Visit rocker-project.org for more about available Rocker images, configuration, and use.
Version-stable Rocker images
For documentation for R >= 4.0.0, for images
binder, please see the
|r-ver||Version-stable base R & src build tools|
|tidyverse||Adds tidyverse & devtools|
|verse||Adds tex & publishing-related packages|
This repository provides alternate stack to
r-base, with an emphasis on reproducibility. Compared to those images, this stack:
- builds on debian stable (
debian:jessiefor versions < 3.4.0,
debian:stretchafter, etc) release instead of
debian:testing, so no more apt-get breaking when
debian:testingrepos are updated and you had to muck with
-t unstableto get apt-get to work.
- Further, this stack installs a fixed version of R itself from source, rather than whatever is already packaged for Debian (the r-base stack gets the latest R version as a binary from debian:unstable),
- and it installs all R packages from a fixed snapshot of CRAN at a given date (MRAN repos).
- provides images that are generally smaller than the r-base series
Users should include the version tag, e.g.
rocker/verse:3.3.1 when reproduciblity is paramount, and use the default
latest tag, e.g.
rocker/verse for the most up-to-date R packages. All images still receive any Debian security patch updates. Note that any debian packages on these images (C libraries, compilers, etc) will likely be older/earlier versions than those found on the
r-base image series.
- do not use
apt-get install r-cran-*to install R packages on this stack. The requested R version and all R packages are installed from source in the version-stable stack. Installing R packages from
r-cran-*packages) will install the version of R and versions of the packages that were built for the stable debian release (e.g.
debian:stretch), giving you a second version of R and different packages. Please install R packages from source using the
install.packages()R function (or the
install2.rscript), and use
aptonly to install necessary system libraries (e.g.
libxml2). If you would prefer to install only the latest verions of packages from pre-built binaries using
apt-get, consider using the
Using the R version tag will naturally lock the R version, and also lock the install date of any R packages on the image. For example,
rocker/tidyverse:3.3.1 Docker image will always rebuild with R 3.3.1 and R packages installed from the 2016-10-31 MRAN snapshot, corresponding to the last day that version of R was the most recent release. Meanwhile
rocker/tidyverse:latest will always have both the latest R version and latest versions of the R packages, built nightly.
See VERSIONS.md for details
rocker/r-ver is the functional equivalent of
r-base, though slightly pared down. Currently
r-ver has tags for all minor R versions back to
3.1.0 (as far back as MRAN snapshots of CRAN are avialable); see all tags. Users can attempt to build other versions from the
r-ver Dockerfile by specifying
--build-arg R_VERSION=<VERSION>, though this is unlikely to work with very old R versions. Likewise, all non-current images are automatically pinned to a MRAN snapshot of CRAN from the last day that version was current. Users can set a custom snapshot date for the
r-ver images by using
--build-arg BUILD_DATE=<DATE> when building that Dockerfile.
rocker/rstudio image builds with the latest version of RStudio by default. This can be customized by specifying the desired version in
--build-arg RSTUDIO_VERSION=<VERSION> if building locally from its Dockerfile.
RStudio and Runtime Options
See the RStudio README for documentation on setting passwords, sharing volumes, adding RStudio Shiny Server(TM), and other configuration.
Maintenance and Updates
These images are actively maintained. This means that while an effort is made to preserve the general function of these images over time, both these Dockerfiles and the resulting images are subject to some change over time. In particular:
Images are regularly re-built on Docker Hub whenever their base image changes, starting with changes to
debianDocker image. This is the rough equivalent of running
debian, since all
apt-getcommands are re-run and will pull in the most current sources. This allows the images to receive security updates to any packages installed from the
debianrepositories, but will not in general change the versions of any software and is very unlikely to break anything.
The Dockerfiles themselves are subject to change, to improve performance, ease of use, readability, or other concerns raised in the issues. These changes should also not alter the general behavior of R or R packages on the image. These changes can be seen in the git history. The rocker-versioned repo will use its own semantic version tagging to indicate changes to this repository, with snapshots from these tags archived on Zenodo.
The Dockerfiles in this repository are licensed under the GPL 2 or later.
RStudio is a registered trademark of RStudio, Inc. The use of the trademarked term RStudio and the distribution of the RStudio binaries through the images hosted on hub.docker.com has been granted by explicit permission of RStudio. Please review RStudio's trademark use policy and address inquiries about further distribution or other questions to firstname.lastname@example.org.