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Ginkgo: A Golang BDD Testing Framework

Build Status

Jump to the docs to learn more. To start rolling your Ginkgo tests now keep reading!

To discuss Ginkgo and get updates, join the google group.

Feature List

  • Ginkgo uses Go's testing package and can live alongside your existing testing tests. It's easy to bootstrap and start writing your first tests

  • Structure your BDD-style tests expressively:

  • A comprehensive test runner that lets you:

    • Mark specs as pending
    • Focus individual specs, and groups of specs, either programmatically or on the command line
    • Run your tests in random order, and then reuse random seeds to replicate the same order.
    • Break up your test suite into parallel processes for straightforward test parallelization
  • ginkgo: a command line interface with plenty of handy command line arguments for running your tests and generating test files. Here are a few choice examples:

    • ginkgo -nodes=N runs your tests in N parallel processes and print out coherent output in realtime
    • ginkgo -cover runs your tests using Golang's code coverage tool
    • ginkgo convert converts an XUnit-style testing package to a Ginkgo-style package
    • ginkgo -focus="REGEXP" and ginkgo -skip="REGEXP" allow you to specify a subset of tests to run via regular expression
    • ginkgo -r runs all tests suites under the current directory
    • ginkgo -v prints out identifying information for each tests just before it runs

    And much more: run ginkgo help for details!

    The ginkgo CLI is convenient, but purely optional -- Ginkgo works just fine with go test

  • ginkgo watch watches packages and their dependencies for changes, then reruns tests. Run tests immediately as you develop!

  • Built-in support for testing asynchronicity

  • Built-in support for benchmarking your code. Control the number of benchmark samples as you gather runtimes and other, arbitrary, bits of numerical information about your code.

  • Completions for Sublime Text: just use Package Control to install Ginkgo Completions.

  • Straightforward support for third-party testing libraries such as Gomock and Testify. Check out the docs for details.

  • A modular architecture that lets you easily:

Gomega: Ginkgo's Preferred Matcher Library

Ginkgo is best paired with Gomega. Learn more about Gomega here

Agouti: A Golang Acceptance Testing Framework

Agouti allows you run WebDriver integration tests. Learn more about Agouti here

Set Me Up!

You'll need Golang v1.3+ (Ubuntu users: you probably have Golang v1.0 -- you'll need to upgrade!)

go get  # installs the ginkgo CLI
go get         # fetches the matcher library

cd path/to/package/you/want/to/test

ginkgo bootstrap # set up a new ginkgo suite
ginkgo generate  # will create a sample test file.  edit this file and add your tests then...

go test # to run your tests

ginkgo  # also runs your tests

I'm new to Go: What are my testing options?

Of course, I heartily recommend Ginkgo and Gomega. Both packages are seeing heavy, daily, production use on a number of projects and boast a mature and comprehensive feature-set.

With that said, it's great to know what your options are :)

What Golang gives you out of the box

Testing is a first class citizen in Golang, however Go's built-in testing primitives are somewhat limited: The testing package provides basic XUnit style tests and no assertion library.

Matcher libraries for Golang's XUnit style tests

A number of matcher libraries have been written to augment Go's built-in XUnit style tests. Here are two that have gained traction:

You can also use Ginkgo's matcher library Gomega in XUnit style tests

BDD style testing frameworks

There are a handful of BDD-style testing frameworks written for Golang. Here are a few:

Finally, @shageman has put together a comprehensive comparison of golang testing libraries.

Go explore!


Ginkgo is MIT-Licensed

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