Better whitespace highlighting for Vim
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README.md

Vim Better Whitespace Plugin

This plugin causes all trailing whitespace characters (see Supported Whitespace Characters below) to be highlighted. Whitespace for the current line will not be highlighted while in insert mode. It is possible to disable current line highlighting while in other modes as well (see options below). A helper function :StripWhitespace is also provided to make whitespace cleaning painless.

Here is a screenshot of this plugin at work: Example Screenshot

Installation

There are a few ways you can go about installing this plugin:

  1. If you have Vundle you can simply add:
    Plugin 'ntpeters/vim-better-whitespace'
    to your .vimrc file then run:
    :PluginInstall
  2. If you are using Pathogen, you can just run the following command:
    git clone git://github.com/ntpeters/vim-better-whitespace.git ~/.vim/bundle/vim-better-whitespace
    
  3. While this plugin can also be installed by copying its contents into your ~/.vim/ directory, I would highly recommend using one of the above methods as they make managing your Vim plugins painless.

Usage

Whitespace highlighting is enabled by default, with a highlight color of red.

  • To set a custom highlight color, just call:

    highlight ExtraWhitespace ctermbg=<desired_color>

    or

    let g:better_whitespace_ctermcolor='<desired_color>'

    Similarly, to set gui color:

    let g:better_whitespace_guicolor='<desired_color>'
  • To enable highlighting and stripping whitespace on save by default, use respectively

    let g:better_whitespace_enabled=1
    let g:strip_whitespace_on_save=1

    Set them to 0 to disable this default behaviour. See below for the blacklist of file types and per-buffer settings.

  • To enable/disable/toggle whitespace highlighting in a buffer, call one of:

    :EnableWhitespace
    :DisableWhitespace
    :ToggleWhitespace
  • To disable highlighting for the current line in normal mode call:

    :CurrentLineWhitespaceOff <level>

    Where <level> is either hard or soft.

    • The level hard will maintain whitespace highlighting as it is, but may cause a slow down in Vim since it uses the CursorMoved event to detect and exclude the current line.

    • The level soft will use syntax based highlighting, so there shouldn't be a performance hit like with the hard option. The drawback is that this highlighting will have a lower priority and may be overwritten by higher priority highlighting.

  • To re-enable highlighting for the current line in normal mode:

    :CurrentLineWhitespaceOn
  • To clean extra whitespace, call:

    :StripWhitespace

    By default this operates on the entire file. To restrict the portion of the file that it cleans, either give it a range or select a group of lines in visual mode and then execute it.

    • There is an operator (defaulting to <leader>s) to clean whitespace. For example, in normal mode, <leader>sip will remove trailing whitespace from the current paragraph.

      You can change the operator it, for example to set it to _s, using:

      let g:better_whitespace_operator='_s'

      Now <number>_s<space> strips whitespace on <number> lines, and _s<motion> on the lines affected by the motion given. Set to the empty string to deactivate the operator.

      Note: This operator will not be mapped if an existing, user-defined mapping is detected for the provided operator value.

  • To enable/disable stripping of extra whitespace on file save for a buffer, call one of:

    :EnableStripWhitespaceOnSave
    :DisableStripWhitespaceOnSave
    :ToggleStripWhitespaceOnSave

    This will strip all trailing whitespace everytime you save the file for all file types.

    • If you want this behaviour by default for all filetypes, add the following to your ~/.vimrc:

      let g:strip_whitespace_on_save = 1

      For exceptions of all see g:better_whitespace_filetypes_blacklist.

    • If you would prefer to only strip whitespace for certain filetypes, add the following to your ~/.vimrc:

      autocmd FileType <desired_filetypes> EnableStripWhitespaceOnSave

      where <desired_filetypes> is a comma separated list of the file types you want to be stripped of whitespace on file save ( ie. javascript,c,cpp,java,html,ruby )

  • To disable this plugin for specific file types, add the following to your ~/.vimrc:

    let g:better_whitespace_filetypes_blacklist=['<filetype1>', '<filetype2>', '<etc>']

    This replaces the filetypes from the default list of blacklisted filetypes. The default types that are blacklisted are:

    ['diff', 'gitcommit', 'unite', 'qf', 'help', 'markdown']

    If you do not want any of these filetypes unignored, simply include them in the blacklist:

    let g:better_whitespace_filetypes_blacklist=['<filetype1>', '<filetype2>', '<etc>',
                                            'diff', 'gitcommit', 'unite', 'qf', 'help']

    This blacklist can be overriden on a per-buffer basis using the buffer toggle enable and disable commands presented above. For example:

    " highlight whitespace in markdown files, though stripping remains disabled by the blacklist
    :autocmd FileType markdown EnableWhitespace
    " Do not modify kernel files, even though their type is not blacklisted and highlighting is enabled
    :autocmd BufRead /usr/src/linux* DisableStripWhitespaceOnSave
  • To strip white lines at the end of the file when stripping whitespace, set this option in your .vimrc:

    let g:strip_whitelines_at_eof=1
  • To highlight space characters that appear before or in-between tabs, add the following to your .vimrc:

    let g:show_spaces_that_precede_tabs=1

    Such spaces can not be automatically removed by this plugin, though you can try = to fix indentation. You can still navigate to the highlighted spaces with Next/PrevTrailingWhitespace (see below), and fix them manually.

  • To ignore lines that contain only whitespace, set the following in your .vimrc:

    let g:better_whitespace_skip_empty_lines=1
  • To navigate to the previous or next trailing whitespace, you can use commands that you can map thusly in your .vimrc:

    nnoremap ]w :NextTrailingWhitespace<CR>
    nnoremap [w :PrevTrailingWhitespace<CR>

    Note: those command take an optional range as argument, so you can for example select some text in visual mode and search only inside it:

    :'<,'>NextTrailingWhitespace
  • To enable verbose output for each command, set verbosity in your .vimrc:

    let g:better_whitespace_verbosity=1

Supported Whitespace Characters

Due to the fact that the built-in whitespace character class for patterns (\s) only matches against tabs and spaces, this plugin defines its own list of horizontal whitespace characters to match for both highlighting and stripping.

This is list should match against all ASCII and Unicode horizontal whitespace characters:

    U+0009   TAB
    U+0020   SPACE
    U+00A0   NO-BREAK SPACE
    U+1680   OGHAM SPACE MARK
    U+180E   MONGOLIAN VOWEL SEPARATOR
    U+2000   EN QUAD
    U+2001   EM QUAD
    U+2002   EN SPACE
    U+2003   EM SPACE
    U+2004   THREE-PER-EM SPACE
    U+2005   FOUR-PER-EM SPACE
    U+2006   SIX-PER-EM SPACE
    U+2007   FIGURE SPACE
    U+2008   PUNCTUATION SPACE
    U+2009   THIN SPACE
    U+200A   HAIR SPACE
    U+200B   ZERO WIDTH SPACE
    U+202F   NARROW NO-BREAK SPACE
    U+205F   MEDIUM MATHEMATICAL SPACE
    U+3000   IDEOGRAPHIC SPACE
    U+FEFF   ZERO WIDTH NO-BREAK SPACE

A file is provided with samples of each of these characters to check the plugin working with them: whitespace_examples.txt

If you encounter any additional whitespace characters I have missed here, please submit a pull request.

Screenshots

Here are a couple more screenshots of the plugin at work.

This screenshot shows the current line not being highlighted in insert mode: Insert Screenthot

This screenshot shows the current line not being highlighted in normal mode(CurrentLineWhitespaceOff hard): Normal Screenshot

This screenshot shows that highlighting works fine for spaces, tabs, and a mixture of both: Tabs Screenshot

Frequently Asked Questions

Hopefully some of the most common questions will be answered here. If you still have a question that I have failed to address, please open an issue and ask it!

Q: Why is trailing whitespace such a big deal?

A: In most cases it is not a syntactical issue, but rather is a common annoyance among programmers.

Q: Why not just use listchars with SpecialKey highlighting?

A: I tried using listchars to show trail characters with SpecialKey highlighting applied. Using this method the characters would still show on the current line for me even when the SpecialKey foreground highlight matched the CursorLine background highlight.

Q: Okay, so listchars doesn't do exactly what you want, why not just use a match in your vimrc?

A: I am using match in this plugin, but I've also added a way to exclude the current line in insert mode and/or normal mode.

Q: If you just want to exclude the current line, why not just use syntax-based highlight rather than using match and CursorMoved events?

A: Syntax-based highlighting is an option in this plugin. It is used to omit the current line when using CurrentLineWhitespaceOff soft. The only issue with this method is that match highlighing takes higher priorty than syntax highlighting. For example, when using a plugin such as Indent Guides, syntax-based highlighting of extra whitespace will not highlight additional white space on emtpy lines.

Q: I already have my own method of removing white space, why is the method used in this plugin better?

A: It may not be, depending on the method you are using. The method used in this plugin strips extra white space and then restores the cursor position and last search history.

Q: Most of this is pretty easy to just add to users' vimrc files. Why make it a plugin?

A: It is true that a large part of this is fairly simple to make a part of an individuals configuration in their vimrc. I wanted to provide something that is easy to setup and use for both those new to Vim and others who don't want to mess around setting up this functionality in their vimrc.

Q: Can you add indentation highlighting for spaces/tabs? Can you add highlighting for other types of white space?

A: No, and no. Sorry, but both are outside the scope of this plugin. The purpose of this plugin is to provide a better experience for showing and dealing with extra white space. There is already an amazing plugin for showing indentation in Vim called Indent Guides. For other types of white space highlighting, listchars should be sufficient.

Q: I have a better way to do something in this plugin. OR You're doing something stupid/wrong/bad.

A: If you know of a better way to do something I am attempting in this plugin, or if I am doing something improperly/not reccomended then let me know! Please either open an issue informing me or make the changes yourself and open a pull request. If I am doing something that is bad or can be improved, I am more than willing to hear about it!

Promotion

If you like this plugin, please star it on Github and vote it up at Vim.org!

Repository exists at: http://github.com/ntpeters/vim-better-whitespace

Plugin also hosted at: http://www.vim.org/scripts/script.php?script_id=4859

Credits

Originally inspired by: https://github.com/bronson/vim-trailing-whitespace

Based on:

http://sartak.org/2011/03/end-of-line-whitespace-in-vim.html

http://vim.wikia.com/wiki/Highlight_unwanted_spaces