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🇫🇮Omorfi–Open morphology of Finnish

This is a free/libre open source morphology of Finnish: a database, tools and APIs. Everything you need to build NLP applications processing Finnish language words and texts.

  • 🇫🇮 high-quality Finnish text analysis and generation
  • 🩸 bleeding edge
  • ⚡ blazing fast

Build Status CI


I try to keep this README very condensed for github. For more detailed information, see github pages for omorfi.

Citing and academic works

Citation information is available in github's cite this repository function, backed by the CITATION.cff. For further details, see omorfi articles.

Downloading and further information

Omorfi source packages can be downloaded from github:

or the most current version using git. For more information, see Release policy

For quick installation under restricted environments, see Python or Docker instructions below.


  • hfst-3.15 or greater,
  • python-3.5 or greater,
  • libhfst-python,
  • C++ compiler and libtool
  • GNU autoconf-2.64, automake-1.12; compatible pkg-config implementation


  • VISL CG 3
  • hfst-ospell-0.2.0 or greater needed for spell-checking
  • Java 7, or greater, for Java bindings


For detailed instructions and explanations of different options, see Installation instructions on the github pages site. This readme is a quick reference.

Full installation

Requires all dependencies to be installed.

autoreconf -i
make install

Will install binaries and scripts for all users on typical environments

Minimal "installation"

To skip language model building and use some of the scripts locally.

autoreconf -i

This will download some of the pre-compiled dictionaries into your current working directory.

Python installation

It is possible to install within python via pip or anaconda. The dependencies that are not available in pip or anaconda will not be usable, e.g. syntactic analysis and disambiguation using VISL CG 3.

pip install omorfi


conda install -c flammie omorfi


It is possible to use omorfi with a ready-made docker container, there is a Dockerfile in src/docker/Dockerfile for that.

docker build -t omorfi Dockerfile
docker run -it omorfi bash


Omorfi can be used from command line using following commands:

  1. analyse and disambiguate
  2. analyse
  3. spell-check and correct
  4. morphologically segment
  5. omorfi-conllu.bash: analyse in CONLL-U format
  6. omorfi-freq-evals.bash: analyse coverage and statistics
  7. omorfi-ftb3.bash: analyse in FTB-3 format (CONLL-X)
  8. omorfi-factorise.bash: analyse in Moses-SMT factorised format
  9. omorfi-vislcg.bash: analyse in VISL CG 3 format
  10. analyse word per line (faster)
  11. generate word-forms from omor descriptions
  12. omorfi-download.bash: download language models from latest release

For further details please refer to:

Programming APIs

Omorfi can be used via very simple programming APIs, the design is detailed in omorfi API design

Using binary models

There are various binaries for language models that can be used with specialised tools like HFST. For further details, see our usage examples.


For full descriptions and archived problems, see: Troubleshooting in github pages

hfst-lexc: Unknown option

Update HFST.

ImportError (or other Python problems)

In order for python scripts to work you need to install them to same prefix as python, or define PYTHONPATH, e.g. export PYTHONPATH=/usr/local/lib/python3.4/site-packages/

Processing text gets stuck / takes long

This can easily happen for legit reasons. It can be reduced by filtering overlong tokens out. Or processing texts in smaller pieces.

Make gets killed

Get more RAM or swap space.


Omorfi code and data are free and libre open source, and community-driven, to participate, read further information in CONTRIBUTING


  • Issues and problems may be filed in our github issue tracker, including support questions
  • IRC channel #omorfi on OFTC is particularly good for live chat for support questions, suggestions and discussions
  • omorfi-devel mailing list is good for longer more involved discussions

You can always discuss in English or Finnish on any of the channels.

Code of conduct

See our code of conduct.


A lot of omorfi development has been done on spare time and by volunteers, if you want to support Flammie you can use the github's ❤️Sponsor button, or any of the services below:

Donate using Liberapay

Become a Patron!