ABAP
Switch branches/tags
Nothing to show
Clone or download
Fetching latest commit…
Cannot retrieve the latest commit at this time.

README.md

ABAP Mustache

Mustache template engine for ABAP. It implements the original mustache spec plus some additions (mainly in plans now :) Mustache is a logic-less template syntax. It is good for generation of HTML or any other text stuff.

Example

Let's assume you have some data like this:

types: 
  begin of ty_shop_item
    name  type string,
    price type s_price, 
  end of ty_shop_item,
  
  ty_shop_item_tt type standard table of ty_shop_item,

  begin of ty_shop,
    shop_name type string,
    items     type ty_shop_item_tt, 
  end of ty_shop.

Create an instance of abap mustache class, feed the desired template to it and then render with your data:

data lo_mustache type ref to lcl_mustache.
data lv_text     type string.

" c_nl is a shortcut for newline char, e.g. from cl_abap_char_utilities
lo_mustache = lcl_mustache=>create(
    'Welcome to {{shop_name}}!' && c_nl && 
    '{{#items}}'                && c_nl &&
    '* {{name}} - ${{price}}'   && c_nl &&
    '{{/items}}' ).

lv_text = lo_mustache->render( ls_my_data ). " ls_my_data type ty_shop 

As the result (lv_text) you'll get some output like this (assuming you filled the ls_my_data appropriately):

Welcome to My Super Store
* Boots - $99.00
* T-Short - $49.00
* Shirts - $59.00

Supported input and technical details

Data structure

  • Input data may be a structure or a table of any type - it is detected automatically. For a table the template is repeated for each line. The depth of the data is not limited for the moment (so can be table in struc in table in struc ...).
  • In addition, there is a special table type lcl_mustache=>ty_struc_tt which processed as a universal structure. Field name corresponds to tag name (case insesitive) and the value may be put either to val field or as a referende to dref. The latter can be then a reference to a structure or a table. So the above example may would look like:
data lt_uni_data type lcl_mustache=>ty_struc_tt.
field-symbols <i> like line of lt_uni_data.

append initial line to lt_uni_data assigning <i>.
<i>-name = 'shop_name'.
<i>-val  = 'My Super Store'.

append initial line to lt_uni_data assigning <i>.
<i>-name = 'items'.
get reference of lt_items to <i>-dref. " lt_items is the ty_shop_item_tt filled elsewhere
...
lv_text = lo_mustache->render( lt_uni_data ).
  • The lcl_mustache=>ty_struc_tt is mainly intended to be the root structure. Supposedly it is convenient to prepare parts of data as regular structures and tables. However, combining them all together at the top level in yet another dedicated structure may be cumbersome. This is where lcl_mustache=>ty_struc_tt may serve well. Although you are free to choose your own way of course.

Templates

  • Template may be a string or a table of strings (type string_table)
lo_mustache = lcl_mustache=>create( lv_template ). " iv_template = lv_template
* OR
lo_mustache = lcl_mustache=>create( it_template = lt_template_tab ). " TABLE of strings
  • Output can be received as a string or a table of string (type string_table)
lv_text = lo_mustache->render( ls_my_data ).
* OR
lt_text_tab = lo_mustache->render_tt( ls_my_data ). " TABLE
  • Template as table is supposed to be separated by newlines. So in case of string rendering newline char will be inserted between template lines. In case of render_tt newline char is not inserted (still if any template line contain line breaks it will be split into several output table lines).
  • Input string template is split by newline chars for internal processing. Both LF and CRLF separators are supported (detected automatically).

Partials

The class supports partials (see example below). So you may prepare your templates in convenient and logical sections. And reuse them if necessary.

lo_mustache = lcl_mustache=>create(
    'Welcome to {{shop_name}}!' && c_nl && 
    '{{>items_template}}' ).  " << Calling partial !

lo_partial  = lcl_mustache=>create(
    '{{#items}}'                && c_nl &&
    '* {{name}} - ${{price}}'   && c_nl &&
    '{{/items}}' ).

lo_mustache->add_partial(     " Register partial
  iv_name = 'items_template' 
  io_obj  = lo_partial ).

lv_text = lo_mustache->render( ls_my_data ). " ls_my_data type ty_shop 

More

Further information can be found in wiki. There are also some notes on performance.

Installation

  • The best option to install is to clone the repository to your SAP system using abapGit tool.
  • Alternatively, create zmustache and zmustache_ut includes and fill with the content of zmustache.prog.abap and zmustache_ut.prog.abap respectively. zmustache_ut is the unit tests include, so you might potentially skip it (just remove the references to ltcl_mustache from the first include).

Plans

Here are some stuff I might be implementing with time:

  • Some stuff inspired by Handlebars, in particular:
    • inline partials (within one template)
    • if/else
    • each/else
    • with and maybe path features (not sure)
    • section parameters
    • maybe some sort of helpers
  • calling object methods for parts of data
  • references to object attributes (maybe, if will be needed)

Still some real usage statistics would be valuable to decide on this or that feature.

Contribution

Contribution is always welcomed :)

License

The code is licensed under MIT License. Please see LICENSE for details.