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Sample ASP.NET MVC Application for demonstrating Microsoft SQL Server Always Encrypted Functionality
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Always Encrypted Sample Application

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This is a sample ASP.NET application that demonstrates Always Encrypted features based on the Visual Studio 2013 Default ASP.NET MVC project. It is ONLY meant to demonstrate Always Encrypted. It is NOT meant to be a general purposes best practice web application.


This application should compile in Visual Studio 2015+ out of the box. To compile it with Visual Studio 2013. the Microsoft .NET Framework 4.6 Targeting Pack is required. ADO.NET support for Always Encrypted is only present in .NET 4.6

Creating the database

If you edit the one connection string in the web.config to point to a SQL Server 2016+ instance that your windows user has sa access to, and press F5 to run the project it will create the database with three schemas and several tables. Once the database is created then you should be able to run the app as a user with db_datareader and db_datawriter permissions. However, this is a sample app not intended for production usage.

ALternatively, if you run the following T-SQL as SA to create the empty database, login, and user, The app will work out of the box.

CREATE DATABASE AlwaysEncryptedSample;
CREATE LOGIN AlwaysEncryptedOwner WITH PASSWORD = '7aO!z@xUu!4r6EvD#D&l$sz6&h^rhxL6fzAHMpnOga@LO*WdsEdpfh4^Egtl';
USE AlwaysEncryptedSample;
CREATE USER AlwaysEncryptedOwner;
ALTER ROLE  db_owner  
       ADD MEMBER AlwaysEncryptedOwner;

Initially the columns are not encrypted. To encrypt them run the included powershell scripts. These script supports the -Debug and -Verbose parameters. This will create a self signed certificate in your user script repository and encrypt all the appropriate columns.

$ConnectionString = 'Data Source=localhost,1433;Initial Catalog=AlwaysEncryptedSample;UID=AlwaysEncryptedOwner;PWD=7aO!z@xUu!4r6EvD#D&l$sz6&h^rhxL6fzAHMpnOga@LO*WdsEdpfh4^Egtl;Application Name=AppVeyor CI Process;Column Encryption Setting=Enabled'
.\New-EncryptionKeys.ps1 $ConnectionString -ExportCertificate
.\Invoke-EncryptColumns.ps1 -ConnectionString $ConnectionString


There are three schemas in the sample database.


This contains one table called log written to by log4net using the AdoNetAppender. The user name and client ip columns are encrypted using deterministic encryption. Note that this hurts performance a lot The point of including this is to show that as long as you are using parameterized queries, Always Encrypted can be added without code changes.


This contains an implementation of the EF Code first IdentityContext. This is the current recommended authentication framework for web apps for ASP.NET applications. Since this already stores and transmits passwords in an encrypted fashion, the PasswordHash is not encrypted via Always Encrypted. However, a SSN (Social Security Number) field has been added to the User table which is encrypted.


This contains two tables for storing Credit Card information. The credit card number is stored using random encryption and CCV code is stored using deterministic encryption.

Using the app:

The app has two users Administrator with the password of Alm0nds! and CCAdmin with the password of Appl3s. The user administrator has access to an "Internals" page that lists the columns in the database, as well as the encryption information for them. The CCadmin user has a page that will let them import 1000 randomly generated fake credit cards, and then display them in a table. The app also suppors self registration.

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