Legacy version of Cordova/PhoneGap plugin to open and use sqlite databases on Android/iOS/Windows/WP8 with HTML5/Web SQL API
C C# JavaScript Objective-C Java CoffeeScript Other
Latest commit 9d28834 Oct 14, 2016 @brodybits brodybits cordova-sqlite-legacy-build-support 1.3.4
- Reject SQL with too many parameter arg values on WP8
- other WP8 test fixes
- minor doc fixes

README.md

Cordova/PhoneGap sqlite legacy build support

Native interface to sqlite in a Cordova/PhoneGap plugin for Android, iOS, macOS, WP8, Windows 8.1, Windows Phone 8.1, and Windows 10 UWP (Universal Windows Platform), with API similar to HTML5/Web SQL API.

License for Android, WP8, and Windows versions: MIT or Apache 2.0

License for iOS/macOS version: MIT only

Android Circle-CI (full suite) iOS Travis-CI (partial suite)
Circle CI Build Status

About this version

Legacy build support version with support for WP8 in addition to Android, iOS, macOS, and Windows

Professional services available

The following professional services are available for this project:

  • Support for Ionic and other Angular derivatives
  • Single issue support
  • Warranty and support retainers
  • Priority fixes and enhancements
  • Custom feature development

Other professional services available:

  • Frontend/backend development
  • Mentoring and training services

For more information:

A quick tour

To open a database:

var db = null;

document.addEventListener('deviceready', function() {
  db = window.sqlitePlugin.openDatabase({name: 'demo.db', location: 'default'});
});

IMPORTANT: Like with the other Cordova plugins your application must wait for the deviceready event. This is especially tricky in Angular/ngCordova/Ionic controller/factory/service callbacks which may be triggered before the deviceready event is fired.

To populate a database using the standard transaction API:

  db.transaction(function(tx) {
    tx.executeSql('CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS DemoTable (name, score)');
    tx.executeSql('INSERT INTO DemoTable VALUES (?,?)', ['Alice', 101]);
    tx.executeSql('INSERT INTO DemoTable VALUES (?,?)', ['Betty', 202]);
  }, function(error) {
    console.log('Transaction ERROR: ' + error.message);
  }, function() {
    console.log('Populated database OK');
  });

To check the data using the standard transaction API:

  db.transaction(function(tx) {
    tx.executeSql('SELECT count(*) AS mycount FROM DemoTable', [], function(tx, rs) {
      console.log('Record count (expected to be 2): ' + rs.rows.item(0).mycount);
    }, function(tx, error) {
      console.log('SELECT error: ' + error.message);
    });
  });

To populate a database using the SQL batch API:

  db.sqlBatch([
    'CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS DemoTable (name, score)',
    [ 'INSERT INTO DemoTable VALUES (?,?)', ['Alice', 101] ],
    [ 'INSERT INTO DemoTable VALUES (?,?)', ['Betty', 202] ],
  ], function() {
    console.log('Populated database OK');
  }, function(error) {
    console.log('SQL batch ERROR: ' + error.message);
  });

To check the data using the single SQL statement API:

  db.executeSql('SELECT count(*) AS mycount FROM DemoTable', [], function(rs) {
    console.log('Record count (expected to be 2): ' + rs.rows.item(0).mycount);
  }, function(error) {
    console.log('SELECT SQL statement ERROR: ' + error.message);
  });

See the Sample section for a sample with a more detailed explanation.

Status

  • A recent version of the Cordova CLI (such as 6.3.1) is recommended. Cordova versions older than 6.0.0 are missing the cordova-ios@4.0.0 security fixes.
  • Testing with PhoneGap Build is very limited. PhoneGap Build is actively supported for litehelpers / Cordova-sqlite-evcore-extbuild-free (available with GPL or commercial license options). The following resource describes how to use this plugin from git in PhoneGap Build: http://phonegap.com/blog/2016/02/16/git-plugins/
  • The iOS database location is now mandatory, as documented below.
  • SQLite version 3.8.10.2 is supported for all supported platforms Android/iOS/macOS/Windows.
  • This version supports the use of two (2) possible Android sqlite database implementations:
  • The following features are available in litehelpers / cordova-sqlite-ext:
    • REGEXP support (Android/iOS/macOS)
    • Pre-populated database (Android/iOS/macOS/Windows)
  • Windows version (using a customized version of the performant C++ doo / SQLite3-WinRT component) has the following known limitations:
    • Issue with UNICODE \u0000 character (same as \0)
    • No background processing
    • INCORRECT error code (0) and INCONSISTENT error message (missing actual error info) in error callbacks ref: litehelpers/Cordova-sqlite-storage#539
    • Issue with emojis and other 4-octet UTF-8 characters (apparently not stored correctly) ref: litehelpers/Cordova-sqlite-storage#564
    • Not possible to read BLOB column values
    • Issue with undefined SQL parameter argument value described below
    • It is not possible to use this plugin with the default "Any CPU" target. A specific target CPU type must be specified when building an app with this plugin.
    • Windows version may crash in certain cases when invalid (bogus) function parameters are given, for example: db.readTransaction('bogus');
  • Status for the other target platforms:
    • Android: now using Android-sqlite-connector (with sqlite 3.8.10.2 embedded in Android-sqlite-native-driver), with support for FTS3/FTS4 and R-Tree
    • iOS/macOS: sqlite 3.8.10.2 embedded
    • WP8: performance/stability issues have been reported with the CSharp-SQLite library. Windows (UWP) platform is recommended for the future. FTS3/FTS4/R-Tree are NOT supported for WP8.
  • macOS version ("osx" platform) has not been tested in a release build and should be considered pre-alpha.
  • FTS3, FTS4, and R-Tree are not supported for WP8
  • Android is supported back to SDK 10 (a.k.a. Gingerbread, Android 2.3.3); support for older versions is available upon request.
  • iOS versions supported: 8.x/9.x/10.x (see deviations section below for differences in case of WKWebView)
  • In case of memory issues please use smaller transactions or use the version (with GPL or commercial license options) at: litehelpers / Cordova-sqlite-evcore-extbuild-free

Announcements

  • macOS ("osx" platform) is now supported
  • The brodybits / Cordova-sqlite-bootstrap-test project is a CC0 (public domain) starting point to reproduce issues with this plugin and may be used as a quick way to start developing a new app.
  • New litehelpers / Cordova-sqlite-evcore-extbuild-free version with Android JSON and SQL statement handling implemented in C, as well as support for PhoneGap Build, Intel XDK, etc., available with GPL or commercial license options. Handles large SQL batches in less than half the time as this version.
  • Windows 8.1/Windows Phone 8.1/Windows 10 version is available here (with WP8 support) as well as in litehelpers / cordova-sqlite-ext (with pre-populated database support) and litehelpers / Cordova-sqlite-storage.
  • Android version is again using the lightweight Android-sqlite-connector by default configuration (may be changed as described below)
  • Self-test functions to verify proper installation and operation of this plugin
  • More explicit openDatabase and deleteDatabase iosDatabaseLocation option
  • Added simple sql batch query function
  • WP8 handling of large (64-bit) INTEGER values is now fixed
  • All iOS operations are now using background processing (reported to resolve intermittent problems with cordova-ios@4.0.1)
  • Published brodybits / Cordova-quick-start-checklist and brodybits / Cordova-troubleshooting-guide
  • Android version uses the lightweight Android-sqlite-connector by default configuration (may be changed as described below)
  • Self-test functions to verify proper installation and operation of this plugin
  • More explicit openDatabase and deleteDatabase iosDatabaseLocation option
  • Added simple sql batch function
  • A version with pre-populated database support added for Windows and REGEXP support added for Android is available at: litehelpers / cordova-sqlite-ext
  • MetaMemoryT / websql-promise now provides a Promises-based interface to both Web SQL and this plugin
  • Android version is now using the lightweight Android-sqlite-connector by default configuration (may be changed as described below)
  • iOS version is now fixed to override the correct pluginInitialize method and should work with recent versions of iOS
  • SQLCipher for Android/iOS/Windows is supported by litehelpers / Cordova-sqlcipher-adapter

Highlights

  • Drop-in replacement for HTML5/Web SQL API: the only change should be to replace the static window.openDatabase() factory call with window.sqlitePlugin.openDatabase(), with parameters as documented below. Known deviations are documented in the deviations section below.
  • Failure-safe nested transactions with batch processing optimizations (according to HTML5/Web SQL API)
  • API is designed to be as flexible as possible but does not allow the application to leave any transactions hanging open.
  • As described in this posting:
    • Keeps sqlite database in a user data location that is known; can be reconfigured (iOS version); and may be synchronized to iCloud (iOS version).
    • No extra size limit. SQLite limits described at: http://www.sqlite.org/limits.html
  • Also tested with multi-page applications
  • This project is self-contained though with sqlite3 dependencies auto-fetched by npm. No dependencies on other plugins such as cordova-plugin-file
  • Windows 8.1/Windows Phone 8.1/Windows 10 version uses a customized version of the performant C++ doo / SQLite3-WinRT component.
  • SQLCipher support for Android/iOS/Windows is available at: litehelpers / Cordova-sqlcipher-adapter
  • Intellectual property:
    • All source code is tracked to the original author in git
    • Major authors are tracked in AUTHORS.md
    • Licensing of each component is tracked in LICENSE.md
    • History of this project is also described in HISTORY.md

Getting started

Recommended prerequisites

  • Install a recent version of Cordova CLI, create a simple app with no plugins, and run it on the desired target platforms.
  • Add a very simple plugin such as cordova-plugin-dialogs or an echo plugin and get it working. Ideally you should be able to handle a callback with some data coming from a prompt.

These prereqisites are very well documented in a number of excellent resources including:

More resources can be found by https://www.google.com/search?q=cordova+tutorial. There are even some tutorials available on YouTube as well.

In addition, this guide assumes a basic knowledge of some key JavaScript concepts such as variables, function calls, and callback functions.

MAJOR TIPS: As described in the Installing section:

  • It is recommended to use the --save flag when installing plugins to track them in config.xml. If all plugins are tracked in config.xml then there is no need to commit the plugins subdirectory tree into the source repository.
  • In general it is not recommended to commit the platforms subdirectory tree into the source repository.

NOTICE: This plugin is only supported with the Cordova CLI. This plugin is not supported with other Cordova/PhoneGap systems such as PhoneGap CLI, PhoneGap Build, Plugman, Intel XDK, Webstorm, etc.

Windows platform notes

The Windows platform can present a number of challenges which increase when using this plugin. The following tips are recommended for getting started with Windows:

  • First start to build and run an app on another platform such as Android or iOS with this plugin.
  • Try working with a very simple app using simpler plugins such as cordova-plugin-dialogs and possibly cordova-plugin-file on the Windows platform.
  • Read through the Windows platform usage of the Installing section.
  • Then try adding this plugin to a very simple app such as brodybits / Cordova-sqlite-bootstrap-test and running the Windows project in the Visual Studio GUI with a specific target CPU selected. WARNING: It is not possible to use this plugin with the "Any CPU" target.

Quick installation

Use the following command to install this plugin from the Cordova CLI:

cordova plugin add https://github.com/litehelpers/Cordova-sqlite-legacy-build-support --save

Add any desired platform(s) if not already present, for example:

cordova platform add android

and then prepare before building (MANDATORY for iOS, RECOMMENDED for other platforms):

cordova prepare

or to prepare for a single platform, Android for example:

cordova prepare android

Please see the Installing section for more details.

NOTE: The new brodybits / Cordova-sqlite-bootstrap-test project includes the echo test, self test, and string test described below along with some more sample functions.

Self test

Try the following programs to verify successful installation and operation:

Echo test - verify successful installation and build:

document.addEventListener('deviceready', function() {
  window.sqlitePlugin.echoTest(function() {
    console.log('ECHO test OK');
  });
});

Self test - automatically verify basic database access operations including opening a database; basic CRUD operations (create data in a table, read the data from the table, update the data, and delete the data); close and delete the database:

document.addEventListener('deviceready', function() {
  window.sqlitePlugin.selfTest(function() {
    console.log('SELF test OK');
  });
});

NOTE: It may be easier to use a JavaScript or native alert function call along with (or instead of) console.log to verify that the installation passes both tests. Same for the SQL string test variations below. (Note that the Windows platform does not support the standard alert function, please use cordova-plugin-dialogs instead.)

SQL string test

This test verifies that you can open a database, execute a basic SQL statement, and get the results (should be TEST STRING):

document.addEventListener('deviceready', function() {
  var db = window.sqlitePlugin.openDatabase({name: 'test.db', location: 'default'});
  db.transaction(function(tr) {
    tr.executeSql("SELECT upper('Test string') AS upperString", [], function(tr, rs) {
      console.log('Got upperString result: ' + rs.rows.item(0).upperString);
    });
  });
});

Here is a variation that uses a SQL parameter instead of a string literal:

document.addEventListener('deviceready', function() {
  var db = window.sqlitePlugin.openDatabase({name: 'test.db', location: 'default'});
  db.transaction(function(tr) {
    tr.executeSql('SELECT upper(?) AS upperString', ['Test string'], function(tr, rs) {
      console.log('Got upperString result: ' + rs.rows.item(0).upperString);
    });
  });
});

Moving forward

It is recommended to read through the usage and sample sections before building more complex applications. In general it is recommended to start by doing things one step at a time, especially when an application does not work as expected.

The new brodybits / Cordova-sqlite-bootstrap-test sample is intended to be a boilerplate to reproduce and demonstrate any issues you may have with this plugin. You may also use it as a starting point to build a new app.

In case you get stuck with something please read through the support section and follow the instructions before raising an issue. Professional support is also available by contacting: sales@litehelpers.net

SQLite resources

Some other Cordova resources

Some apps using this plugin

Security

Security of sensitive data

According to Web SQL Database API 7.2 Sensitivity of data:

User agents should treat persistently stored data as potentially sensitive; it's quite possible for e-mails, calendar appointments, health records, or other confidential documents to be stored in this mechanism.

To this end, user agents should ensure that when deleting data, it is promptly deleted from the underlying storage.

Unfortunately this plugin will not actually overwrite the deleted content unless the secure_delete PRAGMA is used.

SQL injection

As "strongly recommended" by Web SQL Database API 8.5 SQL injection:

Authors are strongly recommended to make use of the ? placeholder feature of the executeSql() method, and to never construct SQL statements on the fly.

Deviations

Some known deviations from the Web SQL database standard

  • The window.sqlitePlugin.openDatabase static factory call takes a different set of parameters than the standard Web SQL window.openDatabase static factory call. In case you have to use existing Web SQL code with no modifications please see the Web SQL replacement tip below.
  • This plugin does not support the database creation callback or standard database versions. Please read the Database schema versions section below for tips on how to support database schema versioning.
  • This plugin does not support the synchronous Web SQL interfaces.
  • Known issues with handling of certain ASCII/UNICODE characters as described below.
  • It is possible to request a SQL statement list such as "SELECT 1; SELECT 2" within a single SQL statement string, however the plugin will only execute the first statement and silently ignore the others ref: litehelpers/Cordova-sqlite-storage#551
  • It is possible to insert multiple rows like: transaction.executeSql('INSERT INTO MyTable VALUES (?,?),(?,?)', ['Alice', 101, 'Betty', 102]); which was not supported by SQLite 3.6.19 as referenced by Web SQL API section 5. The iOS WebKit Web SQL implementation seems to support this as well.
  • Unlike the HTML5/Web SQL API this plugin handles executeSql calls with too few parameters without error reporting. In case of too many parameters this plugin reports error code 0 (SQLError.UNKNOWN_ERR) while Android/iOS (WebKit) Web SQL correctly reports error code 5 (SQLError.SYNTAX_ERR) ref: https://www.w3.org/TR/webdatabase/#dom-sqlexception-code-syntax
  • Issues with positive and negative Infinity SQL parameter argument values are treated like null by this plugin on Android and iOS ref: litehelpers/Cordova-sqlite-storage#405
  • Positive and negative Infinity result values cause a crash on iOS/macOS and a hanging transaction on WP8 ref: litehelpers/Cordova-sqlite-storage#405
  • Windows version fails with an error in case an undefined SQL parameter argument value is used.
  • Known issue(s) with of certain ASCII/UNICODE characters as described below.
  • Boolean true and false values are handled by converting them to the "true" and "false" TEXT string values, same as WebKit Web SQL on Android and iOS. This does not seem to be 100% correct as discussed in: litehelpers/Cordova-sqlite-storage#545
  • A number of uncategorized errors such as CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE USING bogus module are reported with error code 5 (SQLError.SYNTAX_ERR) on Android/iOS/macOS by both (WebKit) Web SQL and this plugin.
  • Issues with error code on Windows as well as Android with the androidDatabaseImplementation: 2 setting described below.
  • In case of an issue that causes an API function to throw an exception (Android/iOS WebKit) Web SQL includes includes a code member with value of 0 (SQLError.UNKNOWN_ERR) in the exception while the plugin includes no such code member.
  • This plugin supports some non-standard features as documented below.
  • Results of SELECT with BLOB data such as SELECT LOWER(X'40414243') AS myresult, SELECT X'40414243' AS myresult, or reading data stored by INSERT INTO MyTable VALUES (X'40414243') are not consistent on Android in case the built-in Android database is used (using the androidDatabaseImplementation: 2 setting in window.sqlitePlugin.openDatabase) or Windows. (These work with Android/iOS WebKit Web SQL and have been supported by SQLite for a number of years.)
  • Whole number parameter argument values such as 42, -101, or 1234567890123 are handled as INTEGER values by this plugin on Android, iOS (default UIWebView), and Windows while they are handled as REAL values by (WebKit) Web SQL and this plugin on macOS or iOS with WKWebView. This is evident in certain test operations such as SELECT ? as myresult or SELECT TYPEOF(?) as myresult and storage in a field with TEXT affinity.
  • INTEGER, REAL, +/- Infinity, NaN, null, undefined parameter argument values are handled as TEXT string values on Android in case the built-in Android database (androidDatabaseImplementation: 2 setting) is used. (This is evident in certain test operations such as SELECT ? as myresult or SELECT TYPEOF(?) as myresult and storage in a field with TEXT affinity.)
  • In case of invalid transaction callback arguments such as string values the plugin attempts to execute the transaction while (WebKit) Web SQL would throw an exception. (This may cause the plugin to crash on Windows in case of a read-only transaction.)
  • The plugin handles invalid SQL arguments array values such as false, true, or a string as if there were no arguments while (WebKit) Web SQL would throw an exception. NOTE: In case of a function in place of the SQL arguments array WebKit Web SQL would report a transaction error while the plugin would simply ignore the function.
  • In case of invalid SQL callback arguments such as string values the plugin may execute the SQL and signal transaction success or failure while (WebKit) Web SQL would throw an exception.
  • In certain cases such as transaction.executeSql(null) or transaction.executeSql(undefined) the plugin throws an exception while (WebKit) Web SQL indicates a transaction failure.
  • In certain cases such as transaction.executeSql() with no arguments (Android/iOS WebKit) Web SQL includes includes a code member with value of 0 (SQLError.UNKNOWN_ERR) in the exception while the plugin includes no such code member.
  • If the SQL arguments are passed in an Array subclass object where the constructor does not point to Array then the SQL arguments are ignored by the plugin.
  • The results data objects are not immutable as specified/implied by Web SQL API section 4.5.

Security of deleted data

See Security of sensitive data in the Security section above.

Other differences with WebKit Web SQL implementations

  • In case of a SQL error handler that does not recover the transaction, WebKit Web SQL (Android/iOS) would incorrectly report error code 0 while the plugin would report the same error code as in the SQL error handler. (In case of an error with no SQL error handler then Android/iOS WebKit Web SQL would report the same error code that would have been reported in the SQL error hander.)
  • In case a transaction function throws an exception, the message and code if present are reported by the plugin but not by (WebKit) Web SQL.
  • SQL error messages are inconsistent on Windows.
  • There are some other differences in the SQL error messages reported by WebKit Web SQL and this plugin.

Known issues

  • iOS/macOS version does not support certain rapidly repeated open-and-close or open-and-delete test scenarios due to how the implementation handles background processing
  • As described below, auto-vacuum is NOT enabled by default.
  • The Android and Windows versions do not always handle four-byte UTF-8 characters emoji characters such as \u1F603 (SMILING FACE, MOUTH OPEN) correctly ref: litehelpers/Cordova-sqlite-storage#564. It is sometimes possible to store and retrieve such characters but certain operations hex conversions do not work properly with the default Android-sqlite-connector database implementation. It is suspected that such characters would be stored incorrectly in the Android and Windows versions. This is not an issue in case the built-in Android database is used (using the androidDatabaseImplementation: 2 setting in window.sqlitePlugin.openDatabase)
  • It is possible to request a SQL statement list such as "SELECT 1; SELECT 2" within a single SQL statement string, however the plugin will only execute the first statement and silently ignore the others ref: litehelpers/Cordova-sqlite-storage#551
  • INSERT statement that affects multiple rows (due to SELECT cause or using TRIGGER(s), for example) reports incorrect rowsAffected on Android in case the built-in Android database used (using the androidDatabaseImplementation option in window.sqlitePlugin.openDatabase)
  • Memory issue observed when adding a large number of records due to the JSON implementation which is improved in litehelpers / Cordova-sqlite-evcore-extbuild-free (available with GPL or commercial license options)
  • Infinity (positive or negative) values are not supported on Android/iOS/macOS due to issues described above including a possible crash on iOS/macOS ref: litehelpers/Cordova-sqlite-storage#405
  • A stability issue was reported on the iOS version when in use together with SockJS client such as pusher-js at the same time (see litehelpers/Cordova-sqlite-storage#196). The workaround is to call sqlite functions and SockJS client functions in separate ticks (using setTimeout with 0 timeout).
  • Possible crash on Android when using Unicode emoji and other 4-octet UTF-8 characters due to Android bug 81341, which should be fixed in Android 6.x
  • Close/delete database bugs described below.
  • When a database is opened and deleted without closing, the iOS/macOS version is known to leak resources.
  • It is NOT possible to open multiple databases with the same name but in different locations (iOS/macOS).
  • Incorrect or missing insertId/rowsAffected in results for INSERT/UPDATE/DELETE SQL statements with extra semicolon(s) in the beginning for Android (in case the androidDatabaseImplementation: 2 option is used) and WP8.

Some more known issues are tracked in the open Cordova-sqlite-storage bugs.

Other limitations

  • The db version, display name, and size parameter values are not supported and will be ignored. (No longer supported by the API)
  • Absolute and relative subdirectory path(s) are not tested or supported.
  • This plugin will not work before the callback for the 'deviceready' event has been fired, as described in Usage. (This is consistent with the other Cordova plugins.)
  • This plugin cannot support large records. TBD: specify maximum record; FUTURE TBD: to be fixed in litehelpers / Cordova-sqlite-evcore-extbuild-free (available with GPL or commercial license options)
  • This version will not work within a web worker (not properly supported by the Cordova framework). Use within a web worker is supported for Android and iOS in: litehelpers / Cordova-sqlite-evplus-legacy-workers-free (available with GPL or premium commercial license options)
  • In-memory database db=window.sqlitePlugin.openDatabase({name: ':memory:', ...}) is currently not supported.
  • The Android version cannot work with more than 100 open db files (due to the threading model used).
  • SQL error messages on Windows version are not consistent with Android/iOS/macOS versions.
  • Certain US-ASCII and Unicode characters cause a hanging transaction on WP8, including: emojis and other 4-octet UTF-8 characters, vertical tab, form feed, backspace, \u2028 (UNICODE line separator) and \u2029 (UNICODE paragraph separator) (further testing needed)
  • UNICODE \u2028 (line separator) and \u2029 (paragraph separator) characters are currently not supported and known to be broken in iOS/macOS version due to Cordova bug CB-9435. There may be a similar issue with certain other UNICODE characters in the iOS/macOS version (needs further investigation). This is fixed in: litehelpers / Cordova-sqlite-evplus-legacy-free (available with GPL or special commercial license options)
  • BLOB type is not supported in this version branch (reading of BLOBs is supported by litehelpers / cordova-sqlite-ext for Android/iOS)
  • UNICODE \u0000 (same as \0) character not working in Android (default Android-sqlite-connector database implentation), WP8, or Windows
  • Case-insensitive matching and other string manipulations on Unicode characters, which is provided by optional ICU integration in the sqlite source and working with recent versions of Android, is not supported for any target platforms.
  • iOS/macOS version uses a thread pool but with only one thread working at a time due to "synchronized" database access
  • Large query result can be slow, also due to JSON implementation
  • ATTACH to another database file is not supported by this version. Attach/detach is supported (along with the memory and iOS UNICODE \u2028 line separator / \u2029 paragraph separator fixes) in: litehelpers / Cordova-sqlite-evplus-legacy-attach-detach-free (available with GPL or special commercial license options)
  • UPDATE/DELETE with LIMIT or ORDER BY is not supported.
  • WITH clause is not supported by older Android versions in case the androidDatabaseImplementation: 2 (built-in android.database implementation) option is used.
  • User-defined savepoints are not supported and not expected to be compatible with the transaction locking mechanism used by this plugin. In addition, the use of BEGIN/COMMIT/ROLLBACK statements is not supported.
  • Problems have been reported when using this plugin with Crosswalk (for Android). It may help to install Crosswalk as a plugin instead of using Crosswalk to create the project.
  • Does not work with axemclion / react-native-cordova-plugin since the window.sqlitePlugin object is not properly exported (ES5 feature). It is recommended to use andpor / react-native-sqlite-storage for SQLite database access with React Native Android/iOS instead.

Some more limitations are tracked in the open Cordova-sqlite-storage documentation issues.

Further testing needed

  • Integration with PhoneGap developer app
  • Use within InAppBrowser
  • Use within an iframe (see litehelpers/Cordova-sqlite-storage#368 (comment))
  • Date/time handling
  • Maximum record size supported
  • Actual behavior when using SAVEPOINT(s)
  • FTS3/FTS4 and R-Tree are not fully tested or supported for WP8
  • R-Tree is not fully tested with Android
  • UNICODE characters not fully tested
  • ORDER BY random() (ref: litehelpers/Cordova-sqlite-storage#334)
  • UPDATE/DELETE with LIMIT or ORDER BY (newer Android/iOS versions)
  • Integration with JXCore for Cordova (must be built without sqlite(3) built-in)
  • Delete an open database inside a statement or transaction callback.
  • WITH clause (not supported by some older sqlite3 versions)
  • Handling of invalid transaction and transaction.executeSql arguments
  • Use of database locations on macOS
  • Use of very large REAL numbers such as 1234567890123.4
  • More emojis and other 4-octet UTF-8 characters
  • ?NNN/:AAA/@AAAA/$AAAA parameter placeholders ref: https://www.sqlite.org/lang_expr.html#varparam, https://www.sqlite.org/c3ref/bind_blob.html)
  • Single-statement and SQL batch transaction calls with invalid arguments (TBD behavior subject to change)

Some tips and tricks

  • If you run into problems and your code follows the asynchronous HTML5/Web SQL transaction API, you can try opening a test database using window.openDatabase and see if you get the same problems.
  • In case your database schema may change, it is recommended to keep a table with one row and one column to keep track of your own schema version number. It is possible to add it later. The recommended schema update procedure is described below.

Pitfalls

Some common pitfall(s)

  • It is possible to make a Windows Phone 8.1 project using either the windows platform or the wp8 platform. The windows platform is highly recommended over wp8 whenever possible. Also, some plugins only support windows and some plugins support only wp8.
  • If a database is opened using the standard window.openDatabase call it will not have any of the benefits of this plugin and features such as the sqlBatch call would not be available.
  • It is NOT allowed to execute sql statements on a transaction that has already finished, as described below. This is consistent with the HTML5/Web SQL API.
  • The plugin class name starts with "SQL" in capital letters, but in Javascript the sqlitePlugin object name starts with "sql" in small letters.
  • Attempting to open a database before receiving the 'deviceready' event callback.
  • Inserting STRING into ID field
  • Auto-vacuum is NOT enabled by default. It is recommended to periodically VACUUM the database.
  • Transactions on a database are run sequentially. A large transaction could block smaller transactions requested afterwards.

Some weird pitfall(s)

Angular/ngCordova/Ionic-related pitfalls

  • Angular/ngCordova/Ionic controller/factory/service callbacks may be triggered before the 'deviceready' event is fired
  • As discussed in litehelpers/Cordova-sqlite-storage#355, it may be necessary to install ionic-plugin-keyboard

Windows platform pitfalls

  • This plugin does not work with the default "Any CPU" target. A specific, valid CPU target platform must be specified.
  • It is not allowed to change the app ID in the Windows platform project. As described in the Windows platform usage of the Installing section a Windows-specific app ID may be declared using the windows-identity-name attribute or "WindowsStoreIdentityName" setting.
  • A problem locating SQLite3.md generally means that there was a problem building the C++ library.

General Cordova pitfalls

Documented in: brodybits / Avoiding-some-Cordova-pitfalls

General SQLite pitfalls

From https://www.sqlite.org/datatype3.html#section_1:

SQLite uses a more general dynamic type system.

This is generally nice to have, especially in conjunction with a dynamically typed language such as JavaScript. Here are some major SQLite data typing principles:

However there are some possible gotchas:

  1. From https://www.sqlite.org/datatype3.html#section_3_2:

    Note that a declared type of "FLOATING POINT" would give INTEGER affinity, not REAL affinity, due to the "INT" at the end of "POINT". And the declared type of "STRING" has an affinity of NUMERIC, not TEXT.

  2. From ibid: a column declared as "DATETIME" has NUMERIC affinity, which gives no hint whether an INTEGER Unix time value, a REAL Julian time value, or possibly even a TEXT ISO8601 date/time string may be stored (further refs: https://www.sqlite.org/datatype3.html#section_2_2, https://www.sqlite.org/datatype3.html#section_3)

From https://groups.google.com/forum/#!topic/phonegap/za7z51_fKRw, as discussed in litehelpers/Cordova-sqlite-storage#546: it was discovered that are some more points of possible confusion with date/time. For example, there is also a datetime function that returns date/time in TEXT string format. This should be considered a case of "DATETIME" overloading since SQLite is not case sensitive. This could really become confusing if different programmers or functions consider date/time to be stored in different ways.

FUTURE TBD: Proper date/time handling will be further tested and documented at some point.

Major TODOs

For future considertion

  • Auto-vacuum option
  • Browser platform

Alternatives

Other versions

Other SQLite adapter projects

Alternative solutions

Usage

Self-test functions

To verify that both the Javascript and native part of this plugin are installed in your application:

window.sqlitePlugin.echoTest(successCallback, errorCallback);

To verify that this plugin is able to open a database (named ___$$$___litehelpers___$$$___test___$$$___.db), execute the CRUD (create, read, update, and delete) operations, and clean it up properly:

window.sqlitePlugin.selfTest(successCallback, errorCallback);

IMPORTANT: Please wait for the 'deviceready' event (see below for an example).

General

  • Drop-in replacement for HTML5/Web SQL API: the only change should be to replace the static window.openDatabase() factory call with window.sqlitePlugin.openDatabase(), with parameters as documented below. Some other known deviations are documented below. Please report if you find any other possible deviations.
  • Single-page application design is recommended.
  • In case of a multi-page application the JavaScript used by each page must use sqlitePlugin.openDatabase to open the database access handle object before it can access the data.

NOTE: If a sqlite statement in a transaction fails with an error, the error handler must return false in order to recover the transaction. This is correct according to the HTML5/Web SQL API standard. This is different from the WebKit implementation of Web SQL in Android and iOS which recovers the transaction if a sql error hander returns a non-true value.

See the Sample section for a sample with detailed explanations.

Opening a database

To open a database access handle object (in the new default location):

var db = window.sqlitePlugin.openDatabase({name: 'my.db', location: 'default'}, successcb, errorcb);

WARNING: The new "default" location value is NOT the same as the old default location and would break an upgrade for an app that was using the old default value (0) on iOS.

To specify a different location (affects iOS/macOS only):

var db = window.sqlitePlugin.openDatabase({name: 'my.db', iosDatabaseLocation: 'Library'}, successcb, errorcb);

where the iosDatabaseLocation option may be set to one of the following choices:

  • default: Library/LocalDatabase subdirectory - NOT visible to iTunes and NOT backed up by iCloud
  • Library: Library subdirectory - backed up by iCloud, NOT visible to iTunes
  • Documents: Documents subdirectory - visible to iTunes and backed up by iCloud

WARNING: Again, the new "default" iosDatabaseLocation value is NOT the same as the old default location and would break an upgrade for an app using the old default value (0) on iOS.

ALTERNATIVE (deprecated):

  • var db = window.sqlitePlugin.openDatabase({name: "my.db", location: 1}, successcb, errorcb);

with the location option set to one the following choices (affects iOS only):

  • 0 (default): Documents - visible to iTunes and backed up by iCloud
  • 1: Library - backed up by iCloud, NOT visible to iTunes
  • 2: Library/LocalDatabase - NOT visible to iTunes and NOT backed up by iCloud (same as using "default")

No longer supported (see tip below to overwrite window.openDatabase): var db = window.sqlitePlugin.openDatabase("myDatabase.db", "1.0", "Demo", -1);

IMPORTANT: Please wait for the 'deviceready' event, as in the following example:

// Wait for Cordova to load
document.addEventListener('deviceready', onDeviceReady, false);

// Cordova is ready
function onDeviceReady() {
  var db = window.sqlitePlugin.openDatabase({name: 'my.db', location: 'default'});
  // ...
}

The successcb and errorcb callback parameters are optional but can be extremely helpful in case anything goes wrong. For example:

window.sqlitePlugin.openDatabase({name: 'my.db', location: 'default'}, function(db) {
  db.transaction(function(tx) {
    // ...
  }, function(err) {
    console.log('Open database ERROR: ' + JSON.stringify(err));
  });
});

If any sql statements or transactions are attempted on a database object before the openDatabase result is known, they will be queued and will be aborted in case the database cannot be opened.

OTHER NOTES:

  • The database file name should include the extension, if desired.
  • It is possible to open multiple database access handle objects for the same database.
  • The database handle access object can be closed as described below.

Web SQL replacement tip:

To overwrite window.openDatabase:

window.openDatabase = function(dbname, ignored1, ignored2, ignored3) {
  return window.sqlitePlugin.openDatabase({name: dbname, location: 'default'});
};

iCloud backup notes

As documented in the "A User’s iCloud Storage Is Limited" section of iCloudFundamentals in Mac Developer Library iCloud Design Guide (near the beginning):

  • DO store the following in iCloud:
    • [other items omitted]
    • Change log files for a SQLite database (a SQLite database’s store file must never be stored in iCloud)
  • DO NOT store the following in iCloud:
    • [items omitted]
- iCloudFundamentals in Mac Developer Library iCloud Design Guide

How to disable iCloud backup

Use the location or iosDatabaseLocation option in sqlitePlugin.openDatabase() to store the database in a subdirectory that is NOT backed up to iCloud, as described in the section below.

NOTE: Changing BackupWebStorage in config.xml has no effect on a database created by this plugin. BackupWebStorage applies only to local storage and/or Web SQL storage created in the WebView (not using this plugin). For reference: phonegap/build#338 (comment)

Android sqlite implementation

By default, this plugin uses Android-sqlite-connector, which is lightweight and should be more efficient than the built-in Android database classes. To use the built-in Android database classes instead:

var db = window.sqlitePlugin.openDatabase({name: 'my.db', location: 'default', androidDatabaseImplementation: 2});

Workaround for Android db locking issue

litehelpers/Cordova-sqlite-storage#193 was reported (as observed by a number of app developers) that when using the androidDatabaseImplementation: 2 setting on certain Android versions and if the app is stopped or aborted without closing the database then:

  • (sometimes) there is an unexpected database lock
  • the data that was inserted is lost.

The cause of this issue remains unknown. Of interest: android / platform_external_sqlite commit d4f30d0d15 which references and includes the sqlite commit at: http://www.sqlite.org/src/info/6c4c2b7dba

This is not an issue when the default Android-sqlite-connector database implementation is used, which is the case when no androidDatabaseImplementation setting is used.

There is an optional workaround that simply closes and reopens the database file at the end of every transaction that is committed. The workaround is enabled by opening the database with options as follows:

var db = window.sqlitePlugin.openDatabase({
  name: 'my.db',
  location: 'default',
  androidDatabaseImplementation: 2,
  androidLockWorkaround: 1
});

IMPORTANT NOTE: This workaround is only applied when using db.sqlBatch or db.transaction(), not applied when running executeSql() on the database object.

SQL transactions

The following types of SQL transactions are supported by this version:

  • Single-statement transactions
  • SQL batch transactions
  • Standard asynchronous transactions

NOTE: Transaction requests are kept in one queue per database and executed in sequential order, according to the HTML5/Web SQL API.

WARNING: - It is possible to request a SQL statement list such as "SELECT 1; SELECT 2" within a single SQL statement string, however the plugin will only execute the first statement and silently ignore the others. This could result in data loss if such a SQL statement list with any INSERT or UPDATE statement(s) are included. For reference: litehelpers/Cordova-sqlite-storage#551

Single-statement transactions

Sample with INSERT:

db.executeSql('INSERT INTO MyTable VALUES (?)', ['test-value'], function (resultSet) {
  console.log('resultSet.insertId: ' + resultSet.insertId);
  console.log('resultSet.rowsAffected: ' + resultSet.rowsAffected);
}, function(error) {
  console.log('SELECT error: ' + error.message);
});

Sample with SELECT:

db.executeSql("SELECT LENGTH('tenletters') AS stringlength", [], function (resultSet) {
  console.log('got stringlength: ' + resultSet.rows.item(0).stringlength);
}, function(error) {
  console.log('SELECT error: ' + error.message);
});

NOTE/minor bug: The object returned by resultSet.rows.item(rowNumber) is not immutable. In addition, multiple calls to resultSet.rows.item(rowNumber) with the same rowNumber on the same resultSet object return the same object. For example, the following code will show Second uppertext result: ANOTHER:

db.executeSql("SELECT UPPER('First') AS uppertext", [], function (resultSet) {
  var obj1 = resultSet.rows.item(0);
  obj1.uppertext = 'ANOTHER';
  console.log('Second uppertext result: ' + resultSet.rows.item(0).uppertext);
  console.log('SELECT error: ' + error.message);
});

SQL batch transactions

Sample:

db.sqlBatch([
  'DROP TABLE IF EXISTS MyTable',
  'CREATE TABLE MyTable (SampleColumn)',
  [ 'INSERT INTO MyTable VALUES (?)', ['test-value'] ],
], function() {
  db.executeSql('SELECT * FROM MyTable', [], function (resultSet) {
    console.log('Sample column value: ' + resultSet.rows.item(0).SampleColumn);
  });
}, function(error) {
  console.log('Populate table error: ' + error.message);
});

In case of an error, all changes in a sql batch are automatically discarded using ROLLBACK.

Standard asynchronous transactions

Standard asynchronous transactions follow the HTML5/Web SQL API which is very well documented and uses BEGIN and COMMIT or ROLLBACK to keep the transactions failure-safe. Here is a simple example:

db.transaction(function(tx) {
  tx.executeSql('DROP TABLE IF EXISTS MyTable');
  tx.executeSql('CREATE TABLE MyTable (SampleColumn)');
  tx.executeSql('INSERT INTO MyTable VALUES (?)', ['test-value'], function(tx, resultSet) {
    console.log('resultSet.insertId: ' + resultSet.insertId);
    console.log('resultSet.rowsAffected: ' + resultSet.rowsAffected);
  }, function(tx, error) {
    console.log('INSERT error: ' + error.message);
  });
}, function(error) {
  console.log('transaction error: ' + error.message);
}, function() {
  console.log('transaction ok');
});

In case of a read-only transaction, it is possible to use readTransaction which will not use BEGIN, COMMIT, or ROLLBACK:

db.readTransaction(function(tx) {
  tx.executeSql("SELECT UPPER('Some US-ASCII text') AS uppertext", [], function(tx, resultSet) {
    console.log("resultSet.rows.item(0).uppertext: " + resultSet.rows.item(0).uppertext);
  }, function(tx, error) {
    console.log('SELECT error: ' + error.message);
  });
}, function(error) {
  console.log('transaction error: ' + error.message);
}, function() {
  console.log('transaction ok');
});

WARNING: It is NOT allowed to execute sql statements on a transaction after it has finished. Here is an example from the Populating Cordova SQLite storage with the JQuery API post at http://www.brodybits.com/cordova/sqlite/api/jquery/2015/10/26/populating-cordova-sqlite-storage-with-the-jquery-api.html:

  // BROKEN SAMPLE:
  var db = window.sqlitePlugin.openDatabase({name: "test.db"});
  db.executeSql("DROP TABLE IF EXISTS tt");
  db.executeSql("CREATE TABLE tt (data)");

  db.transaction(function(tx) {
    $.ajax({
      url: 'https://api.github.com/users/litehelpers/repos',
      dataType: 'json',
      success: function(res) {
        console.log('Got AJAX response: ' + JSON.stringify(res));
        $.each(res, function(i, item) {
          console.log('REPO NAME: ' + item.name);
          tx.executeSql("INSERT INTO tt values (?)", JSON.stringify(item.name));
        });
      }
    });
  }, function(e) {
    console.log('Transaction error: ' + e.message);
  }, function() {
    // Check results:
    db.executeSql('SELECT COUNT(*) FROM tt', [], function(res) {
      console.log('Check SELECT result: ' + JSON.stringify(res.rows.item(0)));
    });
  });

You can find more details and a step-by-step description how to do this right in the Populating Cordova SQLite storage with the JQuery API post at: http://www.brodybits.com/cordova/sqlite/api/jquery/2015/10/26/populating-cordova-sqlite-storage-with-the-jquery-api.html

NOTE/minor bug: Just like the single-statement transaction described above, the object returned by resultSet.rows.item(rowNumber) is not immutable. In addition, multiple calls to resultSet.rows.item(rowNumber) with the same rowNumber on the same resultSet object return the same object. For example, the following code will show Second uppertext result: ANOTHER:

db.readTransaction(function(tx) {
  tx.executeSql("SELECT UPPER('First') AS uppertext", [], function(tx, resultSet) {
    var obj1 = resultSet.rows.item(0);
    obj1.uppertext = 'ANOTHER';
    console.log('Second uppertext result: ' + resultSet.rows.item(0).uppertext);
    console.log('SELECT error: ' + error.message);
  });
});

FUTURE TBD: It should be possible to get a row result object using resultSet.rows[rowNumber], also in case of a single-statement transaction. This is non-standard but is supported by the Chrome desktop browser.

Background processing

The threading model depends on which version is used:

  • For Android and WP8, one background thread per db;
  • for iOS/macOS, background processing using a very limited thread pool (only one thread working at a time);
  • for Windows, no background processing.

Sample with PRAGMA feature

Creates a table, adds a single entry, then queries the count to check if the item was inserted as expected. Note that a new transaction is created in the middle of the first callback.

// Wait for Cordova to load
document.addEventListener('deviceready', onDeviceReady, false);

// Cordova is ready
function onDeviceReady() {
  var db = window.sqlitePlugin.openDatabase({name: 'my.db', location: 'default'});

  db.transaction(function(tx) {
    tx.executeSql('DROP TABLE IF EXISTS test_table');
    tx.executeSql('CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS test_table (id integer primary key, data text, data_num integer)');

    // demonstrate PRAGMA:
    db.executeSql("pragma table_info (test_table);", [], function(res) {
      console.log("PRAGMA res: " + JSON.stringify(res));
    });

    tx.executeSql("INSERT INTO test_table (data, data_num) VALUES (?,?)", ["test", 100], function(tx, res) {
      console.log("insertId: " + res.insertId + " -- probably 1");
      console.log("rowsAffected: " + res.rowsAffected + " -- should be 1");

      db.transaction(function(tx) {
        tx.executeSql("select count(id) as cnt from test_table;", [], function(tx, res) {
          console.log("res.rows.length: " + res.rows.length + " -- should be 1");
          console.log("res.rows.item(0).cnt: " + res.rows.item(0).cnt + " -- should be 1");
        });
      });

    }, function(e) {
      console.log("ERROR: " + e.message);
    });
  });
}

NOTE: PRAGMA statements must be executed in executeSql() on the database object (i.e. db.executeSql()) and NOT within a transaction.

Sample with transaction-level nesting

In this case, the same transaction in the first executeSql() callback is being reused to run executeSql() again.

// Wait for Cordova to load
document.addEventListener('deviceready', onDeviceReady, false);

// Cordova is ready
function onDeviceReady() {
  var db = window.sqlitePlugin.openDatabase({name: 'my.db', location: 'default'});

  db.transaction(function(tx) {
    tx.executeSql('DROP TABLE IF EXISTS test_table');
    tx.executeSql('CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS test_table (id integer primary key, data text, data_num integer)');

    tx.executeSql("INSERT INTO test_table (data, data_num) VALUES (?,?)", ["test", 100], function(tx, res) {
      console.log("insertId: " + res.insertId + " -- probably 1");
      console.log("rowsAffected: " + res.rowsAffected + " -- should be 1");

      tx.executeSql("select count(id) as cnt from test_table;", [], function(tx, res) {
        console.log("res.rows.length: " + res.rows.length + " -- should be 1");
        console.log("res.rows.item(0).cnt: " + res.rows.item(0).cnt + " -- should be 1");
      });

    }, function(tx, e) {
      console.log("ERROR: " + e.message);
    });
  });
}

This case will also works with Safari (WebKit), assuming you replace window.sqlitePlugin.openDatabase with window.openDatabase.

Close a database object

This will invalidate all handle access handle objects for the database that is closed:

db.close(successcb, errorcb);

It is OK to close the database within a transaction callback but NOT within a statement callback. The following example is OK:

db.transaction(function(tx) {
  tx.executeSql("SELECT LENGTH('tenletters') AS stringlength", [], function(tx, res) {
    console.log('got stringlength: ' + res.rows.item(0).stringlength);
  });
}, function(error) {
  // OK to close here:
  console.log('transaction error: ' + error.message);
  db.close();
}, function() {
  // OK to close here:
  console.log('transaction ok');
  db.close(function() {
    console.log('database is closed ok');
  });
});

The following example is NOT OK:

// BROKEN:
db.transaction(function(tx) {
  tx.executeSql("SELECT LENGTH('tenletters') AS stringlength", [], function(tx, res) {
    console.log('got stringlength: ' + res.rows.item(0).stringlength);
    // BROKEN - this will trigger the error callback:
    db.close(function() {
      console.log('database is closed ok');
    }, function(error) {
      console.log('ERROR closing database');
    });
  });
});

BUG: It is currently NOT possible to close a database in a db.executeSql callback. For example:

// BROKEN DUE TO BUG:
db.executeSql("SELECT LENGTH('tenletters') AS stringlength", [], function (res) {
  var stringlength = res.rows.item(0).stringlength;
  console.log('got stringlength: ' + res.rows.item(0).stringlength);

  // BROKEN - this will trigger the error callback DUE TO BUG:
  db.close(function() {
    console.log('database is closed ok');
  }, function(error) {
    console.log('ERROR closing database');
  });
});

SECOND BUG: When a database connection is closed, any queued transactions are left hanging. All pending transactions should be errored when a database connection is closed.

NOTE: As described above, if multiple database access handle objects are opened for the same database and one database handle access object is closed, the database is no longer available for the other database handle objects. Possible workarounds:

  • It is still possible to open one or more new database handle objects on a database that has been closed.
  • It should be OK not to explicitly close a database handle since database transactions are ACID compliant and the app's memory resources are cleaned up by the system upon termination.

FUTURE TBD: dispose method on the database access handle object, such that a database is closed once all access handle objects are disposed.

Delete a database

window.sqlitePlugin.deleteDatabase({name: 'my.db', location: 'default'}, successcb, errorcb);

with location or iosDatabaseLocation parameter required as described above for openDatabase (affects iOS/macOS only)

BUG: When a database is deleted, any queued transactions for that database are left hanging. All pending transactions should be errored when a database is deleted.

Database schema versions

The transactional nature of the API makes it relatively straightforward to manage a database schema that may be upgraded over time (adding new columns or new tables, for example). Here is the recommended procedure to follow upon app startup:

  • Check your database schema version number (you can use db.executeSql since it should be a very simple query)
  • If your database needs to be upgraded, do the following within a single transaction to be failure-safe:

IMPORTANT: Since we cannot be certain when the users will actually update their apps, old schema versions will have to be supported for a very long time.

Use with Ionic/ngCordova/Angular

It is recommended to follow the tutorial (with some adaptations) at: https://blog.nraboy.com/2014/11/use-sqlite-instead-local-storage-ionic-framework/

A sample is provided at: litehelpers / Ionic-sqlite-database-example

Documentation at: http://ngcordova.com/docs/plugins/sqlite/

Other resource(s):

Installing

Easy installation with Cordova CLI tool

npm install -g cordova # (in case you don't have cordova)
cordova create MyProjectFolder com.my.project MyProject && cd MyProjectFolder # if you are just starting
cordova plugin add https://github.com/litehelpers/Cordova-sqlite-legacy-build-support --save
cordova platform add <desired platform> # repeat for all desired platform(s)
cordova prepare # MANDATORY for iOS; RECOMMENDED for other platforms

WARNING: After installing the plugin and adding the iOS platform cordova prepare must be used for it to work on iOS (cordova prepare is also recommended for the other platforms).

Additional Cordova CLI NOTES:

  • It is recommended to add all plugins including standard plugins such as cordova-plugin-whitelist with the --save flag to track these in config.xml.
  • In general there is no need to keep the Cordova platforms subdirectory tree in source code control (such as git). In case all plugins are added with the --save flag then there is no need to keep the plugins subdirectory tree in source code control either.
  • If you cannot build for a platform after cordova prepare, you may have to remove the platform and add it again, such as:
cordova platform rm ios
cordova platform add ios

or more drastically:

rm -rf platforms
cordova platform add ios

You can find some more details in a nice writeup (though with old links and package names): http://iphonedevlog.wordpress.com/2014/04/07/installing-chris-brodys-sqlite-database-with-cordova-cli-android/.

Plugin installation sources

Windows platform usage

This plugin can be challenging to use on Windows since it includes a native SQLite3 library that is built as a part of the Cordova app. Here are some requirements:

Installation test

Easy installation test

Use window.sqlitePlugin.echoTest and/or window.sqlitePlugin.selfTest as described above (please wait for the deviceready event).

Quick installation test

Assuming your app has a recent template as used by the Cordova create script, add the following code to the onDeviceReady function, after app.receivedEvent('deviceready');:

  window.sqlitePlugin.openDatabase({ name: 'hello-world.db', location: 'default' }, function (db) {
    db.executeSql("select length('tenletters') as stringlength", [], function (res) {
      var stringlength = res.rows.item(0).stringlength;
      console.log('got stringlength: ' + stringlength);
      document.getElementById('deviceready').querySelector('.received').innerHTML = 'stringlength: ' + stringlength;
   });
  });

Support

Free support policy

Free support is provided on a best-effort basis and is only available in public forums. Please follow the steps below to be sure you have done your best before requesting help. Use with Ionic and other Angular derivatives is no longer covered by free support.

Professional support

Professional support is available by contacting: sales@litehelpers.net

For more information: http://litehelpers.net/

Before seeking help

First steps:

and check the following:

  • You are using the latest version of the Plugin (Javascript and platform-specific part) from this repository.
  • The plugin is installed correctly.
  • You have included the correct version of cordova.js.
  • You have registered the plugin properly in config.xml.

If you still cannot get something to work:

Issues with AJAX

General: As documented above with a negative example the application must wait for the AJAX query to finish before starting a transaction and adding the data elements.

In case of issues it is recommended to rework the reproduction program insert the data from a JavaScript object after a delay. There is already a test function for this in brodybits / Cordova-sqlite-bootstrap-test.

FUTURE TBD examples

Test program to seek help

If you continue to see the issue: please make the simplest test program possible based on brodybits / Cordova-sqlite-bootstrap-test to demonstrate the issue with the following characteristics:

  • it completely self-contained, i.e. it is using no extra libraries beyond cordova & SQLitePlugin.js;
  • if the issue is with adding data to a table, that the test program includes the statements you used to open the database and create the table;
  • if the issue is with retrieving data from a table, that the test program includes the statements you used to open the database, create the table, and enter the data you are trying to retrieve.

What will be supported for free

It is recommended to make a small, self-contained test program based on brodybits / Cordova-sqlite-bootstrap-test that can demonstrate your problem and post it. Please do not use any other plugins or frameworks than are absolutely necessary to demonstrate your problem.

In case of a problem with a pre-populated database, please post your entire project.

What is NOT supported for free

  • Use with Ionic and other Angular derivatives is no longer covered by free support.

Support for issues with Angular/"ngCordova"/Ionic

Professional support is available for use with Ionic and other forms of ngCordova/Angular. For more information please contact: sales@litehelpers.net

What information is needed for help

Please include the following:

  • Which platform(s) Android/iOS/macOS/WP8/Windows 8.1/Windows Phone 8.1/Windows 10
  • Clear description of the issue
  • A small, complete, self-contained program that demonstrates the problem, preferably as a Github project, based on brodybits / Cordova-sqlite-bootstrap-test. ZIP/TGZ/BZ2 archive available from a public link is OK. No RAR or other such formats please!
  • In case of a Windows build problem please capture the entire compiler output.

Please do NOT use any of these formats

  • screen casts or videos
  • RAR or similar archive formats
  • Intel, MS IDE, or similar project formats unless absolutely necessary

Where to ask for help

Once you have followed the directions above, you may request free support in the following location(s):

Please include the information described above otherwise.

Unit tests

Unit testing is done in spec.

running tests from shell

To run the tests from *nix shell, simply do either:

./bin/test.sh ios

or for Android:

./bin/test.sh android

To run from a windows powershell (here is a sample for android target):

.\bin\test.ps1 android

Adapters

Lawnchair Adapter

Common adapter

Please look at the Lawnchair-adapter tree that contains a common adapter, which should also work with the Android version, along with a test-www directory.

Included files

Include the following Javascript files in your HTML:

  • cordova.js (don't forget!)
  • lawnchair.js (you provide)
  • SQLitePlugin.js (in case of Cordova pre-3.0)
  • Lawnchair-sqlitePlugin.js (must come after SQLitePlugin.js in case of Cordova pre-3.0)

Lawnchair Sample

The name option determines the sqlite database filename, with no extension automatically added. Optionally, you can change the db filename using the db option.

In this example, you would be using/creating a database with filename kvstore:

kvstore = new Lawnchair({name: "kvstore"}, function() {
  // do stuff
);

Using the db option you can specify the filename with the desired extension and be able to create multiple stores in the same database file. (There will be one table per store.)

recipes = new Lawnchair({db: "cookbook", name: "recipes", ...}, myCallback());
ingredients = new Lawnchair({db: "cookbook", name: "ingredients", ...}, myCallback());

KNOWN ISSUE: Not all db options are supported by the Lawnchair adapter. The workaround is to first open the database file using sqlitePlugin.openDatabase().

Adapters to be supported in the near future

  • IndexedDBShim

Adapters not supported

PouchDB

The adapter is part of PouchDB as documented at:

The PouchDB authors maintain their own sqlite plugin. TBD a comparison will be given soon.

Sample

Contributed by @Mikejo5000 (Mike Jones) from Microsoft.

Interact with the SQLite database

The SQLite storage plugin sample allows you to execute SQL statements to interact with the database. The code snippets in this section demonstrate simple plugin tasks including:

Open the database and create a table

Call the openDatabase() function to get started, passing in the name and location for the database.

var db = window.sqlitePlugin.openDatabase({ name: 'my.db', location: 'default' }, function (db) {

    // Here, you might create or open the table.

}, function (error) {
    console.log('Open database ERROR: ' + JSON.stringify(error));
});

Create a table with three columns for first name, last name, and a customer account number. If the table already exists, this SQL statement opens the table.

db.transaction(function (tx) {
    // ...
    tx.executeSql('CREATE TABLE customerAccounts (firstname, lastname, acctNo)');
}, function (error) {
    console.log('transaction error: ' + error.message);
}, function () {
    console.log('transaction ok');
});

By wrapping the previous executeSql() function call in db.transaction(), we will make these tasks asynchronous. If you want to, you can use multiple executeSql() statements within a single transaction (not shown).

Add a row to the database

Add a row to the database using the INSERT INTO SQL statement.

function addItem(first, last, acctNum) {

    db.transaction(function (tx) {

        var query = "INSERT INTO customerAccounts (firstname, lastname, acctNo) VALUES (?,?,?)";

        tx.executeSql(query, [first, last, acctNum], function(tx, res) {
            console.log("insertId: " + res.insertId + " -- probably 1");
            console.log("rowsAffected: " + res.rowsAffected + " -- should be 1");
        },
        function(tx, error) {
            console.log('INSERT error: ' + error.message);
        });
    }, function(error) {
        console.log('transaction error: ' + error.message);
    }, function() {
        console.log('transaction ok');
    });
}

To add some actual rows in your app, call the addItem function several times.

addItem("Fred", "Smith", 100);
addItem("Bob", "Yerunkle", 101);
addItem("Joe", "Auzomme", 102);
addItem("Pete", "Smith", 103);

Read data from the database

Add code to read from the database using a SELECT statement. Include a WHERE condition to match the resultSet to the passed in last name.

function getData(last) {

    db.transaction(function (tx) {

        var query = "SELECT firstname, lastname, acctNo FROM customerAccounts WHERE lastname = ?";

        tx.executeSql(query, [last], function (tx, resultSet) {

            for(var x = 0; x < resultSet.rows.length; x++) {
                console.log("First name: " + resultSet.rows.item(x).firstname +
                    ", Acct: " + resultSet.rows.item(x).acctNo);
            }
        },
        function (tx, error) {
            console.log('SELECT error: ' + error.message);
        });
    }, function (error) {
        console.log('transaction error: ' + error.message);
    }, function () {
        console.log('transaction ok');
    });
}

Remove a row from the database

Add a function to remove a row from the database that matches the passed in customer account number.

function removeItem(acctNum) {

    db.transaction(function (tx) {

        var query = "DELETE FROM customerAccounts WHERE acctNo = ?";

        tx.executeSql(query, [acctNum], function (tx, res) {
            console.log("removeId: " + res.insertId);
            console.log("rowsAffected: " + res.rowsAffected);
        },
        function (tx, error) {
            console.log('DELETE error: ' + error.message);
        });
    }, function (error) {
        console.log('transaction error: ' + error.message);
    }, function () {
        console.log('transaction ok');
    });
}

Update rows in the database

Add a function to update rows in the database for records that match the passed in customer account number. In this form, the statement will update multiple rows if the account numbers are not unique.

function updateItem(first, id) {
    // UPDATE Cars SET Name='Skoda Octavia' WHERE Id=3;
    db.transaction(function (tx) {

        var query = "UPDATE customerAccounts SET firstname = ? WHERE acctNo = ?";

        tx.executeSql(query, [first, id], function(tx, res) {
            console.log("insertId: " + res.insertId);
            console.log("rowsAffected: " + res.rowsAffected);
        },
        function(tx, error) {
            console.log('UPDATE error: ' + error.message);
        });
    }, function(error) {
        console.log('transaction error: ' + error.message);
    }, function() {
        console.log('transaction ok');
    });
}

To call the preceding function, add code like this in your app.

updateItem("Yme", 102);

Close the database

When you are finished with your transactions, close the database. Call closeDB within the transaction success or failure callbacks (rather than the callbacks for executeSql()).

function closeDB() {
    db.close(function () {
        console.log("DB closed!");
    }, function (error) {
        console.log("Error closing DB:" + error.message);
    });
}

Source tree

  • SQLitePlugin.coffee.md: platform-independent (Literate coffee-script, can be read by recent coffee-script compiler)
  • www: platform-independent Javascript as generated from SQLitePlugin.coffee.md (and committed!)
  • src: platform-specific source code
  • node_modules: placeholder for external dependencies
  • scripts: installation hook script to fetch the external dependencies via npm
  • spec: test suite using Jasmine (2.4.1)
  • tests: very simple Jasmine test suite that is run on Circle CI (Android version) and Travis CI (iOS version) (used as a placeholder)
  • Lawnchair-adapter: Lawnchair adaptor, based on the version from the Lawnchair repository, with the basic Lawnchair test suite in test-www subdirectory

Contributing

Community

  • Testimonials of apps that are using this plugin would be especially helpful.
  • Reporting issues can help improve the quality of this plugin.

Code

WARNING: Please do NOT propose changes from your default branch. Contributions may be rebased using git rebase or git cherry-pick and not merged.

  • Patches with bug fixes are helpful, especially when submitted with test code.
  • Other enhancements welcome for consideration, when submitted with test code and are working for all supported platforms. Increase of complexity should be avoided.
  • All contributions may be reused by @brodybits under another license in the future. Efforts will be taken to give credit for major contributions but it will not be guaranteed.
  • Project restructuring, i.e. moving files and/or directories around, should be avoided if possible.
  • If you see a need for restructuring, it is better to first discuss it in new issue where alternatives can be discussed before reaching a conclusion. If you want to propose a change to the project structure:
    • Remember to make (and use) a special branch within your fork from which you can send the proposed restructuring;
    • Always use git mv to move files & directories;
    • Never mix a move/rename operation with any other changes in the same commit.

Contact

sales@litehelpers.net