's a pretty reasonable idea. I think checking for respond_to?(:stringify_keys) is a happy medium between checking explicitly for hashes and not checking the input arguments at all.

The PR has been updated.

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wangjohn commented Mar 23, 2013

@Intrepidd That's a pretty reasonable idea. I think checking for respond_to?(:stringify_keys) is a happy medium between checking explicitly for hashes and not checking the input arguments at all.

The PR has been updated.

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Intrepidd Mar 23, 2013

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Thanks! Let's see what the core team thinks about it!

Adrien Siami
On Mar 23, 2013 3:52 AM, "John J. Wang" notifications@github.com wrote:

@Intrepidd https://github.com/Intrepidd That's a pretty reasonable
idea. I think checking for respond_to?(:stringify_keys) is a happy medium
between checking explicitly for hashes and not checking the input arguments
at all.

The PR has been updated.


Reply to this email directly or view it on GitHubhttps://github.com/rails/rails/pull/9860#issuecomment-15331257
.

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Intrepidd commented Mar 23, 2013

Thanks! Let's see what the core team thinks about it!

Adrien Siami
On Mar 23, 2013 3:52 AM, "John J. Wang" notifications@github.com wrote:

@Intrepidd https://github.com/Intrepidd That's a pretty reasonable
idea. I think checking for respond_to?(:stringify_keys) is a happy medium
between checking explicitly for hashes and not checking the input arguments
at all.

The PR has been updated.


Reply to this email directly or view it on GitHubhttps://github.com/rails/rails/pull/9860#issuecomment-15331257
.

@senny

View changes

activerecord/lib/active_record/attribute_assignment.rb
@@ -12,7 +12,9 @@ module AttributeAssignment
# of this method is +false+ an <tt>ActiveModel::ForbiddenAttributesError</tt>
# exception is raised.
def assign_attributes(new_attributes)
- return if new_attributes.blank?
+ unless new_attributes && new_attributes.respond_to?(:stringify_keys)

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@senny

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I always get confused when I have to read an unless with more than one condition. I'd like to write them using if.

That might only be my taste though.

/cc @carlosantoniodasilva

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I always get confused when I have to read an unless with more than one condition. I'd like to write them using if.

That might only be my taste though.

/cc @carlosantoniodasilva

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carlosantoniodasilva Apr 12, 2013

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I think that only checking for respond_to would be enough? We don't expect nils to respond to stringify_keys I guess?

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carlosantoniodasilva Apr 12, 2013

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I think that only checking for respond_to would be enough? We don't expect nils to respond to stringify_keys I guess?

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wangjohn Apr 12, 2013

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Ya, I just noticed that after I implemented @senny's change to an if statement.

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wangjohn Apr 12, 2013

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Ya, I just noticed that after I implemented @senny's change to an if statement.

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this looks good to me.

/cc @rafaelfranca

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senny commented Apr 12, 2013

this looks good to me.

/cc @rafaelfranca

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As this changes the functionality I think we should add a CHANGELOG entry.

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senny commented Apr 12, 2013

As this changes the functionality I think we should add a CHANGELOG entry.

@carlosantoniodasilva

View changes

activerecord/lib/active_record/attribute_assignment.rb
@@ -12,7 +12,9 @@ module AttributeAssignment
# of this method is +false+ an <tt>ActiveModel::ForbiddenAttributesError</tt>
# exception is raised.
def assign_attributes(new_attributes)
- return if new_attributes.blank?
+ unless new_attributes && new_attributes.respond_to?(:stringify_keys)
+ raise ArgumentError, "Must pass a non-nil hash as an argument when assigning attributes."

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What's a non-nil hash? :)

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What's a non-nil hash? :)

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@senny Added a changelog entry and rebased. @carlosantoniodasilva thanks for the comments!

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wangjohn commented Apr 12, 2013

@senny Added a changelog entry and rebased. @carlosantoniodasilva thanks for the comments!

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@wangjohn this does no longer apply cleanly, can you push a rebased version?

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senny commented May 28, 2013

@wangjohn this does no longer apply cleanly, can you push a rebased version?

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@senny I've just rebased and pushed.

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wangjohn commented May 28, 2013

@senny I've just rebased and pushed.

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@rafaelfranca @carlosantoniodasilva can you take another look?

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senny commented May 29, 2013

@rafaelfranca @carlosantoniodasilva can you take another look?

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Any updates on this PR? If not, I'll go ahead and close it.

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wangjohn commented Jun 15, 2013

Any updates on this PR? If not, I'll go ahead and close it.

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let's wait for more feedback. I like this change but I'm not sure if there are implications because it changes the public API.

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senny commented Jun 17, 2013

let's wait for more feedback. I like this change but I'm not sure if there are implications because it changes the public API.

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I feel conflicted about this one. If user is passing nil then obviously user does not want anything to happen. After this code now user has to do sent_arguments || {} so that code does not raise exception. I think it is better if the code does not raise exception on nil.

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neerajdotname commented Jun 17, 2013

I feel conflicted about this one. If user is passing nil then obviously user does not want anything to happen. After this code now user has to do sent_arguments || {} so that code does not raise exception. I think it is better if the code does not raise exception on nil.

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@neerajdotname but for the default case with strong parameters you already get {}, don't you?

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senny commented Jun 17, 2013

@neerajdotname but for the default case with strong parameters you already get {}, don't you?

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@senny you might but ActiveRecord can be used without rest of rails goodies.

Updated: replaced with by without.

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neerajdotname commented Jun 17, 2013

@senny you might but ActiveRecord can be used without rest of rails goodies.

Updated: replaced with by without.

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@neerajdotname sure, I guess it's a matter of taste. It's important that the default case does not get overcomplicated. That's why I mentioned strong params.

Maybe we can get a word from @rafaelfranca and @jonleighton to wrap this PR up.

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senny commented Jun 17, 2013

@neerajdotname sure, I guess it's a matter of taste. It's important that the default case does not get overcomplicated. That's why I mentioned strong params.

Maybe we can get a word from @rafaelfranca and @jonleighton to wrap this PR up.

@carlosantoniodasilva

View changes

activerecord/CHANGELOG.md
@@ -1,3 +1,13 @@
+* Calling ``update_attributes`` will now throw an ArgumentError whenever it
+ gets a nil argument. More specifically, it will throw an error if the
+ argument that it gets passed does not respond to to ``stringify_keys``.

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carlosantoniodasilva Jun 26, 2013

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I think you can use single backticks in the description here.

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I think you can use single backticks in the description here.

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activerecord/CHANGELOG.md
@@ -1,3 +1,13 @@
+* Calling ``update_attributes`` will now throw an ArgumentError whenever it

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ArgumentError (with backticks for better syntax)

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ArgumentError (with backticks for better syntax)

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activerecord/CHANGELOG.md
@@ -1,3 +1,13 @@
+* Calling ``update_attributes`` will now throw an ArgumentError whenever it
+ gets a nil argument. More specifically, it will throw an error if the

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in nil as well.

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in nil as well.

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View changes

activerecord/CHANGELOG.md
+ gets a nil argument. More specifically, it will throw an error if the
+ argument that it gets passed does not respond to to ``stringify_keys``.
+
+ For example:

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activerecord/CHANGELOG.md
+
+ For example:
+
+ @my_comment.update_attributes() # => raises ArgumentError

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Two more spaces to properly syntax highlight

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Two more spaces to properly syntax highlight

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Please rebase from master. Thanks.

Please rebase from master. Thanks.

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@carlosantoniodasilva Rebased and changed the changelog.

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wangjohn commented Jun 26, 2013

@carlosantoniodasilva Rebased and changed the changelog.

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+1 It will make debugging a lot easier for the developer as typos will be caught easily. In previous tickets the core team has stated that this is the typo of thing Rails should cater to.

The old behavior can be easily returnned by doing arguments || {} which makes it clear that the developer expects nil as an input.

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Bertg commented Sep 3, 2013

+1 It will make debugging a lot easier for the developer as typos will be caught easily. In previous tickets the core team has stated that this is the typo of thing Rails should cater to.

The old behavior can be easily returnned by doing arguments || {} which makes it clear that the developer expects nil as an input.

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I'm fine with this change on master but I'd not put in a stable release.

I'm merging.

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rafaelfranca commented Sep 23, 2013

I'm fine with this change on master but I'd not put in a stable release.

I'm merging.

rafaelfranca added a commit that referenced this pull request Sep 24, 2013

Merge pull request #9860 from wangjohn/update_attributes_throws_error…
…_with_nil

Raising an error when nil is passed to update_attributes.

Conflicts:
	activerecord/CHANGELOG.md

@rafaelfranca rafaelfranca merged commit 926c4b9 into rails:master Sep 24, 2013

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Causes failures in Agile Web Development with Rails test. Minimal test case: http://intertwingly.net/tmp/update_attributes.html

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rubys commented Sep 24, 2013

Causes failures in Agile Web Development with Rails test. Minimal test case: http://intertwingly.net/tmp/update_attributes.html

@wangjohn wangjohn deleted the wangjohn:update_attributes_throws_error_with_nil branch Sep 24, 2013

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@rubys The problem with the failures is that I removed the line return if new_attributes.blank?. It seems like this is actually required (in the case of the tests, we're getting an empty hash, so the assign_attributes method should just return without doing anything).

The simplest fix would be to just add this line back in. I'll make a PR to do this.

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wangjohn commented Sep 24, 2013

@rubys The problem with the failures is that I removed the line return if new_attributes.blank?. It seems like this is actually required (in the case of the tests, we're getting an empty hash, so the assign_attributes method should just return without doing anything).

The simplest fix would be to just add this line back in. I'll make a PR to do this.

benja83 referenced this pull request in benja83/toyotakataboard-relational May 24, 2015

initial commit, create kata and condition model
diff --git a/.gitignore b/.gitignore
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..6a502e9
--- /dev/null
+++ b/.gitignore
@@ -0,0 +1,16 @@
+# See https://help.github.com/articles/ignoring-files for more about ignoring files.
+#
+# If you find yourself ignoring temporary files generated by your text editor
+# or operating system, you probably want to add a global ignore instead:
+#   git config --global core.excludesfile '~/.gitignore_global'
+
+# Ignore bundler config.
+/.bundle
+
+# Ignore the default SQLite database.
+/db/*.sqlite3
+/db/*.sqlite3-journal
+
+# Ignore all logfiles and tempfiles.
+/log/*.log
+/tmp
diff --git a/.rspec b/.rspec
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..83e16f8
--- /dev/null
+++ b/.rspec
@@ -0,0 +1,2 @@
+--color
+--require spec_helper
diff --git a/Gemfile b/Gemfile
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..1176802
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Gemfile
@@ -0,0 +1,43 @@
+source 'https://rubygems.org'
+
+
+# Bundle edge Rails instead: gem 'rails', github: 'rails/rails'
+gem 'rails', '4.1.0'
+# Use postgresql as the database for Active Record
+gem 'pg'
+# Use SCSS for stylesheets
+gem 'sass-rails', '~> 4.0.3'
+# Use Uglifier as compressor for JavaScript assets
+gem 'uglifier', '>= 1.3.0'
+# Use CoffeeScript for .js.coffee assets and views
+# gem 'coffee-rails', '~> 4.0.0'
+# See https://github.com/sstephenson/execjs#readme for more supported runtimes
+# gem 'therubyracer',  platforms: :ruby
+
+# Use jquery as the JavaScript library
+gem 'jquery-rails'
+# Turbolinks makes following links in your web application faster. Read more: https://github.com/rails/turbolinks
+gem 'turbolinks'
+# Build JSON APIs with ease. Read more: https://github.com/rails/jbuilder
+gem 'jbuilder', '~> 2.0'
+# bundle exec rake doc:rails generates the API under doc/api.
+gem 'sdoc', '~> 0.4.0',          group: :doc
+
+# Spring speeds up development by keeping your application running in the background. Read more: https://github.com/rails/spring
+gem 'spring',        group: :development
+
+# Use ActiveModel has_secure_password
+# gem 'bcrypt', '~> 3.1.7'
+
+# Use unicorn as the app server
+# gem 'unicorn'
+
+# Use Capistrano for deployment
+# gem 'capistrano-rails', group: :development
+
+# Use debugger
+# gem 'debugger', group: [:development, :test]
+
+group :development, :test do
+  gem 'rspec-rails', '~> 3.0'
+end
\ No newline at end of file
diff --git a/Gemfile.lock b/Gemfile.lock
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..9d708c6
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Gemfile.lock
@@ -0,0 +1,143 @@
+GEM
+  remote: https://rubygems.org/
+  specs:
+    actionmailer (4.1.0)
+      actionpack (= 4.1.0)
+      actionview (= 4.1.0)
+      mail (~> 2.5.4)
+    actionpack (4.1.0)
+      actionview (= 4.1.0)
+      activesupport (= 4.1.0)
+      rack (~> 1.5.2)
+      rack-test (~> 0.6.2)
+    actionview (4.1.0)
+      activesupport (= 4.1.0)
+      builder (~> 3.1)
+      erubis (~> 2.7.0)
+    activemodel (4.1.0)
+      activesupport (= 4.1.0)
+      builder (~> 3.1)
+    activerecord (4.1.0)
+      activemodel (= 4.1.0)
+      activesupport (= 4.1.0)
+      arel (~> 5.0.0)
+    activesupport (4.1.0)
+      i18n (~> 0.6, >= 0.6.9)
+      json (~> 1.7, >= 1.7.7)
+      minitest (~> 5.1)
+      thread_safe (~> 0.1)
+      tzinfo (~> 1.1)
+    arel (5.0.1.20140414130214)
+    builder (3.2.2)
+    coffee-rails (4.1.0)
+      coffee-script (>= 2.2.0)
+      railties (>= 4.0.0, < 5.0)
+    coffee-script (2.4.1)
+      coffee-script-source
+      execjs
+    coffee-script-source (1.9.1.1)
+    diff-lcs (1.2.5)
+    erubis (2.7.0)
+    execjs (2.5.2)
+    hike (1.2.3)
+    i18n (0.7.0)
+    jbuilder (2.2.16)
+      activesupport (>= 3.0.0, < 5)
+      multi_json (~> 1.2)
+    jquery-rails (3.1.2)
+      railties (>= 3.0, < 5.0)
+      thor (>= 0.14, < 2.0)
+    json (1.8.2)
+    mail (2.5.4)
+      mime-types (~> 1.16)
+      treetop (~> 1.4.8)
+    mime-types (1.25.1)
+    minitest (5.6.1)
+    multi_json (1.11.0)
+    pg (0.18.2)
+    polyglot (0.3.5)
+    rack (1.5.3)
+    rack-test (0.6.3)
+      rack (>= 1.0)
+    rails (4.1.0)
+      actionmailer (= 4.1.0)
+      actionpack (= 4.1.0)
+      actionview (= 4.1.0)
+      activemodel (= 4.1.0)
+      activerecord (= 4.1.0)
+      activesupport (= 4.1.0)
+      bundler (>= 1.3.0, < 2.0)
+      railties (= 4.1.0)
+      sprockets-rails (~> 2.0)
+    railties (4.1.0)
+      actionpack (= 4.1.0)
+      activesupport (= 4.1.0)
+      rake (>= 0.8.7)
+      thor (>= 0.18.1, < 2.0)
+    rake (10.4.2)
+    rdoc (4.2.0)
+      json (~> 1.4)
+    rspec-core (3.2.3)
+      rspec-support (~> 3.2.0)
+    rspec-expectations (3.2.1)
+      diff-lcs (>= 1.2.0, < 2.0)
+      rspec-support (~> 3.2.0)
+    rspec-mocks (3.2.1)
+      diff-lcs (>= 1.2.0, < 2.0)
+      rspec-support (~> 3.2.0)
+    rspec-rails (3.2.1)
+      actionpack (>= 3.0, < 4.3)
+      activesupport (>= 3.0, < 4.3)
+      railties (>= 3.0, < 4.3)
+      rspec-core (~> 3.2.0)
+      rspec-expectations (~> 3.2.0)
+      rspec-mocks (~> 3.2.0)
+      rspec-support (~> 3.2.0)
+    rspec-support (3.2.2)
+    sass (3.2.19)
+    sass-rails (4.0.5)
+      railties (>= 4.0.0, < 5.0)
+      sass (~> 3.2.2)
+      sprockets (~> 2.8, < 3.0)
+      sprockets-rails (~> 2.0)
+    sdoc (0.4.1)
+      json (~> 1.7, >= 1.7.7)
+      rdoc (~> 4.0)
+    spring (1.3.6)
+    sprockets (2.12.3)
+      hike (~> 1.2)
+      multi_json (~> 1.0)
+      rack (~> 1.0)
+      tilt (~> 1.1, != 1.3.0)
+    sprockets-rails (2.3.1)
+      actionpack (>= 3.0)
+      activesupport (>= 3.0)
+      sprockets (>= 2.8, < 4.0)
+    thor (0.19.1)
+    thread_safe (0.3.5)
+    tilt (1.4.1)
+    treetop (1.4.15)
+      polyglot
+      polyglot (>= 0.3.1)
+    turbolinks (2.5.3)
+      coffee-rails
+    tzinfo (1.2.2)
+      thread_safe (~> 0.1)
+    uglifier (2.7.1)
+      execjs (>= 0.3.0)
+      json (>= 1.8.0)
+
+PLATFORMS
+  ruby
+
+DEPENDENCIES
+  jbuilder (~> 2.0)
+  jquery-rails
+  pg
+  rails (= 4.1.0)
+  rspec-rails (~> 3.0)
+  sass-rails (~> 4.0.3)
+  sdoc (~> 0.4.0)
+  spring
+  turbolinks
+  uglifier (>= 1.3.0)
diff --git a/README.rdoc b/README.rdoc
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..dd4e97e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/README.rdoc
@@ -0,0 +1,28 @@
+== README
+
+This README would normally document whatever steps are necessary to get the
+application up and running.
+
+Things you may want to cover:
+
+* Ruby version
+
+* System dependencies
+
+* Configuration
+
+* Database creation
+
+* Database initialization
+
+* How to run the test suite
+
+* Services (job queues, cache servers, search engines, etc.)
+
+* Deployment instructions
+
+* ...
+
+
+Please feel free to use a different markup language if you do not plan to run
+<tt>rake doc:app</tt>.
diff --git a/Rakefile b/Rakefile
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..ba6b733
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Rakefile
@@ -0,0 +1,6 @@
+# Add your own tasks in files placed in lib/tasks ending in .rake,
+# for example lib/tasks/capistrano.rake, and they will automatically be available to Rake.
+
+require File.expand_path('../config/application', __FILE__)
+
+Rails.application.load_tasks
diff --git a/app/assets/images/.keep b/app/assets/images/.keep
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..e69de29
diff --git a/app/assets/javascripts/application.js b/app/assets/javascripts/application.js
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..d6925fa
--- /dev/null
+++ b/app/assets/javascripts/application.js
@@ -0,0 +1,16 @@
+// This is a manifest file that'll be compiled into application.js, which will include all the files
+// listed below.
+//
+// Any JavaScript/Coffee file within this directory, lib/assets/javascripts, vendor/assets/javascripts,
+// or vendor/assets/javascripts of plugins, if any, can be referenced here using a relative path.
+//
+// It's not advisable to add code directly here, but if you do, it'll appear at the bottom of the
+// compiled file.
+//
+// Read Sprockets README (https://github.com/sstephenson/sprockets#sprockets-directives) for details
+// about supported directives.
+//
+//= require jquery
+//= require jquery_ujs
+//= require turbolinks
+//= require_tree .
diff --git a/app/assets/stylesheets/application.css b/app/assets/stylesheets/application.css
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..a443db3
--- /dev/null
+++ b/app/assets/stylesheets/application.css
@@ -0,0 +1,15 @@
+/*
+ * This is a manifest file that'll be compiled into application.css, which will include all the files
+ * listed below.
+ *
+ * Any CSS and SCSS file within this directory, lib/assets/stylesheets, vendor/assets/stylesheets,
+ * or vendor/assets/stylesheets of plugins, if any, can be referenced here using a relative path.
+ *
+ * You're free to add application-wide styles to this file and they'll appear at the bottom of the
+ * compiled file so the styles you add here take precedence over styles defined in any styles
+ * defined in the other CSS/SCSS files in this directory. It is generally better to create a new
+ * file per style scope.
+ *
+ *= require_tree .
+ *= require_self
+ */
diff --git a/app/controllers/application_controller.rb b/app/controllers/application_controller.rb
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..d83690e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/app/controllers/application_controller.rb
@@ -0,0 +1,5 @@
+class ApplicationController < ActionController::Base
+  # Prevent CSRF attacks by raising an exception.
+  # For APIs, you may want to use :null_session instead.
+  protect_from_forgery with: :exception
+end
diff --git a/app/controllers/concerns/.keep b/app/controllers/concerns/.keep
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..e69de29
diff --git a/app/helpers/application_helper.rb b/app/helpers/application_helper.rb
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..de6be79
--- /dev/null
+++ b/app/helpers/application_helper.rb
@@ -0,0 +1,2 @@
+module ApplicationHelper
+end
diff --git a/app/mailers/.keep b/app/mailers/.keep
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..e69de29
diff --git a/app/models/.keep b/app/models/.keep
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..e69de29
diff --git a/app/models/concerns/.keep b/app/models/concerns/.keep
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..e69de29
diff --git a/app/models/condition.rb b/app/models/condition.rb
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..e288628
--- /dev/null
+++ b/app/models/condition.rb
@@ -0,0 +1,3 @@
+class Condition < ActiveRecord::Base
+  belongs_to :kata
+end
diff --git a/app/models/kata.rb b/app/models/kata.rb
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..9fe377a
--- /dev/null
+++ b/app/models/kata.rb
@@ -0,0 +1,3 @@
+class Kata < ActiveRecord::Base
+  has_many :conditions
+end
diff --git a/app/views/layouts/application.html.erb b/app/views/layouts/application.html.erb
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..c8c3a37
--- /dev/null
+++ b/app/views/layouts/application.html.erb
@@ -0,0 +1,14 @@
+<!DOCTYPE html>
+<html>
+<head>
+  <title>Toyotakataboard</title>
+  <%= stylesheet_link_tag    'application', media: 'all', 'data-turbolinks-track' => true %>
+  <%= javascript_include_tag 'application', 'data-turbolinks-track' => true %>
+  <%= csrf_meta_tags %>
+</head>
+<body>
+
+<%= yield %>
+
+</body>
+</html>
diff --git a/bin/bundle b/bin/bundle
new file mode 100755
index 0000000..66e9889
--- /dev/null
+++ b/bin/bundle
@@ -0,0 +1,3 @@
+#!/usr/bin/env ruby
+ENV['BUNDLE_GEMFILE'] ||= File.expand_path('../../Gemfile', __FILE__)
+load Gem.bin_path('bundler', 'bundle')
diff --git a/bin/rails b/bin/rails
new file mode 100755
index 0000000..728cd85
--- /dev/null
+++ b/bin/rails
@@ -0,0 +1,4 @@
+#!/usr/bin/env ruby
+APP_PATH = File.expand_path('../../config/application',  __FILE__)
+require_relative '../config/boot'
+require 'rails/commands'
diff --git a/bin/rake b/bin/rake
new file mode 100755
index 0000000..1724048
--- /dev/null
+++ b/bin/rake
@@ -0,0 +1,4 @@
+#!/usr/bin/env ruby
+require_relative '../config/boot'
+require 'rake'
+Rake.application.run
diff --git a/config.ru b/config.ru
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..5bc2a61
--- /dev/null
+++ b/config.ru
@@ -0,0 +1,4 @@
+# This file is used by Rack-based servers to start the application.
+
+require ::File.expand_path('../config/environment',  __FILE__)
+run Rails.application
diff --git a/config/application.rb b/config/application.rb
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..784b718
--- /dev/null
+++ b/config/application.rb
@@ -0,0 +1,30 @@
+require File.expand_path('../boot', __FILE__)
+
+# Pick the frameworks you want:
+require "active_model/railtie"
+require "active_record/railtie"
+require "action_controller/railtie"
+require "action_mailer/railtie"
+require "action_view/railtie"
+require "sprockets/railtie"
+# require "rails/test_unit/railtie"
+
+# Require the gems listed in Gemfile, including any gems
+# you've limited to :test, :development, or :production.
+Bundler.require(*Rails.groups)
+
+module Toyotakataboard
+  class Application < Rails::Application
+    # Settings in config/environments/* take precedence over those specified here.
+    # Application configuration should go into files in config/initializers
+    # -- all .rb files in that directory are automatically loaded.
+
+    # Set Time.zone default to the specified zone and make Active Record auto-convert to this zone.
+    # Run "rake -D time" for a list of tasks for finding time zone names. Default is UTC.
+    # config.time_zone = 'Central Time (US & Canada)'
+
+    # The default locale is :en and all translations from config/locales/*.rb,yml are auto loaded.
+    # config.i18n.load_path += Dir[Rails.root.join('my', 'locales', '*.{rb,yml}').to_s]
+    # config.i18n.default_locale = :de
+  end
+end
diff --git a/config/boot.rb b/config/boot.rb
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..5e5f0c1
--- /dev/null
+++ b/config/boot.rb
@@ -0,0 +1,4 @@
+# Set up gems listed in the Gemfile.
+ENV['BUNDLE_GEMFILE'] ||= File.expand_path('../../Gemfile', __FILE__)
+
+require 'bundler/setup' if File.exist?(ENV['BUNDLE_GEMFILE'])
diff --git a/config/database.yml b/config/database.yml
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..0ac6612
--- /dev/null
+++ b/config/database.yml
@@ -0,0 +1,85 @@
+# PostgreSQL. Versions 8.2 and up are supported.
+#
+# Install the pg driver:
+#   gem install pg
+# On OS X with Homebrew:
+#   gem install pg -- --with-pg-config=/usr/local/bin/pg_config
+# On OS X with MacPorts:
+#   gem install pg -- --with-pg-config=/opt/local/lib/postgresql84/bin/pg_config
+# On Windows:
+#   gem install pg
+#       Choose the win32 build.
+#       Install PostgreSQL and put its /bin directory on your path.
+#
+# Configure Using Gemfile
+# gem 'pg'
+#
+default: &default
+  adapter: postgresql
+  encoding: unicode
+  # For details on connection pooling, see rails configuration guide
+  # http://guides.rubyonrails.org/configuring.html#database-pooling
+  pool: 5
+
+development:
+  <<: *default
+  database: toyotakataboard_development
+
+  # The specified database role being used to connect to postgres.
+  # To create additional roles in postgres see `$ createuser --help`.
+  # When left blank, postgres will use the default role. This is
+  # the same name as the operating system user that initialized the database.
+  #username: toyotakataboard
+
+  # The password associated with the postgres role (username).
+  #password:
+
+  # Connect on a TCP socket. Omitted by default since the client uses a
+  # domain socket that doesn't need configuration. Windows does not have
+  # domain sockets, so uncomment these lines.
+  #host: localhost
+
+  # The TCP port the server listens on. Defaults to 5432.
+  # If your server runs on a different port number, change accordingly.
+  #port: 5432
+
+  # Schema search path. The server defaults to $user,public
+  #schema_search_path: myapp,sharedapp,public
+
+  # Minimum log levels, in increasing order:
+  #   debug5, debug4, debug3, debug2, debug1,
+  #   log, notice, warning, error, fatal, and panic
+  # Defaults to warning.
+  #min_messages: notice
+
+# Warning: The database defined as "test" will be erased and
+# re-generated from your development database when you run "rake".
+# Do not set this db to the same as development or production.
+test:
+  <<: *default
+  database: toyotakataboard_test
+
+# As with config/secrets.yml, you never want to store sensitive information,
+# like your database password, in your source code. If your source code is
+# ever seen by anyone, they now have access to your database.
+#
+# Instead, provide the password as a unix environment variable when you boot
+# the app. Read http://guides.rubyonrails.org/configuring.html#configuring-a-database
+# for a full rundown on how to provide these environment variables in a
+# production deployment.
+#
+# On Heroku and other platform providers, you may have a full connection URL
+# available as an environment variable. For example:
+#
+#   DATABASE_URL="postgres://myuser:mypass@localhost/somedatabase"
+#
+# You can use this database configuration with:
+#
+#   production:
+#     url: <%= ENV['DATABASE_URL'] %>
+#
+production:
+  <<: *default
+  database: toyotakataboard_production
+  username: toyotakataboard
+  password: <%= ENV['TOYOTAKATABOARD_DATABASE_PASSWORD'] %>
diff --git a/config/environment.rb b/config/environment.rb
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..ee8d90d
--- /dev/null
+++ b/config/environment.rb
@@ -0,0 +1,5 @@
+# Load the Rails application.
+require File.expand_path('../application', __FILE__)
+
+# Initialize the Rails application.
+Rails.application.initialize!
diff --git a/config/environments/development.rb b/config/environments/development.rb
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..ddf0e90
--- /dev/null
+++ b/config/environments/development.rb
@@ -0,0 +1,37 @@
+Rails.application.configure do
+  # Settings specified here will take precedence over those in config/application.rb.
+
+  # In the development environment your application's code is reloaded on
+  # every request. This slows down response time but is perfect for development
+  # since you don't have to restart the web server when you make code changes.
+  config.cache_classes = false
+
+  # Do not eager load code on boot.
+  config.eager_load = false
+
+  # Show full error reports and disable caching.
+  config.consider_all_requests_local       = true
+  config.action_controller.perform_caching = false
+
+  # Don't care if the mailer can't send.
+  config.action_mailer.raise_delivery_errors = false
+
+  # Print deprecation notices to the Rails logger.
+  config.active_support.deprecation = :log
+
+  # Raise an error on page load if there are pending migrations.
+  config.active_record.migration_error = :page_load
+
+  # Debug mode disables concatenation and preprocessing of assets.
+  # This option may cause significant delays in view rendering with a large
+  # number of complex assets.
+  config.assets.debug = true
+
+  # Adds additional error checking when serving assets at runtime.
+  # Checks for improperly declared sprockets dependencies.
+  # Raises helpful error messages.
+  config.assets.raise_runtime_errors = true
+
+  # Raises error for missing translations
+  # config.action_view.raise_on_missing_translations = true
+end
diff --git a/config/environments/production.rb b/config/environments/production.rb
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..47d3553
--- /dev/null
+++ b/config/environments/production.rb
@@ -0,0 +1,83 @@
+Rails.application.configure do
+  # Settings specified here will take precedence over those in config/application.rb.
+
+  # Code is not reloaded between requests.
+  config.cache_classes = true
+
+  # Eager load code on boot. This eager loads most of Rails and
+  # your application in memory, allowing both threaded web servers
+  # and those relying on copy on write to perform better.
+  # Rake tasks automatically ignore this option for performance.
+  config.eager_load = true
+
+  # Full error reports are disabled and caching is turned on.
+  config.consider_all_requests_local       = false
+  config.action_controller.perform_caching = true
+
+  # Enable Rack::Cache to put a simple HTTP cache in front of your application
+  # Add `rack-cache` to your Gemfile before enabling this.
+  # For large-scale production use, consider using a caching reverse proxy like nginx, varnish or squid.
+  # config.action_dispatch.rack_cache = true
+
+  # Disable Rails's static asset server (Apache or nginx will already do this).
+  config.serve_static_assets = false
+
+  # Compress JavaScripts and CSS.
+  config.assets.js_compressor = :uglifier
+  # config.assets.css_compressor = :sass
+
+  # Do not fallback to assets pipeline if a precompiled asset is missed.
+  config.assets.compile = false
+
+  # Generate digests for assets URLs.
+  config.assets.digest = true
+
+  # Version of your assets, change this if you want to expire all your assets.
+  config.assets.version = '1.0'
+
+  # Specifies the header that your server uses for sending files.
+  # config.action_dispatch.x_sendfile_header = "X-Sendfile" # for apache
+  # config.action_dispatch.x_sendfile_header = 'X-Accel-Redirect' # for nginx
+
+  # Force all access to the app over SSL, use Strict-Transport-Security, and use secure cookies.
+  # config.force_ssl = true
+
+  # Set to :debug to see everything in the log.
+  config.log_level = :info
+
+  # Prepend all log lines with the following tags.
+  # config.log_tags = [ :subdomain, :uuid ]
+
+  # Use a different logger for distributed setups.
+  # config.logger = ActiveSupport::TaggedLogging.new(SyslogLogger.new)
+
+  # Use a different cache store in production.
+  # config.cache_store = :mem_cache_store
+
+  # Enable serving of images, stylesheets, and JavaScripts from an asset server.
+  # config.action_controller.asset_host = "http://assets.example.com"
+
+  # Precompile additional assets.
+  # application.js, application.css, and all non-JS/CSS in app/assets folder are already added.
+  # config.assets.precompile += %w( search.js )
+
+  # Ignore bad email addresses and do not raise email delivery errors.
+  # Set this to true and configure the email server for immediate delivery to raise delivery errors.
+  # config.action_mailer.raise_delivery_errors = false
+
+  # Enable locale fallbacks for I18n (makes lookups for any locale fall back to
+  # the I18n.default_locale when a translation cannot be found).
+  config.i18n.fallbacks = true
+
+  # Send deprecation notices to registered listeners.
+  config.active_support.deprecation = :notify
+
+  # Disable automatic flushing of the log to improve performance.
+  # config.autoflush_log = false
+
+  # Use default logging formatter so that PID and timestamp are not suppressed.
+  config.log_formatter = ::Logger::Formatter.new
+
+  # Do not dump schema after migrations.
+  config.active_record.dump_schema_after_migration = false
+end
diff --git a/config/environments/test.rb b/config/environments/test.rb
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..053f5b6
--- /dev/null
+++ b/config/environments/test.rb
@@ -0,0 +1,39 @@
+Rails.application.configure do
+  # Settings specified here will take precedence over those in config/application.rb.
+
+  # The test environment is used exclusively to run your application's
+  # test suite. You never need to work with it otherwise. Remember that
+  # your test database is "scratch space" for the test suite and is wiped
+  # and recreated between test runs. Don't rely on the data there!
+  config.cache_classes = true
+
+  # Do not eager load code on boot. This avoids loading your whole application
+  # just for the purpose of running a single test. If you are using a tool that
+  # preloads Rails for running tests, you may have to set it to true.
+  config.eager_load = false
+
+  # Configure static asset server for tests with Cache-Control for performance.
+  config.serve_static_assets  = true
+  config.static_cache_control = 'public, max-age=3600'
+
+  # Show full error reports and disable caching.
+  config.consider_all_requests_local       = true
+  config.action_controller.perform_caching = false
+
+  # Raise exceptions instead of rendering exception templates.
+  config.action_dispatch.show_exceptions = false
+
+  # Disable request forgery protection in test environment.
+  config.action_controller.allow_forgery_protection = false
+
+  # Tell Action Mailer not to deliver emails to the real world.
+  # The :test delivery method accumulates sent emails in the
+  # ActionMailer::Base.deliveries array.
+  config.action_mailer.delivery_method = :test
+
+  # Print deprecation notices to the stderr.
+  config.active_support.deprecation = :stderr
+
+  # Raises error for missing translations
+  # config.action_view.raise_on_missing_translations = true
+end
diff --git a/config/initializers/backtrace_silencers.rb b/config/initializers/backtrace_silencers.rb
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..59385cd
--- /dev/null
+++ b/config/initializers/backtrace_silencers.rb
@@ -0,0 +1,7 @@
+# Be sure to restart your server when you modify this file.
+
+# You can add backtrace silencers for libraries that you're using but don't wish to see in your backtraces.
+# Rails.backtrace_cleaner.add_silencer { |line| line =~ /my_noisy_library/ }
+
+# You can also remove all the silencers if you're trying to debug a problem that might stem from framework code.
+# Rails.backtrace_cleaner.remove_silencers!
diff --git a/config/initializers/cookies_serializer.rb b/config/initializers/cookies_serializer.rb
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..7a06a89
--- /dev/null
+++ b/config/initializers/cookies_serializer.rb
@@ -0,0 +1,3 @@
+# Be sure to restart your server when you modify this file.
+
+Rails.application.config.action_dispatch.cookies_serializer = :json
\ No newline at end of file
diff --git a/config/initializers/filter_parameter_logging.rb b/config/initializers/filter_parameter_logging.rb
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..4a994e1
--- /dev/null
+++ b/config/initializers/filter_parameter_logging.rb
@@ -0,0 +1,4 @@
+# Be sure to restart your server when you modify this file.
+
+# Configure sensitive parameters which will be filtered from the log file.
+Rails.application.config.filter_parameters += [:password]
diff --git a/config/initializers/inflections.rb b/config/initializers/inflections.rb
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..ac033bf
--- /dev/null
+++ b/config/initializers/inflections.rb
@@ -0,0 +1,16 @@
+# Be sure to restart your server when you modify this file.
+
+# Add new inflection rules using the following format. Inflections
+# are locale specific, and you may define rules for as many different
+# locales as you wish. All of these examples are active by default:
+# ActiveSupport::Inflector.inflections(:en) do |inflect|
+#   inflect.plural /^(ox)$/i, '\1en'
+#   inflect.singular /^(ox)en/i, '\1'
+#   inflect.irregular 'person', 'people'
+#   inflect.uncountable %w( fish sheep )
+# end
+
+# These inflection rules are supported but not enabled by default:
+# ActiveSupport::Inflector.inflections(:en) do |inflect|
+#   inflect.acronym 'RESTful'
+# end
diff --git a/config/initializers/mime_types.rb b/config/initializers/mime_types.rb
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..dc18996
--- /dev/null
+++ b/config/initializers/mime_types.rb
@@ -0,0 +1,4 @@
+# Be sure to restart your server when you modify this file.
+
+# Add new mime types for use in respond_to blocks:
+# Mime::Type.register "text/richtext", :rtf
diff --git a/config/initializers/session_store.rb b/config/initializers/session_store.rb
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..f73ba88
--- /dev/null
+++ b/config/initializers/session_store.rb
@@ -0,0 +1,3 @@
+# Be sure to restart your server when you modify this file.
+
+Rails.application.config.session_store :cookie_store, key: '_toyotakataboard_session'
diff --git a/config/initializers/wrap_parameters.rb b/config/initializers/wrap_parameters.rb
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..33725e9
--- /dev/null
+++ b/config/initializers/wrap_parameters.rb
@@ -0,0 +1,14 @@
+# Be sure to restart your server when you modify this file.
+
+# This file contains settings for ActionController::ParamsWrapper which
+# is enabled by default.
+
+# Enable parameter wrapping for JSON. You can disable this by setting :format to an empty array.
+ActiveSupport.on_load(:action_controller) do
+  wrap_parameters format: [:json] if respond_to?(:wrap_parameters)
+end
+
+# To enable root element in JSON for ActiveRecord objects.
+# ActiveSupport.on_load(:active_record) do
+#  self.include_root_in_json = true
+# end
diff --git a/config/locales/en.yml b/config/locales/en.yml
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..0653957
--- /dev/null
+++ b/config/locales/en.yml
@@ -0,0 +1,23 @@
+# Files in the config/locales directory are used for internationalization
+# and are automatically loaded by Rails. If you want to use locales other
+# than English, add the necessary files in this directory.
+#
+# To use the locales, use `I18n.t`:
+#
+#     I18n.t 'hello'
+#
+# In views, this is aliased to just `t`:
+#
+#     <%= t('hello') %>
+#
+# To use a different locale, set it with `I18n.locale`:
+#
+#     I18n.locale = :es
+#
+# This would use the information in config/locales/es.yml.
+#
+# To learn more, please read the Rails Internationalization guide
+# available at http://guides.rubyonrails.org/i18n.html.
+
+en:
+  hello: "Hello world"
diff --git a/config/routes.rb b/config/routes.rb
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..3f66539
--- /dev/null
+++ b/config/routes.rb
@@ -0,0 +1,56 @@
+Rails.application.routes.draw do
+  # The priority is based upon order of creation: first created -> highest priority.
+  # See how all your routes lay out with "rake routes".
+
+  # You can have the root of your site routed with "root"
+  # root 'welcome#index'
+
+  # Example of regular route:
+  #   get 'products/:id' => 'catalog#view'
+
+  # Example of named route that can be invoked with purchase_url(id: product.id)
+  #   get 'products/:id/purchase' => 'catalog#purchase', as: :purchase
+
+  # Example resource route (maps HTTP verbs to controller actions automatically):
+  #   resources :products
+
+  # Example resource route with options:
+  #   resources :products do
+  #     member do
+  #       get 'short'
+  #       post 'toggle'
+  #     end
+  #
+  #     collection do
+  #       get 'sold'
+  #     end
+  #   end
+
+  # Example resource route with sub-resources:
+  #   resources :products do
+  #     resources :comments, :sales
+  #     resource :seller
+  #   end
+
+  # Example resource route with more complex sub-resources:
+  #   resources :products do
+  #     resources :comments
+  #     resources :sales do
+  #       get 'recent', on: :collection
+  #     end
+  #   end
+
+  # Example resource route with concerns:
+  #   concern :toggleable do
+  #     post 'toggle'
+  #   end
+  #   resources :posts, concerns: :toggleable
+  #   resources :photos, concerns: :toggleable
+
+  # Example resource route within a namespace:
+  #   namespace :admin do
+  #     # Directs /admin/products/* to Admin::ProductsController
+  #     # (app/controllers/admin/products_controller.rb)
+  #     resources :products
+  #   end
+end
diff --git a/config/secrets.yml b/config/secrets.yml
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..3581cc2
--- /dev/null
+++ b/config/secrets.yml
@@ -0,0 +1,22 @@
+# Be sure to restart your server when you modify this file.
+
+# Your secret key is used for verifying the integrity of signed cookies.
+# If you change this key, all old signed cookies will become invalid!
+
+# Make sure the secret is at least 30 characters and all random,
+# no regular words or you'll be exposed to dictionary attacks.
+# You can use `rake secret` to generate a secure secret key.
+
+# Make sure the secrets in this file are kept private
+# if you're sharing your code publicly.
+
+development:
+  secret_key_base: 302b3fcb0aa199aec43023bdb6908f5c00c3451fcabb825b33052c910958805752462436ba6725e921d4528068481d1888ddf3a58816b95a2d3cdd4623be22bc
+
+test:
+  secret_key_base: eed3713fdcb5cd2767385f7a9450f13eadd5ca88f125ec5b8fa81198dfa3bae7d0a6c7696c2ea866b982aa9c602e58af09f363de178e569fdb869cfe9f7f4d52
+
+# Do not keep production secrets in the repository,
+# instead read values from the environment.
+production:
+  secret_key_base: <%= ENV["SECRET_KEY_BASE"] %>
diff --git a/db/migrate/20150524190249_create_kata.rb b/db/migrate/20150524190249_create_kata.rb
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..3da4eb7
--- /dev/null
+++ b/db/migrate/20150524190249_create_kata.rb
@@ -0,0 +1,13 @@
+class CreateKata < ActiveRecord::Migration
+  def change
+    create_table :kata do |t|
+      t.string :name
+      t.string :vision
+      t.string :team
+      t.date :init_date
+      t.date :end_date
+      t.string :responsible
+      t.timestamps
+    end
+  end
+end
diff --git a/db/migrate/20150524192645_create_conditions.rb b/db/migrate/20150524192645_create_conditions.rb
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..d8725f3
--- /dev/null
+++ b/db/migrate/20150524192645_create_conditions.rb
@@ -0,0 +1,10 @@
+class CreateConditions < ActiveRecord::Migration
+  def change
+    create_table :conditions do |t|
+      t.string :title
+      t.string :type
+      t.timestamps
+    end
+    add_reference :conditions, :kata, index: true
+  end
+end
diff --git a/db/schema.rb b/db/schema.rb
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..b092856
--- /dev/null
+++ b/db/schema.rb
@@ -0,0 +1,30 @@
+# encoding: UTF-8
+# This file is auto-generated from the current state of the database. Instead
+# of editing this file, please use the migrations feature of Active Record to
+# incrementally modify your database, and then regenerate this schema definition.
+#
+# Note that this schema.rb definition is the authoritative source for your
+# database schema. If you need to create the application database on another
+# system, you should be using db:schema:load, not running all the migrations
+# from scratch. The latter is a flawed and unsustainable approach (the more migrations
+# you'll amass, the slower it'll run and the greater likelihood for issues).
+#
+# It's strongly recommended that you check this file into your version control system.
+
+ActiveRecord::Schema.define(version: 20150524190249) do
+
+  # These are extensions that must be enabled in order to support this database
+  enable_extension "plpgsql"
+
+  create_table "kata", force: true do |t|
+    t.string   "name"
+    t.string   "vision"
+    t.string   "team"
+    t.date     "init_date"
+    t.date     "end_date"
+    t.string   "responsible"
+    t.datetime "created_at"
+    t.datetime "updated_at"
+  end
+
+end
diff --git a/db/seeds.rb b/db/seeds.rb
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..4edb1e8
--- /dev/null
+++ b/db/seeds.rb
@@ -0,0 +1,7 @@
+# This file should contain all the record creation needed to seed the database with its default values.
+# The data can then be loaded with the rake db:seed (or created alongside the db with db:setup).
+#
+# Examples:
+#
+#   cities = City.create([{ name: 'Chicago' }, { name: 'Copenhagen' }])
+#   Mayor.create(name: 'Emanuel', city: cities.first)
diff --git a/lib/assets/.keep b/lib/assets/.keep
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..e69de29
diff --git a/lib/tasks/.keep b/lib/tasks/.keep
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..e69de29
diff --git a/log/.keep b/log/.keep
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..e69de29
diff --git a/public/404.html b/public/404.html
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..b612547
--- /dev/null
+++ b/public/404.html
@@ -0,0 +1,67 @@
+<!DOCTYPE html>
+<html>
+<head>
+  <title>The page you were looking for doesn't exist (404)</title>
+  <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width,initial-scale=1">
+  <style>
+  body {
+    background-color: #EFEFEF;
+    color: #2E2F30;
+    text-align: center;
+    font-family: arial, sans-serif;
+    margin: 0;
+  }
+
+  div.dialog {
+    width: 95%;
+    max-width: 33em;
+    margin: 4em auto 0;
+  }
+
+  div.dialog > div {
+    border: 1px solid #CCC;
+    border-right-color: #999;
+    border-left-color: #999;
+    border-bottom-color: #BBB;
+    border-top: #B00100 solid 4px;
+    border-top-left-radius: 9px;
+    border-top-right-radius: 9px;
+    background-color: white;
+    padding: 7px 12% 0;
+    box-shadow: 0 3px 8px rgba(50, 50, 50, 0.17);
+  }
+
+  h1 {
+    font-size: 100%;
+    color: #730E15;
+    line-height: 1.5em;
+  }
+
+  div.dialog > p {
+    margin: 0 0 1em;
+    padding: 1em;
+    background-color: #F7F7F7;
+    border: 1px solid #CCC;
+    border-right-color: #999;
+    border-left-color: #999;
+    border-bottom-color: #999;
+    border-bottom-left-radius: 4px;
+    border-bottom-right-radius: 4px;
+    border-top-color: #DADADA;
+    color: #666;
+    box-shadow: 0 3px 8px rgba(50, 50, 50, 0.17);
+  }
+  </style>
+</head>
+
+<body>
+  <!-- This file lives in public/404.html -->
+  <div class="dialog">
+    <div>
+      <h1>The page you were looking for doesn't exist.</h1>
+      <p>You may have mistyped the address or the page may have moved.</p>
+    </div>
+    <p>If you are the application owner check the logs for more information.</p>
+  </div>
+</body>
+</html>
diff --git a/public/422.html b/public/422.html
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..a21f82b
--- /dev/null
+++ b/public/422.html
@@ -0,0 +1,67 @@
+<!DOCTYPE html>
+<html>
+<head>
+  <title>The change you wanted was rejected (422)</title>
+  <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width,initial-scale=1">
+  <style>
+  body {
+    background-color: #EFEFEF;
+    color: #2E2F30;
+    text-align: center;
+    font-family: arial, sans-serif;
+    margin: 0;
+  }
+
+  div.dialog {
+    width: 95%;
+    max-width: 33em;
+    margin: 4em auto 0;
+  }
+
+  div.dialog > div {
+    border: 1px solid #CCC;
+    border-right-color: #999;
+    border-left-color: #999;
+    border-bottom-color: #BBB;
+    border-top: #B00100 solid 4px;
+    border-top-left-radius: 9px;
+    border-top-right-radius: 9px;
+    background-color: white;
+    padding: 7px 12% 0;
+    box-shadow: 0 3px 8px rgba(50, 50, 50, 0.17);
+  }
+
+  h1 {
+    font-size: 100%;
+    color: #730E15;
+    line-height: 1.5em;
+  }
+
+  div.dialog > p {
+    margin: 0 0 1em;
+    padding: 1em;
+    background-color: #F7F7F7;
+    border: 1px solid #CCC;
+    border-right-color: #999;
+    border-left-color: #999;
+    border-bottom-color: #999;
+    border-bottom-left-radius: 4px;
+    border-bottom-right-radius: 4px;
+    border-top-color: #DADADA;
+    color: #666;
+    box-shadow: 0 3px 8px rgba(50, 50, 50, 0.17);
+  }
+  </style>
+</head>
+
+<body>
+  <!-- This file lives in public/422.html -->
+  <div class="dialog">
+    <div>
+      <h1>The change you wanted was rejected.</h1>
+      <p>Maybe you tried to change something you didn't have access to.</p>
+    </div>
+    <p>If you are the application owner check the logs for more information.</p>
+  </div>
+</body>
+</html>
diff --git a/public/500.html b/public/500.html
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..061abc5
--- /dev/null
+++ b/public/500.html
@@ -0,0 +1,66 @@
+<!DOCTYPE html>
+<html>
+<head>
+  <title>We're sorry, but something went wrong (500)</title>
+  <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width,initial-scale=1">
+  <style>
+  body {
+    background-color: #EFEFEF;
+    color: #2E2F30;
+    text-align: center;
+    font-family: arial, sans-serif;
+    margin: 0;
+  }
+
+  div.dialog {
+    width: 95%;
+    max-width: 33em;
+    margin: 4em auto 0;
+  }
+
+  div.dialog > div {
+    border: 1px solid #CCC;
+    border-right-color: #999;
+    border-left-color: #999;
+    border-bottom-color: #BBB;
+    border-top: #B00100 solid 4px;
+    border-top-left-radius: 9px;
+    border-top-right-radius: 9px;
+    background-color: white;
+    padding: 7px 12% 0;
+    box-shadow: 0 3px 8px rgba(50, 50, 50, 0.17);
+  }
+
+  h1 {
+    font-size: 100%;
+    color: #730E15;
+    line-height: 1.5em;
+  }
+
+  div.dialog > p {
+    margin: 0 0 1em;
+    padding: 1em;
+    background-color: #F7F7F7;
+    border: 1px solid #CCC;
+    border-right-color: #999;
+    border-left-color: #999;
+    border-bottom-color: #999;
+    border-bottom-left-radius: 4px;
+    border-bottom-right-radius: 4px;
+    border-top-color: #DADADA;
+    color: #666;
+    box-shadow: 0 3px 8px rgba(50, 50, 50, 0.17);
+  }
+  </style>
+</head>
+
+<body>
+  <!-- This file lives in public/500.html -->
+  <div class="dialog">
+    <div>
+      <h1>We're sorry, but something went wrong.</h1>
+    </div>
+    <p>If you are the application owner check the logs for more information.</p>
+  </div>
+</body>
+</html>
diff --git a/public/favicon.ico b/public/favicon.ico
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..e69de29
diff --git a/public/robots.txt b/public/robots.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..3c9c7c0
--- /dev/null
+++ b/public/robots.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,5 @@
+# See http://www.robotstxt.org/robotstxt.html for documentation on how to use the robots.txt file
+#
+# To ban all spiders from the entire site uncomment the next two lines:
+# User-agent: *
+# Disallow: /
diff --git a/spec/models/condition_spec.rb b/spec/models/condition_spec.rb
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..bcf85ec
--- /dev/null
+++ b/spec/models/condition_spec.rb
@@ -0,0 +1,5 @@
+require 'rails_helper'
+
+RSpec.describe Condition, type: :model do
+  pending "add some examples to (or delete) #{__FILE__}"
+end
diff --git a/spec/models/kata_spec.rb b/spec/models/kata_spec.rb
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..e75ae04
--- /dev/null
+++ b/spec/models/kata_spec.rb
@@ -0,0 +1,5 @@
+require 'rails_helper'
+
+RSpec.describe Kata, type: :model do
+  pending "add some examples to (or delete) #{__FILE__}"
+end
diff --git a/spec/rails_helper.rb b/spec/rails_helper.rb
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..c278035
--- /dev/null
+++ b/spec/rails_helper.rb
@@ -0,0 +1,50 @@
+# This file is copied to spec/ when you run 'rails generate rspec:install'
+ENV['RAILS_ENV'] ||= 'test'
+require 'spec_helper'
+require File.expand_path('../../config/environment', __FILE__)
+require 'rspec/rails'
+# Add additional requires below this line. Rails is not loaded until this point!
+
+# Requires supporting ruby files with custom matchers and macros, etc, in
+# spec/support/ and its subdirectories. Files matching `spec/**/*_spec.rb` are
+# run as spec files by default. This means that files in spec/support that end
+# in _spec.rb will both be required and run as specs, causing the specs to be
+# run twice. It is recommended that you do not name files matching this glob to
+# end with _spec.rb. You can configure this pattern with the --pattern
+# option on the command line or in ~/.rspec, .rspec or `.rspec-local`.
+#
+# The following line is provided for convenience purposes. It has the downside
+# of increasing the boot-up time by auto-requiring all files in the support
+# directory. Alternatively, in the individual `*_spec.rb` files, manually
+# require only the support files necessary.
+#
+# Dir[Rails.root.join('spec/support/**/*.rb')].each { |f| require f }
+
+# Checks for pending migrations before tests are run.
+# If you are not using ActiveRecord, you can remove this line.
+ActiveRecord::Migration.maintain_test_schema!
+
+RSpec.configure do |config|
+  # Remove this line if you're not using ActiveRecord or ActiveRecord fixtures
+  config.fixture_path = "#{::Rails.root}/spec/fixtures"
+
+  # If you're not using ActiveRecord, or you'd prefer not to run each of your
+  # examples within a transaction, remove the following line or assign false
+  # instead of true.
+  config.use_transactional_fixtures = true
+
+  # RSpec Rails can automatically mix in different behaviours to your tests
+  # based on their file location, for example enabling you to call `get` and
+  # `post` in specs under `spec/controllers`.
+  #
+  # You can disable this behaviour by removing the line below, and instead
+  # explicitly tag your specs with their type, e.g.:
+  #
+  #     RSpec.describe UsersController, :type => :controller do
+  #       # ...
+  #     end
+  #
+  # The different available types are documented in the features, such as in
+  # https://relishapp.com/rspec/rspec-rails/docs
+  config.infer_spec_type_from_file_location!
+end
diff --git a/spec/spec_helper.rb b/spec/spec_helper.rb
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..38a4f9a
--- /dev/null
+++ b/spec/spec_helper.rb
@@ -0,0 +1,87 @@
+# This file was generated by the `rails generate rspec:install` command. Conventionally, all
+# specs live under a `spec` directory, which RSpec adds to the `$LOAD_PATH`.
+# The generated `.rspec` file contains `--require spec_helper` which will cause
+# this file to always be loaded, without a need to explicitly require it in any
+# files.
+#
+# Given that it is always loaded, you are encouraged to keep this file as
+# light-weight as possible. Requiring heavyweight dependencies from this file
+# will add to the boot time of your test suite on EVERY test run, even for an
+# individual file that may not need all of that loaded. Instead, consider making
+# a separate helper file that requires the additional dependencies and performs
+# the additional setup, and require it from the spec files that actually need
+# it.
+#
+# The `.rspec` file also contains a few flags that are not defaults but that
+# users commonly want.
+#
+# See http://rubydoc.info/gems/rspec-core/RSpec/Core/Configuration
+RSpec.configure do |config|
+  # rspec-expectations config goes here. You can use an alternate
+  # assertion/expectation library such as wrong or the stdlib/minitest
+  # assertions if you prefer.
+  config.expect_with :rspec do |expectations|
+    # This option will default to `true` in RSpec 4. It makes the `description`
+    # and `failure_message` of custom matchers include text for helper methods
+    # defined using `chain`, e.g.:
+    #     be_bigger_than(2).and_smaller_than(4).description
+    #     # => "be bigger than 2 and smaller than 4"
+    # ...rather than:
+    #     # => "be bigger than 2"
+    expectations.include_chain_clauses_in_custom_matcher_descriptions = true
+  end
+
+  # rspec-mocks config goes here. You can use an alternate test double
+  # library (such as bogus or mocha) by changing the `mock_with` option here.
+  config.mock_with :rspec do |mocks|
+    # Prevents you from mocking or stubbing a method that does not exist on
+    # a real object. This is generally recommended, and will default to
+    # `true` in RSpec 4.
+    mocks.verify_partial_doubles = true
+  end
+
+# The settings below are suggested to provide a good initial experience
+# with RSpec, but feel free to customize to your heart's content.
+=begin
+  # These two settings work together to allow you to limit a spec run
+  # to individual examples or groups you care about by tagging them with
+  # `:focus` metadata. When nothing is tagged with `:focus`, all examples
+  # get run.
+  config.filter_run :focus
+  config.run_all_when_everything_filtered = true
+
+  # Limits the available syntax to the non-monkey patched syntax that is
+  # recommended. For more details, see:
+  #   - http://myronmars.to/n/dev-blog/2012/06/rspecs-new-expectation-syntax
+  #   - http://teaisaweso.me/blog/2013/05/27/rspecs-new-message-expectation-syntax/
+  #   - http://myronmars.to/n/dev-blog/2014/05/notable-changes-in-rspec-3#new__config_option_to_disable_rspeccore_monkey_patching
+  config.disable_monkey_patching!
+
+  # Many RSpec users commonly either run the entire suite or an individual
+  # file, and it's useful to allow more verbose output when running an
+  # individual spec file.
+  if config.files_to_run.one?
+    # Use the documentation formatter for detailed output,
+    # unless a formatter has already been configured
+    # (e.g. via a command-line flag).
+    config.default_formatter = 'doc'
+  end
+
+  # Print the 10 slowest examples and example groups at the
+  # end of the spec run, to help surface which specs are running
+  # particularly slow.
+  config.profile_examples = 10
+
+  # Run specs in random order to surface order dependencies. If you find an
+  # order dependency and want to debug it, you can fix the order by providing
+  # the seed, which is printed after each run.
+  #     --seed 1234
+  config.order = :random
+
+  # Seed global randomization in this process using the `--seed` CLI option.
+  # Setting this allows you to use `--seed` to deterministically reproduce
+  # test failures related to randomization by passing the same `--seed` value
+  # as the one that triggered the failure.
+  Kernel.srand config.seed
+=end
+end
diff --git a/vendor/assets/javascripts/.keep b/vendor/assets/javascripts/.keep
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..e69de29
diff --git a/vendor/assets/stylesheets/.keep b/vendor/assets/stylesheets/.keep
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..e69de29
diff --git a/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.1.0/bin/erubis b/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.1.0/bin/erubis
new file mode 100755
index 0000000..301dd30
--- /dev/null
+++ b/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.1.0/bin/erubis
@@ -0,0 +1,23 @@
+#!/usr/bin/env ruby
+#
+# This file was generated by RubyGems.
+#
+# The application 'erubis' is installed as part of a gem, and
+# this file is here to facilitate running it.
+#
+
+require 'rubygems'
+
+version = ">= 0"
+
+if ARGV.first
+  str = ARGV.first
+  str = str.dup.force_encoding("BINARY") if str.respond_to? :force_encoding
+  if str =~ /\A_(.*)_\z/ and Gem::Version.correct?($1) then
+    version = $1
+    ARGV.shift
+  end
+end
+
+gem 'erubis', version
+load Gem.bin_path('erubis', 'erubis', version)
diff --git a/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.1.0/bin/htmldiff b/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.1.0/bin/htmldiff
new file mode 100755
index 0000000..6829c46
--- /dev/null
+++ b/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.1.0/bin/htmldiff
@@ -0,0 +1,25 @@
+#!/bin/sh
+'exec' "ruby" '-x' "$0" "$@"
+#!/Users/benjamintarenne/.rvm/rubies/ruby-2.1.1/bin/ruby
+#
+# This file was generated by RubyGems.
+#
+# The application 'diff-lcs' is installed as part of a gem, and
+# this file is here to facilitate running it.
+#
+
+require 'rubygems'
+
+version = ">= 0"
+
+if ARGV.first
+  str = ARGV.first
+  str = str.dup.force_encoding("BINARY") if str.respond_to? :force_encoding
+  if str =~ /\A_(.*)_\z/ and Gem::Version.correct?($1) then
+    version = $1
+    ARGV.shift
+  end
+end
+
+gem 'diff-lcs', version
+load Gem.bin_path('diff-lcs', 'htmldiff', version)
diff --git a/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.1.0/bin/ldiff b/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.1.0/bin/ldiff
new file mode 100755
index 0000000..5d8588a
--- /dev/null
+++ b/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.1.0/bin/ldiff
@@ -0,0 +1,25 @@
+#!/bin/sh
+'exec' "ruby" '-x' "$0" "$@"
+#!/Users/benjamintarenne/.rvm/rubies/ruby-2.1.1/bin/ruby
+#
+# This file was generated by RubyGems.
+#
+# The application 'diff-lcs' is installed as part of a gem, and
+# this file is here to facilitate running it.
+#
+
+require 'rubygems'
+
+version = ">= 0"
+
+if ARGV.first
+  str = ARGV.first
+  str = str.dup.force_encoding("BINARY") if str.respond_to? :force_encoding
+  if str =~ /\A_(.*)_\z/ and Gem::Version.correct?($1) then
+    version = $1
+    ARGV.shift
+  end
+end
+
+gem 'diff-lcs', version
+load Gem.bin_path('diff-lcs', 'ldiff', version)
diff --git a/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.1.0/bin/rackup b/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.1.0/bin/rackup
new file mode 100755
index 0000000..416d30a
--- /dev/null
+++ b/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.1.0/bin/rackup
@@ -0,0 +1,23 @@
+#!/usr/bin/env ruby
+#
+# This file was generated by RubyGems.
+#
+# The application 'rack' is installed as part of a gem, and
+# this file is here to facilitate running it.
+#
+
+require 'rubygems'
+
+version = ">= 0"
+
+if ARGV.first
+  str = ARGV.first
+  str = str.dup.force_encoding("BINARY") if str.respond_to? :force_encoding
+  if str =~ /\A_(.*)_\z/ and Gem::Version.correct?($1) then
+    version = $1
+    ARGV.shift
+  end
+end
+
+gem 'rack', version
+load Gem.bin_path('rack', 'rackup', version)
diff --git a/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.1.0/bin/rails b/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.1.0/bin/rails
new file mode 100755
index 0000000..b2a661f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.1.0/bin/rails
@@ -0,0 +1,23 @@
+#!/usr/bin/env ruby
+#
+# This file was generated by RubyGems.
+#
+# The application 'railties' is installed as part of a gem, and
+# this file is here to facilitate running it.
+#
+
+require 'rubygems'
+
+version = ">= 0"
+
+if ARGV.first
+  str = ARGV.first
+  str = str.dup.force_encoding("BINARY") if str.respond_to? :force_encoding
+  if str =~ /\A_(.*)_\z/ and Gem::Version.correct?($1) then
+    version = $1
+    ARGV.shift
+  end
+end
+
+gem 'railties', version
+load Gem.bin_path('railties', 'rails', version)
diff --git a/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.1.0/bin/rake b/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.1.0/bin/rake
new file mode 100755
index 0000000..97d1fcc
--- /dev/null
+++ b/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.1.0/bin/rake
@@ -0,0 +1,23 @@
+#!/usr/bin/env ruby
+#
+# This file was generated by RubyGems.
+#
+# The application 'rake' is installed as part of a gem, and
+# this file is here to facilitate running it.
+#
+
+require 'rubygems'
+
+version = ">= 0"
+
+if ARGV.first
+  str = ARGV.first
+  str = str.dup.force_encoding("BINARY") if str.respond_to? :force_encoding
+  if str =~ /\A_(.*)_\z/ and Gem::Version.correct?($1) then
+    version = $1
+    ARGV.shift
+  end
+end
+
+gem 'rake', version
+load Gem.bin_path('rake', 'rake', version)
diff --git a/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.1.0/bin/rdoc b/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.1.0/bin/rdoc
new file mode 100755
index 0000000..0d3d314
--- /dev/null
+++ b/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.1.0/bin/rdoc
@@ -0,0 +1,23 @@
+#!/usr/bin/env ruby
+#
+# This file was generated by RubyGems.
+#
+# The application 'rdoc' is installed as part of a gem, and
+# this file is here to facilitate running it.
+#
+
+require 'rubygems'
+
+version = ">= 0"
+
+if ARGV.first
+  str = ARGV.first
+  str = str.dup.force_encoding("BINARY") if str.respond_to? :force_encoding
+  if str =~ /\A_(.*)_\z/ and Gem::Version.correct?($1) then
+    version = $1
+    ARGV.shift
+  end
+end
+
+gem 'rdoc', version
+load Gem.bin_path('rdoc', 'rdoc', version)
diff --git a/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.1.0/bin/ri b/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.1.0/bin/ri
new file mode 100755
index 0000000..cf45350
--- /dev/null
+++ b/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.1.0/bin/ri
@@ -0,0 +1,23 @@
+#!/usr/bin/env ruby
+#
+# This file was generated by RubyGems.
+#
+# The application 'rdoc' is installed as part of a gem, and
+# this file is here to facilitate running it.
+#
+
+require 'rubygems'
+
+version = ">= 0"
+
+if ARGV.first
+  str = ARGV.first
+  str = str.dup.force_encoding("BINARY") if str.respond_to? :force_encoding
+  if str =~ /\A_(.*)_\z/ and Gem::Version.correct?($1) then
+    version = $1
+    ARGV.shift
+  end
+end
+
+gem 'rdoc', version
+load Gem.bin_path('rdoc', 'ri', version)
diff --git a/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.1.0/bin/rspec b/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.1.0/bin/rspec
new file mode 100755
index 0000000..1df29e9
--- /dev/null
+++ b/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.1.0/bin/rspec
@@ -0,0 +1,23 @@
+#!/usr/bin/env ruby
+#
+# This file was generated by RubyGems.
+#
+# The application 'rspec-core' is installed as part of a gem, and
+# this file is here to facilitate running it.
+#
+
+require 'rubygems'
+
+version = ">= 0"
+
+if ARGV.first
+  str = ARGV.first
+  str = str.dup.force_encoding("BINARY") if str.respond_to? :force_encoding
+  if str =~ /\A_(.*)_\z/ and Gem::Version.correct?($1) then
+    version = $1
+    ARGV.shift
+  end
+end
+
+gem 'rspec-core', version
+load Gem.bin_path('rspec-core', 'rspec', version)
diff --git a/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.1.0/bin/sass b/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.1.0/bin/sass
new file mode 100755
index 0000000..2ade46c
--- /dev/null
+++ b/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.1.0/bin/sass
@@ -0,0 +1,23 @@
+#!/usr/bin/env ruby
+#
+# This file was generated by RubyGems.
+#
+# The application 'sass' is installed as part of a gem, and
+# this file is here to facilitate running it.
+#
+
+require 'rubygems'
+
+version = ">= 0"
+
+if ARGV.first
+  str = ARGV.first
+  str = str.dup.force_encoding("BINARY") if str.respond_to? :force_encoding
+  if str =~ /\A_(.*)_\z/ and Gem::Version.correct?($1) then
+    version = $1
+    ARGV.shift
+  end
+end
+
+gem 'sass', version
+load Gem.bin_path('sass', 'sass', version)
diff --git a/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.1.0/bin/sass-convert b/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.1.0/bin/sass-convert
new file mode 100755
index 0000000..2c1393c
--- /dev/null
+++ b/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.1.0/bin/sass-convert
@@ -0,0 +1,23 @@
+#!/usr/bin/env ruby
+#
+# This file was generated by RubyGems.
+#
+# The application 'sass' is installed as part of a gem, and
+# this file is here to facilitate running it.
+#
+
+require 'rubygems'
+
+version = ">= 0"
+
+if ARGV.first
+  str = ARGV.first
+  str = str.dup.force_encoding("BINARY") if str.respond_to? :force_encoding
+  if str =~ /\A_(.*)_\z/ and Gem::Version.correct?($1) then
+    version = $1
+    ARGV.shift
+  end
+end
+
+gem 'sass', version
+load Gem.bin_path('sass', 'sass-convert', version)
diff --git a/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.1.0/bin/scss b/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.1.0/bin/scss
new file mode 100755
index 0000000..6be603a
--- /dev/null
+++ b/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.1.0/bin/scss
@@ -0,0 +1,23 @@
+#!/usr/bin/env ruby
+#
+# This file was generated by RubyGems.
+#
+# The application 'sass' is installed as part of a gem, and
+# this file is here to facilitate running it.
+#
+
+require 'rubygems'
+
+version = ">= 0"
+
+if ARGV.first
+  str = ARGV.first
+  str = str.dup.force_encoding("BINARY") if str.respond_to? :force_encoding
+  if str =~ /\A_(.*)_\z/ and Gem::Version.correct?($1) then
+    version = $1
+    ARGV.shift
+  end
+end
+
+gem 'sass', version
+load Gem.bin_path('sass', 'scss', version)
diff --git a/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.1.0/bin/sdoc b/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.1.0/bin/sdoc
new file mode 100755
index 0000000..b28fa10
--- /dev/null
+++ b/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.1.0/bin/sdoc
@@ -0,0 +1,25 @@
+#!/bin/sh
+'exec' "ruby" '-x' "$0" "$@"
+#!/Users/benjamintarenne/.rvm/rubies/ruby-2.1.1/bin/ruby
+#
+# This file was generated by RubyGems.
+#
+# The application 'sdoc' is installed as part of a gem, and
+# this file is here to facilitate running it.
+#
+
+require 'rubygems'
+
+version = ">= 0"
+
+if ARGV.first
+  str = ARGV.first
+  str = str.dup.force_encoding("BINARY") if str.respond_to? :force_encoding
+  if str =~ /\A_(.*)_\z/ and Gem::Version.correct?($1) then
+    version = $1
+    ARGV.shift
+  end
+end
+
+gem 'sdoc', version
+load Gem.bin_path('sdoc', 'sdoc', version)
diff --git a/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.1.0/bin/sdoc-merge b/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.1.0/bin/sdoc-merge
new file mode 100755
index 0000000..a836cc7
--- /dev/null
+++ b/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.1.0/bin/sdoc-merge
@@ -0,0 +1,25 @@
+#!/bin/sh
+'exec' "ruby" '-x' "$0" "$@"
+#!/Users/benjamintarenne/.rvm/rubies/ruby-2.1.1/bin/ruby
+#
+# This file was generated by RubyGems.
+#
+# The application 'sdoc' is installed as part of a gem, and
+# this file is here to facilitate running it.
+#
+
+require 'rubygems'
+
+version = ">= 0"
+
+if ARGV.first
+  str = ARGV.first
+  str = str.dup.force_encoding("BINARY") if str.respond_to? :force_encoding
+  if str =~ /\A_(.*)_\z/ and Gem::Version.correct?($1) then
+    version = $1
+    ARGV.shift
+  end
+end
+
+gem 'sdoc', version
+load Gem.bin_path('sdoc', 'sdoc-merge', version)
diff --git a/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.1.0/bin/spring b/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.1.0/bin/spring
new file mode 100755
index 0000000..49623b8
--- /dev/null
+++ b/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.1.0/bin/spring
@@ -0,0 +1,23 @@
+#!/usr/bin/env ruby
+#
+# This file was generated by RubyGems.
+#
+# The application 'spring' is installed as part of a gem, and
+# this file is here to facilitate running it.
+#
+
+require 'rubygems'
+
+version = ">= 0"
+
+if ARGV.first
+  str = ARGV.first
+  str = str.dup.force_encoding("BINARY") if str.respond_to? :force_encoding
+  if str =~ /\A_(.*)_\z/ and Gem::Version.correct?($1) then
+    version = $1
+    ARGV.shift
+  end
+end
+
+gem 'spring', version
+load Gem.bin_path('spring', 'spring', version)
diff --git a/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.1.0/bin/sprockets b/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.1.0/bin/sprockets
new file mode 100755
index 0000000..bb01742
--- /dev/null
+++ b/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.1.0/bin/sprockets
@@ -0,0 +1,23 @@
+#!/usr/bin/env ruby
+#
+# This file was generated by RubyGems.
+#
+# The application 'sprockets' is installed as part of a gem, and
+# this file is here to facilitate running it.
+#
+
+require 'rubygems'
+
+version = ">= 0"
+
+if ARGV.first
+  str = ARGV.first
+  str = str.dup.force_encoding("BINARY") if str.respond_to? :force_encoding
+  if str =~ /\A_(.*)_\z/ and Gem::Version.correct?($1) then
+    version = $1
+    ARGV.shift
+  end
+end
+
+gem 'sprockets', version
+load Gem.bin_path('sprockets', 'sprockets', version)
diff --git a/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.1.0/bin/thor b/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.1.0/bin/thor
new file mode 100755
index 0000000..2533f7b
--- /dev/null
+++ b/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.1.0/bin/thor
@@ -0,0 +1,23 @@
+#!/usr/bin/env ruby
+#
+# This file was generated by RubyGems.
+#
+# The application 'thor' is installed as part of a gem, and
+# this file is here to facilitate running it.
+#
+
+require 'rubygems'
+
+version = ">= 0"
+
+if ARGV.first
+  str = ARGV.first
+  str = str.dup.force_encoding("BINARY") if str.respond_to? :force_encoding
+  if str =~ /\A_(.*)_\z/ and Gem::Version.correct?($1) then
+    version = $1
+    ARGV.shift
+  end
+end
+
+gem 'thor', version
+load Gem.bin_path('thor', 'thor', version)
diff --git a/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.1.0/bin/tilt b/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.1.0/bin/tilt
new file mode 100755
index 0000000..cba5196
--- /dev/null
+++ b/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.1.0/bin/tilt
@@ -0,0 +1,23 @@
+#!/usr/bin/env ruby
+#
+# This file was generated by RubyGems.
+#
+# The application 'tilt' is installed as part of a gem, and
+# this file is here to facilitate running it.
+#
+
+require 'rubygems'
+
+version = ">= 0"
+
+if ARGV.first
+  str = ARGV.first
+  str = str.dup.force_encoding("BINARY") if str.respond_to? :force_encoding
+  if str =~ /\A_(.*)_\z/ and Gem::Version.correct?($1) then
+    version = $1
+    ARGV.shift
+  end
+end
+
+gem 'tilt', version
+load Gem.bin_path('tilt', 'tilt', version)
diff --git a/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.1.0/bin/tt b/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.1.0/bin/tt
new file mode 100755
index 0000000..34efa1b
--- /dev/null
+++ b/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.1.0/bin/tt
@@ -0,0 +1,23 @@
+#!/usr/bin/env ruby
+#
+# This file was generated by RubyGems.
+#
+# The application 'treetop' is installed as part of a gem, and
+# this file is here to facilitate running it.
+#
+
+require 'rubygems'
+
+version = ">= 0"
+
+if ARGV.first
+  str = ARGV.first
+  str = str.dup.force_encoding("BINARY") if str.respond_to? :force_encoding
+  if str =~ /\A_(.*)_\z/ and Gem::Version.correct?($1) then
+    version = $1
+    ARGV.shift
+  end
+end
+
+gem 'treetop', version
+load Gem.bin_path('treetop', 'tt', version)
diff --git a/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.1.0/cache/actionmailer-4.1.0.gem b/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.1.0/cache/actionmailer-4.1.0.gem
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