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Utility for scraping Prometheus metrics from a Prometheus client endpoint and publishing them to CloudWatch
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sbiswas-suplari and aknysh Adding ability to replace dimensions to enable aggregation across dim…
…ensions (#12)

* Adding ability to replace dimensions. This is useful to aggregate metrics across dimensions in the kube_state metrics namespace. The aggregation across dimensions is neccessary for adding CloudWatch alarms to kube-state metrics for the variable number of pods/container/nodes that will exist in our EKS clusters

* Don't add replacement if not configured

* Addressing PR comments: Add new flag and contributor
Latest commit 74739a4 Feb 27, 2019


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Utility for scraping Prometheus metrics from a Prometheus client endpoint and publishing them to CloudWatch

This project is part of our comprehensive "SweetOps" approach towards DevOps.

It's 100% Open Source and licensed under the APACHE2.


kube-state-metrics-to-cloudwatch kube-state-metrics to CloudWatch


NOTE: The module accepts parameters as command-line arguments or as ENV variables (or any combination of command-line arguments and ENV vars). Command-line arguments take precedence over ENV vars

Command-line argument ENV var Description
aws_access_key_id AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID AWS access key Id with permissions to publish CloudWatch metrics
aws_secret_access_key AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY AWS secret access key with permissions to publish CloudWatch metrics
cloudwatch_namespace CLOUDWATCH_NAMESPACE CloudWatch Namespace
cloudwatch_region CLOUDWATCH_REGION CloudWatch AWS Region
cloudwatch_publish_timeout CLOUDWATCH_PUBLISH_TIMEOUT CloudWatch publish timeout in seconds
prometheus_scrape_interval PROMETHEUS_SCRAPE_INTERVAL Prometheus scrape interval in seconds
prometheus_scrape_url PROMETHEUS_SCRAPE_URL The URL to scrape Prometheus metrics from
cert_path CERT_PATH Path to SSL Certificate file (when using SSL for prometheus_scrape_url)
keyPath KEY_PATH Path to Key file (when using SSL for prometheus_scrape_url)
accept_invalid_cert ACCEPT_INVALID_CERT Accept any certificate during TLS handshake. Insecure, use only for testing
additional_dimension ADDITIONAL_DIMENSION Additional dimension specified by NAME=VALUE
replace_dimensions REPLACE_DIMENSIONS Replace dimensions specified by NAME=VALUE,...

NOTE: If AWS credentials are not provided in the command-line arguments (aws_access_key_id and aws_secret_access_key) or ENV variables (AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID and AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY), the chain of credential providers will search for credentials in the shared credential file and EC2 Instance Roles. This is useful when deploying the module in AWS on Kubernetes with kube2iam, which will provide IAM credentials to containers running inside a Kubernetes cluster, allowing the module to assume an IAM Role with permissions to publish metrics to CloudWatch.


Build Go program

go get

CGO_ENABLED=0 go build -v -o "./dist/bin/prometheus-to-cloudwatch" *.go

Run locally

export CLOUDWATCH_NAMESPACE=kube-state-metrics
export CLOUDWATCH_REGION=us-east-1
export PROMETHEUS_SCRAPE_URL=http://xxxxxxxxxxxx:8080/metrics
export CERT_PATH=""
export KEY_PATH=""


Build Docker image

NOTE: it will download all Go dependencies and then build the program inside the container (see Dockerfile)

docker build --tag prometheus-to-cloudwatch  --no-cache=true .

Run in a Docker container

docker run -i --rm \
        -e CLOUDWATCH_NAMESPACE=kube-state-metrics \
        -e CLOUDWATCH_REGION=us-east-1 \
        -e PROMETHEUS_SCRAPE_URL=http://xxxxxxxxxxxx:8080/metrics \
        -e CERT_PATH="" \
        -e KEY_PATH="" \
        -e ACCEPT_INVALID_CERT=true \

Run on Kubernetes

To run on Kubernetes, we will deploy two Helm charts

  1. kube-state-metrics - to generates metrics about the state of various objects inside the cluster, such as deployments, nodes and pods

  2. prometheus-to-cloudwatch - to scrape metrics from kube-state-metrics and publish them to CloudWatch

Install kube-state-metrics chart

helm install stable/kube-state-metrics

Find the running services

kubectl get services

Copy the name of the kube-state-metrics service (e.g. gauche-turtle-kube-state-metrics) into the ENV var PROMETHEUS_SCRAPE_URL in values.yaml.


It should look like this:

PROMETHEUS_SCRAPE_URL: "http://gauche-turtle-kube-state-metrics:8080/metrics"

Deploy prometheus-to-cloudwatch chart

cd chart
helm install .

prometheus-to-cloudwatch will start scraping the /metrics endpoint of the kube-state-metrics service and send the Prometheus metrics to CloudWatch


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Erik Osterman
Erik Osterman
Andriy Knysh
Andriy Knysh
Igor Rodionov
Igor Rodionov
Satadru Biswas
Satadru Biswas

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