Scala library for boilerplate-free data transformations.
In the daily life of a strongly-typed language's programmer sometimes it happens we need to transform an object of one type to another object which contains a number of the same or similar fields in their definitions.
case class MakeCoffee(id: Int, kind: String, addict: String) case class CoffeeMade(id: Int, kind: String, forAddict: String, at: ZonedDateTime)
Usual approach is to just rewrite fields one by one
val command = MakeCoffee(id = Random.nextInt, kind = "Espresso", addict = "Piotr") val event = CoffeeMade(id = command.id, kind = command.kind, forAddict = command.addict, at = ZonedDateTime.now)
While the example stays lean, in real-life code we usually end up with tons of such boilerplate, especially when:
- we maintain typed schema and want to migrate between multiple schema versions
- we apply practices like DDD (Domain-Driven-Design) where suggested approach is to separate model schemas of different bounded contexts
- we use code-generation tools like Protocol Buffers that generate primitive
String, while you'd prefer to use value objects in you domain-level code to improve type-safety and readability
Chimney provides a compact DSL with which you can define transformation rules and transform your objects with as little boilerplate as possible.
import io.scalaland.chimney.dsl._ val event = command.into[CoffeeMade] .withFieldComputed(_.at, _ => ZonedDateTime.now) .withFieldRenamed(_.addict, _.forAddict) .transform
Underneath it uses Scala macros to give you:
- type-safety at compile-time
- fast generated code, almost equivalent to hand-written version
- excellent error messages
- minimal overhead on compilation time
To include Chimney to your SBT project, add the following line to your
libraryDependencies += "io.scalaland" %% "chimney" % "0.2.1"
Library is released for Scala 2.11 and 2.12.
If you want to use it with Scala.js, you need to replace
Due to some compiler bugs,
it's recommended to use at least Scala 2.11.9 or 2.12.1.
Trying with Ammonite REPL
curl -s https://raw.githubusercontent.com/scalalandio/chimney/master/try-chimney.sh | bash Loading... Welcome to the Ammonite Repl 1.1.0 (Scala 2.12.4 Java 1.8.0_152) If you like Ammonite, please support our development at www.patreon.com/lihaoyi @ case class Foo(x: String, y: Int) defined class Foo @ case class Bar(x: String, y: Int, z: Boolean = true) defined class Bar @ Foo("abc", 10).transformInto[Bar] res2: Bar = Bar("abc", 10, true)
Chimney documentation is available at https://scalalandio.github.io/chimney