Official Ruby-on-Rails Integration with Sass
This gem provides official integration for Ruby on Rails projects with the Sass stylesheet language.
Since Rails 3.1, new Rails projects will be already configured to use Sass. If you are upgrading to Rails 3.1 you will need to add the following to your Gemfile:
To configure Sass via Rails set use
config.sass in your
application and/or environment files to set configuration
properties that will be passed to Sass.
preferred_syntax- This option determines the default Sass syntax and file extensions that will be used by Rails generators. Can be
:scss(default CSS-compatible SCSS syntax) or
:sass(indented Sass syntax).
The list of supported Sass options can be found on the Sass Website with the following caveats:
:style- This option is not supported. This is determined by the Rails environment. It's
:expandedonly on development, otherwise it's
:never_update- This option is not supported. Instead set
config.assets.enabled = false
:always_update- This option is not supported. Sprockets uses a controller to access stylesheets in development mode instead of a full scan for changed files.
:always_check- This option is not supported. Sprockets always checks in development.
:syntax- This is determined by the file's extensions.
:filename- This is determined by the file's name.
:line- This is provided by the template handler.
MyProject::Application.configure do config.sass.preferred_syntax = :sass config.sass.line_comments = false config.sass.cache = false end
Sprockets provides some directives that are placed inside of comments called
require_self. DO NOT USE THEM IN YOUR SASS/SCSS FILES. They are very
primitive and do not work well with Sass files. Instead, use Sass's native
@import directive which
sass-rails has customized to integrate with the conventions of your Rails projects.
When in Rails, there is a special import syntax that allows you to glob imports relative to the folder of the stylesheet that is doing the importing.
@import "mixins/*"will import all the files in the mixins folder
@import "mixins/**/*"will import all the files in the mixins tree
Any valid ruby glob may be used. The imports are sorted alphabetically.
NOTE: It is recommended that you only use this when importing pure library files (containing mixins and variables) because it is difficult to control the cascade ordering for imports that contain styles using this approach.
When using the asset pipeline, paths to assets must be rewritten. When referencing assets use the following asset helpers (underscored in Ruby, hyphenated in Sass):
Returns a string to the asset.
Returns a url reference to the asset.
As a convenience, for each of the following asset classes there are
Returns a url reference to the Base64-encoded asset at the specified path.
$ bundle install $ bundle exec rake test
If you need to test against local gems, use Bundler's gem :path option in the Gemfile and also edit
test/support/test_helper.rb and tell the tests where the gem is checked out.