pyc64: Commodore-64 simulator in pure Python!
... Or is it?
Well, it emulates the character mode with sprites quite well and thus you can display pretty PETSCII pictures if you want. It's generally not possible to run actual C-64 software, but that's not the real goal of this project. (Look at actual c-64 emulators such as Vice or CCS64 if you want that)
6502 machine code execution
Yes, this thing can actually run 6502 machine code and has a built-in machine code monitor. This is made possible by the awesome py65 library. Note that while it can run the 6502 code, you can only do the same things with it as what is supported for the BASIC mode. So no fancy screen scrolling or rasterbars...
Can run the real BASIC and KERNAL roms! True C64 emulation!
If basic/kernal/chargen ROM files are supplied in the roms folder,
the simulator will load these and make them part of the memory of the machine as ROM areas.
If you run the
startreal64 program, it will load the
instead of the simulated one, and will actually run the C64 BASIC ROM.
You can type anything in BASIC that you could type on a real C64 too!
Unfortunately, the I/O is not emulated so it is not possible to load or save your programs in this mode.
On my machine the current code runs at around 0.6 Mhz in regular Python (around half the speed of a real c64), and between 2 and 3 Mhz in Pypy (there is a lot more speed than this obtainable with pypy, but that makes the c64's basic mode more or less unusable)
In real mode, you can load real programs using I/O emulation. Also you can specify load file at boot: for example, for loading drive8/hello.prg at boot type
python3 startreal64.py hello
python3 startreal64.py gary2
TAPE are redirected to drive8
BASIC V2 and the VIC-registers (video chip)
A subset and variant of the BASIC V2 in the C-64 is provided.
Some VIC-II registers have been made available:
- 53280 and 53281 screen and border colors ($d020/$d021)
- 646 cursor color ($0286)
- 1024-2023 the screen buffer characters ($0400-$07e7)
- 55296-56295 the screen buffer colors ($d800-$dbe7)
- 53272 charset shift/unshift register ($d018)
- 53265 and 53270 horizontal and vertical smooth scroll registers ($d011/$d016)
- 56320 joystick port 2 bits
- the sprite registers! (no multicolor though, and no priority register and collision detection)
A few function keys are remapped as wel for convenience, like the fastloader cartridges of old:
- F1 = LIST:
- F3 = RUN:
- F5 = LOAD shortcut
- F6 (shift-F5): LOAD "*",8 shortcut
- F7 = DOS"$ to show directory of drive8
Other uncommon keys:
- Esc = RUN/STOP
- Ctrl = Commodore key
- PgUp = RESTORE key
- Insert/Help = INSERT
- End = move to end of current logical line
- the reset button on top = perform warm reset
- numpad keys = joystick (r_ctrl or 0 or enter = fire)
Note that most of the BASIC operations are essentially handled by Python itself via eval(),
so you can do many interesting things that are silly to see working on a classic 80's c-64 screen.
For instance, try
print 5**123 or
print sys.platform or
print sum(log(x) for x in range(1,10))
It is not yet supported to do any blocking operation such as INPUT or WAIT. However, GET is supported (which gets one keypress from the keyboard buffer) So simple interactive programs can be created.
1541 disk drive
Rudimentary read-only support for a simulated disk drive is available. Some demo programs are included 'on the disk' (=the 'drive8' directory), including some that draw some pretty PETSCII images as seen in the screenshot.
Python REPL in your C64
Enter the 'gopy' command to switch to a Python REPL, and use 'go64' to switch back to BASIC. Some convenience symbols are provided in the REPL to access the screen and memory for instance. Try 'dir()' to see what's there.
You'll need the pillow library because the program needs to do some charset bitmap conversions at startup for tkinter.
You'll also need the cbmcodecs2 library to handle translation of ASCII text to and from the C-64's PETSCII and screencode values.
If you want to execute 6502 machine code or inspect the memory via a machine code monitor, you also need the py65 library. ()This allows you to actually run a few simple "real" C64 programs! Some of them are included on the 'virtual disk' in this project)
Real emulation of a C64: