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Fault handler for Python: display the Python backtrace on SIGSEGV, SIGFPE, SIGABRT, SIGBUS and SIGILL signals

Issue #23433: Fix faulthandler._stack_overflow()

Fix undefined behaviour: don't compare pointers. Use Py_uintptr_t type
instead of void*. It fixes test_faulthandler on Fedora 22 which now uses
GCC 5.
latest commit c5c12bbf7e
haypoenovance haypoenovance authored

README

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Fault handler
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Fault handler for SIGSEGV, SIGFPE, SIGABRT, SIGBUS and SIGILL signals: display
the Python traceback and restore the previous handler. Allocate an alternate
stack for this handler, if sigaltstack() is available, to be able to allocate
memory on the stack, even on stack overflow (not available on Windows).

Import the module and call faulthandler.enable() to enable the fault handler.

The fault handler is called on catastrophic cases and so it can only use
signal-safe functions (eg. it doesn't allocate memory on the heap). That's why
the traceback is limited: it only supports ASCII encoding (use the
backslashreplace error handler for non-ASCII characters) and limits each string
to 100 characters, doesn't print the source code in the traceback (only the
filename, the function name and the line number), is limited to 100 frames and
100 threads.

By default, the Python traceback is written to the standard error stream. Start
your graphical applications in a terminal and run your server in foreground to
see the traceback, or pass a file to faulthandler.enable().

faulthandler is implemented in C using signal handlers to be able to dump a
traceback on a crash or when Python is blocked (eg. deadlock).

Website:
http://faulthandler.readthedocs.org/

faulthandler is part of Python since Python 3.3:
http://docs.python.org/dev/library/faulthandler.html

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