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RMfuse provides access to your reMarkable Cloud files in the form of a FUSE filesystem. These files are exposed either in their original format, or as PDF files that contain your annotations. This lets you manage files in the reMarkable Cloud using the same tools you use on your local system.


RMfuse requires Python 3.7 or later. It also requires either FUSE3 and the pyfuse3 library, or FUSE2 and the llfuse library. These can be installed from pip with RMfuse, or installed separately via your system package manager. This means that there are three main ways to get RMfuse installed.

Confused? Look below to see examples for several OSes.

Install with pyfuse3 through pip

Prior to installing RMfuse, you will need to install FUSE3, along with its header files, which are probably in a package with a name something like libfuse3-devel. You will also need a C build system. Once those are installed, you can install RMfuse with pip:

pip install rmfuse[pyfuse3]

Alternatively, you may clone this repository and install with Poetry:

poetry install -E pyfuse3

Install with llfuse through pip

Prior to installing RMfuse, you will need to install FUSE, along with its header files, which are probably in a package with a name something like libfuse-devel. You will also need a C build system. Once those are installed, you can install RMfuse with pip:

pip install rmfuse[llfuse]

Alternatively, you may clone this repository and install with Poetry:

poetry install -E llfuse

Install with system FUSE packages

If your system provides either pyfuse3 or llfuse in its package system, you can install one of them that way. You can then install RMfuse without needing to specify either library:

pip install rmfuse

RMfuse will find whichever library is available at runtime. (Note that if you are using a venv, you will need to create it with the --system-site-packages option. Otherwise, RMfuse will not be able to see the library you installed.)

Example installations

Here are some instructions for installations known to succeed. These are not the only solutions, so feel free to go another direction. But if you're confused by all of the options, you might want to start here.

Debian-based systems

Install the FUSE3 libraries and headers with apt:

sudo apt install fuse3 libfuse3-3 libfuse3-dev build-essential

Then install RMfuse in your chosen environment:

pip install rmfuse[pyfuse3]

This was tested on Ubuntu 20.04.

Fedora-based systems

Install FUSE3 and pyfuse3 with dnf:

sudo dnf install fuse3-libs python3-fusepy fuse3-devel python3-devel

Be sure to add ~/.local/bin to your path. Then install with your system's pip:

pip install rmfuse

This was tested on Fedora 33.

Arch-based systems

Install RMfuse from this AUR package: rmfuseAUR.

pyfuse3AUR and llfuse are set as optional. Choose the one you prefer and install it.

For example

yay -S rmfuse python-pyfuse3


Install macFuse with brew:

brew install macfuse pkg-config

You will need to allow a kernel extension and reboot. Then install RMfuse with the llfuse package:

pip install rmfuse[llfuse]

There is a known bug with writing large files to RMfuse on a Mac.


RMfuse can be run on Windows via the Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL). Currently only tested on Ubuntu 20.04 under WSL2. Follow the installation instructions above for your Linux distribution, then launch RMfuse using the --allow-other flag. The mounted directory will be accessible via Windows explorer. For performance reasons you should choose a mount point under the WSL file system. Some issues have been observed when accessing large files.


RMfuse installs the script rmfuse. The script takes a single argument, the path at which the filesystem should be mounted. This must be an existing directory. Any files within that directory will be hidden as long as RMfuse is mounted.

mkdir ~/remarkable
rmfuse ~/remarkable

(If you installed with Poetry, you may need to run poetry run rmfuse.)

The first time RMfuse is run, it will need a one-time code to get access to your reMarkable Cloud account. You will be prompted to get that code from, which may require logging in to your reMarkable account. RMfuse uses that code to obtain tokens which it uses in the future to authenticate itself.

Note that RMfuse will not produce any output by default. (You can use -v or -vv to make it more talkative.) It does not provide a user interface to your files; instead you use another terminal or a file browser to access the mounted directory.

To unmount and halt RMfuse, use the fusermount command:

fusermount -u ~/remarkable


RMfuse offers several modes to display your reMarkable Cloud files. You can choose the mode with the -m option.

annot: Displays all files in PDF format, with your annotations added. This is the default mode.

orig: Displays the original file for ebooks and PDF files. Notebooks are rendered as PDF files, as in the annot mode.

raw: Displays all files as ZIP files, reflecting the underlying format used by the reMarkable Cloud. This may be useful when working with other tools that expect files in this form.

meta: Displays metadata about the files in JSON format. Only useful for debugging.

RMfuse provides a special file named .mode in root directory. When read, this file gives the current mode. Writing a valid mode to this file will switch the mode RMfuse is in. Additionally, writing refresh to this file will cause RMfuse to refresh its information from the reMarkable Cloud. (By default, this happens every five minutes.)

~/remarkable $ cat .mode
~/remarkable $ ls
book.pdf        document.pdf    notebook.pdf
~/remarkable $ echo orig > .mode
~/remarkable $ ls
book.epub       document.pdf    notebook.pdf


RMfuse allows reading of all files in the reMarkable Cloud. Since reading the file requires several HTTP requests, as well as local processing, reads make take some time. Running RMfuse in verbose mode (-v or -vv) will display information about the actions underway. Open files are cached, to improve performance. More sophisticated caching is planned for the future.

RMfuse does its best to provide accurate metadata for the files. However, the reMarkable Cloud provides only modification dates, so that is reported for creation and access dates as well. File sizes in annot mode are only estimates until the file is read for the first time. This metadata is cached locally to improve responsiveness in the future.

Files can be renamed and moved within the RMfuse filesystem. These changes will be propagated to the reMarkable Cloud. Changes to the file extension will be ignored.

Deleting files from a RMfuse filesystem moves them into the reMarkable Cloud's trash area. These files are accessible in the .trash hidden directory in the root of the file system. Deleting files within the .trash folder removes them from the reMarkable Cloud. (N.B. It is not known if this deletes the files from the cloud, or just hides them from clients.)

EPUB and PDF files may be copied into the filesystem, and new directories can be created. These changes are uploaded to the reMarkable Cloud. Copying other types of files into the RMfuse filesystem will fail silently (unfortunately). File extensions are ignored by RMfuse, and thus may change when files are uploaded. For instance, if book.epub is uploaded and RMFuse is in annot mode, it will show up in the filesystem as book.pdf.

Existing files cannot be edited; they appear in read-only mode. If you want to edit the contents of a file, you will need to copy it to your local filesystem, edit it, and then copy it back to the RMfuse filesystem. This will cause annotations to be lost (in orig mode) or flattened into the document itself (in annot mode).

There are several rendering options that affect the appearance of annotated documents. These can be set in a config file, which by default lives at ~/.config/rmfuse/config.ini. Run rmfuse --write-config to create a config file with the defaults at that location. The default mode and mountpoint can also be set in this file.

Known Limitations

  • The file size for annotated files is just an estimate before the file is first read. This can confuse some tools which use the file size to determine how much to read. After reading the file once, the file size will be correctly reported going forward; rerunning these tools a second time is usually enough to get them working.

  • To try to address this, RMfuse throws an error when a program tries to read past the end of a file. This can cause "No data available" errors to be reported. These are harmless.

  • Adding a file other than an EPUB or PDF silently fails. RMfuse does throw an error when it has been given an invalid file, but this comes too late for FUSE to pass the error back to the caller. RMfuse may be able to throw an error earlier, based on the first bytes it receives; this will be investigated in the future.

  • RMfuse caches open files in memory. This is bad for large files (too much memory used) and small files (we could cache several files). A more sophisticated caching system is planned.


RMfuse is powered by rmcl, for accessing the reMarkable Cloud, and by rmrl, for rendering annotated documents. The early development of RMfuse can be found in the rmcl repository


reMarkable(R) is a registered trademark of reMarkable AS. rmrl is not affiliated with, or endorsed by, reMarkable AS. The use of "reMarkable" in this work refers to the company’s e-paper tablet product(s).


Copyright 2020-2021 Robert Schroll

RMfuse is released under the MIT license. See LICENSE.txt for details.

Disclaimer of Warranty

RMfuse is provided without any warranty. Users accept the risk of damages, including the loss of data on their local system, on their reMarkable device, and in the reMarkable Cloud.

If it breaks, you get to keep both halves.


FUSE access to the reMarkable Cloud








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