Permalink
Fetching contributors…
Cannot retrieve contributors at this time
1353 lines (1120 sloc) 41.3 KB
/*
The MIT License (MIT)
Copyright (c) 2016 British Broadcasting Corporation.
This software is provided by Lancaster University by arrangement with the BBC.
Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a
copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"),
to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation
the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense,
and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the
Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL
THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING
FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER
DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.
*/
#include "MicroBitConfig.h"
#include "MicroBitFileSystem.h"
#include "MicroBitFlash.h"
#include "MicroBitStorage.h"
#include "MicroBitCompat.h"
#include "ErrorNo.h"
static uint32_t *defaultScratchPage = (uint32_t *)DEFAULT_SCRATCH_PAGE;
MicroBitFileSystem* MicroBitFileSystem::defaultFileSystem = NULL;
/**
* Allocate a free logical block.
* This is chosen at random from the blocks available, to even out the wear on the physical device.
* @return a valid, unused block address on success, or zero if no space is available.
*/
uint16_t MicroBitFileSystem::getFreeBlock()
{
// Walk the File Table and allocate the first free block - starting immediately after the last block allocated,
// and wrapping around the filesystem space if we reach the end.
uint16_t block;
uint16_t deletedBlock = 0;
for (block = (lastBlockAllocated + 1) % fileSystemSize; block != lastBlockAllocated; block++)
{
if (fileSystemTable[block] == MBFS_UNUSED)
{
lastBlockAllocated = block;
return block;
}
if (fileSystemTable[block] == MBFS_DELETED)
deletedBlock = block;
}
// if no UNUSED blocks are available, try to recycle one marked as DELETED.
block = deletedBlock;
// If no blocks are available - either UNUSED or marked as DELETED, then we're out of space and there's nothing we can do.
if (block)
{
// recycle the FileTable, such that we can mark all previously deleted blocks as re-usable.
// Better to do this in bulk, rather than on a block by block basis to improve efficiency.
recycleFileTable();
// Record the block we just allocated, so we can round-robin around blocks for load balancing.
lastBlockAllocated = block;
}
return block;
}
/**
* Allocates a free physical page of memory.
* This is chosen using a round robin algorithm, to even out the wear on the physical device.
* @return NULL on error, page address on success
*/
uint32_t* MicroBitFileSystem::getFreePage()
{
// Walk the file table, starting at the last allocated block, looking for an unused page.
int blocksPerPage = (PAGE_SIZE / MBFS_BLOCK_SIZE);
// get a handle on the next physical page.
uint16_t currentPage = getBlockNumber(getPage(lastBlockAllocated));
uint16_t page = (currentPage + blocksPerPage) % fileSystemSize;
uint16_t recyclablePage = 0;
// Walk around the file table, looking for a free page.
while (page != currentPage)
{
bool empty = true;
bool deleted = false;
uint16_t next;
for (int i = 0; i < blocksPerPage; i++)
{
next = getNextFileBlock(page + i);
if (next == MBFS_DELETED)
deleted = true;
else if (next != MBFS_UNUSED)
{
empty = false;
break;
}
}
// See if we found one...
if (empty)
{
lastBlockAllocated = page;
return getBlock(page);
}
// make note of the first unused but un-erased page we find (if any).
if (deleted && !recyclablePage)
recyclablePage = page;
page = (page + blocksPerPage) % fileSystemSize;
}
// No empty pages are available, but we may be able to recycle one.
if (recyclablePage)
{
uint32_t *address = getBlock(recyclablePage);
flash.erase_page(address);
return address;
}
// Nothing available at all. Use the default.
flash.erase_page(defaultScratchPage);
return defaultScratchPage;
}
/**
* Constructor. Creates an instance of a MicroBitFileSystem.
*/
MicroBitFileSystem::MicroBitFileSystem(uint32_t flashStart, int flashPages)
{
// Initialise status flags to default value
this->status = 0;
// Attempt tp load an existing filesystem, if it exisits
init(flashStart, flashPages);
// If this is the first FileSystem created, so it as the default.
if(MicroBitFileSystem::defaultFileSystem == NULL)
MicroBitFileSystem::defaultFileSystem = this;
}
/**
* Initialize the flash storage system
*
* The file system is located dynamically, based on where the program code
* and code data finishes. This avoids having to allocate a fixed flash
* region for builds even without MicroBitFileSystem.
*
* This method checks if the file system already exists, and loads it it.
* If not, it will determines the optimal size of the file system, if necessary, and format the space
*
* @return MICROBIT_OK on success, or an error code.
*/
int MicroBitFileSystem::init(uint32_t flashStart, int flashPages)
{
// Protect against accidental re-initialisation
if (status & MBFS_STATUS_INITIALISED)
return MICROBIT_NOT_SUPPORTED;
// Validate parameters
if (flashPages < 0)
return MICROBIT_INVALID_PARAMETER;
// Zero initialise default parameters (mbed/ARMCC does not permit this is the class definition).
fileSystemTable = NULL;
lastBlockAllocated = 0;
rootDirectory = NULL;
openFiles = NULL;
// If we have a zero length, then dynamically determine our geometry.
if (flashStart == 0)
{
// Flash start is on the first page after the programmed ROM contents.
// This is: __etext (program code) for GCC and Image$$RO$$Limit for ARMCC.
flashStart = FLASH_PROGRAM_END;
// Round up to the nearest free page.
if (flashStart % PAGE_SIZE != 0)
flashStart = ((uint32_t)flashStart & ~(PAGE_SIZE-1)) + PAGE_SIZE;
}
if (flashPages == 0)
flashPages = (DEFAULT_SCRATCH_PAGE - flashStart) / PAGE_SIZE;
// The FileTable alays resides at the start of the file system.
fileSystemTable = (uint16_t *)flashStart;
// First, try to load an existing file system at this location.
if (load() != MICROBIT_OK)
{
// No file system was found, so format a fresh one.
// Bring up a freshly formatted file system here.
fileSystemSize = flashPages * (PAGE_SIZE / MBFS_BLOCK_SIZE);
fileSystemTableSize = calculateFileTableSize();
format();
}
// indicate that we have a valid FileSystem
status = MBFS_STATUS_INITIALISED;
return MICROBIT_OK;
}
/**
* Attempts to detect and load an exisitng file file system.
*
* @return MICROBIT_OK on success, or MICROBIT_NO_DATA if the file system could not be found.
*/
int MicroBitFileSystem::load()
{
uint16_t rootOffset = fileSystemTable[0];
// A valid MBFS has the first 'N' blocks set to the value 'N' followed by a valid root directory block with magic signature.
for (int i = 0; i < rootOffset; i++)
{
if (fileSystemTable[i] >= MBFS_EOF || fileSystemTable[i] != rootOffset)
return MICROBIT_NO_DATA;
}
// Check for a valid signature at the start of the root directory
DirectoryEntry *root = (DirectoryEntry *) getBlock(rootOffset);
if (strcmp(root->file_name, MBFS_MAGIC) != 0)
return MICROBIT_NO_DATA;
rootDirectory = root;
fileSystemSize = root->length;
fileSystemTableSize = calculateFileTableSize();
return MICROBIT_OK;
}
/**
* Initialises a new file system. Assumes all pages are already erased.
*
* @return MICROBIT_OK on success, or an error code..
*/
int MicroBitFileSystem::format()
{
uint16_t value = fileSystemTableSize;
// Mark the FileTable blocks themselves as used.
for (uint16_t block = 0; block < fileSystemTableSize; block++)
flash.flash_write(&fileSystemTable[block], &value, 2);
// Create a root directory
value = MBFS_EOF;
flash.flash_write(&fileSystemTable[fileSystemTableSize], &value, 2);
// Store a MAGIC value in the first root directory entry.
// This will let us identify a valid File System later.
DirectoryEntry magic;
strcpy(magic.file_name, MBFS_MAGIC);
magic.first_block = fileSystemTableSize;
magic.flags = MBFS_DIRECTORY_ENTRY_VALID;
magic.length = fileSystemSize;
// Cache the root directory entry for later use.
rootDirectory = (DirectoryEntry *)getBlock(fileSystemTableSize);
flash.flash_write(rootDirectory, &magic, sizeof(DirectoryEntry));
return MICROBIT_OK;
}
/**
* Retrieve the DirectoryEntry for the given filename.
*
* @param filename A fully or partially qualified filename.
* @param directory The directory to search. If ommitted, the root directory will be used.
*
* @return A pointer to the DirectoryEntry for the given file, or NULL if no entry is found.
*/
DirectoryEntry* MicroBitFileSystem::getDirectoryEntry(char const * filename, const DirectoryEntry *directory)
{
Directory *dir;
char const *file;
uint16_t block;
DirectoryEntry *dirent;
// Determine the filename from the (potentially) fully qualified filename.
file = filename + strlen(filename);
while (file >= filename && *file != '/')
file--;
file++;
// Obtain a handle on the directory to search.
if (directory == NULL)
directory = rootDirectory;
block = directory->first_block;
dir = (Directory *) getBlock(block);
dirent = &dir->entry[0];
// Iterate through the directory entries until we find our file, or run out of space.
while (1)
{
if ((uint32_t)(dirent + 1) > (uint32_t)dir + MBFS_BLOCK_SIZE)
{
block = getNextFileBlock(block);
if (block == MBFS_EOF)
return NULL;
dir = (Directory *)getBlock(block);
dirent = &dir->entry[0];
}
// Check for a valid match
if (dirent->flags & MBFS_DIRECTORY_ENTRY_VALID && strcmp(dirent->file_name, file) == 0)
return dirent;
// Move onto the next entry.
dirent++;
}
return NULL;
}
/**
* Determine the number of logical blocks required to hold the file table.
*
* @return The number of logical blocks required to hold the file table.
*/
uint16_t MicroBitFileSystem::calculateFileTableSize()
{
uint16_t size = (fileSystemSize * 2) / MBFS_BLOCK_SIZE;
if ((fileSystemSize * 2) % MBFS_BLOCK_SIZE)
size++;
return size;
}
/**
* Retrieve a memory pointer for the start of the physical memory page containing the given block.
*
* @param block A valid block number.
*
* @return A pointer to the physical page in FLASH memory holding the given block.
*/
uint32_t *MicroBitFileSystem::getPage(uint16_t block)
{
uint32_t address = (uint32_t) getBlock(block);
return (uint32_t *) (address - address % PAGE_SIZE);
}
/**
* Retrieve a memory pointer for the start of the given block.
*
* @param block A valid block number.
*
* @return A pointer to the FLASH memory associated with the given block.
*/
uint32_t *MicroBitFileSystem::getBlock(uint16_t block)
{
return (uint32_t *)((uint32_t)fileSystemTable + block * MBFS_BLOCK_SIZE);
}
/**
* Retrieve the next block in a chain.
*
* @param block A valid block number.
*
* @return The block number of the next block in the file.
*/
uint16_t MicroBitFileSystem::getNextFileBlock(uint16_t block)
{
return fileSystemTable[block];
}
/**
* Determine the logical block that contains the given address.
*
* @param address A valid memory location within the file system space.
*
* @return The block number containing the given address.
*/
uint16_t MicroBitFileSystem::getBlockNumber(void *address)
{
return (((uint32_t) address - (uint32_t) fileSystemTable) / MBFS_BLOCK_SIZE);
}
/**
* Update a file table entry to a given value.
*
* @param block The block to update.
* @param value The value to store in the file table.
* @return MICROBIT_OK on success.
*/
int MicroBitFileSystem::fileTableWrite(uint16_t block, uint16_t value)
{
flash.flash_write(&fileSystemTable[block], &value, 2);
return MICROBIT_OK;
}
/**
* Retrieve the DirectoryEntry for the given filename.
*
* @param filename A fully qualified filename, from the root. Should be end with a "/" if no filename is provided.
*
* @return A pointer to the DirectoryEntry for the given file, or NULL if no entry is found.
*/
DirectoryEntry* MicroBitFileSystem::getDirectoryOf(char const * filename)
{
DirectoryEntry* directory;
// If not path is provided, return the root diretory.
if (filename == NULL || filename[0] == 0)
return rootDirectory;
char s[MBFS_FILENAME_LENGTH + 1];
uint8_t i = 0;
directory = rootDirectory;
while (*filename != '\0') {
if (*filename == '/') {
s[i] = '\0';
// Ensure each level of the filename is valid
if (i == 0 || i > MBFS_FILENAME_LENGTH + 1)
return NULL;
// Extract the relevant entry from the directory.
directory = getDirectoryEntry(s, directory);
// If file / directory does not exist, then there's nothing more we can do.
if (!directory)
return NULL;
i = 0;
}
else
s[i++] = *filename;
filename++;
}
return directory;
}
/**
* Refresh the physical page associated with the given block.
* Any logical blocks marked for deletion on that page are recycled.
*
* @param block the block to recycle.
* @param type One of MBFS_BLOCK_TYPE_FILE, MBFS_BLOCK_TYPE_DIRECTORY, MBFS_BLOCK_TYPE_FILETABLE.
* Erases and regenerates the given block, recycling and data marked for deletion.
* @return MICROBIT_OK on success.
*/
int MicroBitFileSystem::recycleBlock(uint16_t block, int type)
{
uint32_t *page = getPage(block);
uint32_t* scratch = getFreePage();
uint8_t *write = (uint8_t *)scratch;
uint16_t b = getBlockNumber(page);
for (int i = 0; i < PAGE_SIZE / MBFS_BLOCK_SIZE; i++)
{
// If we have an unused or deleted block, there's nothing to do - allow the block to be recycled.
if (fileSystemTable[b] == MBFS_DELETED || fileSystemTable[b] == MBFS_UNUSED)
{}
// If we have been asked to recycle a valid directory block, recycle individual entries where possible.
else if (b == block && type == MBFS_BLOCK_TYPE_DIRECTORY)
{
DirectoryEntry *direntIn = (DirectoryEntry *)getBlock(b);
DirectoryEntry *direntOut = (DirectoryEntry *)write;
for (uint16_t entry = 0; entry < MBFS_BLOCK_SIZE / sizeof(DirectoryEntry); entry++)
{
if (direntIn->flags & MBFS_DIRECTORY_ENTRY_VALID)
flash.flash_write((uint32_t *)direntOut, (uint32_t *)direntIn, sizeof(DirectoryEntry));
direntIn++;
direntOut++;
}
}
// All blocks before the root directory are the FileTable.
// Recycle any entries marked as DELETED to UNUSED.
else if (getBlock(b) < (uint32_t *)rootDirectory)
{
uint16_t *tableIn = (uint16_t *)getBlock(b);
uint16_t *tableOut = (uint16_t *)write;
for (int entry = 0; entry < MBFS_BLOCK_SIZE / 2; entry++)
{
if (*tableIn != MBFS_DELETED)
flash.flash_write(tableOut, tableIn, 2);
tableIn++;
tableOut++;
}
}
// Copy all other VALID blocks directly into the scratch page.
else
flash.flash_write(write, getBlock(b), MBFS_BLOCK_SIZE);
// move on to next block.
write += MBFS_BLOCK_SIZE;
b++;
}
// Now refresh the page originally holding the block.
flash.erase_page(page);
flash.flash_write(page, scratch, PAGE_SIZE);
flash.erase_page(scratch);
return MICROBIT_OK;
}
/**
* Refresh the physical pages associated with the file table.
* Any logical blocks marked for deletion on those pages are recycled back to UNUSED.
*
* @return MICROBIT_OK on success.
*/
int MicroBitFileSystem::recycleFileTable()
{
bool pageRecycled = false;
for (uint16_t block = 0; block < fileSystemSize; block++)
{
// if we just crossed a page boundary, reset pageRecycled.
if (block % (PAGE_SIZE / MBFS_BLOCK_SIZE) == 0)
pageRecycled = false;
if (fileSystemTable[block] == MBFS_DELETED && !pageRecycled)
{
recycleBlock(block);
pageRecycled = true;
}
}
// now, recycle the FileSystemTable itself, upcycling entries marked as DELETED to UNUSED as we go.
for (uint16_t block = 0; getPage(block) < (uint32_t *)rootDirectory; block += PAGE_SIZE / MBFS_BLOCK_SIZE)
recycleBlock(block);
return MICROBIT_OK;
}
/**
* Allocate a free DiretoryEntry in the given directory, extending and refreshing the directory block if necessary.
*
* @param directory The directory to add a DirectoryEntry to
* @return A pointer to the new DirectoryEntry for the given file, or NULL if it was not possible to allocated resources.
*/
DirectoryEntry* MicroBitFileSystem::createDirectoryEntry(DirectoryEntry *directory)
{
Directory *dir;
uint16_t block;
DirectoryEntry *dirent;
DirectoryEntry *empty = NULL;
DirectoryEntry *invalid = NULL;
// Try to find an unused entry in the directory.
block = directory->first_block;
dir = (Directory *)getBlock(block);
dirent = &dir->entry[0];
// Iterate through the directory entries until we find and unused entry, or run out of space.
while (1)
{
// Scan through each of the blocks in the directory
if ((uint32_t)(dirent+1) > (uint32_t)dir + MBFS_BLOCK_SIZE)
{
block = getNextFileBlock(block);
if (block == MBFS_EOF)
break;
dir = (Directory *)getBlock(block);
dirent = &dir->entry[0];
}
// If we find an empty slot, use that.
if (dirent->flags & MBFS_DIRECTORY_ENTRY_FREE)
{
empty = dirent;
break;
}
// Record the first invalid block we find (used, but then deleted).
if ((dirent->flags & MBFS_DIRECTORY_ENTRY_VALID) == 0 && invalid == NULL)
invalid = dirent;
// Move onto the next entry.
dirent++;
}
// Now choose the best available slot, giving preference to entries that would avoid a FLASH page erase opreation.
dirent = NULL;
// Ideally, choose an unused entry within an existing block.
if (empty)
{
dirent = empty;
}
// if not possible, try to re-use a second-hand block that has been freed. This will result in an erase operation of the block,
// but will not consume any more resources.
else if (invalid)
{
dirent = invalid;
uint16_t b = getBlockNumber(dirent);
recycleBlock(b, MBFS_BLOCK_TYPE_DIRECTORY);
}
// If nothing is available, extend the directory with a new block.
else
{
// Allocate a new logical block
uint16_t newBlock = getFreeBlock();
if (newBlock == 0)
return NULL;
// Append this to the directory
uint16_t lastBlock = directory->first_block;
while (getNextFileBlock(lastBlock) != MBFS_EOF)
lastBlock = getNextFileBlock(lastBlock);
// Append the block.
fileTableWrite(lastBlock, newBlock);
fileTableWrite(newBlock, MBFS_EOF);
dirent = (DirectoryEntry *)getBlock(newBlock);
}
return dirent;
}
/**
* Create a new DirectoryEntry with the given filename and flags.
*
* @param filename A fully or partially qualified filename.
* @param directory The directory in which to create the entry
* @param isDirectory true if the entry being created is itself a directory
*
* @return A pointer to the new DirectoryEntry for the given file, or NULL if it was not possible to allocated resources.
*/
DirectoryEntry* MicroBitFileSystem::createFile(char const * filename, DirectoryEntry *directory, bool isDirectory)
{
char const *file;
DirectoryEntry *dirent;
// Determine the filename from the (potentially) fully qualified filename.
file = filename + strlen(filename);
while (file >= filename && *file != '/')
file--;
file++;
// Allocate a directory entry for our new file.
dirent = createDirectoryEntry(directory);
if (dirent == NULL)
return NULL;
// Create a new block to represent the file.
uint16_t newBlock = getFreeBlock();
if (newBlock == 0)
return NULL;
// Populate our assigned Directory Entry.
DirectoryEntry d;
strcpy(d.file_name, file);
d.first_block = newBlock;
if (isDirectory)
{
// Mark as a directory, and set a zero length (special case for directories, to minimize unecessary FLASH erases).
d.flags = MBFS_DIRECTORY_ENTRY_VALID | MBFS_DIRECTORY_ENTRY_DIRECTORY;
d.length = 0;
}
else
{
// We leave the file size as unwritten for regular files - pending a possible forthcoming write/close operation.
d.flags = MBFS_DIRECTORY_ENTRY_NEW;
d.length = 0xffffffff;
}
// Push the new data back to FLASH memory
flash.flash_write(dirent, &d, sizeof(DirectoryEntry));
fileTableWrite(d.first_block, MBFS_EOF);
return dirent;
}
/**
* Searches the list of open files for one with the given identifier.
*
* @param fd A previsouly opened file identifier, as returned by open().
* @param remove Remove the file descriptor from the list if true.
* @return A FileDescriptor matching the given ID, or NULL if the file is not open.
*/
FileDescriptor* MicroBitFileSystem::getFileDescriptor(int fd, bool remove)
{
FileDescriptor *file = openFiles;
FileDescriptor *prev = NULL;
while (file)
{
if (file->id == fd)
{
if (remove)
{
if (prev)
prev->next = file->next;
else
openFiles = file->next;
}
return file;
}
prev = file;
file = file->next;
}
return NULL;
}
/**
* Creates a new directory with the given name and location
*
* @param name The fully qualified name of the new directory.
* @return MICROBIT_OK on success, MICROBIT_INVALID_PARAMETER if the path is invalid, or MICROBT_NO_RESOURCES if the FileSystem is full.
*/
int MicroBitFileSystem::createDirectory(char const *name)
{
DirectoryEntry* directory; // Directory holding this file.
DirectoryEntry* dirent; // Entry in the direcoty of this file.
// Protect against accidental re-initialisation
if ((status & MBFS_STATUS_INITIALISED) == 0)
return MICROBIT_NOT_SUPPORTED;
// Reject invalid filenames.
if (!isValidFilename(name))
return MICROBIT_INVALID_PARAMETER;
// Determine the directory for this file.
directory = getDirectoryOf(name);
if (directory == NULL)
return MICROBIT_INVALID_PARAMETER;
// Find the DirectoryEntry associated with the given name (if it exists).
// We don't permit files or directories with the same name.
dirent = getDirectoryEntry(name, directory);
if (dirent)
return MICROBIT_INVALID_PARAMETER;
dirent = createFile(name, directory, true);
if (dirent == NULL)
return MICROBIT_NO_RESOURCES;
return MICROBIT_OK;
}
/**
* Open a new file, and obtain a new file handle (int) to
* read/write/seek the file. The flags are:
* - MB_READ : read from the file.
* - MB_WRITE : write to the file.
* - MB_CREAT : create a new file, if it doesn't already exist.
*
* If a file is opened that doesn't exist, and MB_CREAT isn't passed,
* an error is returned, otherwise the file is created.
*
* @param filename name of the file to open, must contain only printable characters.
* @param flags One or more of MB_READ, MB_WRITE or MB_CREAT.
* @return return the file handle,MICROBIT_NOT_SUPPORTED if the file system has
* not been initialised MICROBIT_INVALID_PARAMETER if the filename is
* too large, MICROBIT_NO_RESOURCES if the file system is full.
*
* @code
* MicroBitFileSystem f();
* int fd = f.open("test.txt", MB_WRITE|MB_CREAT);
* if(fd<0)
* print("file open error");
* @endcode
*/
int MicroBitFileSystem::open(char const * filename, uint32_t flags)
{
FileDescriptor *file; // File Descriptor of this file.
DirectoryEntry* directory; // Directory holding this file.
DirectoryEntry* dirent; // Entry in the direcoty of this file.
int id; // FileDescriptor id to be return to the caller.
// Protect against accidental re-initialisation
if ((status & MBFS_STATUS_INITIALISED) == 0)
return MICROBIT_NOT_SUPPORTED;
// Reject invalid filenames.
if(!isValidFilename(filename))
return MICROBIT_INVALID_PARAMETER;
// Determine the directory for this file.
directory = getDirectoryOf(filename);
if (directory == NULL)
return MICROBIT_INVALID_PARAMETER;
// Find the DirectoryEntry assoviate with the given file (if it exists).
dirent = getDirectoryEntry(filename, directory);
// Only permit files to be opened once...
// also, detemrine a valid ID for this open file as we go.
file = openFiles;
id = 0;
while (file && dirent)
{
if (file->dirent == dirent)
return MICROBIT_NOT_SUPPORTED;
if (file->id == id)
{
id++;
file = openFiles;
continue;
}
file = file->next;
}
if (dirent == NULL)
{
// If the file doesn't exist, and we haven't been asked to create it, then there's nothing we can do.
if (!(flags & MB_CREAT))
return MICROBIT_INVALID_PARAMETER;
dirent = createFile(filename, directory, false);
if (dirent == NULL)
return MICROBIT_NO_RESOURCES;
}
// Try to add a new FileDescriptor into this directory.
file = new FileDescriptor;
if (file == NULL)
return MICROBIT_NO_RESOURCES;
// Populate the FileDescriptor
file->flags = (flags & ~(MB_CREAT));
file->id = id;
file->length = dirent->flags == MBFS_DIRECTORY_ENTRY_NEW ? 0 : dirent->length;
file->seek = (flags & MB_APPEND) ? file->length : 0;
file->dirent = dirent;
file->directory = directory;
file->cacheLength = 0;
// Add the file descriptor to the chain of open files.
file->next = openFiles;
openFiles = file;
// Return the FileDescriptor id to the user
return file->id;
}
/**
* Writes back all state associated with the given file to FLASH memory,
* leaving the file open.
*
* @param fd file descriptor - obtained with open().
* @return MICROBIT_OK on success, MICROBIT_NOT_SUPPORTED if the file system has not
* been initialised, MICROBIT_INVALID_PARAMETER if the given file handle
* is invalid.
*
* @code
* MicroBitFileSystem f();
* int fd = f.open("test.txt", MB_READ);
*
* ...
*
* f.flush(fd);
* @endcode
*/
int MicroBitFileSystem::flush(int fd)
{
// Protect against accidental re-initialisation
if ((status & MBFS_STATUS_INITIALISED) == 0)
return MICROBIT_NOT_SUPPORTED;
FileDescriptor *file = getFileDescriptor(fd);
// Ensure the file is open.
if(file == NULL)
return MICROBIT_INVALID_PARAMETER;
// Flush any data in the writeback cache.
writeBack(file);
// If the file has changed size, create an updated directory entry for the file, reflecting it's new length.
if (file->dirent->length != file->length)
{
DirectoryEntry d = *file->dirent;
d.length = file->length;
// Do some optimising to reduce FLASH churn if this is the first write to a file. No need then to create a new dirent...
if (file->dirent->flags == MBFS_DIRECTORY_ENTRY_NEW)
{
d.flags = MBFS_DIRECTORY_ENTRY_VALID;
flash.flash_write(file->dirent, &d, sizeof(DirectoryEntry));
}
// Otherwise, replace the dirent with a freshly allocated one, and mark the other as INVALID.
else
{
DirectoryEntry *newDirent;
uint16_t value = MBFS_DELETED;
// invalidate the old directory entry and create a new one with the updated data.
flash.flash_write(&file->dirent->flags, &value, 2);
newDirent = createDirectoryEntry(file->directory);
flash.flash_write(newDirent, &d, sizeof(DirectoryEntry));
}
}
return MICROBIT_OK;
}
/**
* Close the specified file handle.
* File handle resources are then made available for future open() calls.
*
* close() must be called at some point to ensure the filesize in the
* FT is synced with the cached value in the FD.
*
* @warning if close() is not called, the FT may not be correct,
* leading to data loss.
*
* @param fd file descriptor - obtained with open().
* @return MICROBIT_OK on success, MICROBIT_NOT_SUPPORTED if the file system has not
* been initialised, MICROBIT_INVALID_PARAMETER if the given file handle
* is invalid.
*
* @code
* MicroBitFileSystem f();
* int fd = f.open("test.txt", MB_READ);
* if(!f.close(fd))
* print("error closing file.");
* @endcode
*/
int MicroBitFileSystem::close(int fd)
{
// Firstly, ensure all unwritten data is flushed.
int r = flush(fd);
// If the flush called failed on validation, pass the error code onto the caller.
if (r != MICROBIT_OK)
return r;
// Remove the file descriptor from the list of open files, and free it.
// n.b. we know this is safe, as flush() validates this.
delete getFileDescriptor(fd, true);
return MICROBIT_OK;
}
/**
* Move the current position of a file handle, to be used for
* subsequent read/write calls.
*
* The offset modifier can be:
* - MB_SEEK_SET set the absolute seek position.
* - MB_SEEK_CUR set the seek position based on the current offset.
* - MB_SEEK_END set the seek position from the end of the file.
* E.g. to seek to 2nd-to-last byte, use offset=-1.
*
* @param fd file handle, obtained with open()
* @param offset new offset, can be positive/negative.
* @param flags
* @return new offset position on success, MICROBIT_NOT_SUPPORTED if the file system
* is not intiialised, MICROBIT_INVALID_PARAMETER if the flag given is invalid
* or the file handle is invalid.
*
* @code
* MicroBitFileSystem f;
* int fd = f.open("test.txt", MB_READ);
* f.seek(fd, -100, MB_SEEK_END); //100 bytes before end of file.
* @endcode
*/
int MicroBitFileSystem::seek(int fd, int offset, uint8_t flags)
{
FileDescriptor *file;
int position;
// Protect against accidental re-initialisation
if ((status & MBFS_STATUS_INITIALISED) == 0)
return MICROBIT_NOT_SUPPORTED;
// Ensure the file is open.
file = getFileDescriptor(fd);
if (file == NULL)
return MICROBIT_INVALID_PARAMETER;
// Flush any data in the writeback cache.
writeBack(file);
position = file->seek;
if(flags == MB_SEEK_SET)
position = offset;
if(flags == MB_SEEK_END)
position = file->length + offset;
if (flags == MB_SEEK_CUR)
position = file->seek + offset;
if (position < 0 || (uint32_t)position > file->length)
return MICROBIT_INVALID_PARAMETER;
file->seek = position;
return position;
}
/**
* Read data from the file.
*
* Read len bytes from the current seek position in the file, into the
* buffer. On each invocation to read, the seek position of the file
* handle is incremented atomically, by the number of bytes returned.
*
* @param fd File handle, obtained with open()
* @param buffer to store data
* @param size number of bytes to read
* @return number of bytes read on success, MICROBIT_NOT_SUPPORTED if the file
* system is not initialised, or this file was not opened with the
* MB_READ flag set, MICROBIT_INVALID_PARAMETER if the given file handle
* is invalid.
*
* @code
* MicroBitFileSystem f;
* int fd = f.open("read.txt", MB_READ);
* if(f.read(fd, buffer, 100) != 100)
* print("read error");
* @endcode
*/
int MicroBitFileSystem::read(int fd, uint8_t* buffer, int size)
{
FileDescriptor *file;
uint16_t block;
uint8_t *readPointer;
uint8_t *writePointer;
uint32_t offset;
uint32_t position = 0;
int bytesCopied = 0;
int segmentLength;
// Protect against accidental re-initialisation
if ((status & MBFS_STATUS_INITIALISED) == 0)
return MICROBIT_NOT_SUPPORTED;
// Ensure the file is open.
file = getFileDescriptor(fd);
if (file == NULL || buffer == NULL || size == 0)
return MICROBIT_INVALID_PARAMETER;
// Flush any data in the writeback cache before we change the seek pointer.
writeBack(file);
// Validate the read length.
size = min(size, file->length - file->seek);
// Find the read position.
block = file->dirent->first_block;
// Walk the file table until we reach the start block
while (file->seek - position > MBFS_BLOCK_SIZE)
{
block = getNextFileBlock(block);
position += MBFS_BLOCK_SIZE;
}
// Once we have the correct start block, handle the byte offset.
offset = file->seek - position;
// Now, start copying bytes into the requested buffer.
writePointer = buffer;
while (bytesCopied < size)
{
// First, determine if we need to write a partial block.
readPointer = (uint8_t *)getBlock(block) + offset;
segmentLength = min(size - bytesCopied, MBFS_BLOCK_SIZE - offset);
if(segmentLength > 0)
memcpy(writePointer, readPointer, segmentLength);
bytesCopied += segmentLength;
writePointer += segmentLength;
offset += segmentLength;
if (offset == MBFS_BLOCK_SIZE)
{
block = getNextFileBlock(block);
offset = 0;
}
}
file->seek += bytesCopied;
return bytesCopied;
}
/**
* Flush a given file's cache back to FLASH memory.
*
* @param file File descriptor to flush.
* @return The number of bytes written.
*
*/
int MicroBitFileSystem::writeBack(FileDescriptor *file)
{
if (file->cacheLength)
{
int r = writeBuffer(file, file->cache, file->cacheLength);
file->cacheLength = 0;
return r;
}
return 0;
}
/**
* Write a given buffer to the file provided.
*
* @param file FileDescriptor of the file to write
* @param buffer The start of the buffer to write
* @param length The number of bytes to write
*/
int MicroBitFileSystem::writeBuffer(FileDescriptor *file, uint8_t *buffer, int size)
{
uint16_t block, newBlock;
uint8_t *readPointer;
uint8_t *writePointer;
uint32_t offset;
uint32_t position = 0;
int bytesCopied = 0;
int segmentLength;
// Find the read position.
block = file->dirent->first_block;
// Walk the file table until we reach the start block
while (file->seek - position > MBFS_BLOCK_SIZE)
{
block = getNextFileBlock(block);
position += MBFS_BLOCK_SIZE;
}
// Once we have the correct start block, handle the byte offset.
offset = file->seek - position;
writePointer = (uint8_t *)getBlock(block) + offset;
// Now, start copying bytes from the requested buffer.
readPointer = buffer;
while (bytesCopied < size)
{
// First, determine if we need to write a partial block.
segmentLength = min(size - bytesCopied, MBFS_BLOCK_SIZE - offset);
if (segmentLength != 0)
flash.flash_write(writePointer, readPointer, segmentLength, file->seek + bytesCopied < file->length ? getFreePage() : NULL);
offset += segmentLength;
bytesCopied += segmentLength;
readPointer += segmentLength;
if (offset == MBFS_BLOCK_SIZE && bytesCopied < size)
{
newBlock = getFreeBlock();
if (newBlock == 0)
break;
fileTableWrite(newBlock, MBFS_EOF);
fileTableWrite(block, newBlock);
block = newBlock;
writePointer = (uint8_t *)getBlock(block);
offset = 0;
}
}
// update the filelength metadata and seek position such that multiple writes are sequential.
file->length = max(file->length, file->seek + bytesCopied);
file->seek += bytesCopied;
return bytesCopied;
}
/**
* Determines if the given filename is a valid filename for use in MicroBitFileSystem.
* valid filenames must be >0 characters in lenght, NULL temrinated and contain
* only printable characters.
*
* @param name The name of the file to test.
* @return true if the filename is valid, false otherwsie.
*/
bool MicroBitFileSystem::isValidFilename(const char *name)
{
if (name == NULL || strlen(name) == 0)
return false;
for (unsigned int i=0; i<strlen(name); i++)
if(name[i] < 32 || name[i] > 126)
return false;
return true;
}
/**
* Write data to the file.
*
* Write from buffer, len bytes to the current seek position.
* On each invocation to write, the seek position of the file handle
* is incremented atomically, by the number of bytes returned.
*
* The cached filesize in the FD is updated on this call. Also, the
* FT file size is updated only if a new page(s) has been written too,
* to reduce the number of FT writes.
*
* @param fd File handle
* @param buffer the buffer from which to write data
* @param len number of bytes to write
* @return number of bytes written on success, MICROBIT_NO_RESOURCES if data did
* not get written to flash or the file system has not been initialised,
* or this file was not opened with the MB_WRITE flag set, MICROBIT_INVALID_PARAMETER
* if the given file handle is invalid.
*
* @code
* MicroBitFileSystem f();
* int fd = f.open("test.txt", MB_WRITE);
* if(f.write(fd, "hello!", 7) != 7)
* print("error writing");
* @endcode
*/
int MicroBitFileSystem::write(int fd, uint8_t* buffer, int size)
{
FileDescriptor *file;
int bytesCopied = 0;
int segmentSize;
// Protect against accidental re-initialisation
if ((status & MBFS_STATUS_INITIALISED) == 0)
return MICROBIT_NOT_SUPPORTED;
// Ensure the file is open.
file = getFileDescriptor(fd);
if (file == NULL || buffer == NULL || size == 0)
return MICROBIT_INVALID_PARAMETER;
// Determine how to handle the write. If the buffer size is less than our cache size,
// write the data via the cache. Otherwise, a direct write through is likely more efficient.
// This may take a few iterations if the cache is already quite full.
if (size < MBFS_CACHE_SIZE)
{
while (bytesCopied < size)
{
segmentSize = min(size, MBFS_CACHE_SIZE - file->cacheLength);
memcpy(&file->cache[file->cacheLength], buffer, segmentSize);
file->cacheLength += segmentSize;
bytesCopied += segmentSize;
if (file->cacheLength == MBFS_CACHE_SIZE)
writeBack(file);
}
return bytesCopied;
}
// If we have a relatively large block, then write it directly (
writeBack(file);
return writeBuffer(file, buffer, size);
}
/**
* Remove a file from the system, and free allocated assets
* (including assigned blocks which are returned for use by other files).
*
* @param filename null-terminated name of the file to remove.
* @return MICROBIT_OK on success, MICROBIT_INVALID_PARAMETER if the given filename
* does not exist, MICROBIT_CANCELLED if something went wrong.
*
* @code
* MicroBitFileSystem f;
* if(!f.remove("file.txt"))
* print("file could not be removed")
* @endcode
*/
int MicroBitFileSystem::remove(char const * filename)
{
int fd = open(filename, MB_READ);
uint16_t block, nextBlock;
uint16_t value;
// If the file can't be opened, then it is impossible to delete. Pass through any error codes.
if (fd < 0)
return fd;
FileDescriptor *file = getFileDescriptor(fd, true);
// To erase a file, all we need to do is mark its directory entry and data blocks as INVALID.
// First mark the file table
block = file->dirent->first_block;
while (block != MBFS_EOF)
{
nextBlock = fileSystemTable[block];
fileTableWrite(block, MBFS_DELETED);
block = nextBlock;
}
// Mark the directory entry of this file as invalid.
value = MBFS_DIRECTORY_ENTRY_DELETED;
flash.flash_write(&file->dirent->flags, &value, 2);
// release file metadata
delete file;
return MICROBIT_OK;
}