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Maven Central Apache License

Auto updating launcher for JavaFX Applications. Combined with JavaFX native packaging, you get a native installer with automatic app updates.

You can see the launcher in action in this Demo Application.

QuickStart projects


Check out the changelog for a list of all updates to the project.

Video demonstration

See the launcher in action in this short screencast. There is also a video about customizing the update user interface.

How does it work?

FXLauncher is a 18Kb jar that can be used to boot your application. It knows the location of your application repository where you host all the app resources.

See a manifest example here. FXLauncher will look up the remote repository to check for a newer version of the manifest on each startup.

After the manifest is retrieved, FXLauncher synchronizes every file mentioned in the manifest while providing the user with a progress indicator. After all resources are in sync, a classloader is initialized with all the resources from the manifest.

Lastly, the application entry point retrieved from the manifest is invoked. Everything happens in-JVM, no restarts needed.

Before each run, the launcher will synchronize all resources and seamlessly launch an always updated application.

How to use FXLauncher

See the QuickStart projects at the top of the README for information on integrating FXLauncher in your build system.

Adhoc usage

FXLauncher can also be used to launch an application at an arbitrary url by specifying the --app parameter at startup:

java -jar fxlauncher.jar --app=http://remote/location/app.xml

Alternatively (or in combination with --app...), you can override the uri attribute in the manifest (app.xml) so that both app.xml and all resources are loaded from the specified uri. This is especially useful for testing the complete setup locally or from a staging environment.

java -jar fxlauncher.jar --uri=http://remote/location/

The two parameters also work in tandem, allowing you to load a specified manifest from one URL and override its uri.

java -jar fxlauncher.jar --app=http://remote/location/app.xml --uri=http://remote/location/

Note: All parameters (including these) are passed on to your application. So please ensure that your parameters have a different name if they carry different data.

Include other artifacts

--include-extensions accepts a comma separated list of filename extensions to include of other resources from the build dir. By default it always includes jar, war.

Class-Loader issues

To load the application FXLauncher creates a new classloader fed with the classes of your manifest. This works as long as none of the classes uses the system classloader to load one of your classes or resources which is not aware of the application classes then.

One example is Java's class which uses Class.forName to load a custom handler, which uses the classloader of the callee which is the system classloader then.

To workaround that problem you could setup a special FXLauncher classloader which allows a different strategy how to feed the classpath with additional classpath entries.

java -Djava.system.class.loader=fxlauncher.FxlauncherClassCloader -jar fxlauncher.jar --app=http://remote/location/app.xml


FXLauncher allows you to run in headless mode and thus be used not only for JavaFX applications, but also for e.g. services which run without any gui at all.

For this to work you could use fxlauncher.HeadlessMainLauncher

java -classpath fxlauncher.jar fxlauncher.HeadlessMainLauncher --app=http://remote/location/app.xml

Notice: WhatsNew is not supported.

File based deployment

The app uri can be a file:// based url instead of a web uri if your application is hosted on a common network location for your users.

UNC Paths

FXLauncher can deal with UNC paths, if you ask it nicely. Instead of \\server\share\myapp use file:////server/share/myapp. Yes, that's four forward slashes; two for the file:// protocol and two for the UNC path.

Native installers

The native installer does not contain any application code, only the launcher. There is no need to rebuild your native installer when you update your project, simply run the deploy-app goal and all users will run the newest version on their next startup. Point users to the fxlauncher.jar or to a native installer if you wish.

Try a native installer

Check out these prebuilt installers for a more complex demo application

Specify cache directory

By default, the artifacts are downloaded to the current working directory. This is usually fine for per-user native installers, but if you distribute your application via a system-wide native installer, or just the launcher jar, you might want to specify where the downloaded artifacts land. See the cache dir documentation for more information.

Installation location

It's worth noting that the two package alternatives for Windows, (EXE and MSI) have different default install locations. While EXE will default to %LocalAppData%, the MSI installer will default to %ProgramFiles%. To write to %ProgramFiles% one definitely does need admin privileges—that poses a problem for FXLauncher which, by default, downloads updates to where it was installed.

If you use the MSI installer you will therefore need to tell FXLauncher to cache artifacts somewhere it is allowed to put them. For an OS-independent answer to this problem, look no further than the two magical strings, USERLIB and ALLUSERS.

Read more about Java Packager in the official documentation:

Accept downgrades

FXLauncher will not download a remote version if the local version is newer. This is controlled by comparing a timestamp in the manifest. Specifying --accept-downgrades=true as the last argument to CreateManifest will allow you to make sure that the version you have published will always be used by your clients even if they have a newer version installed. This option is also available in the Gradle plugin as acceptDowngrades.

Ignore ssl errors.

If you are behind a proxy that does a man in the middle attack to snoop on ssl connections, you can use the --ignoressl commandline option to ignore the ssl errors this will generate.

Stop after update errors.

Normally FXlauncher will try to launch the application even if there were errors during the update of the files from the server. Often this will work using the files already in the local cache. You can change this behavior by specifying --stop-on-update-errors=true. The error will be shown and the launcher will exit. Specifying --stopOnUpdateErrors will result in the same behavior, but this variant is deprecated and will be removed in future versions. If both options are specified the value of --stop-on-update-errors will be used.

Show what's new dialog.

You can have FXLauncher show a whats new dialog. This dialog will only be shown when FXLauncher has to download new files from the server. The html will be shown in a WebView. Specify --whats-new=https://whatsnewurl/here

Applications with no default UI

By default the update screen will remain visible until the primary stage is shown. If your application does not show anything on the primary stage at startup, the update screen will stay visible until it does. You can pass in --lingering-update-screen=false to hide it immediately after the update process has completed.

A slimmer alternative

Instead of using javapackager to create an installer, you can embed the fxlauncher jar in a native installer system like Advanced Installer—same approach as above, but without using javapackager. With this approach, you can choose whether to include a JRE or have the installer software preinstall it. Again, you are only distributing the launcher with the native installer, the rest is pulled down on demand.

A note on classloaders

FXLauncher uses a custom classloader to dynamically load the synchronized resources. This classloader is then made available to the FXMLLoader. You can access it via FXMLLoader.getDefaultClassLoader().

Platform specific resources

FXLauncher supports filtering of resources for the running platform. Any resource that ends with -[mac|win|linux].jar will only be downloaded and put on the classpath on the corresponding platform. The manifest enforces this though the os attribute in app.xml.

Native libraries

If you need to load native libraries before the custom class loader kicks inn, specify the --preload-native-libraries= parameter to CreateManifest. It supports a comma separated list of libraries to load. Remember: No extensions, just the library name.

Custom UI

There are two ways to customize the appearance of the update UI. Either you can configure the supported style properties in the manifest, or you can provide a custom implementation of the UIProvider to completely customize the UI. Have a look at this Custom UI Demo Project for more information about customizing the updater.