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WATCHDOG: Avoid non async-signal-safe from the signal_handler

While debugging rhbz#1396912 a deadlock on sssd_be was noticed[0] and
it's been caused by the use of non async-signal-safe functions from the
signal_handler (please, see man 7 signal for more info about which are
the async-signal-safe functions that can be used).

In order to work this situation around a pipe has been added to the
watchdog_ctx structure and a single byte is written to this pipe (which
is an async-signal-safe operation) and the logic currently done by the
timer handler will be done inside the fd handler in a safe way.

It's really worth to mention that a proper fix the clock screw situation
should be implemented on samba's side, by having tevent using monotonic
(or boottime) clock.

[0]:
  [root@dusan ~]# pstack 17922
    #0  __lll_lock_wait_private () at ../nptl/sysdeps/unix/sysv/linux/x86_64/lowlevellock.S:95
    SSSD#1  0x00007fe707d04f93 in _L_lock_14932 () from /lib64/libc.so.6
    SSSD#2  0x00007fe707d02013 in __GI___libc_malloc (bytes=140630248638304, bytes@entry=15) at malloc.c:2891
    SSSD#3  0x00007fe707d0888a in __GI___strdup (s=0x7fe707dff4f7 "/etc/localtime") at strdup.c:42
    SSSD#4  0x00007fe707d31b61 in tzset_internal (always=<optimized out>, explicit=explicit@entry=1) at tzset.c:438
    SSSD#5  0x00007fe707d32523 in __tz_convert (timer=timer@entry=0x7ffcd5d2b090, use_localtime=use_localtime@entry=1, tp=tp@entry=0x7fe708041d40 <_tmbuf>) at tzset.c:621
    SSSD#6  0x00007fe707d30521 in __GI_localtime (t=t@entry=0x7ffcd5d2b090) at localtime.c:42
    SSSD#7  0x00007fe70886c7b0 in sss_vdebug_fn (file=<optimized out>, line=<optimized out>, function=0x7fe70bff27f0 <__FUNCTION__.9379> "watchdog_handler", level=16, flags=flags@entry=0, format=format@entry=0x7fe70bff2760 "Watchdog timer overflow, killing process!\n", ap=ap@entry=0x7ffcd5d2b130) at src/util/debug.c:248
    SSSD#8  0x00007fe70886c995 in sss_debug_fn (file=file@entry=0x7fe70bff263b "src/util/util_watchdog.c", line=line@entry=82, function=function@entry=0x7fe70bff27f0 <__FUNCTION__.9379> "watchdog_handler", level=level@entry=16, format=format@entry=0x7fe70bff2760 "Watchdog timer overflow, killing process!\n") at src/util/debug.c:284
    SSSD#9  0x00007fe70bfdb409 in watchdog_handler (sig=<optimized out>) at src/util/util_watchdog.c:81
    SSSD#10 <signal handler called>
    SSSD#11 0x00007fe707cff664 in _int_malloc (av=av@entry=0x7fe70803c760 <main_arena>, bytes=bytes@entry=151) at malloc.c:3494
    SSSD#12 0x00007fe707d01fbc in __GI___libc_malloc (bytes=bytes@entry=151) at malloc.c:2893
    SSSD#13 0x00007fe708450749 in __talloc_with_prefix (prefix_len=0, size=55, context=0x7fe718373210) at ../talloc.c:668
    SSSD#14 __talloc (size=55, context=0x7fe718373210) at ../talloc.c:708
    SSSD#15 _talloc_named_const (name=0x7fe70bb7015d "../common/ldb_pack.c:425", size=55, context=0x7fe718373210) at ../talloc.c:865
    SSSD#16 talloc_named_const (context=<optimized out>, size=size@entry=55, name=name@entry=0x7fe70bb7015d "../common/ldb_pack.c:425") at ../talloc.c:1606
    SSSD#17 0x00007fe70bb61803 in ldb_unpack_data_only_attr_list (ldb=ldb@entry=0x7fe70e4d52c0, data=data@entry=0x7ffcd5d2b990, message=0x7fe7184aa1e0, list=list@entry=0x0, list_size=list_size@entry=0, nb_elements_in_db=nb_elements_in_db@entry=0x0) at ../common/ldb_pack.c:425
    SSSD#18 0x00007fe70bb61a7d in ldb_unpack_data (ldb=ldb@entry=0x7fe70e4d52c0, data=data@entry=0x7ffcd5d2b990, message=<optimized out>) at ../common/ldb_pack.c:470
    SSSD#19 0x00007fe6fdc29b46 in ltdb_parse_data_unpack (key=..., data=..., private_data=0x7ffcd5d2ba70) at ../ldb_tdb/ldb_search.c:249
    SSSD#20 0x00007fe70a5e0a24 in tdb_parse_data (tdb=tdb@entry=0x7fe70e4eaa10, key=..., offset=15619748, len=414772, parser=parser@entry=0x7fe6fdc29b10 <ltdb_parse_data_unpack>, private_data=private_data@entry=0x7ffcd5d2ba70) at ../common/io.c:637
    SSSD#21 0x00007fe70a5dc1fc in tdb_parse_record (tdb=0x7fe70e4eaa10, key=..., parser=parser@entry=0x7fe6fdc29b10 <ltdb_parse_data_unpack>, private_data=private_data@entry=0x7ffcd5d2ba70) at ../common/tdb.c:253
    SSSD#22 0x00007fe6fdc29e7b in ltdb_search_dn1 (module=module@entry=0x7fe70e4eab50, dn=dn@entry=0x7fe7183c4940, msg=msg@entry=0x7fe7184aa1e0) at ../ldb_tdb/ldb_search.c:287
    SSSD#23 0x00007fe6fdc2acbb in ltdb_dn_list_load (module=module@entry=0x7fe70e4eab50, dn=dn@entry=0x7fe7183c4940, list=list@entry=0x7fe7183c3a30) at ../ldb_tdb/ldb_index.c:181
    SSSD#24 0x00007fe6fdc2bbbb in ltdb_index_add1 (module=module@entry=0x7fe70e4eab50, dn=dn@entry=0x7fe7183bf3e0 "name=testuser7045@domain.com,cn=users,cn=DOMAIN.COM,cn=sysdb", v_idx=v_idx@entry=0, el=<optimized out>, el=<optimized out>) at ../ldb_tdb/ldb_index.c:1134
    SSSD#25 0x00007fe6fdc2c62c in ltdb_index_add_el (el=0x7fe7184aa3e0, dn=0x7fe7183bf3e0 "name=testuser7045@domain.com,cn=users,cn=DOMAIN.COM,cn=sysdb", module=0x7fe70e4eab50) at ../ldb_tdb/ldb_index.c:1180
    SSSD#26 ltdb_index_add_element (module=module@entry=0x7fe70e4eab50, dn=<optimized out>, el=el@entry=0x7fe7184aa3e0) at ../ldb_tdb/ldb_index.c:1290
    SSSD#27 0x00007fe6fdc290bb in ltdb_modify_internal (module=module@entry=0x7fe70e4eab50, msg=0x7fe7183bf0c0, req=req@entry=0x7fe7183bdc10) at ../ldb_tdb/ldb_tdb.c:903
    SSSD#28 0x00007fe6fdc2958a in ltdb_modify (ctx=0x7fe7183c2950, ctx=0x7fe7183c2950) at ../ldb_tdb/ldb_tdb.c:998
    SSSD#29 ltdb_callback (ev=<optimized out>, te=<optimized out>, t=..., private_data=<optimized out>) at ../ldb_tdb/ldb_tdb.c:1380
    SSSD#30 0x00007fe708664b4f in tevent_common_loop_timer_delay (ev=ev@entry=0x7fe70e4d2890) at ../tevent_timed.c:341
    SSSD#31 0x00007fe708665b5a in epoll_event_loop_once (ev=0x7fe70e4d2890, location=<optimized out>) at ../tevent_epoll.c:911
    SSSD#32 0x00007fe708664257 in std_event_loop_once (ev=0x7fe70e4d2890, location=0x7fe70bb72ec5 "../common/ldb.c:631") at ../tevent_standard.c:114
    SSSD#33 0x00007fe70866040d in _tevent_loop_once (ev=ev@entry=0x7fe70e4d2890, location=location@entry=0x7fe70bb72ec5 "../common/ldb.c:631") at ../tevent.c:533
    SSSD#34 0x00007fe70bb6bc4f in ldb_wait (handle=0x7fe7183c4530, type=<optimized out>) at ../common/ldb.c:631
    SSSD#35 0x00007fe70bb6c793 in ldb_autotransaction_request (ldb=0x7fe70e4d52c0, req=0x7fe7183bdc10) at ../common/ldb.c:573
    SSSD#36 0x00007fe70bb6d263 in ldb_modify (ldb=ldb@entry=0x7fe70e4d52c0, message=<optimized out>) at ../common/ldb.c:1655
    SSSD#37 0x00007fe70bfa2ab5 in sysdb_set_cache_entry_attr (ldb=0x7fe70e4d52c0, entry_dn=entry_dn@entry=0x7fe7183c4760, attrs=attrs@entry=0x7fe7183bf680, mod_op=mod_op@entry=2) at src/db/sysdb_ops.c:1159
    SSSD#38 0x00007fe70bfa304d in sysdb_rep_ts_entry_attr (sysdb=0x7fe70e4eadd0, attrs=0x7fe7183bf680, entry_dn=0x7fe7183c4760) at src/db/sysdb_ops.c:1218
    SSSD#39 sysdb_set_ts_entry_attr (sysdb=sysdb@entry=0x7fe70e4eadd0, entry_dn=entry_dn@entry=0x7fe7183c4760, attrs=attrs@entry=0x7fe7183bb840, mod_op=mod_op@entry=2) at src/db/sysdb_ops.c:1248
    SSSD#40 0x00007fe70bfa4aa9 in sysdb_set_entry_attr (sysdb=0x7fe70e4eadd0, entry_dn=0x7fe7183c4760, attrs=attrs@entry=0x7fe7183bb840, mod_op=mod_op@entry=2) at src/db/sysdb_ops.c:1199
    SSSD#41 0x00007fe70bfa4b5f in sysdb_set_user_attr (domain=domain@entry=0x7fe70e4d62f0, name=name@entry=0x7fe7183c01f0 "testuser7045@domain.com", attrs=attrs@entry=0x7fe7183bb840, mod_op=mod_op@entry=2) at src/db/sysdb_ops.c:1285
    SSSD#42 0x00007fe70bfa58c3 in sysdb_add_user (domain=domain@entry=0x7fe70e4d62f0, name=name@entry=0x7fe7183c01f0 "testuser7045@domain.com", uid=uid@entry=1415408147, gid=<optimized out>, gid@entry=1415400513, gecos=gecos@entry=0x7fe710465d00 "Test User7045", homedir=homedir@entry=0x0, shell=shell@entry=0x0, orig_dn=orig_dn@entry=0x7fe710465940 "CN=Test User7045,OU=Sales,DC=DOMAIN,DC=COM", attrs=attrs@entry=0x7fe7183bb840, cache_timeout=cache_timeout@entry=5400, now=now@entry=1481105315) at src/db/sysdb_ops.c:1928
    SSSD#43 0x00007fe70bfab271 in sysdb_store_new_user (now=1481105315, cache_timeout=5400, attrs=0x7fe7183bb840, orig_dn=0x7fe710465940 "CN=Test User7045,OU=Sales,DC=DOMAIN,DC=COM", shell=0x0, homedir=0x0, gecos=0x7fe710465d00 "Test User7045", gid=1415400513, uid=1415408147, name=0x7fe7183c01f0 "testuser7045@domain.com", domain=0x7fe70e4d62f0) at src/db/sysdb_ops.c:2549
    SSSD#44 sysdb_store_user (domain=domain@entry=0x7fe70e4d62f0, name=0x7fe7183c01f0 "testuser7045@domain.com", pwd=pwd@entry=0x0, uid=1415408147, gid=1415400513, gecos=gecos@entry=0x7fe710465d00 "Test User7045", homedir=homedir@entry=0x0, shell=shell@entry=0x0, orig_dn=orig_dn@entry=0x7fe710465940 "CN=Test User7045,OU=Sales,DC=DOMAIN,DC=COM", attrs=attrs@entry=0x7fe7183bb840, remove_attrs=0x7fe7183c08a0, cache_timeout=cache_timeout@entry=5400, now=now@entry=1481105315) at src/db/sysdb_ops.c:2499
    SSSD#45 0x00007fe6fba0d9f9 in sdap_save_user (memctx=memctx@entry=0x7fe70e544ee0, opts=opts@entry=0x7fe70e518400, dom=dom@entry=0x7fe70e4d62f0, attrs=<optimized out>, _usn_value=_usn_value@entry=0x7ffcd5d2c260, now=now@entry=1481105315) at src/providers/ldap/sdap_async_users.c:509
    SSSD#46 0x00007fe6fba0df9a in sdap_save_users (memctx=memctx@entry=0x7fe70e544e40, sysdb=0x7fe70e4eadd0, dom=0x7fe70e4d62f0, opts=0x7fe70e518400, users=<optimized out>, num_users=10006, _usn_value=_usn_value@entry=0x7fe70e544e60) at src/providers/ldap/sdap_async_users.c:572
    SSSD#47 0x00007fe6fba0e460 in sdap_get_users_done (subreq=<optimized out>) at src/providers/ldap/sdap_async_users.c:938
    SSSD#48 0x00007fe6fba0c9d5 in sdap_search_user_process (subreq=0x0) at src/providers/ldap/sdap_async_users.c:814
    SSSD#49 0x00007fe6fba07379 in generic_ext_search_handler (subreq=0x0, opts=<optimized out>) at src/providers/ldap/sdap_async.c:1689
    SSSD#50 0x00007fe6fba0991b in sdap_get_generic_op_finished (op=<optimized out>, reply=<optimized out>, error=<optimized out>, pvt=<optimized out>) at src/providers/ldap/sdap_async.c:1621
    SSSD#51 0x00007fe6fba083cd in sdap_process_message (ev=<optimized out>, sh=<optimized out>, msg=0x7fe70e5f9ce0) at src/providers/ldap/sdap_async.c:353
    SSSD#52 sdap_process_result (ev=<optimized out>, pvt=<optimized out>) at src/providers/ldap/sdap_async.c:197
    SSSD#53 0x00007fe708664b4f in tevent_common_loop_timer_delay (ev=ev@entry=0x7fe70e4cbc30) at ../tevent_timed.c:341
    SSSD#54 0x00007fe708665b5a in epoll_event_loop_once (ev=0x7fe70e4cbc30, location=<optimized out>) at ../tevent_epoll.c:911
    SSSD#55 0x00007fe708664257 in std_event_loop_once (ev=0x7fe70e4cbc30, location=0x7fe70bfee8e7 "src/util/server.c:702") at ../tevent_standard.c:114
    SSSD#56 0x00007fe70866040d in _tevent_loop_once (ev=ev@entry=0x7fe70e4cbc30, location=location@entry=0x7fe70bfee8e7 "src/util/server.c:702") at ../tevent.c:533
    SSSD#57 0x00007fe7086605ab in tevent_common_loop_wait (ev=0x7fe70e4cbc30, location=0x7fe70bfee8e7 "src/util/server.c:702") at ../tevent.c:637
    SSSD#58 0x00007fe7086641f7 in std_event_loop_wait (ev=0x7fe70e4cbc30, location=0x7fe70bfee8e7 "src/util/server.c:702") at ../tevent_standard.c:140
    SSSD#59 0x00007fe70bfd1993 in server_loop (main_ctx=0x7fe70e4cd080) at src/util/server.c:702
    SSSD#60 0x00007fe70c84cb82 in main (argc=8, argv=<optimized out>) at src/providers/data_provider_be.c:587

Resolves:
https://fedorahosted.org/sssd/ticket/3266

Signed-off-by: Fabiano Fidêncio <fidencio@redhat.com>
  • Loading branch information
fidencio committed Dec 7, 2016
1 parent 075d898 commit 8079834c77eb89209737b8544ed3eb29b965095d
Showing with 87 additions and 11 deletions.
  1. +87 −11 src/util/util_watchdog.c
@@ -23,6 +23,7 @@

#define WATCHDOG_DEF_INTERVAL 10
#define WATCHDOG_MAX_TICKS 3
#define DEFAULT_BUFFER_SIZE 4096

/* this is intentionally a global variable */
struct watchdog_ctx {
@@ -35,6 +36,8 @@ struct watchdog_ctx {
struct tevent_context *ev;
int input_interval;
time_t timestamp;
struct tevent_fd *tfd;
int pipefd[2];
} watchdog_ctx;

static bool watchdog_detect_timeshift(void)
@@ -70,17 +73,8 @@ static bool watchdog_detect_timeshift(void)
* signals either */
static void watchdog_handler(int sig)
{
/* Do not count ticks if time shift was detected
* since watchdog was restarted. */
if (watchdog_detect_timeshift()) {
return;
}

/* if a pre-defined number of ticks passed by kills itself */
if (__sync_add_and_fetch(&watchdog_ctx.ticks, 1) > WATCHDOG_MAX_TICKS) {
DEBUG(SSSDBG_FATAL_FAILURE,
"Watchdog timer overflow, killing process!\n");
orderly_shutdown(1);
if (write(watchdog_ctx.pipefd[1], "1", 1) != 1) {
_exit(1);
}
}

@@ -109,10 +103,70 @@ static void watchdog_event_handler(struct tevent_context *ev,
}
}

static errno_t watchdog_fd_recv_data(int fd)
{
ssize_t len;
char buffer[DEFAULT_BUFFER_SIZE];
errno_t ret;

errno = 0;
len = read(fd, buffer, DEFAULT_BUFFER_SIZE);
if (len == -1) {
if (errno == EAGAIN || errno == EWOULDBLOCK || errno == EINTR) {
return EAGAIN;
} else {
ret = errno;
DEBUG(SSSDBG_CRIT_FAILURE,
"write failed [%d]: %s\n", ret, strerror(ret));
return ret;
}
}

return EOK;
}

static void watchdog_fd_read_handler(struct tevent_context *ev,
struct tevent_fd *fde,
uint16_t flags,
void *data)
{
errno_t ret;

ret = watchdog_fd_recv_data(watchdog_ctx.pipefd[0]);
switch(ret) {
case EAGAIN:
DEBUG(SSSDBG_TRACE_ALL,
"Interrupted before any data could be read, retry later.\n");
return;
case EOK:
/* all fine */
break;
default:
DEBUG(SSSDBG_FATAL_FAILURE,
"Failed to receive data [%d]: %s. "
"orderly_shutdown() will be called.\n", ret, strerror(ret));
orderly_shutdown(1);
}

/* Do not count ticks if time shift was detected
* since watchdog was restarted. */
if (watchdog_detect_timeshift()) {
return;
}

/* if a pre-defined number of ticks passed by kills itself */
if (__sync_add_and_fetch(&watchdog_ctx.ticks, 1) > WATCHDOG_MAX_TICKS) {
DEBUG(SSSDBG_FATAL_FAILURE,
"Watchdog timer overflow, killing process!\n");
orderly_shutdown(1);
}
}

int setup_watchdog(struct tevent_context *ev, int interval)
{
struct sigevent sev;
struct itimerspec its;
struct tevent_fd *tfd;
int signum = SIGRTMIN;
int ret;

@@ -142,6 +196,21 @@ int setup_watchdog(struct tevent_context *ev, int interval)
watchdog_ctx.input_interval = interval;
watchdog_ctx.timestamp = time(NULL);

ret = pipe(watchdog_ctx.pipefd);
if (ret == -1) {
ret = errno;
DEBUG(SSSDBG_FATAL_FAILURE,
"pipe failed [%d] [%s].\n", ret, strerror(ret));
return ret;
}

sss_fd_nonblocking(watchdog_ctx.pipefd[0]);
sss_fd_nonblocking(watchdog_ctx.pipefd[1]);

tfd = tevent_add_fd(ev, (TALLOC_CTX *)ev, watchdog_ctx.pipefd[0],
TEVENT_FD_READ, watchdog_fd_read_handler, NULL);
watchdog_ctx.tfd = tfd;

/* Start the timer */
/* we give 1 second head start to the watchdog event */
its.it_value.tv_sec = interval + 1;
@@ -178,6 +247,13 @@ void teardown_watchdog(void)
ret, strerror(ret));
}

/* Free the tevent_fd */
talloc_zfree(watchdog_ctx.tfd);

/* Close the pipefds */
PIPE_FD_CLOSE(watchdog_ctx.pipefd[0]);
PIPE_FD_CLOSE(watchdog_ctx.pipefd[1]);

/* and kill the watchdog event */
talloc_free(watchdog_ctx.te);
}

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