maim (Make Image) is a utility that takes screenshots of your desktop using imlib2. It's meant to overcome shortcomings of scrot and performs better in several ways.
- Allows you to take a screenshot of your desktop and save it in any format.
- Allows you to take a screenshot of a predetermined region or window of your desktop.
- If slop (https://github.com/naelstrof/slop) is installed, it can be used for selecting a region to screenshot.
- Allows you to blend the system cursor to screenshots. (Why don't any other commandline screenshooters do this?)
- Allows you to mask off-screen pixels to be black and transparent in screenshots. (Great for people who use an uneven multi-monitor setup!)
Why use maim over import or scrot?
- Compared to scrot
- maim has no --exec or naming features. This is because maim follows the unix philosophy of "do one thing and do it well". These features are things that should be handled by the shell.
- scrot has no way to screenshot a predefined region. maim comes equipped with --geometry features that allow for specified region capture.
- With slop installed, maim's --select option is far superior to scrot's -s option in many ways. See slop for more details.
- maim will never error with
giblib error: couldn't grab keyboard:Resource temporarily unavailableas it never grabs the keyboard. (slop does, but it has proper error handling that keeps it from crashing.)
- Compared to ImageMagick's import
- import doesn't play nicely with compositors; making effects like transparent windows not render properly in the screenshot. maim, like scrot, uses imlib2 which isn't inflicted with this problem.
- Compared to either
- maim can actually take screenshots with your cursor included in them! It does this using the XFixes extension. To my knowledge, no other commandline screenshot utility does this.
- For those of you with multiple monitors, maim is aware of which pixels are visible or not and will make off-screen pixels that are in screenshots black and transparent. Import and scrot both mindlessly include off-screen pixel data in their screenshots which is very often just garbage.
I'm including this section because some people don't see how powerful and flexible their shell can be with simple tools like maim. Remember you can always bind keys to shell commands! The following can be executed in any bash-like shells:
- Set the screenshot's name to the current time and date:
$ maim ~/Pictures/$(date +%F-%T).png
- Take a screenshot of the active window: (Requires xdotool.)
$ maim -i $(xdotool getactivewindow)
- Custom transparent red selection with 10 pixel padding: (Requires slop.)
$ maim -s -c 1,0,0,0.6 -p 10
- Automatically upload selected region to Imgur: (Requires Bart's Bash Script Imgur Uploader, xclip is optional.)
$ maim -s /tmp/screenshot.png; imgurbash.sh /tmp/screenshot.png $ # If xclip is installed, your clipboard should have the online screenshot's URL in it!
In review, maim does one thing and does it well: it takes a screenshot of what you want. :) What you want is up to you, your programming skills, and your imagination.
How to install
Install using your Package Manager (preferred)
- Arch Linux: community/maim
- Debian: maim
- Void Linux: maim
- FreeBSD: graphics/maim
- OpenBSD: graphics/maim
- CRUX: 6c37/maim
- Gentoo: media-gfx/maim::fkmclane
- NixOS: maim
- GNU Guix: maim
- Please make a package for maim on your favorite system, and make a pull request to add it to this list.
Install using CMake (Requires CMake)
Note: Dependencies should be installed first: Imlib2, libXrandr, and libXfixes.
git clone https://github.com/naelstrof/maim.git cd maim cmake ./ make && sudo make install
Make sure to check out and install slop too if you want selection capabilities!
Special Thanks for Special People
Join us on irc at freenode in #maim.
maim v3.4.47 Copyright (C) 2014 Dalton Nell, Maim Contributors (https://github.com/naelstrof/maim/graphs/contributors) Takes screenshots. Usage: maim [options] [file] maim (Make Image) is a utility that takes screenshots of your desktop using imlib2. It's meant to overcome shortcomings of scrot and performs better than scrot in several ways. --help Print help and exit -V, --version Print version and exit Options --xdisplay=hostname:number.screen_number Sets the x display. --format=FORMAT Sets output format (png, jpg, etc) (default=`auto') -s, --select Enables user region selection. Requires slop to be installed. (default=off) -x, --x=INT Sets the x coordinate for taking an image -y, --y=INT Sets the y coordinate for taking an image -w, --w=INT Sets the width for taking an image -h, --h=INT Sets the height for taking an image -g, --geometry=WxH+X+Y Set the region to capture -d, --delay=FLOAT Set the amount of time to wait before taking an image. (default=`0.0') -i, --windowid=INT Set the window to capture. Defaults to the root window id. --localize Localizes given geometry to the given window. So "maim -i $ID -g 100x100+0+0 --localize" would screenshot the top-left 100x100 pixels of the given window, rather than the top-left 100x100 pixels of the root window. (default=off) --showcursor Causes the system cursor to be blended on top of the screenshot. (default=off) --hidecursor Deprecated, does nothing. (default=off) -m, --mask=STRING Masks off-screen pixels so they don't show up in screenshots. (possible values="auto", "off", "on" default=`auto') Slop Options --nokeyboard Disables the ability to cancel selections with the keyboard. (default=off) -b, --bordersize=INT Set the selection rectangle's thickness. Does nothing when --highlight is enabled. (default=`5') -p, --padding=INT Set the padding size of the selection. Can be negative. (default=`0') -t, --tolerance=INT How far in pixels the mouse can move after clicking and still be detected as a normal click instead of a click and drag. Setting this to 0 will disable window selections. (default=`2') --gracetime=FLOAT Set the amount of time before slop will check for keyboard cancellations in seconds. (default=`0.4') -c, --color=FLOAT,FLOAT,FLOAT,FLOAT Set the selection rectangle's color. Supports RGB or RGBA values. (default=`0.5,0.5,0.5,1') -n, --nodecorations Attempt to select child windows in order to avoid window decorations. (default=off) --min=INT Set the minimum output of width or height values. This is useful to avoid outputting 0. Setting min and max to the same value disables drag selections. (default=`0') --max=INT Set the maximum output of width or height values. Setting min and max to the same value disables drag selections. (default=`0') -l, --highlight Instead of outlining selections, slop highlights it. This is only useful when --color is set to a transparent color. (default=off) --opengl Enable hardware acceleration. Only works with modern systems that are also running a compositor. (default=off) --magnify Display a magnifying glass when --opengl is also enabled. (default=off) --magstrength=FLOAT Sets how many times the magnification window size is multiplied. (default=`4') --magpixels=INT Sets how many pixels are displayed in the magnification. The less pixels the bigger the magnification. (default=`64') --theme=STRING Sets the theme of the selection, using textures from ~/.config/slop/ or /usr/share/. (default=`none') --shader=STRING Sets the shader to load and use from ~/.config/slop/ or /usr/share/. (default=`simple') Examples $ # Screenshot the active window $ maim -i $(xdotool getactivewindow) $ # Prompt a transparent red selection to screenshot. $ maim -s -c 1,0,0,0.6 $ # Save a dated screenshot. $ maim ~/$(date +%F-%T).png $ # Output screenshot to stdout. $ maim --format png /dev/stdout