Golang TProxy provides an easy to use wrapper for the Linux Transparent Proxy functionality.
Transparent Proxy (TProxy for short) provides the ability to transparently proxy traffic through a userland program without the need for conntrack overhead caused by using NAT to force the traffic into the proxy.
Another feature of TProxy is the ability to connect to remote hosts using the same client information as
the original client making the connection. For example, if the connection
10.0.0.1:50073 -> 188.8.131.52:80 was
intercepted, the service could make a connection to
184.108.40.206:80 pretending to come from
The linux kernel and IPTables handle diverting the packets back into the proxy for those remote connections by matching incoming packets to any locally bound sockets with the same details.
This is done in three steps. (Please note, this is from my understanding of how it works, which may be wrong in some places, so please correct me if I have described something wrong)
Step 1 - Binding a listener socket with the
IP_TRANSPARENT socket option
Preparing a socket to receive connections with TProxy is really no different than what is normally done when
setting up a socket to listen for connections. The only difference in the process is before the socket is bound,
IP_TRANSPARENT socket option.
syscall.SetsockoptInt(fileDescriptor, syscall.SOL_IP, syscall.IP_TRANSPARENT, 1)
Step 2 - Setting the
IP_TRANSPARENT socket option on outbound connections
Same goes for making connections to a remote host pretending to be the client, the
option is set and the Linux kernel will allow the bind so along as a connection was intercepted with those details
being used for the bind
Step 3 - Adding IPTables and routing rules to redirect traffic in both directions
Finally IPTables and routing rules need to be setup to tell Linux to redirect the desired traffic to the proxy application.
First make a new chain in the mangle table called
DIVERT and add a rule to direct any TCP traffic with a matching
local socket to the
iptables -t mangle -N DIVERT iptables -t mangle -A PREROUTING -p tcp -m socket -j DIVERT
Then in the
DIVERT chain add rules to add routing mark of
1 to packets in the
DIVERT chain and accept the packets
iptables -t mangle -A DIVERT -j MARK --set-mark 1 iptables -t mangle -A DIVERT -j ACCEPT
And add routing rules to direct traffic with mark
1 to the local loopback device so the Linux kernal can pipe the
traffic into the existing socket.
ip rule add fwmark 1 lookup 100 ip route add local 0.0.0.0/0 dev lo table 100
Finally add a IPTables rule to catch new traffic on any desired port and send it to the TProxy server
iptables -t mangle -A PREROUTING -p tcp --dport 80 -j TPROXY --tproxy-mark 0x1/0x1 --on-port 8080
To test this out and see it work, try running the example in
example/tproxy_example.go on a virtual machine and route
some traffic through it.
To contribute to this project, please follow this guide:
- Create an issue detailing your planned contribution
- Fork this repository and implement your contribution
- Create a pull request linking back to the issue
- Await approval and merging
Add support for proxying UDP connections