Belchertown weewx skin
This skin (or theme, or template) is for the weewx weather software and is modeled after my website BelchertownWeather.com. I originally developed that website with custom coded features but always used weewx as the backend archive software. It was a good fit to remove my customizations and port the site to a weewx skin that anyone can use.
- Real-time streaming updates on the front page of the webpage without neededing to reload the website. (weewx-mqtt extension required and an MQTT server with Websockets required.)
- Extensive graphing system with full customized control on observations, historical timescale, grouping and more. Graphs also update automatically without needing to reload the website.
- Light and Dark Mode with automatic switching based on sunset and sunrise.
- Forecast data updated every hour without needing to reload the website. (A free AerisWeather API key required. You qualify for a free key by submitting weather observations to pwsweather.)
- Information on your closest Earthquake updated automatically.
- Weather records for the current year, and for all time.
- Responsive design. Mobile and iPad landscape ready! Use your mobile phone or iPad in landscape mode as an additional live console display.
- Progressive webapp ready enabling the "Add to homescreen" option so your website feels like an app on your mobile devices.
Screenshot of light and dark modes
Table of Contents
- Belchertown weewx skin
- Table of Contents
- Install weewx-belchertown
- Chart System
- Belchertown Skin as Default Skin
- Using Metric
- Dark Mode Theme Options
- Custom CSS
- Skin Options
- Creating About Page and Records Page
- Creating a sitemap.xml File
- Add Custom Content to the Front Page
- Translating the Skin
- A Note About Date and Time Formatting in Your Locale
- How to use debug
- How to install the development version
- Frequently Asked Questions
- Raspberry Pi Console
You must be running weewx 3.9 or newer!
Download the latest release.
Run the installer as below. Replace
x.xwith the version number that you've downloaded.
sudo wee_extension --install weewx-belchertown-x.x.tar.gz
weewx.confto add the required information.
Tailor the skin to meet your needs using the custom option variables. There's a lot of them.
sudo /etc/init.d/weewx stop sudo /etc/init.d/weewx start
Wait for an archive period, or run
sudo wee_reportsto force an update
Browse to your website to see the skin. It may be in a belchertown subdirectory.
These settings need to be enabled in order for the skin to work. Within
[Station] make sure you have:
latitude- used for forecasting and earthquake data
longitude- used for forecasting and earthquake data
AerisWeather Forecast API (optional)
AerisWeather's Forecast API is where the current observations and forecast data comes from. The skin will work without this integration, however it is used to show current weather observations and icons as well as the forecast.
You must sign up to use their service. This skin does not provide any forecast data. You need to join their website and get a free developer key. In order to get a free developer key, you have to send your weather data to pwsweather.com - which is an integration built into weewx. You just need to activate it! Once enabled, by default the skin will download and cache every hour.
- If you haven't already; sign up for pwsweather at https://www.pwsweather.com/register
- Add a new station, and configure your weewx.conf to start sending your weather data to pwsweather.
- Then sign up for a free AerisWeather developer account by linking your pwsweather account here https://www.aerisweather.com/signup/pws
- Once you are logged in, you should make a Demo Project as part of the sign up process, then go to https://www.aerisweather.com/account/apps and and save these keys as
- The rest of the options can be found below in the Forecast Options table.
DarkSky API (optional, no longer accepting new applications)
DarkSky has been shut down, but if you still have an API key, you can continue using it until DarkSky shuts your API key down.
AerisWeather provides all units in 1 API call which is great but the skin still needs a way to determine what units you want it to show. This is why I've decided to keep the Dark Sky unit method so you can determine which units you'd like AerisWeather to show. All of the unit determination is now being done within the skin, not the API.
Here's the differences and what's available.
us: Imperial units (the default)
ca: same as
si, except that
wind gustare in kilometers per hour
uk2: same as
si, except that
visibilityis in miles, and
wind gustin miles per hour
si: SI units
SI units are as follows:
chance of precipitation: Centimeters.
temperature: Degrees Celsius.
temperature min: Degrees Celsius.
temperature max: Degrees Celsius.
wind speed: Meters per second.
wind gust: Meters per second.
AerisWeather provides the observations in "weather codes" which allows you to translate these codes to your language. Take a look at the skin.conf and all the
forecast_ labels. As with anything in skin.conf, it's advised to copy this to weewx.conf so your changes aren't lost on upgrades. See how to do this in the Translating the Skin section.
MQTT and MQTT Websockets (optional)
MQTT is a publish / subscribe system. Mostly used for IoT devices, but it works great for a live weather website.
MQTT Websockets allows websites such as this to connect to the MQTT broker to subscribe to a topic and get updates.
You will need to use an MQTT broker (aka server) to publish your data to. You can install your own broker pretty easily, or use a public one (some free, some paid).
Your weewx server will publish it's weather data to a broker (using the weewx-mqtt extension) and visitors to your website will subscribe to those updates using MQTT Websockets built in to this skin. When data is published the subscribers get that data immediately by way of the website updating without reloading.
weewx-mqtt extension installed, everytime weewx generates a LOOP it'll automatically publish that data to MQTT which will update your website in real time. Once ARCHIVE is published, your website will reload the forecast data, earthquake data and graphs automatically.
weewx-MQTT extension config is below. Update the
unit_system to suit your needs. Keep
binding as archive and loop. Remove the tls section if your broker is not using SSL/TLS. Update the
unit_system if needed.
[[MQTT]] server_url = mqtt://username:firstname.lastname@example.org:port/ topic = the/topic/to/publish/to unit_system = US binding = archive, loop aggregation = aggregate [[[tls]]] tls_version = tlsv1 ca_certs = /etc/ssl/certs/ca-certificates.crt
Note: I did not write the MQTT extension, so please direct any questions or problems about it to the user forums.
Install your own MQTT Broker
If you want to run your own MQTT broker, you can follow these instructions that I've put together.
Setting up an MQTT server on DigitalOcean is quick and easy. BelchertownWeather.com runs on DigitalOcean. Click this referral link to get started on DigitalOcean with a free credit!
Use a Public Broker
These public brokers have been tested as working with MQTT and Websockets. If you have others to add the to the list, let me know.
Starting in version 1.0 you have full control over the charts. Version 1.0 comes with 4 charts by default to get you started. There are so many options and things you can do that it's best to read the Chart Wiki Page.
Chart Wiki Page.
Belchertown Skin as Default Skin
This is what worked for me to make Belchertown the default skin for your site. This is an example config and may need a little fine-tuning site-per-site.
I changed it so the standard skin would be in a subfolder, and the main folder has my skin files. So when you go to my website you're seeing the Belchertown skin, with the default skin under
weewx.conf, then look for
[StdReport]and under it change
/var/www/html/weewx. Note, your HTML directory may be
/home/weewx/public_html, so you'd want
Then modify the Belchertown skin options with these minimal updates. Note, you may need to change the path as mentioned above.
[[Belchertown]] HTML_ROOT = /var/www/html skin = Belchertown
This is optional, but advised: Delete all contents of the
HTML_ROOTfolder and let Belchertown create an entire new site. This prevents stale duplicate data.
Restart weewx and let it generate the files upon the next archive interval.
If you want to use metric units in your website,you can display the metric values in the skin. Just like with the Standard weewx skins, there are group units available to switch to.
If your weewx version is 3.9.1 or newer, to change your site to metric you would modify
[StdReport] section. Here's an example:
[StdReport] [[Defaults]] [[[Units]]] [[[[Groups]]]] group_altitude = meter group_degree_day = degree_C_day group_pressure = mbar group_distance = km group_rain = mm group_rainrate = mm_per_hour group_speed = meter_per_second group_speed2 = meter_per_second2 group_temperature = degree_C
Restart weewx when you've made these changes.
If your weewx version is older than 3.9.1 (not recommended), to change the site to metric you would need a configuration in
weewx.conf, like below. Restart weewx when you have made the changes.
[StdReport] [[Belchertown]] skin = Belchertown HTML_ROOT = belchertown [[[Units]]] [[[[Groups]]]] group_altitude = meter group_degree_day = degree_C_day group_pressure = mbar group_rain = mm group_rainrate = mm_per_hour group_speed = meter_per_second group_speed2 = meter_per_second2 group_temperature = degree_C
Dark Mode Theme Options
There are 3 options for a theme with the skin. Dark, Light and Auto modes. Dark mode will set your site in dark mode always. Light mode will set your site in light mode always. Auto mode will use the sunset, and sunrise times in your location (based on
longitude in your weewx.conf) to automatically change the website from light to dark. Automatic dark mode happens at the sunset hour and automatic light mode happens at the sunrise hour.
At the top of the website next to the menu bar is a toggle button. This will toggle the site from light to dark modes.
A note about auto mode, and the toggle slider: If you have auto mode enabled for your site, and a visitor clicks the toggle slider, auto mode is disabled for that visitor for their session. To have the visitor restore auto mode, they will need to close the tab and re-open the tab.
This way when a visitor is on your site and they don't want auto mode but want dark mode always, by using the toggle button to go dark mode 100% it will keep the site on dark mode even after sunrise. Same idea for light mode if a visitor wants only light mode. Visitors can override your auto setting using the toggle switch. Closing the tab or the browser, or adding
?theme=auto to the end of your URL will remove this override if the visitor wants to go back to auto mode.
Theme Override with URL Option
You can also override the theme using a URL setting. Simply add
?theme=light at the end of the website URL to force a theme. For example: https://belchertownweather.com/?theme=dark will force my website to dark mode. Using a URL override will also disable auto theme mode. To reset back to normal auto theme mode, you can add
?theme=auto to the URL, or the tab or browser must be closed and re-opened.
If you have custom CSS you want to persist across upgrades, simply create a
custom.css file in your
HTML_DIR. Any overrides here will be present on the site right away and will persist across upgrades of the skin.
The Belchertown skin will work as a very basic skin once installed using the default values in the table below.
To override a default setting add the setting name and value to the Extras section for the skin by opening
weewx.conf and look for
[StdReport]. Under will be
[[[Extras]]] (with 3 brackets) and then add your values. For example:
[StdReport] [[Belchertown]] skin = Belchertown HTML_ROOT = belchertown [[[Extras]]] logo_image = "https://belchertownweather.com/images/content/btownwx-logo-slim.png" footer_copyright_text = "BelchertownWeather.com" forecast_enabled = 1 forecast_api_id = "your_id" forecast_api_secret = "your_secret_key" earthquake_enabled = 1 earthquake_server = USGS twitter_enabled = 1
The benefit to adding these values to
weewx.conf is that they persist after skin upgrades, whereas
skin.conf could get replaced on skin upgrades. Always have a backup of
skin.conf just in case!
Restart weewx once you add your custom options and wait for an archive period to see the results.
For ease of readability I have broken them out into separate tables. However you just add the overrides to the config just like the example above.
|belchertown_debug||0||Set this to 1 to enable this to turn on skin specific debug information.|
|belchertown_locale||"auto"||The locale to have the skin run with. Locale affects the language in certain fields, decimal identifier in the charts and time formatting. A setting of
|theme||light||Options are: light, dark, auto. This defines which theme your site will use. Light is a white theme. Dark is a charcoal theme. Auto mode automatically changes your theme to light at the sunrise hour and dark at the sunset hour.|
|theme_toggle_enabled||1||This places a toggle button in your navigation menu which allows visitors to toggle between light and dark modes.|
|logo_image||""||The full URL to your logo image. 330 pixels wide by 80 pixels high works best. Anything outside of this would need custom CSS. Using the full URL to your image makes sure it works on all pages.|
|logo_image_dark||""||The full URL to your logo image to be used when the dark theme is active. 330 pixels wide by 80 pixels high works best. Anything outside of this would need custom CSS. Using the full URL to your image makes sure it works on all pages.|
|site_title||"My Weather Website"||If
|station_observations||"barometer", "dewpoint", "outHumidity", "rainWithRainRate"||This defines which observations you want displayed next to the radar. You can add, remove and re-order these observations. Options here must be weewx database schema names, except for
As of 1.1 you can specify the database binding if applicable. Just add
|beaufort_category||0||If enabled, displays the current Beaufort category underneath wind speed (for example, "calm," "strong breeze," "gale," etc.). If live weather station data are available, the Beaufort category updates along with current wind speed. IMPORTANT: to make this work correctly, make sure
|manifest_name||"My Weather Website"||Progressive Webapp: This is the name of your site when adding it as an app to your mobile device.|
|manifest_short_name||"MWW"||Progressive Webapp: This is the name of the icon on your mobile device for your website's app.|
|aeris_map||0||If set to 1, a static map from AerisWeather is displayed that does not require sharing location. The map switches from light to dark mode automatically, unless one of the overrides below is set. Aeris API keys must be set; see the "Forecast" section.|
|radar_html||A windy.com iFrame||Full HTML Allowed. Recommended size 650 pixels wide by 360 pixels high. This URL will be used as the radar iFrame or image hyperlink in light mode, or in both light and dark mode if no dark mode option is set. If you are using windy.com for live radar, they have instructions on how to embed their maps. Go to windy.com, click on Weather Radar on the right, then click on embed widget on page. Make sure you use the sizes recommended earier in this description.|
|radar_html_dark||None||Full HTML allowed. Overrides the default dark mode radar image.|
|radar_zoom||8||Initial zoom level for radar. 11 = highest zoom, 1 = lowest zoom.|
|radar_marker||0||Shows a marker on the radar indicating the position of the weather station, if using the Windy.com radar. 1 = enable, 0 = disable.|
|almanac_extras||1||Show the extra almanac details if available. Requires pyephem to be installed on your machine. Refer to the weewx user guide on more information.|
|highcharts_enabled||1||Show the charts on the website. 1 = enable, 0 = disable.|
|graph_page_show_all_button||1||Setting to 1 will enable an "All" button which will allow visitors to see all your graphs on one page in a condensed format with 2 graphs on a row (like the home page).|
|graph_page_default_graphgroup||"day"||This is the graph group that will load when visitors go to your Graphs page and have not clicked on a button to select a specific group. You can select "all" here and it will load all your graph groups within graphs.conf|
|highcharts_homepage_graphgroup||"day"||This allows you to have a different graph group on the front page. Please see the Chart Wiki Page.|
|highcharts_decimal||"auto"||This allows you to specify a custom decimal point. If set to auto or missing, the default locale decimal point will be used.|
|highcharts_thousands||"auto"||This allows you to specify a custom thousands separator. If set to auto or missing, the default locale thousands separator will be used.|
|googleAnalyticsId||""||Enter your Google Analytics ID if you are using one|
|pi_kiosk_bold||"false"||If you use a Raspberry Pi with a 3.5" screen, this allows you to set the full page's content to bold ("true") or not ("false").|
|pi_theme||"auto"||Just as with the
|webpage_autorefresh||0||If you are not using MQTT Websockets, you can define when to automatically reload the website on a set interval. The time is in milliseconds. Example: 300000 is 5 minutes. Set to 0 to disable this option.|
|reload_hook_images||0||Enable or disable the refreshing of images within the hook areas.|
|reload_images_radar||300||Seconds to reload the radar image if
|reload_images_hook_asi||-1||Seconds to reload images within the
|reload_images_hook_af||-1||Seconds to reload images within the
|reload_images_hook_as||-1||Seconds to reload images within the
|reload_images_hook_ac||-1||Seconds to reload images within the
|show_last_updated_alert||0||Enable the alert banner that will show if MQTT Websockets are disabled, and the weewx hasn't updated the website information beyond the threshold (see next option)|
|last_updated_alert_threshold||1800||Number of seconds before considering the information on the page stale and showing an alert in the header.
Common Titles under Labels Section to Change
|home_page_header||"My Station Weather Conditions"||The header text to show on the Home page|
|graphs_page_header||"Weather Observation Graphs"||The header text to show on the Graphs page|
|reports_page_header||"Weather Observation Reports"||The header text to show on the Reports page|
|records_page_header||"Weather Observation Records"||The header text to show on the Records page|
|about_page_header||"About This Site"||The header text to show on the About page|
||This allows you to customize the text in the header to your preference.|
|footer_copyright_text||"My Weather Website"||This is the text to show after the year in the copyright.|
|footer_disclaimer_text||"Never make important decisions based on info from this website."||This is the text in the footer that displays the weather information disclaimer.|
MQTT Websockets (for Real Time Streaming) Options
|mqtt_websockets_enabled||0||Set to 1 to enable the real-time streaming website updates from your MQTT Websockets broker (server). Versions 0.8.2 and prior this option is called
|mqtt_websockets_host||""||The MQTT broker hostname or IP. Versions 0.8.2 and prior this option is called
|mqtt_websockets_port||8080||The port of the MQTT broker's Websockets port. Check your broker's documentation. Versions 0.8.2 and prior this option is called
|mqtt_websockets_username||None||user name to connect to the MQTT broker (if required)|
|mqtt_websockets_password||None||password to connect to the MQTT broker (if required)|
|mqtt_websockets_ssl||0||Set to 1 if your broker is using SSL. Versions 0.8.2 and prior this option is called
|mqtt_websockets_topic||""||The topic to subscribe to for your weather data. Typically this should end in
|disconnect_live_website_visitor||1800000||The number of seconds after a visitor has loaded your page that we disconnect them from the live streaming updates. The idea here is to save your broker from a streaming connection that never ends. Time is in milliseconds. 0 = disabled. 300000 = 5 minutes. 1800000 = 30 minutes|
|forecast_enabled||0||1 = enable, 0 = disable. Enables the forecast data from AerisWeather Forecast API.|
|forecast_provider||"aeris"||The weather forecast provider. Options currently are "aeris" or "darksky"|
|forecast_api_id||""||Your AerisWeather API ID|
|forecast_api_secret||""||Your AerisWeather API secret|
|forecast_units||"us"||The units to use for the AerisWeather forecast. I have chosen to keep the Dark Sky unit system going forward with the skin. Other unit options options are:
|forecast_lang||"en"||Only applies to DarkSky Weather Change the language used in the DarkSky forecast. Read the DarkSky API for valid language options.|
|forecast_stale||3540||The number of seconds before the skin will download a new forecast update. Default is 59 minutes so that on the next archive interval at 60 minutes it will download a new file (based on 5 minute archive intervals (see weewx.conf, archive_interval)). WARNING 1 hour is recommended. Setting this too low will result in being blocked by AerisWeather. Their free tier gives you 1,000 downloads a day, but the skin uses 3 downloads per interval to download all the data it needs. Use at your own risk. 3540 seconds = 59 minutes. 3600 seconds = 1 hour. 1800 seconds = 30 minutes. 900 = 15 minutes.|
|forecast_aeris_use_metar||1||AerisWeather Only The metar option gets observations located at airports or permanent weather stations. If you select this to 0 to disable METAR, then Aeris will get your weather conditions data from local personal weather stations instead.|
|forecast_interval_hours||24||AerisWeather Only Determines which forecast is displayed when a new browser session is opened. It can take one of four values: 0,1,3,24. If 0 it has the effect of hiding all forecasts. 1, 3 or 24 specify the interval between forecasts. If forecast_interval_hours is not included in skin.conf and forecast_enabled = 1, a 24 hour interval forecast is displayed with no user options.|
|forecast_alert_enabled||0||AerisWeather Alerts are only supported for USA and Canada. Set to 1 to enable weather alerts that are included with the AerisWeather or DarkSky data. If you are using MQTT for automatic page updates, the alerts will appear and disappear as they are refreshed with the forecast update interval via
|forecast_alert_limit||1||Only applies to AerisWeather Alerts. The number of alerts to show for your location. Max of 10.|
|forecast_show_daily_forecast_link||0||Show a link beneath each forecast day to an external website with more details of the forecast.|
|forecast_daily_forecast_link||""||Only applies to AerisWeather Alerts. The actual link to the external detailed forecast site of your choosing. You must provide all relevant URL links like location, lat/lon, etc., but you can use
|forecast_show_humidiy_dewpoint||0||AerisWeather Only 0 = disabled, 1 = humidity, 2 = dew point.|
|aqi_enabled||0||Enables display of Air Quality Index from AerisWeather. Defaults to off. Turn on by setting this to
|aqi_location_enabled||0||Enables display of the AQI reporting station underneath AQI. Use this option to display where the AQI is being read from--it may be very far away, depending on your location.|
|earthquake_enabled||0||1 = enable, 0 = disable. Show the earthquake data on the front page|
|earthquake_maxradiuskm||1000||The radius in kilometers from your weewx.conf's latitude and longitude to search for the most recent earthquake.|
|earthquake_stale||10740||The number of seconds after which the skin will download new earthquake data from USGS. Recommended setting is every 3 hours to be kind to the USGS servers. 10800 seconds = 3 hours. 10740 = 2 hours 59 minutes|
|earthquake_server||USGS||USGS for USGS website (best for North American Users), GeoNet for NZ GeoNet website (best for NZ users) or ReNaSS for Réseau National de Surveillance Sismique website (best for European Users).|
|geonet_mmi||4||Sets the filter for earthquake intensity (GeoNet only). For example, 4 will show all quakes with MMI 4 or greater (light+). Valid values are -1-8.|
These are the options for the social media sharing section at the top right of each page. This does not link your site to anything, instead it gives your visitors a way to spread the word about your page on social media.
|facebook_enabled||0||Enable the Facebook Share button|
|twitter_enabled||0||Enable the Twitter Share button|
|twitter_owner||""||Your Twitter handle which will be mentioned when the share button is pressed|
|twitter_hashtags||"weewx #weather"||The hashtags to include in the share button's text.|
|social_share_html||""||This is the URL which users who click on your social share will be sent back to. Typically set this to your homepage.|
|twitter_text||"Check out my website: My Weather Website Weather Conditions"||Located under the labels section - This is the text which will get auto-generated for the Twitter share button|
|twitter_owner||"YourTwitterUsernameHere"||Located under the labels section - This is the username or owner of the Twitter account that will be mentioned in shares|
|twitter_hashtags||"weewx #weather"||Located under the labels section - The hashtags to include in the Twitter share. Do not include the first hashtag since it is already provided as part of the share code.|
Creating About Page and Records Page
The About Page and Records Page offer some areas for custom HTML to be run. To create or edit these pages, go to the
skins/Belchertown folder. These files should not be overwritten during skin upgrdades, but it's always best to have a backup just in case!
- Create (or edit) the
skins/Belchertown/records.incfiles with your text editor, such as Notepad or Nano.
- These files take full HTML, so you can get fancy if you want.
- You can view, and use the sample file
records.inc.example. Just rename to remove the
.example, edit and you should be good to go.
- Wait for an archive interval for the pages to be generated.
Creating a sitemap.xml File
Sitemap files are part of the SEO strategy which helps the Search Engine crawlers index your site more efficiently. The result (in addition with other SEO practices) helps visitors find your website through web searches.
Currently with the way that weewx creates websites there is no built-in method which can create a sitemap file automatically.
I have forked and updated a sitemap generator script which will crawl your website and generate the sitemap.xml for you. Run it on the same server as your webserver, and add it to your crontab for automatic sitemap.xml updates.
There's also the option to use one of the many online sitemap.xml generator tools to create one for you. They will do the same thing by crawling your website and creating a sitemap.xml file that you download and place into your
Note: Since the NOAA reports update frequently, you may need to determine a process that works for you to update the sitemap.xml if SEO is important to you.
You can then submit the full URL to your sitemap to search engine tools. Example:
Then insert the following line at the bottom of the
skins/Belchertown/robots.txt file, specifying the URL path to your sitemap.
Restart weewx for the changes to robots.txt to update.
Add Custom Content to the Front Page
There are 4 locations on the front page where you can add your own content. Full HTML is supported. To add content, create a new file in
skins/Belchertown with the naming convention below. Wait for an archive period for the content to update.
- Below the station info:
- Below the forecast:
- Below the records snapshot:
- Below the charts:
Check out this visual representation:
Translating the Skin
The skin uses the "default labels" for every text and title on the page. This allows you to translate, or simply just change the words to something else easily. You can either edit the
[[Generic]] section within skin.conf, or (preferred) copy these labels to your
[Belchertown] skin settings within weewx.conf's. If you edit them within skin.conf, your changes will be lost on upgrades. Here is a sample weewx.conf config:
[[Belchertown]] skin = Belchertown HTML_ROOT = belchertown [[[Extras]]] forecast_enabled = 1 ... other Extras options here ... [[[Labels]]] [[[[Generic]]]] home_page_header = "Belchertown Weather Conditions" twitter_owner = PatOBrienPhoto twitter_hashtags = "PWS #weewx #weather #wx" rain = My Custom Rain Label graphs_page_day_button = Today
A Note About Date and Time Formatting in Your Locale
You can modify the moment.js string formats using the skin.conf Labels section and look for the moment.js section beneath. For a list of all string formats that moment.js can use, check https://momentjs.com/docs/#/parsing/string-format/
If you notice that there are date, time and timezone formatting that looks wrong for your locale, you can set the proper locale and timezone on your weewx server, and restart your server, or don't use moment.js locale aware string formats and use a manual definition instead. For example if you want
Wednesday 15 May 20:25 you would use this formatting:
dddd DD MMM HH:mm.
Explanation (this comes right from the moment.js documentation):
ddddgives you full day name, like Saturday.
dddwould give you short day name like Sat
DDwould give you the day's date as a number with a leading 0, like 05. If you want just 5 it would be
MMMgives you the short name of the month like "Jan". If you want "January" it'd be
HHis the hour in 24 hour format with a leading 0, like 02. If you don't want the leading 0 it would be
mmis the minute with a leading 0, like 08. If you don't want the leading 0, use
Raspberry Pi Console
Belchertown skin comes with a smaller website tailored for the Raspberry Pi 3.5" TFT screen. I personally use this as a second console, and it works great. When used with MQTT Websockets, the timeout is disabled by default so it's always connected. If there's a connection error, the Pi page will keep retrying to connect to the MQTT Websocket server. This means once you're setup you can set it and forget it.
If you're interested in this type of setup, you'll need these items:
- A Raspberry Pi. I'm using the Raspberry Pi 3 B+ model
- An SD Card for your Raspberry Pi
- The Adafruit 3.5" Raspberry Pi TFT Screen Hat (other models may work, your experience may vary)
- Get the Raspberry Pi setup with the easy NOOBS installer and get it updated.
- Once it's setup and the screen is also setup run this tutorial for getting it into Kiosk mode.
- Point your new Raspberry Pi Kiosk to your weather website's
/pipage, and you should be good to go!
The Kiosk page is similar to the Pi Console page, but with a bit more information, as it is designed to be displayed on a 1280x800 resolution screen. It can be run from the display of Raspberry Pi (connected via HDMI), a laptop, or as part of a "Home Information Center". Just like the Pi Console page, when used with MQTT Websockets, the timeout is disabled by default.
It looks similar to the layout of the homepage, but the only has the current observations, and forecast, as it is designed for a 1280x800 resolution screen. As such, does not include the navigation bar, logo, the
header.inc file, or any charts. The
index_hook_after_*.inc checks are also commented out, remove the comment markers from
kiosk.html.tmpl if you wish to re-enabled them.
To have a Raspberry Pi display this page on reboot, you can either follow the tutorial above, or put the following into
/home/pi/.config/lxsession/LXDE-pi/autostart if running the desktop version (or have lxde installed on the lite version) of Raspberry Pi OS.
@sed -i 's/"exited_cleanly":false/"exited_cleanly":true/' /home/pi/.config/chromium/Default/Preferences @sed -i 's/"exit_type":"Crashed"/"exit_type":"Normal"/' /home/pi/.config/chromium/Default/Preferences @chromium-browser --start-fullscreen --kiosk --disable-site-isolation-trials --enable-low-end-device-mode --renderer-process-limit=2 --app=http[s]://<localhost|hostname|IP>/[path_to_skin/]kiosk.html @unclutter -idle 0.1
For the most part, the Kiosk page will follow the same settings as the main homepage. Below are the settings specific to the Kiosk page, they go under the
[Extras] section of the skin config in
|mqtt_websockets_host_kiosk||""||If the kiosk will be running on the local machine, you can put
|mqtt_websockets_port_kiosk||""||If the MQTT port needs different, set it here, if left empty, the
|forecast_interval_hours_kiosk||24||AerisWeather Only Determines which forecast is displayed when a new browser session is opened.|
|aqi_enabled_kiosk||0||Enable AQI for the kiosk page. If disabled, then in place of the AQI will be the current inside temperature and humidity reading.
Displaying the inside temperature and humidity requires that those readings are in the
|radar_html_kiosk||""||If you want to use the NWS radar, or the AerisWeather map, put the URL of it here (it will be a very long string), or leave blank if you want to use the same radar as the homepage.
After going to the site, select what setting you would like. If you select "weather for location" you will get a color overlay of watches and warnings for your area, you can also change the base layer to match your default theme ("Satellite" or "Dark Canvas" for the dark, any of the others for light), then click on "hide menu", next copy the url in the address bar to your
|radar_width_kiosk||490||Width of the radar.|
|radar_height_kiosk||362||Height of the radar.|
It is also suggested, if you are going to display the inside temperature and humidity, to shorten the labels for
[[[Labels]]] [[[[Generic]]]] inTemp = In Temp inHumidity = In Humid
How to use debug
Debug information will show a lot of useful information for troubleshooting a problem. Information such as MQTT messages, to skin theme and time settings to re-creating a chart for external debugging. If you need to use debug to find a problem with the skin, there are 2 ways to do this.
- Preferred method: Add
/?debug=trueto your website's URL to enable it on adhoc. Example: http://example.com/?debug=true
- Set the skin option
belchertown_debugto 1 and restart weewx.
In both cases, you'll need to open the browsers console to find the debug information. Refer to this to find the developer console for your browser.
How to install the development version
If you want to try out the latest features the skin has to offer, you can install the master branch. To start download the master zip file. Then you can
- upload it to your weewx system and install it using
wee_extension --install master.zip
- manually replace the files from the zip file with your weewx Belchertown skin files.
Either way, we need to overwrite your current Belchertown skin install in the
skins folder and the
bin/user foler with the development files. Then you can configure the new features you want and restart weewx when done.
Frequently Asked Questions
- Q: How do I change my site title and page headers? I don't want to be called "My Weather Website"...
- A: As of version 1.0, the skin has a lot of labels which are used for Translating the Skin. As a result certain Extras options which were all text are now under Labels so that they are more in line with the other text items which can be translated. Take a look in skin.conf and you'll find all the text items which can be translated under
Generic. My advice would be to copy the labels you want to change to weewx.conf under
[Belchertown]so that they are not lost during upgrades since skin.conf gets erased and reinstalled on upgrades. Here's how you do that in weewx.conf:
[[Belchertown]] skin = Belchertown HTML_ROOT = belchertown [[[Extras]]] forecast_enabled = 1 ... other Extras options here ... [[[Labels]]] [[[[Generic]]]] home_page_header = "Belchertown Weather Conditions" twitter_owner = PatOBrienPhoto twitter_hashtags = "PWS #weewx #weather #wx" rain = My Custom Rain Label graphs_page_day_button = Today
- Q: My units are wrong in the station observation or other MQTT enabled field.
- A: You need to configure your MQTT extension to send the units you want. For example if you're using METRIC and your rain in MQTT is in centimeters, but you want to show rain as MM, you need to use the code below as an example:
[[MQTT]] [[[inputs]]] [[[[dayRain]]]] name = dayRain_mm units = mm
- Q: How do I make this skin my default website?
- A: Click here to take a look at this section of the readme file which explains how to set this up.
- Q: My NOAA reports are blank.
- A: If this is right after you installed the skin, give weewx an archive interval (or two, or three...) in order to populate this data
- Q: I see errors like these:
No such file or directory '/home/weewx/skins/Belchertown/about.inc'
No such file or directory '/home/weewx/skins/Belchertown/records.inc'
- A: You probably skipped the step Creating About Page and Records Page. Please give that a try.
- Q: Do I have to use MQTT?
- A: Nope! If you disable the MQTT option, then weewx will still create a website for you, it just will be done on the archive interval. weewx will still generate these pages for you if you have MQTT enabled, the benefit is that you do not have to reload the website.
- Q: What MQTT broker should I use?
- A: Check the MQTT Brokers section of this page which has more information on a free one that works, as well as running your own secure broker. If you want to use a free one, there are a number of them out there and they all have different limitations. Check their terms to make sure it will suite your needs.
- Q: Do I have to use forecasts?
- A: You do not need to use forecasts, but it is recommended to use forecasts so you take advantage of the theme's design with icons and observations.
- Q: Do I have to use earthquake data?
- A: Nope! If you leave it disabled, it won't show on the site nor will any data be downloaded.
- Q: Do I have to use the radar?
- A: Nope! If you leave it disabled you'll just have a big blank box on the website. But windy.com provides a free animated radar, so why not include it? :)
- Q: Do I have to use the graphs?
- A: Nope! If you have it disabled we will hide those portions of the site. It comes packaged with this theme already though, so you can leave it enabled.
- Q: Why does the skin take a while to generate sometimes?
- A: This is because of the graph system. That file goes through your archive's day, week, month and year values, and all time values to generate the graphs. Depending on how big your database, and how slow your system is (like a Raspberry Pi) is this could take a little longer. If you want to speed it up you can disable the charts or upgrade to better hardware.
- Q: How come the forecast's "Last Updated" time jumps when I load the page?
- A: This is because the page loads with the default Python's format for your locale. When it connects to MQTT websockets, moment.js updates that timestamp to it's format of your locale. This locale format fragmentation is hard to avoid when using locale formatting.
- Q: I noticed my graphs don't update right away on an archive period. How come?
- A: Because the highcharts can take a few extra seconds, I've put in a 30 second delay on the graphs automatic update. This way it's loading the newest data.
- Q: Do the charts on the Graphs page update automatically with MQTT?
- A: No, only the front page is automatically updated. All the other pages are normal pages that need to be refreshed to see new information.
- Q: How do I change my about page, or records page?
- A: See above on how to do that.
- Q: How can I tell if the skin downloaded new forecast or earthquake data?
- A: Check your system log file. You should see the skin output something along the lines of "New forecast file downloaded" or "New earthquake file downloaded". It will also display errors and what the error was if there was a failure.
- Q: How come I'm seeing
NANin some areas?
- A: This is because weewx hasn't gathered enough data from your station yet. Give it a few more archive intervals.
- Q: I'm seeing
cheetahgenerator: **** Reason: could not convert string to float: N/A, how do I fix this?
- A: Upgrade to 0.8.1 or newer which resolves this error
- Q: How do I uninstall this skin?
sudo wee_extension --uninstall Belchertown
This project took a lot of coffee to create. If you enjoy this skin and find some value from it, click here to buy me another cup of coffee :)
- AerisWeather API for current weather conditions and weather forecasts.
- Windy.com for the iFrame embedded weather radar.
- Bootswatch Darkly for the Bootstrap dark mode.
- Highcharts Dark Unica CSS for the Highcharts dark mode.
- Gary for the initial Highcharts help from skin version 0.1 through to 0.9.1.
- Brian at weather34.com for the weather icons from the simplicty 2015 theme. Used with agreement.
- Some icons remixed by michaelundwd. Thanks!