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LevelDB in Java

This is a rewrite (port) of LevelDB in Java. This goal is to have a feature complete implementation that is within 10% of the performance of the C++ original and produces byte-for-byte exact copies of the C++ code.

Current status

Currently the code base is basically functional, but only trivially tested. In some places, this code is a literal conversion of the C++ code and in others it has been converted to a more natural Java style. The plan is to leave the code closer to the C++ original until the baseline performance has been established.

API Usage:

Recommended Package imports:

import org.iq80.leveldb.*;
import static org.iq80.leveldb.impl.Iq80DBFactory.*;

Opening and closing the database.

Options options = new Options();
DB db = File("example"), options);
try {
  // Use the db in here....
} finally {
  // Make sure you close the db to shutdown the 
  // database and avoid resource leaks.

Putting, Getting, and Deleting key/values.

db.put(bytes("Tampa"), bytes("rocks"));
String value = asString(db.get(bytes("Tampa")));
db.delete(bytes("Tampa"), wo);

Performing Batch/Bulk/Atomic Updates.

WriteBatch batch = db.createWriteBatch();
try {
  batch.put(bytes("Tampa"), bytes("green"));
  batch.put(bytes("London"), bytes("red"));

} finally {
  // Make sure you close the batch to avoid resource leaks.

Iterating key/values.

DBIterator iterator = db.iterator();
try {
  for(iterator.seekToFirst(); iterator.hasNext(); {
    String key = asString(iterator.peekNext().getKey());
    String value = asString(iterator.peekNext().getValue());
    System.out.println(key+" = "+value);
} finally {
  // Make sure you close the iterator to avoid resource leaks.

Working against a Snapshot view of the Database.

ReadOptions ro = new ReadOptions();
try {
  // All read operations will now use the same 
  // consistent view of the data.
  ... = db.iterator(ro);
  ... = db.get(bytes("Tampa"), ro);

} finally {
  // Make sure you close the snapshot to avoid resource leaks.

Using a custom Comparator.

DBComparator comparator = new DBComparator(){
    public int compare(byte[] key1, byte[] key2) {
        return new String(key1).compareTo(new String(key2));
    public String name() {
        return "simple";
    public byte[] findShortestSeparator(byte[] start, byte[] limit) {
        return start;
    public byte[] findShortSuccessor(byte[] key) {
        return key;
Options options = new Options();
DB db = File("example"), options);

Disabling Compression

Options options = new Options();
DB db = File("example"), options);

Configuring the Cache

Options options = new Options();
options.cacheSize(100 * 1048576); // 100MB cache
DB db = File("example"), options);

Getting approximate sizes.

long[] sizes = db.getApproximateSizes(new Range(bytes("a"), bytes("k")), new Range(bytes("k"), bytes("z")));
System.out.println("Size: "+sizes[0]+", "+sizes[1]);

Getting database status.

String stats = db.getProperty("leveldb.stats");

Getting informational log messages.

Logger logger = new Logger() {
  public void log(String message) {
Options options = new Options();
DB db = File("example"), options);

Destroying a database.

Options options = new Options();
factory.destroy(new File("example"), options);

Projects using this port of LevelDB

  • ActiveMQ Apollo: Defaults to using leveldbjni, but falls back to this port if the jni port is not available on your platform.
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