Redox is an operating system written in Rust, a language with focus on safety and high performance. Redox, following the microkernel design, aims to be secure, usable, and free. Redox is inspired by previous kernels and operating systems, such as SeL4, MINIX, Plan 9, and BSD.
Redox is not just a kernel, it's a full-featured Operating System, providing packages (memory allocator, file system, display manager, core utilities, etc.) that together make up a functional and convenient operating system. You can loosely think of it as the GNU or BSD ecosystem, but in a memory safe language and with modern technology. See this list for overview of the ecosystem.
The website can be found at https://www.redox-os.org.
Please make sure you use the latest nightly of
rustc before building (for more troubleshooting, see "Help! Redox won't compile!").
- What it looks like
- Help! Redox won't compile
- Contributing to Redox
- Cloning, Building and running
- Quick Setup
- Manual Setup
- Setup Using Docker
The ecosystem and software Redox OS provides is listed below.
|Name (lexicographic order)||Maintainer|
|acid (kernel integration tests)||@jackpot51 (co.: @ticki, **@nilset)|
|bots (custom Mattermost bots)||@ticki|
|coreutils||@ticki (co.: @stratact)|
|Ion (shell)||@skylerberg & @jackpot51|
|orbclient (Orbital client)||@jackpot51|
|orbgame (Orbital 2D game engine)||@FloVanGH|
|Orbital (windowing and compositing system)||@jackpot51|
|orbtk (Orbital toolkit)||@stratact|
|orbutils (Orbital utilities)||@jackpot51|
|pkgutils (current package manager)||@jackpot51|
|playbot (internal REPL bot)||@ticki|
|RANSID (Rust ANSI driver)||@jackpot51|
|redoxfs (old filesystem)||@jackpot51|
|Sodium (Vim-inspired text editor)||@ticki|
|TFS (ticki filesystem)||@ticki|
|The Redox book||@ticki|
|libstd||abandoned, Rust's official libstd is now used|
|The old kernel||abandoned|
|ZFS||abandoned, superseded by TFS|
Sometimes things go wrong when compiling. Try the following before opening an issue:
- Make sure you have a Redox toolchain (
- You can install from .deb packages (
https://static.redox-os.org/toolchain/apt/) or build redox-os/libc manually.
- You can install from .deb packages (
make clean pull.
- Make sure you have the latest version of Rust nightly! (rustup.rs is recommended for managing Rust versions. If you already have it, run
- Update GNU Make, NASM and QEMU/VirtualBox.
- Pull the upstream master branch (
git remote add upstream firstname.lastname@example.org:redox-os/redox.git; git pull upstream master).
- Update submodules (
git submodule update --recursive --init).
and then rebuild!
If you're interested in this project, and you'd like to help us out, here is a list of ways you can do just that.
Redox is big, even compressed. Downloading the full history may take a lot of bandwidth, and can even be costly on some data plans. Clone at your own risk!
$ cd path/to/your/projects/folder/ # Run bootstrap setup $ curl -sf https://raw.githubusercontent.com/redox-os/redox/master/bootstrap.sh -o bootstrap.sh && bash -e bootstrap.sh # Change to project directory $ cd redox # Build Redox $ make all # Launch using QEMU $ make qemu # Launch using QEMU without using KVM (Kernel-based Virtual Machine). Try if QEMU gives an error. $ make qemu kvm=no
QEMU with KVM
To use QEMU with KVM (Kernel-based Virtual Machine), which is faster than without KVM, you need a CPU with Intel® Virtualization Technology (Intel® VT) or AMD Virtualization™ (AMD-V™) support. Most systems have this disabled by default, so you may need to reboot, go into the BIOS, and enable it.
To manually clone, build and run Redox using a Unix-based host, run the following commands (with exceptions, be sure to read the comments):
$ cd path/to/your/projects/folder/ # HTTPS $ git clone https://github.com/redox-os/redox.git --origin upstream --recursive # SSH $ git clone email@example.com:redox-os/redox.git --origin upstream --recursive $ cd redox/ # Install/update dependencies $ ./bootstrap.sh -d # Install rustup.rs $ curl https://sh.rustup.rs -sSf | sh $ source $HOME/.cargo/env # Install the sysroot manager Xargo $ cargo install xargo # For successive builds start here. If this is your first build, just continue # Update git submodules $ git submodule update --recursive --init # Build Redox $ make all # Launch using QEMU $ make qemu # Launch using QEMU without using KVM (Kernel-based Virtual Machine). Try if QEMU gives an error. $ make qemu kvm=no # Launch using QEMU without using KVM (Kernel-based Virtual Machine) nor Graphics make qemu kvm=no vga=no
We also provide docker image. After cloning this repository, please follow README under the
Updating the codebase using the Makefile
To update the codebase run:
make pull; make fetch
make pull pulls and updates the submodules, and
make fetch updates the sources for cookbook recipes.