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The Po.et Node allows you to timestamp documents in a decentralized manner.
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README.md

The Po.et Node

CircleCI Renovate enabled semantic-release Docker Automated build Join the chat at https://gitter.im/poetapp/Lobby

The Po.et Node allows you to timestamp documents in a decentralized manner.

It's built on top of the Bitcoin blockchain and IPFS.

Index

How to Run the Po.et Node

To run the Po.et Node, clone this repo, and make sure you have Docker and docker-compose installed.

Clone the repo:

git clone https://github.com/poetapp/node.git
cd node

To start the Po.et Node environment, run:

docker-compose up --build

Using the instructions above, new blocks have to be generated manually. This is often desirable during development. To have blocks automatically generated, follow the instructions below instead to mine a new block every 5 seconds.

  $ cp docker-compose.override.yml.example docker-compose.override.yml
  # Edit docker-compose.override.yml and uncomment
  # the `regtest-watcher` service in `docker-compose.yml`
  $ docker-compose up --build

You only need to run docker-compose build to create or update the Docker images, and docker-compose up -d to start them. To shut everything down, it is recommended to use docker-compose down --volumes to stop the running containers and clear any data. If you wish to keep data between invocations, use docker-compose down.

You can also docker-compose exec mongo bash and docker-compose exec ipfs bash to run the mongo shell or ssh into the IPFS container.

Dependencies

The Po.et Node depends on RabbitMQ, IPFS, Bitcoin Core and MongoDB.

These dependencies are setup automatically when you run docker-compose.

Configuration

The Po.et Node comes with a default configuration that works out of the box, which can be found here: https://github.com/poetapp/node/blob/master/src/Configuration.ts#L82-L141

By default, anchoring to the blockchain is disabled (enableAnchoring: false). If you want to enable blockchain anchoring, you will need to the Bitcoin Core dependency to be running with a funded wallet so that it can pay the Bitcoin network transaction fees (either for testnet or real Bitcoin for mainnet).

You can change any configuration by passing configuration values via environment variables. The keys of these environment variables are always the SCREAMING_SNAKE_CASE equivalent of the configuration options listed in the default configuration. For example, the RabbitMQ URL (rabbitmqUrl) can be set with the RABBITMQ_URL environment variable.

Note: Po.et will NOT reload the configuration while it's running if you change it. You will need to restart the Node for configuration changes to apply.

API

Currently, the Node exposes four endpoints.

GET /works?issuer=xxx&limit=x&offset=x

Returns a paginated array of signed verifiable work claims.

Accepts the following query parameters:

  • issuer: string. If present, will only return works issued by this issuer.
  • limit: number. Maximum number of results to return per request. Defaults to 10.
  • offset: number. Number of claims to skip.

GET /works/:id

Returns a single signed verifiable work claim by its Id.

For simplicity, this endpoint adds a .anchor in the response, which is not a real part of the claim, but provides valuable information such as the ID of the transaction in which this claim has been anchored, the IPFS directory hash in which it can be found, etc.

A 404 error is returned if the claim isn't found in this Node's database. This doesn't strictly mean the claim does not exist in the Po.et Network — it just doesn't exist in this Node.

POST /works

Publish a signed verifiable work claim.

This endpoint is async and returns an ACK, unless an immediate error can be detected (e.g., a malformed claim). There is no guarantee that the work has actually been processed, sent to IPFS and anchored. To confirm that, you'll need to GET /works/:id and check the .anchor attribute.

This endpoint expects a fully constructed signed verifiable claim — with the correct '@context', .id, .issuer, .issuanceDate, .type, and sec:proof. See Building Claims for information on how to correctly create these attributes.

POST /files

Takes a multipart file upload. Currently only allows 1 file to be uploaded at a time and accepts 1 field which is the file to upload.

Returns an array with an object containing the hash and the archive URL of the file.

Example:

[
  {
    hash: "QmS1s76raH43mLT3dSsMt7Nev1t9bM33GTFTZ9foXJV4ZT",
    archiveUrl: "https://ipfs.io/ipfs/QmS1s76raH43mLT3dSsMt7Nev1t9bM33GTFTZ9foXJV4ZT"
  }
]

Building Claims

A Po.et Claim is a signed verifiable claim that holds arbitrary information and allows the network to verify that the claim:

  • has actually been created by a specific person,
  • has not been modified since its creation, and
  • contains a special field type which will allow more features in the future.

For more information about claims and their structure, please see: https://github.com/poetapp/documentation/blob/master/reference/claims.md

Verifying the Claim is on Bitcoin's Blockchain

Once node receives a claim, it stores the claim with some metadata including the following:

  • The highest block read at the time node stores the claim
  • Placeholders for the actual block that was mined including the claim

This allows the node application to track whether or not the claim actually has been successfully saved to the Bitcoin blockchain. There is a configuration value, maximumTransactionAgeInBlocks, that determines how far ahead the blockchain will grow before resubmitting the claim. Comparing this value against the delta between the highest block read and the block read at the time of claim creation will determine whether node resubmits the claim.

Po.et JS

All the claim logic is abstracted away in Po.et JS, so if you are working with JavaScript or TypeScript you can simply use the library:

import { configureCreateVerifiableClaim, createIssuerFromPrivateKey, getVerifiableClaimSigner } from '@po.et/poet-js'

const { configureSignVerifiableClaim } = getVerifiableClaimSigner()

const issuerPrivateKey = 'LWgo1jraJrCB2QT64UVgRemepsNopBF3eJaYMPYVTxpEoFx7sSzCb1QysHeJkH2fnGFgHirgVR35Hz5A1PpXuH6' 
const issuer = createIssuerFromPrivateKey(issuerPrivateKey)

const createVerifiableWorkClaim = configureCreateVerifiableClaim({ issuer })
const signVerifiableClaim = configureSignVerifiableClaim({ privateKey: issuerPrivateKey })

const workClaim = {
  name: 'The Raven',
  author: 'Edgar Allan Poe',
  tags: 'poem',
  dateCreated: '',
  datePublished: '1845-01-29T03:00:00.000Z',
  archiveUrl: 'https://example.com/raven',
  hash: '<hash of content>',
}

const unsignedVerifiableClaim = await createVerifiableWorkClaim(workClaim)
const signedWorkClaim = await signVerifiableClaim(unsignedVerifiableClaim)

You can find more examples on how to build and publish claims in the integration tests in tests/API/integration/PostWork.test.

Contributing

Compiling

Run npm run build to compile the source. This will run TypeScript on the source files and place the output in dist/ts, and will then run Babel and place the output in dist/babel.

Currently, we're only using Babel to support absolute import paths.

During development, you can also run npm run watch to automatically watch for file changes, build the changed files and restart the application on the fly.

Tests

Unit and integration tests are located in this repo. You can run both with npm test or separately with npm run test:unit and npm run test:integration.

The integration tests run in isolated instances of the app and database.

Functional tests are run as follows:

  $ docker-compose build
  $ docker-compose up
  $ docker-compose exec poet-node npm run test:functional

Coverage

Coverage is generated with Istanbul. A more complete report can be generated by running npm run coverage, which will run npm run coverage:unit and npm run coverage:integration together. You may also execute these commands separately.

Note: We are using our own forks of nyc and istanbul-lib-instrument in order to add better support for TypeScript. We intend to contribute our forks back to nyc and istanbul-lib-instrument in order to make our solution available to the entire community. You can follow the issues in this PR, and check the new PRs for istanbul-lib-instrument.

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