Responsive and fluid image techniques for TYPO3
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README.md

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#Responsive Images for TYPO3

rtp_imgquery is a TYPO3 extension that adds responsive and fluid image techniques to the TypoScript IMAGE object, the default image content elements ("Text & Images", "Images Only") as well as the standard Smarty and Fluid image view helpers.

It is designed to:

  • Offer easy and powerful customizations.
  • Combine responsive image and fluid image techniques.
  • Only load a single image and avoid rendering race conditions.
  • Work without any additional javascript libraries (e.g. jQuery).
  • Execute as quickly as possible.
  • Work without javascript (graceful degradation).

##Approach The extension uses a modified version of the the noscript technique. Instead of loading the correct image after the DOM ready event (see noscript example) it inserts the correct image using document.write while the page is still loading. In addition, images are given a width of 100% via the style attribute, making them fluid.

###How it Works

  1. Based on the predefined breakpoint/width settings for an image the extension creates a list of image versions that need to be generated.
  2. The extension instructs TYPO3 to prepare these images.
  3. The extension populates an HTML/JavaScript snippet with the list of image versions and inserts this snippet in place of the original image tag.
  4. The HTML/JavaScript snippet decides which image version to apply while the page is loading.

The layout of the HTML snippet and the inline JavaScript code that the extension uses can be found in Resources/Private/Templates.

##Installation

  1. Clone the extension to your typo3conf extension folder:

     git clone git://github.com/rtp-ch/rtp_imgquery.git typo3conf/ext/rtp_imgquery
    
  2. Install the extension using the extension manager.

  3. Add the TypoScript setup to your template: Template > Info/Modify > Includes > Include static (from extensions) > Responsive Images (rtp_imgquery).

##Configuration

###Basic Examples

The following examples will create the four versions of the image fileadmin/images/myimage.jpg.

Screen width Image version
Above 600 Default image (width = 800)
Between 400 and 600 Version of the image with a width of 500
Between 400 and 320 Version of the image with a width of 280
Less than 320 Version of the image with a width of 160

####TypoScript

10 = IMAGE
10.file = fileadmin/images/myimage.jpg
10.file.width = 800
10.breakpoint = 1200
10.breakpoints = 600:500, 400:280, 320:160

The IMAGE content object has been extended to accept breakpoint options. The "breakpoint" setting defines the default breakpoint for the IMAGE object. The "breakpoints" setting contains additional screen width / image width instructions.

####Fluid View Helper

{namespace responsive=Tx_RtpImgquery_ViewHelpers}
<responsive:image src="fileadmin/images/myimage.jpg" alt="alt text" breakpoint="900" breakpoints="600:500, 400:280, 320:160" />

Adding the extension namespace "Tx_RtpImgquery_ViewHelpers" to a Fluid template will extend the standard Fluid image view helper.

####Text & Images Content Element

Breakpoint settings for images in content elements

The extension TypoScript in Configuration/TypoScript/ contains default breakpoint settings for image content elements.

####Smarty Plugin

{image
    file = "fileadmin/images/myimage.jpg"
    file.width = "800"
    breakpoint = 1200
    breakpoints = 600:500, 400:280, 320:160
}

Because the smarty extension already understands TypoScript there's no special responsive image plugin for smarty. Any valid TypoScript IMAGE setting can be passed as a parameter to the image plugin.

###Configuration Options

####Disabling the Fluid CSS Style The extension inserts inline CSS into images to make them fluid style="width: 100%; height: auto;". This behaviour can be disabled by unsetting the style value of the breakpoints configuration:

styles.content.breakpoints.style =

###FAQ

####Changing image quality for breakpoints Is it possible to change the image quality for certain breakpoints? Yes. The following example defines in image with breakpoints in TypoScript and sets a lower image quality for the breakpoint 320.

10 = IMAGE
10.file = fileadmin/images/myimage.jpg
10.file.width = 800
// The default breakpoint is 1200
10.breakpoint = 1200
// Defines image widths for breakpoints 600, 400 and 320
10.breakpoints = 600:400,400:280,320:160
// After 320 we want a lower image quality than the default TYPO3 settings
10.breakpoints.320.file = GIFBUILDER
10.breakpoints.320.file {
    format = jpg
    quality = 60
}

##Recommended Reading