Event driven framework for python
Python Other
Latest commit 0839757 Aug 22, 2016 @lsbardel lsbardel committed on GitHub Update README.rst

README.rst

Pulsar


Badges:license pyversions status pypiversion
Master CI:master-build coverage-master
Documentation:http://pythonhosted.org/pulsar/
Downloads:http://pypi.python.org/pypi/pulsar
Source:https://github.com/quantmind/pulsar
Mailing list:google user group
Design by:Quantmind and Luca Sbardella
Platforms:Linux, OSX, Windows. Python 3.5 and above
Keywords:client, server, asynchronous, concurrency, actor, thread, process, socket, wsgi, websocket, redis, json-rpc

An example of a web server written with pulsar which responds with "Hello World!" for every request:

from pulsar.apps import wsgi

def hello(environ, start_response):
    data = b'Hello World!\n'
    response_headers = [
        ('Content-type','text/plain'),
        ('Content-Length', str(len(data)))
    ]
    start_response('200 OK', response_headers)
    return [data]


if __name__ == '__main__':
    wsgi.WSGIServer(callable=hello).start()

Pulsar's goal is to provide an easy way to build scalable network programs. In the Hello world! web server example above, many client connections can be handled concurrently. Pulsar tells the operating system (through epoll or select) that it should be notified when a new connection is made, and then it goes to sleep.

Pulsar uses the asyncio and multiprocessing modules from the standard python library and it can be configured to run in multi-processing mode.

Another example of pulsar framework is the asynchronous HttpClient:

from pulsar.apps import http

async with http.HttpClient() as session:
    response1 = await session.get('https://github.com/timeline.json')
    response2 = await session.get('https://api.github.com/emojis.json')

The http client maintains connections alive (by default 15 seconds) and therefore any requests that you make within a session will automatically reuse the appropriate connection. All connections are released once the session exits the asynchronous with block.

Installing

Pulsar has no hard dependencies, install via pip:

pip install pulsar

or download the tarball from pypi.

Applications

Pulsar design allows for a host of different asynchronous applications to be implemented in an elegant and efficient way. Out of the box it is shipped with the the following:

Examples

Check out the examples directory for various working applications. It includes:

  • Hello world! wsgi example
  • An Httpbin WSGI application
  • An HTTP Proxy server
  • A JSON-RPC Calculator server
  • Websocket random graph.
  • Websocket chat room.
  • The dining philosophers problem.

Design

Pulsar internals are based on actors primitive. Actors are the atoms of pulsar's concurrent computation, they do not share state between them, communication is achieved via asynchronous inter-process message passing, implemented using the standard python socket library.

Two special classes of actors are the Arbiter, used as a singleton, and the Monitor, a manager of several actors performing similar functions. The Arbiter runs the main eventloop and it controls the life of all actors. Monitors manage group of actors performing similar functions, You can think of them as a pool of actors.

Pulsar Actors

More information about design and philosophy in the documentation.

Add-ons

Pulsar checks if some additional libraries are available at runtime, and uses them to add additional functionalities or improve performance:

  • greenlet: required by the pulsar.apps.greenio module and useful for developing implicit asynchronous applications
  • setproctitle: if installed, pulsar can use it to change the processes names of the running application
  • psutil: if installed, a system key is available in the dictionary returned by Actor info method
  • python-certifi: The HttpClient will attempt to use certificates from certifi if it is present on the system
  • ujson: if installed it is used instead of the native json module
  • unidecode: to enhance the slugify function

Running Tests

Pulsar test suite uses the pulsar test application. To run tests:

python setup.py test

For options and help type:

python setup.py test --help

flake8 check (requires flake8 package):

flake8

Contributing

Development of pulsar happens at Github. We very much welcome your contribution of course. To do so, simply follow these guidelines:

  • Fork pulsar on github
  • Create a topic branch git checkout -b my_branch
  • Push to your branch git push origin my_branch
  • Create an issue at https://github.com/quantmind/pulsar/issues with pull request for the dev branch.
  • Alternatively, if you need to report a bug or an unexpected behaviour, make sure to include a mcve in your issue.

A good pull request should:

  • Cover one bug fix or new feature only
  • Include tests to cover the new code (inside the tests directory)
  • Preferably have one commit only (you can use rebase to combine several commits into one)
  • Make sure flake8 tests pass

License

This software is licensed under the BSD 3-clause License. See the LICENSE file in the top distribution directory for the full license text.