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A framework for securing software update systems
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A Framework for Securing Software Update Systems

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The Update Framework (TUF) helps developers maintain the security of a software update system, even against attackers that compromise the repository or signing keys. TUF provides a flexible framework and specification that developers can adopt into any software update system.

TUF is hosted by the Linux Foundation as part of the Cloud Native Computing Foundation (CNCF) and is used in production by companies such as Cloudflare, DataDog, DigitalOcean, Docker, Flynn, IBM, Kolide, LEAP, Microsoft, RedHat, and VMware. A variant of TUF called Uptane is widely used to secure over-the-air updates in automobiles.



Please contact us via our mailing list. Questions, feedback, and suggestions are welcomed on this low volume mailing list.

We strive to make the specification easy to implement, so if you come across any inconsistencies or experience any difficulty, do let us know by sending an email, or by reporting an issue in the GitHub specification repo.

Security Issues and Bugs

Security issues can be reported by emailing

At a minimum, the report must contain the following:

  • Description of the vulnerability.
  • Steps to reproduce the issue.

Optionally, reports that are emailed can be encrypted with PGP. You should use PGP key fingerprint E9C0 59EC 0D32 64FA B35F 94AD 465B F9F6 F8EB 475A.

Please do not use the GitHub issue tracker to submit vulnerability reports. The issue tracker is intended for bug reports and to make feature requests. Major feature requests, such as design changes to the specification, should be proposed via a TUF Augmentation Proposal (TAP).


This work is dual-licensed and distributed under the (1) MIT License and (2) Apache License, Version 2.0. Please see LICENSE-MIT and LICENSE.


This project is managed by Prof. Justin Cappos and other members of the Secure Systems Lab at New York University. We appreciate the efforts of Konstantin Andrianov, Geremy Condra, Vladimir Diaz, Yuyu Zheng, Sebastien Awwad, and Justin Samuel who are among those who helped significantly with TUf's reference implementation. Contributors and maintainers are governed by the CNCF Community Code of Conduct.

This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant Nos. CNS-1345049 and CNS-0959138. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.

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