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Signed-off-by: Peter Jones <pjones@redhat.com>
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README.md

This is efibootmgr, a Linux user-space application to modify the Intel Extensible Firmware Interface (EFI) Boot Manager. This application can create and destroy boot entries, change the boot order, change the next running boot option, and more.

Details on the EFI Boot Manager are available from the EFI Specification, v1.02 or above, available from: http://www.uefi.org

Note: efibootmgr requires that the kernel module efivars be loaded prior to use. Running modprobe efivars should do the trick.

usage: efibootmgr [options]
        -a | --active          sets bootnum active
        -A | --inactive        sets bootnum inactive
        -b | --bootnum XXXX    modify BootXXXX (hex)
        -B | --delete-bootnum  delete bootnum
        -c | --create          create new variable bootnum and add to bootorder
        -d | --disk disk       (defaults to /dev/sda) containing loader
        -e | --edd [1|3|-1]    force EDD 1.0 or 3.0 creation variables, or guess
        -E | --device num      EDD 1.0 device number (defaults to 0x80)
        -g | --gpt             force disk w/ invalid PMBR to be treated as GPT
        -i | --iface name      create a netboot entry for the named interface
        -l | --loader name     (defaults to \elilo.efi)
        -L | --label label     Boot manager display label (defaults to "Linux")
        -n | --bootnext XXXX   set BootNext to XXXX (hex)
        -N | --delete-bootnext delete BootNext
        -o | --bootorder XXXX,YYYY,ZZZZ,...     explicitly set BootOrder (hex)
        -O | --delete-bootorder   delete BootOrder
        -p | --part part          (defaults to 1) containing loader
        -q | --quiet              be quiet
        -t | --timeout seconds    Boot manager timeout
        -T | --delete-timeout     delete Timeout value
        -u | --unicode | --UCS-2  pass extra args as UCS-2 (default is ASCII)
        -v | --verbose            print additional information
        -V | --version            return version and exit
        -w | --write-signature    write unique sig to MBR if needed
        -@ | --append-binary-args append extra variable args from
                                  file (use - to read from stdin).

Typical usage:

Root can use it to display the current Boot Manager settings.

[root@localhost ~]# efibootmgr BootCurrent: 0004 BootNext: 0003 BootOrder: 0004,0000,0001,0002,0003 Timeout: 30 seconds Boot0000* Diskette Drive(device:0) Boot0001* CD-ROM Drive(device:FF) Boot0002* Hard Drive(Device:80)/HD(Part1,Sig00112233) Boot0003* PXE Boot: MAC(00D0B7C15D91) Boot0004* Linux

This shows: BootCurrent - the boot entry used to start the currently running system.

BootOrder - the boot order as would appear in the boot manager. The boot manager tries to boot the first active entry on this list. If unsuccessful, it tries the next entry, and so on.

BootNext - the boot entry which is scheduled to be run on next boot. This superceeds BootOrder for one boot only, and is deleted by the boot manager after first use. This allows you to change the next boot behavior without changing BootOrder.

Timeout - the time in seconds between when the boot manager appears on the screen until when it automatically chooses the startup value from BootNext or BootOrder.

Five boot entries (0000 - 0004), the active/inactive flag (* means active), and the name displayed on the screen.

Alternative use cases could be as follows:

  1. An OS installer would call efibootmgr -c. This assumes that /boot/efi is your EFI System Partition, and is mounted at /dev/sda1. This creates a new boot option, called "Linux", and puts it at the top of the boot order list. Options may be passed to modify the default behavior. The default OS Loader is elilo.efi.

  2. A system administrator wants to change the boot order. She would call efibootmgr -o 3,4 to specify PXE boot first, then Linux boot.

  3. A system administrator wants to change the boot order for the next boot only. She would call efibootmgr -n 4 to specify that the Linux entry be taken on next boot.

  4. A system administrator wants to delete the Linux boot option from the menu. efibootmgr -b 4 -B deletes entry 4 and removes it from BootOrder.

  5. A system administrator wants to create a boot option to network boot (PXE). You create the boot entry with: efibootmgr -c -i eth0 -L netboot

Please direct any bugs, features, patches, etc. to the Red Hat bootloader team at https://github.com/rhboot/efibootmgr .