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README.md

ethereumjs-devp2p

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This library bundles different components for lower-level peer-to-peer connection and message exchange:

  • Distributed Peer Table (DPT) / Node Discovery
  • RLPx Transport Protocol
  • Ethereum Wire Protocol (ETH)
  • Light Ethereum Subprotocol (LES/2)

The library is based on ethereumjs/node-devp2p as well as other sub-libraries (node-* named) (all outdated).

Run/Build

This library has to be compiled with babel to a Node 6 friendly source format. For triggering a (first) build to create the lib/ directory run:

npm run build

You can also use babel just-in-time compilation to run a script:

node -r babel-register [YOUR_SCRIPT_TO_RUN.js]

Usage/Examples

All components of this library are implemented as Node EventEmitter objects and make heavy use of the Node.js network stack.

You can react on events from the network like this:

dpt.on('peer:added', (peer) => {
  // Do something...
})

Basic example to connect to some bootstrap nodes and get basic peer info:

Communicate with peers to read new transaction and block information:

Run an example with:

node -r babel-register ./examples/peer-communication.js

Distributed Peer Table (DPT) / Node Discovery

Maintain/manage a list of peers, see ./src/dpt/, also includes node discovery (./src/dpt/server.js)

Usage

Create your peer table:

const dpt = new DPT(Buffer.from(PRIVATE_KEY, 'hex'), {
  endpoint: {
    address: '0.0.0.0',
    udpPort: null,
    tcpPort: null
  }
})

Add some bootstrap nodes (or some custom nodes with dpt.addPeer()):

dpt.bootstrap(bootnode).catch((err) => console.error('Something went wrong!'))

API

DPT (extends EventEmitter)

Distributed Peer Table. Manages a Kademlia DHT K-bucket (Kbucket) for storing peer information and a BanList for keeping a list of bad peers. Server implements the node discovery (ping, pong, findNeighbours).

new DPT(privateKey, options)

Creates new DPT object

  • privateKey - Key for message encoding/signing.
  • options.refreshInterval - Interval in ms for refreshing (calling findNeighbours) the peer list (default: 60s).
  • options.createSocket - A datagram (dgram) createSocket function, passed to Server (default: dgram.createSocket.bind(null, 'udp4')).
  • options.timeout - Timeout in ms for server ping, passed to Server (default: 10s).
  • options.endpoint - Endpoint information to send with the server ping, passed to Server (default: { address: '0.0.0.0', udpPort: null, tcpPort: null }).

dpt.bootstrap(peer) (async)

Uses a peer as new bootstrap peer and calls findNeighbouts.

  • peer - Peer to be added, format { address: [ADDRESS], udpPort: [UDPPORT], tcpPort: [TCPPORT] }.

dpt.addPeer(object) (async)

Adds a new peer.

  • object - Peer to be added, format { address: [ADDRESS], udpPort: [UDPPORT], tcpPort: [TCPPORT] }.

For other utility functions like getPeer, getPeers see ./src/dpt/index.js.

Events

Events emitted:

Event Description
peer:added Peer added to DHT bucket
peer:removed Peer removed from DHT bucket
peer:new New peer added
listening Forwarded from server
close Forwarded from server
error Forwarded from server

Reference

RLPx Transport Protocol

Connect to a peer, organize the communication, see ./src/rlpx/

Usage

Create your RLPx object, e.g.:

const rlpx = new devp2p.RLPx(PRIVATE_KEY, {
  dpt: dpt,
  maxPeers: 25,
  capabilities: [
    devp2p.ETH.eth63,
    devp2p.ETH.eth62
  ],
  listenPort: null
})

API

RLPx (extends EventEmitter)

Manages the handshake (ECIES) and the handling of the peer communication (Peer).

new RLPx(privateKey, options)

Creates new RLPx object

  • privateKey - Key for message encoding/signing.
  • options.timeout - Peer ping timeout in ms (default: 10s).
  • options.maxPeers - Max number of peer connections (default: 10).
  • options.clientId - Client ID string (default example: ethereumjs-devp2p/v2.1.3/darwin-x64/nodejs).
  • options.remoteClientIdFilter - Optional list of client ID filter strings (e.g. ['go1.5', 'quorum']).
  • options.capabilities - Upper layer protocol capabilities, e.g. [devp2p.ETH.eth63, devp2p.ETH.eth62].
  • options.listenPort - The listening port for the server or null for default.
  • options.dpt - DPT object for the peers to connect to (default: null, no DPT peer management).

rlpx.connect(peer) (async)

Manually connect to peer without DPT.

  • peer - Peer to connect to, format { id: PEER_ID, address: PEER_ADDRESS, port: PEER_PORT }.

For other connection/utility functions like listen, getPeers see ./src/rlpx/index.js.

Events

Events emitted:

Event Description
peer:added Handshake with peer successful
peer:removed Disconnected from peer
peer:error Error connecting to peer
listening Forwarded from server
close Forwarded from server
error Forwarded from server

Reference

Ethereum Wire Protocol (ETH)

Upper layer protocol for exchanging Ethereum network data like block headers or transactions with a node, see ./src/eth/.

Usage

Send the initial status message with sendStatus(), then wait for the corresponding status message to arrive to start the communication.

eth.once('status', () => {
  // Send an initial message
  eth.sendMessage()
})

Wait for follow-up messages to arrive, send your responses.

eth.on('message', async (code, payload) => {
  if (code === devp2p.ETH.MESSAGE_CODES.NEW_BLOCK_HASHES) {
    // Do something with your new block hashes :-)
  }
})

See the peer-communication.js example for a more detailed use case.

API

ETH (extends EventEmitter)

Handles the different message types like NEW_BLOCK_HASHES or GET_NODE_DATA (see MESSAGE_CODES) for a complete list. Currently protocol versions PV62 and PV63 are supported.

new ETH(privateKey, options)

Normally not instantiated directly but created as a SubProtocol in the Peer object.

  • version - The protocol version for communicating, e.g. 63.
  • peer - Peer object to communicate with.
  • send - Wrapped peer.sendMessage() function where the communication is routed to.

eth.sendStatus(status)

Send initial status message.

  • status - Status message to send, format { networkId: CHAIN_ID, td: TOTAL_DIFFICULTY_BUFFER, bestHash: BEST_HASH_BUFFER, genesisHash: GENESIS_HASH_BUFFER }.

eth.sendMessage(code, payload)

Send initial status message.

  • code - The message code, see MESSAGE_CODES for available message types.
  • payload - Payload as a list, will be rlp-encoded.

Events

Events emitted:

Event Description
message Message received
status Status info received

Reference

Light Ethereum Subprotocol (LES)

Upper layer protocol used by light clients, see ./src/les/.

Usage

Send the initial status message with sendStatus(), then wait for the corresponding status message to arrive to start the communication.

les.once('status', () => {
  // Send an initial message
  les.sendMessage()
})

Wait for follow-up messages to arrive, send your responses.

les.on('message', async (code, payload) => {
  if (code === devp2p.LES.MESSAGE_CODES.BLOCK_HEADERS) {
    // Do something with your new block headers :-)
  }
})

See the peer-communication-les.js example for a more detailed use case.

API

LES (extends EventEmitter)

Handles the different message types like BLOCK_HEADERS or GET_PROOFS_V2 (see MESSAGE_CODES) for a complete list. Currently protocol version LES/2 running in client-mode is supported.

new LES(privateKey, options)

Normally not instantiated directly but created as a SubProtocol in the Peer object.

  • version - The protocol version for communicating, e.g. 2.
  • peer - Peer object to communicate with.
  • send - Wrapped peer.sendMessage() function where the communication is routed to.

les.sendStatus(status)

Send initial status message.

  • status - Status message to send, format { networkId: CHAIN_ID, headTd: TOTAL_DIFFICULTY_BUFFER, headHash: HEAD_HASH_BUFFER, headNum: HEAD_NUM_BUFFER, genesisHash: GENESIS_HASH_BUFFER }.

les.sendMessage(code, reqId, payload)

Send initial status message.

  • code - The message code, see MESSAGE_CODES for available message types.
  • reqId - Request ID, will be echoed back on response.
  • payload - Payload as a list, will be rlp-encoded.

Events

Events emitted:

Event Description
message Message received
status Status info received

Reference

Tests

There are unit tests in the test/ directory which can be run with:

npm run test

Debugging

This library uses debug debugging utility package.

For the debugging output to show up, set the DEBUG environment variable (e.g. in Linux/Mac OS: export DEBUG=*,-babel).

You should now see debug output like to following when running one of the examples above (the indented lines):

Add peer: 52.3.158.184:30303 Geth/v1.7.3-unstable-479aa61f/linux-amd64/go1.9 (eth63) (total: 2)
  devp2p:rlpx:peer Received body 52.169.42.101:30303 01c110 +133ms
  devp2p:rlpx:peer Message code: 1 - 0 = 1 +0ms
  devp2p:rlpx refill connections.. queue size: 0, open slots: 20 +1ms
  devp2p:rlpx 52.169.42.101:30303 disconnect, reason: 16 +1ms
Remove peer: 52.169.42.101:30303 (peer disconnect, reason code: 16) (total: 1)

General References

Other Implementations

The following is a list of major implementations of the devp2p stack in other languages:

Links

License

MIT