Cocktail recipe search written in Python with werkzeug, scrapy and sphinx
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README.rst

Cocktail search

Simple but powerful open source web application and crawler for searching cocktail recipes from the web. Check out the demo or read below to run it on your own machine.

Getting started

Cloning the repository

If you are going to create the virtual environment (see next section), then create a directory which becomes the parent directory of the repository and will be otherwise empty:

mkdir cocktail-search
cd cocktail-search

Clone the repository and its submodules:

git clone https://github.com/snoack/cocktail-search
cd cocktail-search
git submodule update --init

Installing dependencies

Following programs need to be installed:

On Debian/Ubuntu, you can install these with following command:

apt-get install sphinxsearch node-less virtualenvwrapper

Assuming you use virtualenvwrapper (recommended for development), you can create a virtualenv, and install the required Python modules in there, like that:

mkvirtualenv -p $(which python3) -r requirements.txt cocktail-search

Make sure that the virtualenv is active before you run scrapy, indexer or app.py. You can activate the virtual environment like that:

workon cocktail-search

Crawling

Crawling websites will consume not only a lot of your bandwidth, but generates also a lot of traffic on the websites you are crawling. So please be nice and don't run the crawler unless absolutely necessary, for example when you have to test a spider, that you have just added or modified. For any other case, I made the files with the cocktail recipes I have already crawled available for you:

wget -r -A .json http://cocktails.etrigg.com/dumps/
mv cocktails.etrigg.com/dumps/* crawler/
rm -r cocktails.etrigg.com

Anyway, following command will run the crawler for a given spider:

cd crawler
rm -f <spider>.json
scrapy crawl <spider> -o <spider>.json

Note that when the output file already exist, Scrapy will append scraped recipes at the bottom of the existing file. So make sure you delete it before.

Setting up Sphinx

There is no RDBMS. All data are stored in a Sphinx index that is built from the crawled cocktail recipes. In order to built the index and run the search daemon in the console, just run:

cd sphinx
indexer --all
searchd --console

Running the development server

In order to serve the website from your local machine and start hacking, there is no need to setup an advanced web server like Apache. Just run the development server and go to http://localhost:8000/ with your web browser:

./web/app.py runserver

By default the development server only listens on localhost. However if you want to access the website from an other device you can make it also listen on all interfaces:

./web/app.py runserver 0.0.0.0:8000

Deploying the production environment

Configuring the web app

Create the file web/settings.py and set follwing options:

SITE_URL = 'http://cocktails.etrigg.com/'
LESSC_OPTIONS = ['--compress']

Configuring Apache

<VirtualHost *:80>
        ServerName cocktails.etrigg.com

        WSGIDaemonProcess cocktails [processes=<num>] [python-path=<path to environment>/lib/python<version>/site-packages]
        WSGIProcessGroup  cocktails
        WSGIScriptAlias   / <path to repository>/web/app.wsgi

        Alias /static <path to repository>/web/static

        RewriteEngine On
        RewriteRule ^/$ /static/index.html [P]
</VirtualHost>

The processes option is required to utilize multiple CPU units or cores, in order to handle concurrent requests faster.

The python-path option is required when you have used virtualenv to install the dependencies.

Generating static files

Some static files (like the CSS which is compiled from less) are generated on the fly in the development environment, but must be compiled when deploying the production environment, in order to serve them faster:

./web/app.py deploy

Remember to call that command every time you deploy a new version.

Setting up Sphinx

Build the index and start the search daemon:

cd sphinx
indexer --all
searchd

Note that we omitted the --console option, in order to make searchd run in the background. However instead of just calling searchd on the command line, it would be even better to set up an init script to start and stop Sphinx.

There is rarely a need to restart the search daemon. When you have deployed a new version or when you ran the crawler again, just rebuilt and rotate the index:

cd sphinx
indexer --all --rotate

Contributing

This project is my playground for new web technologies and frameworks. And you are invited to make it your playground as well. The code base is still small and well organized. And setting up the development environment is fairly easy.

The easiest way to get started would probably be to write spiders for more cocktail websites. Most spiders consists only of a few lines of Python code and you don't have to know anything about the rest of the stack. Or you could contribute to the wordforms and synonyms lists, even without any programming skills. But you are also welcome to pick up any open issue. I prefer to get pull requests via GitHub, but will also accept patches via email.

You have found a bug and don't want to fix it yourself, or you have an awesome idea to improve the cocktail search? That's great too. Please send me an email or even better submit an issue.