Waybackpack is a command-line tool that lets you download the entire Wayback Machine archive for a given URL.
For instance, to download every copy of the Department of Labor's homepage through 1996 (which happens to be the first year the site was archived), you'd run:
waybackpack dol.gov -d ~/Downloads/dol-wayback --to-date 1996
~/Downloads/dol-wayback/ ├── 19961102145216 │ └── dol.gov │ └── index.html ├── 19961103063843 │ └── dol.gov │ └── index.html ├── 19961222171647 │ └── dol.gov │ └── index.html └── 19961223193614 └── dol.gov └── index.html
Or, just to print the URLs of all archived snapshots:
waybackpack dol.gov --list
pip install waybackpack
usage: waybackpack [-h] (-d DIR | --list) [--raw] [--root ROOT] [--from-date FROM_DATE] [--to-date TO_DATE] [--user-agent USER_AGENT] [--follow-redirects] [--uniques-only] [--collapse COLLAPSE] [--quiet] url positional arguments: url The URL of the resource you want to download. optional arguments: -h, --help show this help message and exit -d DIR, --dir DIR Directory to save the files. Will create this directory if it doesn't already exist. --list Instead of downloading the files, only print the list of snapshots. --raw Fetch file in its original state, without any processing by the Wayback Machine or waybackpack. --root ROOT The root URL from which to serve snapshotted resources. Default: 'https://web.archive.org' --from-date FROM_DATE Timestamp-string indicating the earliest snapshot to download. Should take the format YYYYMMDDhhss, though you can omit as many of the trailing digits as you like. E.g., '201501' is valid. --to-date TO_DATE Timestamp-string indicating the latest snapshot to download. Should take the format YYYYMMDDhhss, though you can omit as many of the trailing digits as you like. E.g., '201604' is valid. --user-agent USER_AGENT The User-Agent header to send along with your requests to the Wayback Machine. If possible, please include the phrase 'waybackpack' and your email address. That way, if you're battering their servers, they know who to contact. Default: 'waybackpack'. --follow-redirects Follow redirects. --uniques-only Download only the first version of duplicate files. --collapse COLLAPSE An archive.org `collapse` parameter. Cf.: https://github.com/internetarchive/wayback/blob/master /wayback-cdx-server/README.md#collapsing --quiet Don't log progress to stderr. --max-retries MAX_RETRIES How many times to try accessing content with 4XX or 5XX status code before skipping?
Waypackback is written in pure Python, depends only on
requests, and should work wherever Python works. Should be compatible with both Python 2 and Python 3.
Many thanks to the following users for catching bugs, fixing typos, and proposing useful features: