An innovative FUSE wrapper for Google Drive.
Python Other
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Dustin Oprea
Latest commit 184dbfa Mar 5, 2018

README.rst

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Build_Status

GDriveFS is an innovative FUSE wrapper for Google Drive.

Latest Changes

  • Though you can still use the previous authorization flow, there is now a very simple authorization flow that may be used instead by using the 'auth_automatic' subcommand on the 'gdfstool'. Whe you run this command, the browser will automatically be opened, you may or may not be prompted for authorization by Google, a redirection will occur, and we will then automatically record the authorization code. GDFS will temporarily open a small webserver on a random port in order to receive the response. This effectively makes authorization a one-step process for the user. See below for more details.
  • There is now a default file-path for the credentials ("auth storage file"). Just use "default" and "$HOME/.gdfs/creds" will be the file-path used. See below for more details.
  • The 'auth' subcommand on the 'gdfstool' command is now obsolete. Though you may continue to use this subcommand, please start using the 'auth_get_url' and 'auth_write' subcommands as this subcommand will be removed in the future.

Important

Both PyPI and the Google Code downloads for google_api_python_client have an old version of their libraries, prior to when they fixed some Unicode problems that might cause failure when dealing with downloads/uploads of certain types of files.

To install using git, do the following:

$ git clone https://github.com/google/google-api-python-client

$ cd google-api-python-client
$ sudo python setup.py install
$ sudo python setup.py install_egg_info

Installation

In order to install his, we're going to use PIP (to access PyPI). Under Ubuntu, this is done via:

$ sudo apt-get install python-pip

You'll also need to equip your system to perform builds in order to install some of the dependencies. Under Ubuntu, this is done via:

$ sudo apt-get install build-essential python-dev

Now, to install GDriveFS:

$ sudo pip install gdrivefs

Dependencies

The versions of a couple of dependencies are relaxed during a normal installation. These dependencies are listed in gdrivefs/resources/requirements.txt. However, there is a concise listing of dependencies and their versions in gdrivefs/resources/requirements_freeze.txt. If you encounter any unexplainable phenomena that might be explained by dependency issues, the solution might be to do a "pip install -U -r <filepath>" using this alternate set of requirements.

Usage

Overview

Before you can mount the account, you must authorize GDriveFS to access it. GDriveFS works by producing a URL that you must visit in a browser. Google will ask for your log-in information and authorization, and then give you an authorization code. You then pass this code back to the GDriveFS utility along with a file-path of where you want it to store the authorization information ("auth storage file" or "credentials file"). Then, you can mount it whenever you'd like.

Since this is FUSE, you must be running as root to mount.

Credentials File

Also referred to as the "auth storage" file.

In previous versions, you were required to provide a file-path to write and read the authorization code to. There is now a default ($HOME/.gdfs/creds). Just literally use the string "default" whereever the credentials file-path is required in order to use this default file-path.

Automatic Authorization Flow

There is now a simplified flow that will automatically open the system Web browser, do any authentication necessary, and automatically write the authorization-code to disk:

$ gdfstool auth_automatic
Authorization code recorded.

$ gdfs default /mnt/gdrivefs

This automatic flow will require GDFS to temporarily start a small, internal webserver on the first available port.

Manual Authorization Flow

If you need to manually get the URL, browse to it, get the authorization code, and then call the 'auth_write' subcommand to store it:

  1. To get an authorization URL:

    $ gdfstool auth_get_url
    To authorize FUSE to use your Google Drive account, visit the following URL to produce an authorization code:
    
    https://accounts.google.com/o/oauth2/auth?scope=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.googleapis.com%2Fauth%2Fdrive+https%3A%2F%2Fwww.googleapis.com%2Fauth%2Fdrive.file&redirect_uri=urn%3Aietf%3Awg%3Aoauth%3A2.0%3Aoob&response_type=code&client_id=626378760250.apps.googleusercontent.com&access_type=offline
    
  2. To set the authorization-code, you must also provide the auth-storage file that you would like to save it as. The name and location of this file is arbitrary:

    $ gdfstool auth_write "4/WUsOa-Sm2RhgQtf9_NFAMMbRC.cj4LQYdXfshQV0ieZDAqA-C7ecwI"
    

    Authorization code recorded.

Mounting

Once you're ready to mount:

$ gdfs -o allow_other default /mnt/gdrivefs

Or, if you would like to register it in /etc/fstab:

$ ln -s `which gdfs` /sbin/mount.gdfs
$ echo "default /mnt/gdrivefs gdfs allow_other 0 0" >> /etc/fstab
$ mount /mnt/gdrivefs

Optimization

By default, FUSE uses a very conservative block-size. On systems that support it, you may elect to use the "big_writes" option. This may dramatically increase the block-size (which improves the speed of transfers). There doesn't appear to be any authoritative documentation as to what systems support it or what the improvements might be, but, so far, it seems like Linux supports it, OSX doesn't, and FUSE will go from using 4K blocks to using 64K blocks.

To use this, pass "big_writes" in the "-o" option-string:

$ sudo gdfs -o big_writes /home/user/.gdfs/creds /mnt/gdrivefs

Vagrant

A Vagrantfile has been made available in the event that you would like to mount your account from a system that isn't FUSE compatible (like a Mac) or you are having issues installing GDriveFS somewhere else and would like to debug.

To install Vagrant:

$ sudo apt-get install vagrant

To start and provision the instance:

$ cd gdrivefs/vagrant
$ vagrant up
Bringing machine 'default' up with 'virtualbox' provider...
==> default: Importing base box 'ubuntu/trusty64'...
==> default: Matching MAC address for NAT networking...
==> default: Checking if box 'ubuntu/trusty64' is up to date...
==> default: Setting the name of the VM: vagrant_default_1413437502948_22866
==> default: Clearing any previously set forwarded ports...
==> default: Clearing any previously set network interfaces...
==> default: Preparing network interfaces based on configuration...
    default: Adapter 1: nat
==> default: Forwarding ports...

...

==> default: Using /usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages
==> default: Finished processing dependencies for gdrivefs==0.13.14
==> default: To authorize FUSE to use your Google Drive account, visit the following URL to produce an authorization code:
==> default:
==> default: https://accounts.google.com/o/oauth2/auth?scope=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.googleapis.com%2Fauth%2Fdrive+https%3A%2F%2Fwww.googleapis.com%2Fauth%2Fdrive.file&redirect_uri=urn%3Aietf%3Awg%3Aoauth%3A2.0%3Aoob&response_type=code&client_id=1056816309698.apps.googleusercontent.com&access_type=offline
==> default:
==> default: Once you have retrieved your authorization string, run:
==> default:
==> default: sudo gdfstool auth_write <authcode>
==> default:

This may take a few more minutes the first time, as it might need to acquire the Ubuntu 14.04 image if not already available.

To log into the guest instance:

$ vagrant ssh

The GDFS source directory will be mounted at /gdrivefs, and the scripts will be in the path.

If you're familiar with Vagrant, you can copy the Vagrantfile and modify it to mount an additional path from the host system in the guest instance, and then use this to access your files from an incompatible system.

Developing/Debugging

Mounting GDFS in debugging-mode will run GDFS in the foreground, and enable debug-logging.

Just set the GD_DEBUG environment variable to "1":

root@vagrant-ubuntu-trusty-64:/home/vagrant# GD_DEBUG=1 gdfs /home/user/.gdfs/creds /mnt/g
2014-12-09 04:09:17,204 [gdrivefs.utility INFO] No mime-mapping was found.
2014-12-09 04:09:17,204 [gdrivefs.utility INFO] No extension-mapping was found.
2014-12-09 04:09:17,258 [__main__ DEBUG] Mounting GD with creds at [/home/user/.gdfs/creds]: /mnt/g
2014-12-09 04:09:17,259 [root DEBUG] Debug: True
2014-12-09 04:09:17,260 [root DEBUG] PERMS: F=777 E=666 NE=444
2014-12-09 04:09:17,262 [gdrivefs.drive DEBUG] Getting authorized HTTP tunnel.
2014-12-09 04:09:17,262 [gdrivefs.drive DEBUG] Got authorized tunnel.
FUSE library version: 2.9.2
nullpath_ok: 0
nopath: 0
utime_omit_ok: 0
unique: 1, opcode: INIT (26), nodeid: 0, insize: 56, pid: 0
INIT: 7.22
flags=0x0000f7fb
max_readahead=0x00020000
2014-12-09 04:09:22,839 [gdrivefs.fsutility DEBUG] --------------------------------------------------
2014-12-09 04:09:22,841 [gdrivefs.fsutility DEBUG] >>>>>>>>>> init(23) >>>>>>>>>> (0)
2014-12-09 04:09:22,841 [gdrivefs.fsutility DEBUG] DATA: path= [/]
2014-12-09 04:09:22,842 [gdrivefs.gdfuse INFO] Activating change-monitor.
2014-12-09 04:09:23,002 [gdrivefs.fsutility DEBUG] <<<<<<<<<< init(23) (0)
   INIT: 7.19
   flags=0x00000011

Troubleshooting Steps

  • If your setuptools package is too old, you might see the following [annoying] error:

    error: option --single-version-externally-managed not recognized
    

    See What does “error: option --single-version-externally-managed not recognized” indicate?.

    Apparently, the solution is to make sure that you have a healthy copy of Distribute and to, then, uninstall setuptools. However, this doesn't seem to [always] work. You might prefer to use the "easy_install" method, below.

  • If you see an error about antlr-python-runtime, try the following to install gdrivefs:

    $ sudo pip install --allow-unverified antlr-python-runtime --allow-external antlr-python-runtime gdrivefs
    

Options

Any of the configuration values in the conf.Conf module can be overwritten as "-o" options. You may pass the full array of FUSE options this way, as well.

Format Management

Google Drive will store Google Document files without a standard format. If you wish to download them, you have to select which format you'd like to download it as. One of the more exciting features of this FUSE implementation is the flexibility in choosing which format to download on the fly. See the section below labeled "Displaceables".

If a mime-type isn't provided when requesting a file that requires a mime-type in order to download, GDFS will make a guess based on whether the extension in the filename (if one exists) can be mapped to a mime-type that is available among the export-types provided by GD for that specific file.

The following is an example directory-listing:

-rw-rw-rw- 1 root root       0 Feb 17 07:52 20130217-145200
-rw-rw-rw- 1 root root       0 Feb 17 08:04 20130217-150358
-rw-rw-rw- 1 root root  358356 Feb 15 15:06 American-Pika-with-Food.jpg
-rw-rw-rw- 1 root root    1000 Oct 25 03:53 Dear Biola.docx#
-rw-rw-rw- 1 root root    1000 Oct 25 02:47 Dear Biola.docx (1)#
-rw-rw-rw- 1 root root    1000 Oct 15 14:29 Reflection.docx#
-rw-rw-rw- 1 root root 1536036 Nov 28 22:37 lotterynumbers01.png
drwxrwxrwx 2 root root    4096 Oct  4 06:08 Scratchpad#
drwxrwxrwx 2 root root    4096 Dec  1 19:21 testdir_1421#
-rw-rw-rw- 1 root root       5 Dec  2 08:50 testfile_0350
-rw-rw-rw- 1 root root       0 Dec  2 21:17 .testfile_0417.swp
-rw-rw-rw- 1 root root       0 Dec  3 00:38 testfile_1937
-rw-rw-rw- 1 root root       0 Dec  2 23:13 testfile_hidden_1812
-rw-rw-rw- 1 root root    1000 Oct  4 02:13 Untitled document#

Notice the following features:

  • Manages duplicates by appending index numbers (e.g. "<filename> (2)").
  • Mtimes, permissions, and ownership are correct.
  • Sizes are zero for file-types that Google hosts free of charge. These are always the files that don't have a strict, default format (the length is unknown).
  • Hidden files are prefixed with ".", thus hiding them from normal listings.
  • "Trashed" files are excluded from listings.
  • Any file that will require a mime-type in order to be downloaded has a "#" as the last character of its filename.

Displaceables

Google Documents stores all of its data on Google Drive. Google will store these files in an agnostic file entry whose format will not be determined until you download it in a specific format. Because the file is not stored in a particular format, it doesn't have a size. Because it doesn't have a size, the OS will not issue reads for more than (0) bytes.

To get around this, a read of these types of files will only return exactly 1000 bytes of JSON-encoded "stub data".. Information about the entry, including the file-path that we've stored it to.

This example also shows how we've specified a mime-type in order to get a PDF version of a Google Document file:

$ cp Copy\ of\ Dear\ Biola.docx#application+pdf /target
$ cat /tmp/Copy\ of\ Dear\ Biola.docx#application+pdf

Something like the following will be displayed:

{"ImageMediaMetadata": null,
 "Length": 58484,
 "FilePath": "/tmp/gdrivefs/displaced/Copy of Dear Biola.docx.application+pdf",
 "EntryId": "1Ih5yvXiNN588EruqrzBv_RBvsKbEvcyquStaJuTZ1mQ",
 "Title": "Copy of Dear Biola.docx",
 "RequiresMimeType": true,
 "Labels": {"restricted": false,
            "starred": false,
            "viewed": true,
            "hidden": false,
            "trashed": false},
 "OriginalMimeType": "application/vnd.google-apps.document",
 "ExportTypes": ["text/html",
                 "application/pdf",
                 "application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.wordprocessingml.document",
                 "application/vnd.oasis.opendocument.text",
                 "application/rtf", "text/plain"],
 "FinalMimeType": "application/pdf"}

From this, you can tell that the file was originally a Google Documents mimetype, and now its a PDF mime-type. You can also see various flags, as well as the location that the actual, requested file was stored to.

Cache/Change Management

A cache of both the file/folder entries is maintained, as well as a knowledge of file/folder relationships. However, updates are performed every few seconds using GD's "change" functionality.

Permissions

The default UID/GID of files is that of the current user. The default permissions (modes) are the following:

Entry Type Perm
Folder 777
Editable file 666
Non-editable file 444

Whether or not a file is "editable" is [obviously] an attribute reported by Google Drive.

These settings can be overridden via the "-o" comma-separated set of command-line options. See below.

Permission-Related Options

Related Standard FUSE

These options change the behavior at the FUSE level (above GDFS). See "man mount.fuse" for all options.

Option Description
umask=M Prescribe the umask value for -all- entries.
uid=N Change the default UID.
gid=N Change the default GID.
allow_other Allow other users access.
default_permissions Enforce the permission modes (off, by default)

GDFS-Specific

Option Description
default_perm_folder=nnn Default mode for folders.
default_perm_file_noneditable=nnn Default mode for non-editable files.
default_perm_file_editable=nnn Default mode for editable files (see above).

Example:

allow_other,default_permissions,default_perm_folder=770,default_perm_file_noneditable=440,default_perm_file_editable=660

Extended Attributes

Extended attributes allow access to arbitrary, filesystem-specific data. You may access any of the properties that Google Drive provides for a given entry, plus a handful of extra ones.

Listing attributes:

$ getfattr American-Pika-with-Food.jpg

# file: American-Pika-with-Food.jpg
user.extra.download_types
user.extra.is_directory
user.extra.is_visible
user.extra.parents
user.original.alternateLink
user.original.createdDate
user.original.downloadUrl
user.original.editable
user.original.etag
user.original.fileExtension
user.original.fileSize
user.original.iconLink
user.original.id
user.original.imageMediaMetadata
user.original.kind
user.original.labels
user.original.lastModifyingUser
user.original.lastModifyingUserName
user.original.md5Checksum
user.original.mimeType
user.original.modifiedByMeDate
user.original.modifiedDate
user.original.originalFilename
user.original.ownerNames
user.original.owners
user.original.parents
user.original.quotaBytesUsed
user.original.selfLink
user.original.shared
user.original.thumbnailLink
user.original.title
user.original.userPermission
user.original.webContentLink
user.original.writersCanShare

Getting specific attribute:

$ getfattr --only-values -n user.original.id American-Pika-with-Food.jpg

0B5Ft2OXeDBqSSGFIanJ2Z2c3RWs

$ getfattr --only-values -n user.original.modifiedDate American-Pika-with-Food.jpg

2013-02-15T15:06:09.691Z

$ getfattr --only-values -n user.original.labels American-Pika-with-Food.jpg

K(restricted)=V(False); K(starred)=V(False); K(viewed)=V(False); K(hidden)=V(False); K(trashed)=V(False)

This used to be rendered as JSON, but since the xattr utilities add their own quotes/etc.., it was more difficult to make sense of the values.

Misc Notes

  • A file will be marked as hidden on Google Drive if it has a prefixing dot. However, Linux/Unix doesn't care about the "hidden" attribute. If you create a file on Google Drive, somewhere else, and want it to truly be hidden via this software, make sure you add the prefixing dot.
  • If you have a need to do a developer install, use "pip install -e" rather than "python setup.py develop". The latter will [now] break because of the dependencies that are eggs.