Event driven concurrent framework for python. With pulsar you can write asynchronous servers performing one or several activities in different threads and/or processes.
|Mailing list:||google user group|
|Design by:||Quantmind and Luca Sbardella|
|Platforms:||Linux, OSX, Windows. Python 3.4 and above|
|Keywords:||client, server, asynchronous, concurrency, actor, thread, process, socket, wsgi, websocket, redis, json-rpc|
An example of a web server written with
pulsar which responds with
"Hello World!" for every request:
from pulsar.apps import wsgi def hello(environ, start_response): data = b'Hello World!\n' response_headers = [ ('Content-type','text/plain'), ('Content-Length', str(len(data))) ] start_response('200 OK', response_headers) return [data] if __name__ == '__main__': wsgi.WSGIServer(callable=hello).start()
Pulsar's goal is to provide an easy way to build scalable network programs.
Hello world! web server example above, many client
connections can be handled concurrently.
Pulsar tells the operating system (through epoll or select) that it should be
notified when a new connection is made, and then it goes to sleep.
Pulsar uses the multiprocessing module from the standard python library and it can be configured to run in multi-processing mode, multi-threading mode or a combination of the two.
Pulsar has no hard dependencies, install via pip:
pip install pulsar
or downloading the tarball from pypi.
If cython is available, c extensions will be compiled and installed.
Pulsar design allows for a host of different asynchronous applications to be implemented in an elegant and efficient way. Out of the box it is shipped with the the following:
Check out the
examples directory for various working applications.
- Hello world! wsgi example
- An Httpbin WSGI application
- An HTTP Proxy server
- A JSON-RPC Calculator server
- Websocket random graph.
- Websocket chat room.
- django web site with a websocket based chat room.
- The dining philosophers problem.
Pulsar internals are based on actors primitive.
Actors are the atoms
of pulsar's concurrent computation, they do not share state between them,
communication is achieved via asynchronous inter-process message passing,
implemented using the standard python socket library.
Two special classes of actors are the
Arbiter, used as a singleton,
Monitor, a manager of several actors performing similar functions.
The Arbiter runs the main eventloop and it controls the life of all actors.
Monitors manage group of actors performing similar functions, You can think
of them as a pool of actors.
More information about design and philosophy in the documentation.
Pulsar checks if some additional libraries are available at runtime, and uses them to add additional functionalities or improve performance:
- setproctitle: if installed, pulsar can use it to change the processes names of the running application.
- psutil: if installed, a
systemkey is available in the dictionary returned by Actor info method.
- ujson: if installed it is used instead of the native
- django: required by the
- unidecode: to enhance the
Pulsar test suite uses the pulsar test application. To run tests:
For options and help type:
python runtests.py -h
pep8 check (requires pep8 package):
Development of pulsar happens at Github. We very much welcome your contribution of course. To do so, simply follow these guidelines:
- Fork pulsar on github
- Create a topic branch
git checkout -b my_branch
- Push to your branch
git push origin my_branch
- Create an issue at https://github.com/quantmind/pulsar/issues with pull request for the dev branch.
pull request should:
- Cover one bug fix or new feature only
- Include tests to cover the new code (inside the
- Preferably have one commit only (you can use rebase to combine several commits into one)
- Make sure
This software is licensed under the BSD 3-clause License. See the LICENSE file in the top distribution directory for the full license text.